Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 1 (9), 2013

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

  • Karadzhe T.V. Social Synergetics as a Method of Political Science
  • Shulenina N.V., Polonskaya D.D. The methods of manipulation in the mass media
  • Nikolaev K.V. To the Perception of the Essence of the Political Crisis
  • Efimov A.A. Politically risks of Transnational Corporations’ (Theoretical Aspect)

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Medvedev N.P. Today Problems on the Way to Reaching Political Stability: Scientific Approaches and Political Practice
  • Nisnevich Yu.A. Accountability and Control over the Activities of Public Authorities as the Bases for Fighting Corruption
  • Nasyrov R.R. Political Mechanisms of State Power Legitimation in Today Russia
  • Yefremova I.V. Formation and Development of Labor Relations: Federative Aspect

POLITICAL, LEGAL AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS

  • Trunov I.L. Liberalization of Criminal Policy component of effective Economy
  • Geleransky P.S. Political Issues of the Pension Reform in Russia
  • Yanuskina V.V. Official electronic publication of regulations and official legal digital sources in the Russian Federation and the United States of America: differences, legal regulation, practice and prospects

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLITICS

  • Kettsyan G.V. Language Policy in Today Russia
  • Varsonofiev V.V. Influence of the Ethno-national Factor on the Russian Armed Forces: Based on the Results of Research in Military Units
  • Iskuzhin R.K. Institute of Federative Responsibility of the Russian Regions at the time of Constitutional Transformations
  • Boychenko Yu.A. Political Factors Influencing Socio-Economic Development of the North Caucasian Regions
  • Yusupov M.Kh. Regional Potential of Migration Processes in Today Russia: Through the Example of the Republic of Bashkortostan
  • Diachenko L.N. Legal Situation and Initial Adaptation of the Nations Deported from the Caucasus to Kyrgyzstan
  • Ushakova S.S. Mastering local language as the most important Factor of Social Integration of Ethnic Migrants and their Children: Experiences and Lessons Learned from the Countries of the Western Europe

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

  • Chernyshov S.I. Party System in Austria
  • Borukhina I.Yu. The voting systems of the European Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION ISSUES

  • Mikhaylenko A.N. The main Development Directions of the U.S. – Mexico Transborder Area
  • Neto Conceicao Eva Da Silva Africa in International Scientific Projects

REVIEW of the book by Prof. L.F. Boltenkova “Emergence and Development of the Russian Multinational State (from the 6th century to the present time)” published in four volumes

Our authors № 1-2013

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. KARADZHE D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department

SOCIAL SYNERGETICS AS A METHOD OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

Resort of political science to synergetics is determined by the fact that classic methodology analyses systems in the state of relative stability, but the moment of their transformation from one qualitative condition to another, described by the notion of a “leap,” is being neglected. What happens to a system at the moment of the leap? Classic methodology does not make it possible to answer this question. In the situation of time compression and globalization of the world space, qualitative changes of the system accompanied by crisises are becoming its constant feature. This demands new methodological approaches to the researche of the society’s transient conditions.

Key words: social synergetics, political science, method, approach, model, social system.

N.V. SHULENINA PhD (philosophical science), The senior lecture at the Political Science Department of the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University

D.D. POLONSKAYA postgraduate student of the Department of political sciences of the Russian Peoples` Friendship University

THE METHODS OF MANIPULATION IN THE MASS MEDIA

The article considers the main manipulation methods of the mass media, its place and the role of the information management and in the creation of the political myths.

Key words: manipulation, methods of manipulation, mass media, political myth, information management.

K.V. NIKOLAEV Post-graduate student at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

TO THE PERCEPTION OF THE ESSENCE OF THE POLITICAL CRISIS

The author examines the essence and structure of crises and the reasons for the emergence thereof. He also analyses ways of their development and mechanisms for the settlement thereof.

Key words: political crisis, crisis situation, political situation, mechanism, reason, confrontation, consolidation.

A.A. EFIMOV post-graduate student, chair of information support for the international politics, Faculty of World Economics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov

POLITICALLY RISKS OF TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS’ (THEORETICAL ASPECT)

The article analyses problems of political behavior of transnational business. The author substantiates those political risks of various levels (individual, group, state, interstate) form political conditions and the business environment in the political word.

Key words: transnational corporations, international business, political risks.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

N.P. MEDVEDEV D.Sc. (political science), Professor at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Academy of People’s Economy and Administrative Service under the Russian President

TODAY PROBLEMS ON THE WAY TO REACHING POLITICAL STABILITY: SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES AND POLITICAL PRACTICE

The article describes theoretical issues relating to the development of the political system institutions, to safeguarding political stability and political support and specifies conditions for the attainment of a political consensus.

Key words: political system, political stability, political support, consensus.

