№ 3 (27), 2017

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 3 (27), 2017.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Goptareva I.B. Post-Democratic Changes of Party Design
  • M. Kurmanali Kyzy Peculiarities of the Policy of Development of the Higher Education of the Sovereign Kyrgyzstan
  • Abdulaev A.Kh. Features of the Historical Evolution of State Institutions in the Sphere of Counteraction of Corruption in Russia
  • Sarkarova J.S. Islamic Values in the National Identity of the Peoples of the North Caucasus
  • Khokhlova D.D. The Blindspot of Political Science: Society Outside the States
  • Hajiyev Javid Vugar Oglu Anarcho-Capitalism in the Context of Market Relations

POLICY OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION

  • Krutko A.A. Russia and Kyrgyzstan are Targeted on Deepening Eurasian Integration
  • Кurbonova Z.M. Tajikistan: Enclava as Problems of Ethnopolitical Regionalism
  • Shamishev E.D. An Effective Model for the Regional Cooperation in Eurasia: Case of Kazakhstan

POLITICAL STABILITY AND SECURITY

  • Davydov V.N. Security of the Information Space: Modern Political Problems of Adherence
  • Pashchenko L.V. Ukrainian Crisis and its Impact on the Growth of Conflicts in the Region
  • Emirov R.M. Ethno-Political Factor of Conflicts in the Relationships Between the North and South Caucasus
  • Mamasadykov R.A. Politological Analysis of Radical Religious Ideology Influencing the Activities of Banned Terrorist Organizations
  • Avazov K.H. Counteracting Contemporary Threats and Maintaining Political Stability in the System of National Security in Uzbekistan

POLITICAL TECHNOLOGIES

  • Danilova E.A. Domestic Policy Resourse of the Russian Federation National Branding: Trust to Institutions of State Power and its Legitimacy
  • Mehdiev E.T. Influence of Modern Information Technologies on Foreign Policy
  • Kazanin V.E. Telegram-Channels as the Prospective Technology in Government Transparency
  • Indzhiev A.A. Business Inculturation of Social Media and the Electorate in Russia
  • Krenvalk A.A., Volobuev K.V. Modern Football in the Context of the Implementation of the "Soft Power" of the State

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  • Knotko V.Y. USA and PRC: Perspectives of Bilateral Relations at the New us Administration
  • Hopta Ivo Foreign Policy Cooperation of Slovakia and the Czech Republic at the Present Stage
  • Donchev D.P. Bulgaria: Problems of Economic Policy and Military Cooperation
  • Klimchuk V.I. South Caucasus Countries and Main Actors of the Region

Our authors №3-2017

DEMANDS FOR MANUSCRIPTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

I.B. GOPTAREVA Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Assistant Professor, Head of the Chair of general legal studies and politology of the Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russia

POST-DEMOCRATIC CHANGES OF PARTY DESIGN

The article examines the process of transforming mass parties into new party models, which occurs in the countries of Western democracy and is caused by the growth of socio-political organizations, a reduction in the need for traditional membership, a decrease in the participation of partisans in elections, a weakening of the unifying force and political attractiveness of the parties. Changes party design in the direction of "base-less party". In the context of these changes, the most interesting questions are the identification of trends in the change of mass parties, the correction of inner-party relations, organizational structure, inter-party competition, policy goals and, as a result, a change in the basic characteristics of traditional parties, which suggests new party models with limited social functions and expanded Intermediary and managerial.

The carried out research had the purposes: to describe and order party realities through classification characteristics, to explain the cause-effect relations of the transformation of parties. This led the author to the following conclusions: mass parties were held in the twentieth century and by now they are completing a three-stage transformation (mass parties – catch-all parties – cartel parties), which led to a reduction in party membership; the rigidity of the intra-organizational structure of parties indicates one of the main reasons for its reduction; car\telization of parties indicates the transition of member parties to the final stage, after which speech can go about the meta-models of mass parties, because the membership, although greatly weakened, but did not disappear.

Key words: mass ideological parties, catch-all parties, cartel parties, party models, party competition, stratarchy.

M. KURMANALI KYZY PhD Historical sciences, Vice rector of Mahmud Kashgari-Barskani Eastern University, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

PECULIARITIES OF THE POLICY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION OF THE SOVEREIGN KYRGYZSTAN

In this article the author considers the issue of the current situation and development of higher education in sovereign Kyrgyzstan. Based on the conducted analysis, the process of system development of education in the country, including high education, is divided into four periods. The article gives short description of development specifics for each of the periods and defines goals to improve higher education of the country.

