№ 1 (41), 2019

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 9, Issue 1 (41), 2019.

CONTENTS

THEORY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF POLICY

  • Irkhin Yu.V. Metamorphoses of Postmodern Discourse and Actual Challenges of Neomodern
  • Astvatsaturova M.A. Ideological and Conceptual Intentions of the Contemporary Russian Political and Managerial Process: Towards the Possibility of Co-Evolution
  • Levin A.V. Comparative Analysis of Classic Political System Concepts by D. Easton, G. Almond and K. Deutsch and Prospects of their Application in Modern Times

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Grishaeva O.N., Popov S.I., Belyaeva V.P., Grishin V.O. Fourth Presidential Term of V.V. Putin: the New Challenges
  • Suleymanov A.R., Suleymanova A.R. The Institutionalization of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Political Process
  • Vasilyeva T.A., Gritsenko R.A., Prokopchuk D.D. The Practice of Using Internet Technologies in Election Campaigns (On the Example of the Russian Federation and the United States)
  • Tatarov R.A., Frants A.S. The Contours of the Political Regime of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic in the Context of the State-Building Process
  • Palilov D.E. The Application of GIS Technologies in Studying Political Processes
  • Kisel N. Policy for Digitalization of Russia: Myth or Reality?

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

  • Mikhaylenko A.N. Modern Stage in Formation of a Polycentric World
  • Pуzh V.V. Russia's Security in the Context of the Doctrine of Controlled Chaos
  • Krutko A.A. The Pragmatic Model of Russian-Kirghiz Relations in the Context of Eurasian Integration
  • Kurbonova Z.M., Ikromova M.N. The Role of Russian Federation in the Preventing of Inter-Tajik Conflict
  • Maystat M.M. Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: “Aporitivny Syndrome” and Possible Prospects of its Overcoming
  • Muydinov D.N. Emergence and Strengthening of Social Movements and Organizations for Migrants in Germany (PEGIDA, AFD)
  • Bistrina M.G. The Countries of the Western Balkans a Wandering Between Icles and Reality
  • Randah Madinge Identity Conflicts or Ethno-Political Conflicts in Africa
  • Aljarwan Mohd Hier Jarwan Foreign Policy Transformations and their Impact on Iran's Role in the Middle East after the “Arab Spring”

STUDENT SCIENCE

  • Komordin D.V. European Migration Crisis on the Example of Spain

REVIEWS

Kozmenko V.M., Beresnev R.A. Review of article by O.N. Grishaeva, S.I. Popov, V.P. Belyaeva, V.O. Grishin “Fourth Presidential Term of V.V. Putin: the new Challenges”

Pryakhin V.F., Medvedev N.P. Review of the article by A.A. Krutyko “Pragmatic Model of Russian-Kirghiz Relations in the Context of Eurasian Integration”

Our authors № 1-2019

THEORY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF POLICY

Yu.V. IRKHIN D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, Chair of Political Science and Political Governance, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chair of Theoretical and Applied Political Science, Russian State University of Humanities, Moscow, Russia

METAMORPHOSES OF POSTMODERN DISCOURSE AND ACTUAL CHALLENGES OF NEOMODERN

The article analysis the theoretical problems, achievements and contradiction in the genesis of the modern postmodern discourse. The author comprehensively investigated, systematized and showed basic actual features and distinctions amongst postmodern and metamodern, the role of neoliberalism values in its development. The author discussed new approaches to the learning of society and politics: the neomodern discourse with dominated neoconservative values, opposing postmodern theory, methodology and practice; uncovered common features of the neomodern approaches: historicism, patriotism, healthy nationalism, populism, популизм, transactionalism, realism in world politics.

Key words: discourse, populism, postmodern, postmodernism, metamodernism, neomodernism.

M.A. ASTVATSATUROVA Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Director, leading researcher of the Scientific and educational center of political and ethno-political studies of Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia

IDEOLOGICAL AND CONCEPTUAL INTENTIONS OF THE CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN POLITICAL AND MANAGERIAL PROCESS: TOWARDS THE POSSIBILITY OF CO-EVOLUTION

The article reveals ideological and conceptual intentions of political and managerial process in modern Russia that has passed the way of political democratic transit. The author actualized theoretical, practical and applied aspects of the post-transitive development of the Russian Federation. The author also raises the problem of possible co - evolution of conservative-protective and liberal-democratic intentions of the modern political and administrative processes in the Russian Federation with the accentuation of the state-civil patriotism. In summary, this co-evolution is interpreted as a possible condition for successful policy and management and as a promising resource of civil unity of Russians on the basis of not only traditional historical and cultural, but also modernization values.