Yu.A. NISNEVICH D.Sc. (political science), Professor of Higher School of Economics, National Research University, and of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

ACCOUNTABILITY AND CONTROL OVER THE ACTIVITIES OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES AS THE BASES FOR FIGHTING CORRUPTION

The article examines accountability and control over the activities of public authorities as a necessary precondition for fighting corruption. The article demonstrates that accountability and control over the activities of public authorities, namely decisions and acts of its agencies and officials, can be ensured by simultaneous and parallel civilian control. The article analyses mechanisms of political and civilian control during election campaigns and in the periods between elections. The fact that accountability of public authorities is an important factor in fighting corruption is confirmed empirically by applying the method of comparative and institutional analyses with the use of the research results obtained by the World Bank and an international NGO Transparency International.

Key words: public authorities, accountability, political control, civilian control, comparative and institutional analyses.

R.R. NASYROV junior fellow, Center for Political and Legal Research of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute for Legal Issues, city of Ufa

POLITICAL MECHANISMS OF STATE POWER LEGITIMATION IN TODAY RUSSIA

The article examines political mechanisms of state power legitimation in the Russian Federation, identifies political and legal constructions of the state power legitimacy, reveals the essence of such notions as “legitimacy” and “legitimation”.

Key words: power, political power, state power, legitimation, legitimacy, political mechanisms, public authorities.

I.V. EFREMOVA post-graduate student, Chair of National and Federal Relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF LABOR RELATIONS: FEDERATIVE ASPECT

This article examines the emergence and development of modern labor relations from the point of view of federalism, from 1936 to the present.

Key words: federalism, development of labor relations, The USSR’s constitution, social partnership.

POLITICAL, LEGAL AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS

I.L. TRUNOV Doctor of Law, PhD in economics, Professor, advocate The National President of the World Association of lawyers Deputy Chairman of the International Union of lawyers

LIBERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL POLICY COMPONENT OF EFFECTIVE ECONOMY

The article is devoted to the analysis of the criminal policy of Russia, its effect on the economy and economic development. The author offers a number of liberal changes with a view to building a cost-effective legal state of Russia.

Key words: а huge monster of the law-enforcement system, the liberalization of criminal policy, the repressive system, insulation of marginal population, the number of the prison population, the transition to the strategy of prevention and prophylaxis.

P.S. GELERANSKY PhD (political sciences), working for doctor’s degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

POLITICAL ISSUES OF THE PENSION REFORM IN RUSSIA

The author describes differences between the distribution and accumulation pension systems, demonstrates their drawbacks and explains why the Pension Fund of Russia will always operate at a loss. The author also shows how this situation may provoke an economic collapse. The present pension system is at the root of the low birth rate in Russia. The author introduces a new notion: a “family pension system” which may help Russia to come out of the demographic crisis, save the economy and improve social relations. If such pension system of a new type is introduced, Russia will have all the chances for becoming a country with prospering economy and a population of several billion people.

Key words: the Pension Fund of Russia, pension system, life level, budget, birth rate, “family pension system”.

V.V. YANUSKINA 4rd year student of M.M. Speransky Faculty of Law of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and the Public Administration

OFFICIAL ELECTRONIC PUBLICATION OF REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL LEGAL DIGITAL SOURCES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: DIFFERENCES, LEGAL REGULATION, PRACTICE AND PROSPECTS

Ideas of information-oriented society are growing more and more popular in modern world and the Russian Federation takes gradual measures for development of institutions of civil society connected with interaction between the people and the government particularly via the Internet sources. For instance, Dmitry Medvedev on 8, February 2012 signed the Decree “About a workgroup on preparation of suggestions on formation of “Open Government” system in the Russian Federation. Also one of the burning issues of the day is publication and preservation of legal information. It’s known that the article 15 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation states necessity of official publication of legal acts traditionally done in written form. Electronic publication is a new progressive trend in this area as well as digitization of legal material in official legal databases. Nowadays in Russia the Parliament passed a bill which from now on allows us to consider the publication on the Official Internet-portal of legal information (www.pravo.gov.ru) as official. However, there are problems that make it difficult to use it properly (the low level of informatization of society and so on).

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLITICS

G.V. KETTSYAN Ph. D., (political science), Assistant Professor at the department of economics and public administration of the Institute of Entrepreneur Infrastructure

LANGUAGE POLICY IN TODAY RUSSIA

The author of the article examines tendencies in the development of language policy in today Russia and analyses some factors existing in the language reality. The author insists that the language policy should be coordinated with the government culture policy, the most important ingredient of which is the educational policy of Russia, whereas interethnic dialogue and mutual understanding are among instruments for the resolution of interethnic problems.

Key words: language policy, interethnic relations, stability, Russian language, national policy.