Key words: higher education, sovereign Kyrgyzstan, world community, universities, priorities of development, conceptual base, reforms, modernization, decentralization, strategic planning, management, quality-guaranteeing system.

А.Kh. ABDULAEV post-graduate student at the Chair of national and federative relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Service, Head of the Education Department of the Khasavyurt district of Dagestan, senior expert of the Moscow anti-corruption Committee at the Moscow Chamber of Trade and Industry, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russia

FEATURES OF THE HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF STATE INSTITUTIONS IN THE SPHERE OF COUNTERACTION OF CORRUPTION IN RUSSIA

The article examines some of the historical features of the evolution of state institutions in the sphere of counteraction of corruption in Russia. In particular, the article examines the features of the initial period of struggle with corruption (bribery), the role of the fief-offices, the formation of the legal framework to combat corruption, the appearance in pre-revolutionary Russia of the first institutions among the most important tasks of which was counteraction of corruption. The article discusses the features of the Soviet historical period in the context of combating corruption. It also examines the current institutional system of corruption counteraction in the Russian Federation. The author makes general conclusions about the historical trends of the evolution of the institutional framework of combating corruption in Russia at various stages.

Key words: corruption, counteraction of corruption, anticorruption policy, state institutions in the sphere of counteraction of corruption, history of counteraction of corruption in Russia.

J.S. SARKAROVA candidate of sciences (political sciences), acting head of the Department “Legal support of management” at the Dagestan State University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russia

ISLAMIC VALUES IN THE NATIONAL IDENTITY OF THE PEOPLES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS

In the present article, the author tries to analyze some key aspects of the influence of values and norms of Islam on the national consciousness and ethno-national identity of the indigenous peoples of the North Caucasus. Recognizing the very fact of the reality of such influence, it is emphasized that this influence was ambiguous among the peoples of the north-western and north-eastern regions. Analyzing the main reasons for the differences in this sphere, it is concluded that with all possible reservations, the values and norms of Islam cannot be regarded as a factor that determines the systemic and structural components of national self-consciousness and ethno-national identity, respectively, of orientations in the most important spheres of public life.

Key words: Russia, the North Caucasus, national republics, ethnos, people, Islam, values, norms, national consciousness, identity.

D.D. KHOKHLOVA postgraduate student at the Faculty of Political Science, Saint Petersburg state university, St. Petersburg, Russia

THE BLINDSPOT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE: SOCIETY OUTSIDE THE STATES

Politics and political science often act together, because one legitimizes the other. Imperious and scientific discourse form a specific political space, which Guy Debord called the image of reality, but the reality is different from its "official" representation. So, there are many unrecognized states and communities in the world, existing outside of the world politics and not incorporated in the classical political dictionary: The Icelandic Commonwealth, Zomia, «flight zones» in Latin America, North America, central Europe, kibbutz, Orang Laut, gypsies, cossacks and many others. They are called marginal groups, but there is no objective justification for this. Political and economic systems, governance (or management) strategies, political culture of these communities are rarely researched by political scientists, but anthropologists and economists make up for this omission. On the example of the three-century existence of Icelandic democracy, this article tries to prove that post-anarchy, post-state and cooperative governance are the same political entity, as well as any recognized state in its classic sense. Moreover, many inventions and managerial findings of post-states are definitely interesting for research and extrapolation to classical political systems. The main thing, perhaps, is to overcome the discursive snobbery of the hegemony of absolute political power.

Key words: post-anarchism, cooperative governance, post-state, pure democracy, absolute power, minarchism, autonomism, islandic commonwealth, islandic free state.

HAJIYEV JAVID VUGAR OGLU Graduate student and the municipal department of the faculty Humanities and Social Sciences of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

ANARCHO-CAPITALISM IN THE CONTEXT OF MARKET RELATIONS

This article covers theoretical the basics of correlation of anarcho-capitalism and market economy. A research objective is synthesis of data concerning correlation of anarcho-capitalism in the context of the market relations. The study even of the most radical philosophical currents is necessary: it promotes formation of understanding of an entity of the state involvement and activities of economic entities in the sphere of economy.

Key words: anarcho-capitalism, market economy, market relations, anarchism.

POLICY OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION

A.A. KRUTKO Ambassador of the Russian Federation In the Kyrgyz Republic, Doctoral student of Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

RUSSIA AND KYRGYZSTAN ARE TARGETED ON DEEPENING EURASIAN INTEGRATION

The dynamics and perspective directions of the development of Russian-Kyrgyz relations in the new conditions – the entry of Kyrgyzstan into the Eurasian Economic Union, the promising opportunities for participation in the project «One Belt – One Road».

