№ 1 (29), 2018

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 1 (29), 2018.

CONTENTS

THEORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF POLITICS

  • Karadje T.V. Social Justice as a Moral Dimension of Politics
  • Irkhin Yu.V. Modern Network Analysis and Blockchain: Theory, Methodology, Problems
  • Machina A.A. Hybrid Identity as a Political Factor of European Landscape
  • Javid Vugar Oglu Hajiyev The Economic Theory of Anarchism: Key Issues, Principles and Practices Ability to Use

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Medvedev N.P., Glebov V.A., Madatov A.S. To the Question of Typologization of Russian Regions
  • Ubilava I.D., Shulenina N.V. The Main Causes for the Orientation Toward a Political Leader in Georgian Society
  • Grishaeva O.N., Grishin O.E., Popov S.I. Dynamics of Development of the Presidential Institute in Russia
  • Galieva S.I. Implementation of the State Crime Prevention Policy in the Russian Federation and its Subjects
  • Yangulbaev M.B. Business Relations (BR) as a New Format of Interaction of Business and Power

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Pryakhin V.F. Korean "Tsugtsvang" of the United States’ Foregn Poicy
  • Grishin O.E., Mustafa D.A. Russia in the Middle East: the Development of Political and Economic Relations with Iraqi Kurdistan
  • Mehtieva M.M. Material and Non-Material Goals in Strategic Cooperation
  • Mahmoud Inoyatov The Concept of the First President of Uzbekistan and the President's Action Strategy: Principles of Updates and Right-Survival
  • Shiker T.P. The Main Factors Influencing the Development and Implementation of the State Policy of the PRC Evidence from the Tibet and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
  • Zhang Duo State Program "Connection of the People`S Soul" as a Method of Fight Against Religious Extremism in China: Experience of Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous District
  • Bakulia I.Y. The Population of Modern South Africa Republic (South Africa)
  • Urper Mehmet The 100th Anniversary of the Sykes-Picot Agreement: Britain’s Liberal Politics and the Kurds
  • Md Sazedul Islam Barriers of Secularism in Muslim Countries: Bangladesh Perspectives

Our authors № 1-2018

THEORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF POLITICS

T.V. KARADJE Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), professor, head of Department of politology at Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

SOCIAL JUSTICE AS A MORAL DIMENSION OF POLITICS

The article discusses the notions of justice underlying the government's policy, as a factor which determines socio-economic and political relations in society, and also psychological well-being of people.

Key words: The moral dimension of politics, social justice, social exclusion, social inequality.

Yu.V. IRKHIN D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, Chair of Political Science and Political Governance, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chair of Theoretical and Applied Political Science, Russian State University of Humanities, Moscow, Russia

MODERN NETWORK ANALYSIS AND BLOCKCHAIN: THEORY, METHODOLOGY, PROBLEMS

The article analysis the theoretical problems of the modern network approaches to policy, management, and technology of the blockchain too. The author showed basic actual achievements theory of network management, new approaches, revealed its structure and features, formulated its key modern tasks and functions. He proposed to use these approaches and interpretations of the network approaches to policy and management, and technology of the blockchain in Russian.

Key words: analysis, theory, methodology, network approaches to policy and management, technology of the blockchain.

A.A. MACHINA Candidate of Sociological Science Associate Professor Lomonosov Moscow State University Informational Support of International Politics Faculty of World Politics, Moscow, Russia

HYBRID IDENTITY AS A POLITICAL FACTOR OF EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE

The article deals with integration of European muslims. The recent migrant crisis in Europe has posed a major threat to European integration. Despite all integration policies, the European community has not managed to elaborate a full-fledged inclusive approach of integrating muslims into the European culture. Three integration models implemented in the European society have not proven sufficient. However, they have given rise to a new social phenomenon - hybrid identity. The author of the article defines the concept and analyses the reasons of a discriminatory attitude of muslims towards European values as well as provides a general description of challenges in the post-migrant society.

Key words: European integration, euro-islam, multiculturalism, hybrid identity, integrations models.

JAVID VUGAR OGLU HAJIYEV Postgraduate Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE ECONOMIC THEORY OF ANARCHISM: KEY ISSUES, PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES ABILITY TO USE

The article discusses the history of the theories of anarchism, its key provisions. Lists and describes the main principles of the theory of anarchism: the rejection of the existing social order, which is based on political power; the denial of the coercion, the ideal structure of society; freedom of formation and functioning of public associations; mutual assistance and cooperation; diversity; equality and fraternity.

The characteristic of the three major schools of anarchism: mutualism, collectivism and communism.

The article also discussed other directions of the theory of anarchism: anarcho-individualism, anarcho-syndicalist, post-classical anarchism, anarcho-capitalism, anarcho-feminism, green anarchism. Lists of their representatives and provide a brief description.