V.V. VARSONOFIEV Ph.D. (political science)

INFLUENCE OF THE ETHNO-NATIONAL FACTOR ON THE RUSSIAN ARMED FORCES: BASED ON THE RESULTS OF RESEARCH IN MILITARY UNITS

The author suggests mechanisms that may be used for the formation of a national ideology in the armed forces based on the research carried out in military units. He also proposes a model for monitoring the mechanisms of formation and introduction of national ideology in the armed forces.

Key words: national ideology, national composition, manning principles, national customs and traditions, ethno-political aspect, interethnic conflicts, moral and spiritual qualities, the culture of interethnic communications.

R.K. ISKUZHIN Ph.D. (law), working for a D.Sc. degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences

INSTITUTE OF FEDERATIVE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE RUSSIAN REGIONS AT THE TIME OF CONSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS

The issues of federative responsibility of the Russian regions in the constitutional law have been considerably developed. The article discloses the constitutional intention of the federative responsibility of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the Centre at the time of today political and legal transformations.

Key words: federalism, responsibility, constitution, connection, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the Centre, sanction, integration, liquidation.

Yu.S. BOICHENKO post-graduate student at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

POLITICAL FACTORS INFLUENCING SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NORTH CAUCASIAN REGIONS

The article examines basic factors contributing to the development of the socio-economic system of the North Caucasian Federal District. The article also suggests some approaches to the successful implementation of the existing government program called “Strategy of the socio-economic development of the North Caucasian Federal District up to the year 2025”.

Key words: socio-economic policy, “Strategy of the socio-economic development of the North Caucasian Federal District up to the year 2025,” economic integration.

M.Kh. YUSUPOV deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation VI convocation

REGIONAL POTENTIAL OF MIGRATION PROCESSES IN TODAY RUSSIA: THROUGH THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

The article evaluates regional peculiarities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation determining migration flows in the country. In particular, it examines the migration potential of the Republic of Bashkortostan.

Key words: migration, politics, region, attractiveness, republic, labor, illegal immigrants, municipality, city, village, infrastructure.

L.N. DIACHENKO Ph.D. (history), Head of the Rossotrudnichestvo Mission in Kyrgyzstan

LEGAL SITUATION AND INITIAL ADAPTATION OF THE NATIONS DEPORTED FROM THE CAUCASUS TO KYRGYZSTAN

The article examines issues connected with the forced deportation of the Caucasus nations, their legal situation and adaptation to the new life conditions in the territory of Kyrgyzstan. Using archive documents dating back to the period of the beginning of the Caucasus nations deportation to the territory of Central Asia and Kyrgyzstan – October 1943 and the period of their initial adaptation in the Kyrgyz SSR – 1944-1946 the article analyses mass repressions as an element of a complex of compulsory and repressive steps undertaken by the Soviet leadership.

Key words: deported nations, unwilling migrants, special contingent, anti-Soviet elements, adaptation of migrants.

S.S. USHAKOVA Honored Education Worker of the Russian Federation

MASTERING LOCAL LANGUAGE AS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR OF SOCIAL INTEGRATION OF ETHNIC MIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN: EXPERIENCES AND LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE COUNTRIES OF THE WESTERN EUROPE

Global in scale migration has led to an increase in the population of the host countries the weight of ethnic minorities, the escalation of ethno-cultural and linguistic differences, difficulties with full adaptation and integration of new residents, especially their children and adolescents.

Key words: global migration, national identity, ethnic migrants, social adaptation, the sphere of education.

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

S.I. CHERNYSHOV Professor at the Political Science Department of the Peoples’ Friendship University

PARTY SYSTEM IN AUSTRIA

The article examines the party system in Austria, researches the legal situation of political parties and the party system structure. The author also describes the country’s economy, state and electorate systems.

Key words: state system, parties, party system, elections, electorate system, Austria.

I.Yu. BORUKHINA student of the master’s degree program, Faculty of National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

THE VOTING SYSTEMS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

This article is devoted to the voting systems of the EU and CIS. A voting system or electoral system is a method by which voters make a choice between options, often in an election. The multitude of electoral system’s forms and the absence of the ideal model reaffirms the relevance and multidimensional nature of voting system and the need for and usefulness of comprehensively studying it.

Key words: electoral system, voting, model, method, democracy, European Union, CIS.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION ISSUES

A.N. MIKHAYLENKO Doctor of Political Sciences, professor of Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

THE MAIN DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS OF THE U.S.–MEXICO TRANSBORDER AREA

The article deals with the main development directions of the U.S. – Mexico transborder area, the problems arising in this process and possibilities of using this experience in Russian conditions.

Key words: transborder area, national security, the Transborder Development Index, the U.S.A., Mexico, China.

NETO CONCEICAO EVA DA SILVA post-graduate student of the Department of Political Sciences of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

AFRICA IN INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC PROJECTS

The present article describes the technological initiatives, as well as energy, communications and space projects of modern Africa.

Key words: Africa, integration, energy stability, technology, resources, development, security.

   
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