Key words: foreign policy, diplomatic relations, integration processes, Eurasian Economic Union, «One Belt – One Road», strategic partnership, a large Eurasian partnership.

Z.М. КURBONOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for a doctorate degree at the Institute of philosophy, political science and law named after A. Bahovaddinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

TAJIKISTAN: ENCLAVA AS PROBLEMS OF ETHNOPOLITICAL REGIONALISM

The article is devoted to the issues of appearance and formation of enclaves and exclaves of Tajikistan with neighboring countries. The problems of enclaves in this triangle resemble a “powder keg”. In this article the author makes an attempt to analyze the appearance and further development of problems and conflicts around enclaves and exclaves of Tajikistan.

Key words: enclaves of Tajikistan, decisions of enclave’s problems, unresolved border issues, conflicts on the territories of enclaves.

E.D. SHAMISHEV graduate student, Russian Federation Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

AN EFFECTIVE MODEL FOR THE REGIONAL COOPERATION IN EURASIA: CASE OF KAZAKHSTAN

The article describes Kazakhstan’s experience in implementation an effective national model of economic development and its role for the Eurasian integration.

The recent trends in the economic integration of the Eurasian Economic Union member-states are briefly reviewed. It provides view for key aspects and stages of economic reforms, the public policy programs and strategic planning in Kazakhstan.

The main points of the New Economic Policy "Nurly Zhol" ("The Path towards the Future"), with a special focus for the new initiatives of Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev, aimed at the development of transit and transport potential, as well as the mapping out of new Eurasian transport corridors between Europe and Asia.

The author concludes that the Eurasian space obtains a new capacity of the global positioning. For its upgrade, however, all the EEU member-states shall pursue drastic economic reforms.

Key words: N. Nazarbayev, economic policy, strategic planning, reforms, transports potential, Silk Way Economic Belt, modernization.

POLITICAL STABILITY AND SECURITY

V.N. DAVYDOV Deputy Director of the contemporary politics Institute PFUR, candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor, Moscow, Russia

SECURITY OF THE INFORMATION SPACE: MODERN POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF ADHERENCE

Modern school, within its resources doing everything it can to information security students. However, educational institutions are not able to control the global web space, existing competition laws and regulations, far from the age limit of "16+". Developed entire sectors of the IT industry, delivering on the digital market exclusively forbidden fruit.

Defying the Protestant ethic and Puritan morals, the distributors of content are corrupting immorality and permissiveness in adolescents. Dogmatic advocates of democracy sown in the information field "flowers of evil", treading the sprouts of virtue and the humanism, social justice and citizenship. Complicating the socialization of the Russian youth, unscrupulous opponents blaspheme our country for spirituality, commitment to humanity, indomitable character and identity.

The author of this article, mapping web threats, drew attention of the education community and parents of students on the current issues surrounding the learning of children extra-curricular information space.

Key words: information security, information warfare, artificial intelligence, cybercrime, clip thinking, education, Patriotic education, the politicization of consciousness, network communication, socialization of students.

L.V. PASHCHENKO Candidate of Sciences (philosophy), Assistant Professor at the Chair of history and law, Murmansk Arctic State University, Murmansk, Russia

UKRAINIAN CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GROWTH OF CONFLICTS IN THE REGION

The article discusses specifics of the conflicts in the post-Soviet space, it identifies causes and factors that have contributed to the development of conflict relations. The author notes such reasons as ethnic tensions, territorial disputes and positions of national elites. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the development of the Ukrainian crisis and its destabilizing impact on the regional security. Policy pursued by the Ukrainian leadership, aimed at the glorification of Bandera movement, formation of Russophobic sentiments and imposition of its vision of the past and present, does not contribute to a constructive solution of the existing problems. The author notes that the escalation of tension in Ukraine was significantly influenced by major world and regional power centers and resolution of the conflict is possible only through joint efforts of the international community.

Key words: the post-Soviet space, the Ukrainian crisis, the Transnistrian conflict, ethnic strife, identity.

R.M. EMIROV PhD (political sciences), Moscow, Russia

ETHNO-POLITICAL FACTOR OF CONFLICTS IN THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH CAUCASUS

The article attempts to identify and analyze some of the factors underlying the conflict in the Caucasus as a single geo-political space. The main focus is on the ethno-national component of the region, focusing on the state of affairs in this area in the three independent states of the South Caucasus. It is shown that as a result of the collapse of the USSR, many indigenous peoples of the region were divided state borders between the Russian Federation and the states of the region. Analyzing their real policy in this area, it was concluded that the prospects for the very statehood of the South Caucasian states largely depend on their ability to develop and implement in practice a set of forms, measures, means, ways of resolving the problems of rights and freedoms of national minorities and divided peoples.