Key words: political transit, ideological and conceptual intentions of political and management course, conservative and protective intentions, liberal-democratic intentions, co-evolution, patriotism.

A.V. LEVIN postgraduate student, Department of history of political philosophy at the Institute of Philosophy of RAS, Moscow, Russia

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLASSIC POLITICAL SYSTEM CONCEPTS BY D. EASTON, G. ALMOND AND K. DEUTSCH AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR APPLICATION IN MODERN TIMES

The article deals with the concept and essence of the political system. Much attention is paid to the analysis of various author's concepts of political systems and disclosure through their prism of real political relations in society. The system and structural-functional approaches applied to the study of the political system in the concepts of various political scientists through a variety of General scientific research methods are analyzed in detail. The possibility of using these approaches in the analysis of modern political systems is evaluated.

Key words: political system, concept, system approach, structural-functional method, cybernetic theory, methodological indicator, dynamic characteristic.

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

O.N. GRISHAEVA Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of History and Archeology, Yelets State University I.A. Bunin, Elets, Russia

S.I. POPOV Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

V.P. BELYAEVA deputy director for teaching and educational work, the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School №97», Moscow, Russia

V.O. GRISHIN student of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law, Moscow region state university, Moscow, Russia

FOURTH PRESIDENTIAL TERM OF V.V. PUTIN: THE NEW CHALLENGES

This article examines how Russian experts perceive V.V. Putin's fourth presidential term. After analyzing the different points of view that exist among political scientists and guided by the data of several centers for the study of public opinion, the authors conclude that V. Putin loses the trust of Russian citizens because of unpopular domestic policy and international isolation. The fourth presidential term will be difficult for the head of state. In fact, how the President will cope with various challenges of the changing political reality will determine the rating of Vladimir Putin and the development of the political system in the future.

Key words: President, Institute of presidency, V.V. Putin, power, presidential term, political system.

A.R. SULEYMANOV candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor of «International relations, history and Oriental studies», Ufa state oil technical University, Ufa, Russia

A.R. SULEYMANOVA undergraduate of department of philosophy and political science Bashkir state university, Ufa, Russia

THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS

The erosion of the Westphalian model of the world, caused by the rapid growth of the number of non-governmental organizations and their transformation into global policy actors, has actualized the question of rethinking the "third sector" in political processes. This article presents the institutionalization of non-governmental organizations as institutions of public diplomacy, characterized by obvious advantages for contacts in the political environment (mobility, resistance to change, creative constructiveness and initiative), both at the level of individual States and in the format of transnational and global relations.

Key words: political science, non-governmental organizations, political process, political actor, institutions of public diplomacy, "third sector", humanitarian direction, functions, global policy, international relations.

T.A. VASILYEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

R.A. GRITSENKO Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

D.D. PROKOPCHUK Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

THE PRACTICE OF USING INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES IN ELECTION CAMPAIGNS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE UNITED STATES)

The article explores the characteristics and practice of using Internet technologies and the Internet as a whole in election campaigns, analyzes key Internet technologies, such as Internet promotions, various types of political Internet advertising, social network accounts and websites of political actors, as well as YouTube and Big Data video hosting. The analysis of the development of Internet technologies as an instrument of election campaigning and the practice of their use in election campaigns of modern Russia and the United States is carried out. For greater clarity, Internet technologies are considered in the chronological order of their appearance and development, so that the reader has a complex picture of the transformational changes of the applied Internet technologies in the modern electoral process.

Key words: Internet technologies, electoral process, electoral preferences, social networks, Internet campaigning, election campaign, political Internet, political advertising, Big Data analysis.