The author of the article pays attention to the economic side of the theory of anarchism, describing its characteristic features. Describes the features that distinguish the Economics of anarchy from other types of economies. It is emphasized that the backbone of the economy of anarchism is the social capital available to all in abundance. The economy of anarchism is a voluntary cooperation without forced labor and is completely free from selfishness.

The article assesses the possibility of building up the economy of anarchism, reasons of impossibility of its construction in contemporary society. Considered the hypothesis that the creation of economy of anarchism in the revolution, assessed the prospect of it.

Key words: anarchism, mutualism, collectivism, communism, anarcho-individualism, anarcho-syndicalist, post-classical anarchism, anarcho-capitalism, anarcho-feminism, green anarchism.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of Political Science, full professor, professor at The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

V.А. GLEBOV Ph.D. (law), Assistant Professor, Deputy Head of the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

А.S. MADATOV PhD (philosophy), associate Professor of the Department of political sciences of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Russia, Moscow

TO THE QUESTION OF TYPOLOGIZATION OF RUSSIAN REGIONS

The article clarifies the methodology of typologization of Russian regions as subjects of the Russian Federation. An attempt is made to update the current scientific model of classification of the regions of modern Russia. The article highlights features of the socio-economic and political criteria for the evaluation of the status and resource potential of each region. It also refers to the differences in the ratings of various Russian regions in the context of evaluating the performance of regional governments and in determining the type of the respective region.

Key words: region, subject of the Russian Federation, typologization, regional government, socio-economic development of the region, political development of the region.

I.D. UBILAVA Department of policy analysis and management Russian University of friendship of peoples, Moscow, Russia

N.V. SHULENINA Department of policy analysis and management Russian University of friendship of peoples, Moscow, Russia

THE MAIN CAUSES FOR THE ORIENTATION TOWARD A POLITICAL LEADER IN GEORGIAN SOCIETY

In this article, based on the social and political theories of M. Weber, G. Almond and S. Verba, we consider the factors that ensure the personification of the political process and the orientation toward the charismatic leaders in post-Soviet Georgia. According to the typology of political orientation, the emphasis is on the belonging of the Georgian society to the subordinate-patriarchal type of societies.

Key words: Social and political theories, post-Soviet Georgia, personification, political process, charismatic leader, typology, political orientation, Georgian society, subject-patriarchal society.

O.N. GRISHAEVA Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of History and Archeology, Yelets State University. I.A. Bunin, Russia, Elets

O.E. GRISHIN Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Russia, Moscow

S.I. POPOV Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Russia, Moscow

DYNAMICS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL INSTITUTE IN RUSSIA

The study analyzes the dynamics of the presidency in the Russian Federation at the present stage. The authors note that a new stage in the development of the presidency in modern Russia is connected with the political personalization of V.V. Putin. This period becomes strongly dependent on the need to constantly respond to incoming challenges in order to maintain the stability of the political system. Institutional choice in favor of the presidency, which acquires unique features, depending on the political traditions of a particular political system, is almost always the result of a certain consensus between key political actors.

Key words: institute of presidency, president, dynamics of development, internal and external challenges, rating V.V. Putin, political system, political elite.

S.I. GALIEVA assistant professor at the Chair of legal studies of Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE CRIME PREVENTION POLICY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND ITS SUBJECTS

The article analyzes the subjects involved in implementation of Russian state policy on crime prevention. Aforementioned subjects are structured in terms of acting on different levels, in terms of belonging to either state or non-state actors and in terms of implementing prevention activities directly or indirectly. The list of subjects involved in implementing state policy on crime prevention have been defined with respect to aforementioned typology and peculiarities of their participation in corresponding activities have been revealed.

Key words: crime prevention, state policy on crime prevention, subjects of state policy, bodies of state power and administration, legal basis of crime prevention system.

M.B. YANGULBAEV postgraduate student at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Service, Moscow, Russia

BUSINESS RELATIONS (BR) AS A NEW FORMAT OF INTERACTION OF BUSINESS AND POWER

Despite the relatively recent transition of our country from a planned administrative to a market economy, it is necessary to pay tribute, the pace of "catch-up" in the use of business tools is quite fast. The interaction of business and government is the best example. By means of a comparative analysis of the forms of interaction between business and government in foreign countries, Russia has managed to implement their numerous forms quite quickly: concession agreements, private-public partnerships, public procurement, etc. Polynomial platforms for business and government dialogue have been created: the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, Russia and others.

For interaction of business with the authorities in companies, there is a corresponding post, which has different names: GR-manager, adviser to the general director for interaction with authorities, etc. However, our analysis has shown that it is equally important that the relevant official position is also in the authorities. We called this position a BR-manager or a specialist in interaction with business.