Key words: Russia, the Caucasus, the North Caucasus, the South Caucasus, the region, the state, politics, geopolitics, people, conflicts, migrations.

R.A. MAMASADYKOV Director of the anti-terrorism center of the SCNS of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

POLITOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF RADICAL RELIGIOUS IDEOLOGY INFLUENCING THE ACTIVITIES OF BANNED TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS

In the article, the author analyzes the ideology of the banned terrorist organizations, in particular, he studies Salafism and Takfiri. He also examines terrorist acts committed in recent years. The article proposes measures to counter the spread of the activities of banned terrorist organizations.

Key words: radical religious ideology, counter-terrorism, the banned terrorist organization.

K.H. AVAZOV Copter Of the Uzbek State University M. Ulugbek, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

COUNTERACTING CONTEMPORARY THREATS AND MAINTAINING POLITICAL STABILITY IN THE SYSTEM OF NATIONAL SECURITY IN UZBEKISTAN

The article is devoted to the problem of the origin of the threat and their causes, ways to preserve peaceful socio-economic, socio-political, interethnic and inter-confessional relations, as well as to prevent internal conflicts. Internal and external factors of threats, and their ways of prevention.

Key words: threatening sustainable society, color revolution, democracy export, national security, political terrorism, political leader, regional conflicts, social instability, stability, stability.

POLITICAL TECHNOLOGIES

E.A. DANILOVA PhD in political science, the senior research associate, the leading expert of the Center of science, technologies and education development in the field of defense and safety of the state at TGU, National research Tomsk state university, Tomsk, Russia

DOMESTIC POLICY RESOURSE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION NATIONAL BRANDING: TRUST TO INSTITUTIONS OF STATE POWER AND ITS LEGITIMACY

The article is devoted to research of the ideological bases of national branding within advance of model of the strong defense capable state allocated with military power for reflection of global challenges and threats. The greatness of authority which growth is fixed in mass mind of Russians finds reflection in strong army and innovative achievements of defense industry complex. In domestic policy realization of strategy of the Russian Federation national branding with a support on innovative competences of domestic defense industry complex promotes growth of credibility of citizens to institutes of the government. The trust acts as basis of political support of the power and its legitimation. The trust forms commitment to institutes of the government and political actors, approval of activity of institutes of the power by the population. Adverse geopolitical conditions and counter-measures from Russia, including her participation in the military-political crises in Ukraine and in Syria, inclusion of the Crimea in structure of the Russian Federation promote strengthening of trust of the population to army, her hardware and the ruling authorities that is confirmed by data of sociological polls. Essential decrease in the index of military threat is recorded that also promotes strengthening of trust of citizens to institutes of the government. The specified factors promote political stabilization and integration of society and decrease in transaction expenses of the ruling elite in the course of political management.

Key words: national branding, armed forces, army, defense industry complex, trust, legitimacy.

E.T. MEHDIEV candidate of sciences (history), researcher at the Center for post-Soviet studies, Institute of international studies, MGIMO-University of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, Moscow, Russia

INFLUENCE OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES ON FOREIGN POLICY

The article deals with the development of information and communication technologies and their impact on the foreign policy. Digital diplomacy uses information and communication technologies for articulation of the foreign policy course and carrying out communication functions, for the formation and maintenance of a positive image of the state on the global stage. The article also focuses on the Russian digital diplomacy, gives recommendations for shaping an information strategy.

Key words: Information security, ICT, diplomacy, world politics, Russian Federation, USA.

V.E. KAZANIN Postgraduate student of RSSU, senior specialist of Organizational Department of Prefecture of SAD of Moscow, Moscow, Russia

TELEGRAM-CHANNELS AS THE PROSPECTIVE TECHNOLOGY IN GOVERNMENT TRANSPARENCY

The paper analyses the influence of the messenger “Telegram”, which was made by Russian programmers, on the development of political transparency under different political regimes. Due to the experience of Islamic Republic Iran there is shown the development of state policy concerning the social net and the performance of opposition powers under strong control. The existence of a political inside in Russian “Telegram”-channels is established and analyzed possible prospects of the usage of the messenger according to Russian political reality.

Key words: “Telegram”, social network, messenger, transparency in politics, information technology, Russia, Iran.

