Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 1 (1). 2011.

PROBLEMS OF POLITICAL MODERNIZATION

  • Nisnevich Yu.A. Electronic Government
  • Medvedev N.P. Political Modernization as Search for Effective Model of Political and Administrative Governance
  • Savushkina O.V. Parliamentarism as Factor of Stable Development and Political Stability in Russian Society
  • Varsonofev V.V. National Interests and Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS

  • Medvedev V.N. Prospects for Modernizing Public Administrative System in Contemporary Russia
  • Khrustalev D.A. Customs in the Russian Federation's Security Guaranteeing System
  • Altentaller D.N. Transformation of Legislation on Political Parties

REGIONALISTIC POLITICS AND ETHNOPOLITICS

  • Gaiduk V.V. Political and legal problems in ethno-national relations and methods for studying them
  • Ganicheva A.V. Role of the Presidential Envoy Institution in Federal Districts in Optimizing Cooperation between the Federal Government and Regions
  • Alekhnovich S.O., Pashenskaya R.A., Slizovsky D.E. On the Question of Rehabilitation of the Theory of Federalism
  • Bekbosynov M.B. Theoretical and Conceptual Basis of Federalism in the Context of Subjectivity of Regions

THE GOVERNMENT'S POLICY TOWARDS THE NORTH CAUCASUS: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

  • Mikhailov V.A. Abkhazia, South Ossetia - Russia's prospects in the Caucasus

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

  • Dakhin V.N. Globalization and Fragmentation of the Contemporary World
  • Kettsyan G.V. The tendencies of development of the language policy in the Post-Soviet territory countries

 

PROBLEMS OF POLITICAL MODERNIZATION

Yu.A. Nisnevich, D.Sc. (political science), Professor at SU-HSE and PFUR

ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT

The article is devoted to information revolution, which has made radical and qualitative changes in the technology of creating, gathering and spreading information. The application of advanced information and communication technology in political areas, including the government and the shifting of political processes to the Internet information media are real trends in the development of liberal principles in organizing political and administrative procedures and shifting to direct polyarchal democracy of new type, which is known as “e-democracy”. The article unfolds the essence of “e-government”. It also examines issues links to providing legislative guarantees to the “e-government”.

Key words: modernization, electronic democracy, information revolution, public administration, e-state and e-government.

N.P. Medvedev, D.Sc. (political science), Professor at RANE and AS under the Russian President

POLITICAL MODERNIZATION AS SEARCH FOR EFFECTIVE MODEL OF POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE GOVERNANCE

This is an article about contemporary Russia’s system-modernization. It analyses the content of three models of political development (political modernization): “Gorbachev model” for reforming the Soviet system under the conditions of openness, the second - “Yeltsin model” of radical political and economic reforms, the third – “Putin model” of authoritarianism and centralization.

Key words: system modernization, public administration, political regime, centralization.

O.V. Savushkina, Ph.D. (political science), staff of the State Duma Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation

PARLIAMENTARISM AS FACTOR OF STABLE DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL STABILITY IN RUSSIAN SOCIETY

This is an article about the role of the State Duma, legislative (representative) bodies in the Russian entities and the entire system of Russian parliamentarism in guaranteeing stable development and political stability to the Russian society. According to the author, in the absence of effective influence of the parliamentarism, it’s impossible to maintain regulatory functionality of the political system in society and a constructive level of resolving social and political contradictions, and develop long-term positive steps to strengthen political stability in society.

Key words: parliamentarism, political stability, political system, power sharing principle.

V.V. Varsonofev, Ph.D. (political science), Deputy Agriculture Minister of the Republic of Chuvashia

NATIONAL INTERESTS AND ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The author of the article makes an attempt to comprehend the ideological genesis of the nation in armed forces in interrelations between spiritual component of the nation, national idea, national ideology and the government’s national policy.

Key words: national interests, national ideology, interethnic relations, the government’s national policy, ethnos, nation.

POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS

V.N. Medvedev, Ph.D. (law), Associated Professor, senior fellow at the Institute of State and Law of the RAS

PROSPECTS FOR MODERNIZING PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA

The article is devoted to restructuring the public administrative system. It examines the problem of optimizing the federal administrative staff, which is a key trend in administrative reforms. It insists on the necessity of solving issues linked to upgrading the efficiency of organizations and the activity of executive bodies of the Russian entities as part of administrative reforms.

Key words: Constitution of the Russian Federation, administrative reforms, Russia federalism, the executive branch.