Key words: interaction of business and government, Business Relations (BR, BiAr), BR-manager, GR, political and business communications.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Club of Rome National Committee member Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU), Moscow, Russia

KOREAN "TSUGTSVANG" OF THE UNITED STATES’ FOREGN POICY

The tension around the North Korean nuclear missile build up is one of the most acute and pressing problems of modern international relations.

The author analyzes the reasons for the emergence of the US foreign policy impasse on the Korean peninsula. He considers various options for getting out of this dead end. The main conclusion of the article: the situation around the DPRK and its nuclear build up once again implies to abandon the world order, based on the hierarchy of the subjects and to put an end to the hegemonism in foreign politics.

Key words: DPRK, the United States, the Republic of Korea, the nuclear missile complex, nuclear weapons, the problem of non-proliferation, denuclearization, diplomatic deadlock, inter-Korean talks, reunification of Korea, positions of the parties, conflict, settlement prospects, world order, hegemonism, multipolarity.

O.E. GRISHIN Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

D.A. MUSTAFA graduate student, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

RUSSIA IN THE MIDDLE EAST: THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC RELATIONS WITH IRAQI KURDISTAN

The article analyzes Russia's policy in the middle East through the prism of relations with Iraqi Kurdistan. Describes the situation before the referendum on its independence and after. Shows the relationship between the EU, USA and neighboring countries to its potential sovereignty. Shows the activities of Russian oil and gas companies in foreign economic cooperation. Demonstrated the specificity of relations between Baghdad and Erbil over the division of oil reserves. Labeled vectors of development of Russia with the Kurdish autonomy. The analysis can fill gaps in domestic political science and the development of a few approaches to solving some of the problems of the middle East the clash of interests of various political forces.

Key words: Middle East, Russia, Iraqi Kurdistan, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, USA, referendum, Rosneft, oil.

M.M. MEHTIEVA PhD Candidate in the Department of International Relations and foreign policy, Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan

MATERIAL AND NON-MATERIAL GOALS IN STRATEGIC COOPERATION

The article deals with strategic cooperation pursuing material and non-material goals. The material goals are reduced to providing military, economic and geopolitical domination. Intangible goals, in turn, boil down to the spread of ideology and culture. At the same time, emphasis is placed on the nature of cooperation in the implementation of tangible and intangible strategic goals, which can be selfish and unselfish. The diplomatic potential of the Russian language and culture is emphasized, for the reason that they are one of the most important, indispensable and unique means of influencing neighboring and, in general, all post-Soviet states. The development of the Russian language is aimed at the cultural rapprochement of the two states, which creates the basis for economic and political rapprochement. Therefore, it can be argued that the strategic cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan within the framework of "soft power" is of a partnership nature. In this regard, it should be noted that the Republic of Azerbaijan promotes the implementation of the "soft power" not only of the Russian Federation, but also of the United States and Europe, which regard the Republic of Azerbaijan as a reliable ally, a strategically important energy partner.

Key words: strategic cooperation, tangible and intangible goals, the disintegration of the USSR, the Caspian region, the Russian language, English, "Soft power", the "Сontract of the century".

MAHMOUD INOYATOV competitor of the Uzbek National University of. Mirzo Ulugbek, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

THE CONCEPT OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN AND THE PRESIDENT'S ACTION STRATEGY: PRINCIPLES OF UPDATES AND RIGHT-SURVIVAL

The article is devoted to the place and role of the first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov as the political leader and the main reformer of the society and the essence of the concept of sustainable development of Uzbekistan. The ways of national security and stable development of the country, the program of participation in the process of forming a qualitatively new system of international relations, the principle of maintaining and maintaining internal and external balance as the only acceptable for ensuring sustainable progress and preventing regional conflict situations, preserving the geopolitical balance in the world, security. The current strategy of Uzbekistan in the era of globalization, the principles of succession to deepen democratic, socio-economic reforms in society.

Key words: concept, president, reform, democracy, principles, societies, strategy, politics, deepening, civil society, stability, actions, stability, political leader, legislation, constitution, security, economic, social.

T.P. SHIKER graduate student of Department of the History and Social and Political Sciences of Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia

THE MAIN FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE POLICY OF THE PRC EVIDENCE FROM THE TIBET AND THE XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION

This article discusses the main factors that influence the formation and implementation of the state policy of the People's Republic of China. The Tibet and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region are taken as examples that are most vividly demonstrated by the modern RPC in the country. The author, using the descriptive, system and method of analysis, describes the starting points, which largely determine the state policy of the China. It is concluded that China's state policy is multifactorial, which often leads to certain contradictions arising within the national territories of the country, in particular in Tibet and Xinjiang. Based on the data obtained, the author suggests a model of factors that influences the development and implementation of state national policy in modern China.

Key words: state national policy in PRC, Tibet, Xinjiang, China, factor, ethnic minorities.