A.A. INDZHIEV postgraduate student at the Chair of international relations, political science and world economy at the Institute of international relations, Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia

BUSINESS INCULTURATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE ELECTORATE IN RUSSIA

The article is devoted to consideration of the situation of inculturating modern social media and electoral resource of Russia.

The starting point of the study was relevant information permeability of the media environment. Today, social networks not only create information occasions, attracting the attention of users, but also interactively respond to requests from members of the community. Thus, inculturation, a merger of communicative interests into a single socio-cultural space, appears from matching requests and responses on virtual platforms.

The subject of study in this work is a form of business inculturation as a part of the political, party and election processes and technologies that occur between the virtual network and the real electoral resources. Expert evaluation shows that in this respect Russia follows the international trends. In our country, over the past three years the list of instruments of electronic dialogue between the civilian population and the branches of power has expanded and mutual influence of state and party media pages and private accounts has grown. Network portals demonstrate not only programmable interactive communications, national politicians and the electorate are included in the free business inculturation.

Analysts believe the "Direct line with Vladimir Putin" to be a key module, confirming the activity and effectiveness of inculturation. In 2017, official groups of the program re-opened in major domestic social networks, there has also been online tracking of discussions between subscribers of the leading global social media. By the time, when the transmission began, the users have already left about three hundred thousand comments.

Given these serious indicators, the purpose and objectives of this article were based on the hypothesis of the formation of a stable and ambivalent inculturation, and strengthening of interaction between the Russian electoral segment and the political media field. The methodology of syncretism in the aspects of political science, sociology and strategic statistics helped the author to justify this hypothesis.

Present scientific and analytical materials are based on the latest publications of international industry experts.

Key words: politics, the electorate, social media, inculturation, president, direct line, interactivity, digitalization.

A.A. KRENVALK bachelor at the Department of media-information literacy and media education UNESCO, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia

K.V. VOLOBUEV postgraduate student at the Chair of politology and political management, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

MODERN FOOTBALL IN THE CONTEXT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE "SOFT POWER" OF THE STATE

This article is devoted to the problems of modern football in the state economy and politics.

Key words: football, politics, economics, business, soft power, IPO, impact.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

V.Y. KNOTKO post-graduate student at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

USA AND PRC: PERSPECTIVES OF BILATERAL RELATIONS AT THE NEW US ADMINISTRATION

The article gives a detailed assessment of the prospects of economic and trade relations between the US and China during the administration of Donald Trump. The paper also discusses reasons for the rapid growth of China. In addition, the article analyzes recent statements made by President Donald Trump regarding relations with China and appropriate implications for bilateral relations.

Key words: bilateral relations between the US and China, Donald Trump’s election campaign, economic growth of China, trade war between the US and China.

HOPTA IVO Post-Graduate Student of the Department of Political Science and Political Philosophy, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN POLICY COOPERATION OF SLOVAKIA AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC AT THE PRESENT STAGE

The article is devoted to the analysis of mutual cooperation between the two Central European states – Slovakia and the Czech Republic – in the sphere of foreign policy. Retrospective, modern and perspective directions of the Slovak-Czech relations are considered, the components of mutually beneficial cooperation between the two countries are determined.

Key words: Bilateral cooperation, Czech Republic, Europe, foreign policy, mutual relations, Slovak Republic.

D.P. DONCHEV Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

BULGARIA: PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC POLICY AND MILITARY COOPERATION

The article analyzes the latest and most frequently discussed topics in the policy of the Republic of Bulgaria. Results of export policy development for 6 months. Considered public opinion on economic development. Also not long ago conducted military exercises of NATO countries and the US in the territory of Bulgaria within the framework of the exercise "Saber quardian 2017" from which follows the conclusions in relation to the security policy and military-economic development of the country. Analyzed military doctrine "Saber quardian 2017". We consider the problems of the military industrial sector and the need for its improvement and updating. The question of improving the country's military equipment is being raised. At the end of the article, the author makes a conclusion about the need for development and logistics provision in the future on the territory of the state.

Key words: Republic of Bulgaria, "Saber quardian 2017", aviation, Bulgarian Air Force, Bulgarian military, economy, military industrial sector, security, cooperation, SG-17, logistics providing.

V.I. KLIMCHUK postgraduate student at the Chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

SOUTH CAUCASUS COUNTRIES AND MAIN ACTORS OF THE REGION

In the article, the author analyzes socio-economic and political situation in the countries of the South Caucasus. He examines the geopolitical importance of the region from the point of view of regional and international security.

Key words: geopolitics, international relations, regional and international security, conflict, region, stability, South Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia.

   
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