D.A. Khrustalev, doctoral candidate at the Administrative Rights Sector of the Institute of State and Law of the RAS

CUSTOMS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION’S SECURITY GUARANTEEING SYSTEM

The article says about the role of customs in Russia’s security guaranteeing system. It reveals the legal status of the customs and their officers, and the basic functions and the tasks of Russia’s federal customs service.

Key words: public administrative system, customs bodies, security.

D.N. Altentaller, post-graduate student at the RANE and AS under the Russian President

TRANSFORMATION OF LEGISLATION ON POLITICAL PARTIES

The article is devoted to the transformation of the legislation on political parties. It analyses the federal law on political parties and reveals specifics in party reforms. It assesses the contemporary state of the Russian political parties and party system, and makes conclusions on the prospects for their further development.

Key words: political parties, party system, transformation of legislation on political parties, political system.

REGIONALISTIC POLITICS AND ETHNOPOLITICS

V.V. Gaiduk, D.Sc. (political science), Professor at the Institute of Law of Bashkir State University

ROLE OF ETHNOLOGICAL METHOD IN STUDYING REGIONALISTIC POLITICS AND ETHNOPOLITICS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATIVE STATE

The article reveals the specifics of regional politics and ethnopolitics of the Russian Federation. It examines the role and the personality of ethnos in political and legal life in the Russian multinational society. It shows the necessity for using the ethnological method of studies for revealing the roots of the mechanism of legislative regulation of ethnic processes and relations at all levels and plains of the Russian federalism.

Key words: federalism, regional politics, ethnopolitics, centralization, ethnos, ethnological method.

A.V. Ganicheva, lecturer at the Economics Faculty of the People’s Friendship University of Russia

ROLE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL ENVOY INSTITUTION IN FEDERAL DISTRICTS IN OPTIMIZING COOPERATION BETWEEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND REGIONS

The article examines how to optimize cooperation between the federal government and regions. The author studies the background for creation of the institution of presidential envoy to the Federal Districts and analyses the basic trends towards the work of the presidential envoys in the districts. He reveals the role of the presidential envoys in coordinating federal and regional interests.

Key words: regional politics, institution of the presidential envoy to Federal Districts of Russia, cooperation between the federal government and regions, federal and regional interests.

S.O. Alekhnovich, Ph.D. (philosophical science)

R.A. Pashenskaya, post-graduate student at the People’s Friendship University of Russia

D.E. Slizovsky, D.Sc. (history), Professor at the People’s Friendship University of Russia

ON THE QUESTION OF REHABILITATION OF THE THEORY OF FEDERALISM

The article is devoted to the importance and significance of federalism as a theory and experiences of political and territorial, public and administrative system, which has a occupied a deserved place in history of political thinking and in contemporary politics.

Key words: federalism, strengthening power, power sharing principle, vertical power.

M.B. Bekbosynov, Ph.D. (political science)

THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF FEDERALISM IN THE CONTEXT OF SUBJECTIVITY OF REGIONS

The article is devoted to the contemporary state of the Russian federalism. The author analyses the phenomenon of political subjectivity and reveals key trends in the development of federative relations in the Russian Federation.

Key words: federalism, centralization, decentralization, political subjectivity of regions, representation of regional interests.

THE GOVERNMENT’S POLICY TOWARDS THE NORTH CAUCASUS: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

V.A. Mikhailov, D.Sc. (history), Professor, head of the department of National and Federal Relations of the RANE and AS under the Russian President

ABKHAZIA, SOUTH OSSETIA – RUSSIA’S PROSPECTS IN THE CAUCASUS

The article analyses the consequences of the recognition of the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia for the developments in the Caucasus and reveals both positive and negative aspects of the move and also its possible costs. The author forecasts possible developments in the situation.

Key words: Abkhazia, South Ossetia, the Caucasus, Georgia, Russia, the U.S., geo-strategic interests.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

V.N. Dakhin, D.Sc. (history), Professor at RANE and AS under the Russian President

GLOBALIZATION AND FRAGMENTATION OF THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD

The article is about the globalization based on the strong trends of universalization and together with the fragmentation of the world in response to universalization leaning on both the differences in interests and fake myths and values.

Key words: globalization, universalization, fragmentation of the contemporary world, UNO, OSCE, NATO, SCO, international relations.

G.V. Kettsyan, post-graduate student at the RANE and AS under the Russian President

THE TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE POLICY IN THE POST-SOVIET TERRITORY COUNTRIES

The article is devoted to the prospects and the tendencies of development of a language policy of the countries of the former USSR, the prominent features of the ethnolanguage situation in the CIS countries and Russia.

Key words: the state, ethnic and national relations, language policy, The Commonwealth of Independent States.

   
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