ZHANG DUO post-graduate student of the branch of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education «Far Eastern Federal University» Ussuriysk, Russia

STATE PROGRAM "CONNECTION OF THE PEOPLE`S SOUL" AS A METHOD OF FIGHT AGAINST RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN CHINA: EXPERIENCE OF XINJIANG UIGUR AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT

In the article the author expounds the main aspects of the national program "Connections of the Soul of the People" aimed at taking measures to exclude extremism in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The work analyzes the effectiveness of the measures taken in practice, describes the main reasons for the emergence of problems associated with the spread of extremist ideology, identifies the previously unexplored areas for the work of the project, and suggests ways of working in these ones. The author focuses on strengthening the joint work of the supreme authority and local self-government, increasing the role of law in the daily life of Chinese citizens, including the management of religious affairs in accordance with the current legislation. The main problem that leads to destructive consequences the author sees in insufficient universal education, brain drain and workforce from the southern regions of the country, because of which there is a shortage of doctors and teachers who do not want to work in rural areas, where they are particularly necessary. Correction of this situation, according to the author, should lead to a higher standard of living, and, consequently, to achieve better results of rapid economic and social development in the region. Then it will be possible to eradicate extremist beliefs and religious behavior in favor of the secular.

Key words: working group, national program, local authorities, religious extremism, "three forces of evil", ideological penetration, the Rule of Law.

I.Y. BAKULIA postgraduate student, working for a PHD at the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration Russia, Moscow

THE POPULATION OF MODERN SOUTH AFRICA REPUBLIC (SOUTH AFRICA)

The present work reflects an encyclopedic approach to the study of the population of modern South Africa. The work is performed on the basis of the analysis of materials of the Encyclopedia of the peoples of the world (Henry Holt USA), the monograph Vinogradov V.A. Foundations of African linguistics (Russia) and the monograph of Friedrich Ratzel Ethnology (Russia).

Key words: Ethnology, subcultural community, religion, area of activities, the traditional occupation.

URPER MEHMET Рhd. Student, “The Department of world politics” School of International Relations, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE SYKES-PICOT AGREEMENT: BRITAIN’S LIBERAL POLITICS AND THE KURDS

Our report is dedicated to the anniversary of the Sykes-Picot agreement. We try to find the differences and similarities between it and modern British foreign policy.

The key premise of the British policy in the region is to preserve the borders introduced by the Sykes-Picot agreement, which was just “a colonial ordering device”.

From the early 90s in British foreign policy there is an idea of the international community where each single country is regarded as a citizen of a broad worldwide state. It is nothing but an instrument of control, cf. British foreign policy towards the Arab Spring countries.

The other crucial idea of the modern Britain’s policy is the so called network policy, whose advantages proved to be practically unapplicable.

We come to the conclusion that all the attempts of Britain’s government to establish a new idea for the foreign policy are a disguise for implementation of selfish postcolonialist plans towards the former spheres of influence in the Middle East (Imperialism 2.0). The region needs restructuring, but the people of the region must choose their fate independently, without an outside permission.

Purpose. Our purpose is to define the set of stable features of the British foreign policy in Iraqi Kurdistan during the last 100 years and their relation to the changes in the official foreign policy doctrines of the British Government.

Methodology of the article includes historical, institutional and sociological methods.

Results. We have come to a well-grounded statement that the British foreign politics towards the Kurdistan region was substantially the same during the last 100 years, and the official doctrines of the British Foreign Office of the period had generally declarative character.

Practical implications. The results of our research could be applied to the issues concerning the analysis of actual and long-term political trends in the field of international politics.

Key words: Britain, Middle East, Kurdistan, Sykes-Picot, real politics.

MD SAZEDUL ISLAM Department of comparative politics People’s Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

BARRIERS OF SECULARISM IN MUSLIM COUNTRIES: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVES

Secularism refers to the confining of religiosity to the private domain of life. It is originated and developed in the West and was expanded to the other parts of the world, particularly by colonialism. Secularism is closely connected with democracy, where it ensures the rights of all citizens and limits the power of religion in public sphere. In different countries the form of secularism may be varied, therefore we get different types of secularism such as American, French, British and Indian models. Bangladesh is a country of Muslim majority population and got independent from Pakistan in 1971, where religion was used to dominate the people in East Pakistan. As a result logically after independence secularism was taken as one of the main principles of constitution. But by the changing of political regimes in 1988 secularism was removed from the Constitution and Islam was declared as the state religion. In 2011 finally secularism again revived through the fifteenth amendment of the Constitution. Actually there is a contradiction in the constitution as Islam is still written as the state religion at the same time secularism has been taken as the principle. There are some social and political barriers which are playing role to create this contradictory situations. In this paper the author with the help of historical methods analyzes the major barriers to establish secularism in Bangladesh.

Key words: secularism, democracy, colonialism, dictatorship, religious extremism, minority.

   
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