R.A. TATAROV postgraduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie

A.S. FRANTS postgraduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie

THE CONTOURS OF THE POLITICAL REGIME OF THE PRIDNESTROVIAN MOLDAVIAN REPUBLIC IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STATE-BUILDING PROCESS

The article is a scientific study of the problems of the formation and functioning of the political regime in the dynamics of state-building of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. The analysis of the phenomenon of Pridnestrovian statehood fully relies on the existing methods of political theory and sociological sciences. The authors presented the genesis of the political and legal world in Pridnestrovian realities through the prism of the implementation of the main directions of domestic and foreign policy of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. The diversity of approaches to the interpretation and typologies of the political regime in the mirror of Pridnestrovian realities given in the article allowed to identify and justify the existing trends in the political process of Pridnestrovie.

Key words: Pridnestrovie, political regime, state-building, USSR, Constitution, referendum, president, people.

D.E. PALILOV post-graduate student, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE APPLICATION OF GIS TECHNOLOGIES IN STUDYING POLITICAL PROCESSES

The article contains a short review of applying GIS technologies to studying political processes, and highlights the opportunities and benefits provided by GIS in examining political phenomena. Provided with an example of GIS technologies usage in research activities within studying political processes.

Key words: political processes, GIS technologies, political phenomena, geoinformation technologies, migration risks.

N. KISEL post-graduate student of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

POLICY FOR DIGITALIZATION OF RUSSIA: MYTH OR REALITY?

In his work, the author considers the possible reality of the formation of a digital Russian society. The term «digital economy» is defined, the principles of interaction and mutual influence of the economy and state policy are revealed. Positive and negative anticipated consequences of the process of comprehensive «digitalization» of the life of society are indicated and professionally analyzed. The peculiarities of digital innovations in Russia are revealed.

Key words: digital economy, strategic task, public relations, state economic policy, industrial revolution, progress, innovative technologies. The positive and negative expected consequences of the process of comprehensive «digitalization» of the life of the society are disclosed and analyzed.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALIZATION

A.N. MIKHAYLENKO Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

MODERN STAGE IN FORMATION OF A POLYCENTRIC WORLD

The world is in a state of profound change. One of the most likely forms of the future world order is polycentrism. At the stage of the formation of a new world order, it is very important to identify its key properties, identify the challenges associated with them, and offer the public possible answers to them. As properties of polycentrism, it is proposed to consider conflictness, uncertainty, and others. The answers to the challenges that these qualities entail, could be diplomatic flexibility, development of international leadership and others.

Key words: polycentric world, uncertainty, conflict, diversity, theory of solving foreign policy problems, flexibility, creative diplomacy, leadership.

V.V. PУZH dоctоr оf pоlitical Sciences, head оf chair оf sоcial-humanitarian disciplines "natiоnal state Universitуоf phуsical culture, spоrt and health named after P.F. Lesgaft", expert of the Commission on defence and security of the inter-parliamentary Assembly of CIS member States, St. Petersburg, Russia

RUSSIA'S SECURITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DOCTRINE OF CONTROLLED CHAOS

In the article the analуsis pоliticalcоverage "cоntrоlled chaоs". The basic prоgenitоres "cоntrоlled chaоs", the mechanisms оf the technоlоgies оf nоn-viоlent revоlutiоns in cоntempоrarу pоlitical and geоpоlitical prоcesses.

Кeу wоrds: the dоctrine оf "cоntrоlling chaоs, political conflicts, natiоnal securitу, natiоnal securitу strategу, militarу dоctrine, cоncepts оf humanitarian interventiоn, electоral legitimacу, the new wоrld оrder, the vital interests оf individuals, sоcietу and the state.

A.A. KRUTKO Candidate of Political Sciences, doctoral student of the Department of International Relations, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

THE PRAGMATIC MODEL OF RUSSIAN-KIRGHIZ RELATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION

The article is devoted to the consideration of the modern model of interstate relations between Russia and Kyrgyzstan. The asymmetry of this model is shown it is substantiated by the fact that Eurasian integration presents a foreign policy priority more for the Russian Federation, which considers the latter as the strategic goal of establishing a multipolar world. The Kyrgyz Republic shapes its policy on the multi-vector principle and therefore considers the integration project as one of the tools for achieving economic interests and a means of ensuring development. The author concludes that the main point of this integration project for Kyrgyzstan is a pragmatic solution of social problems with the assistance of the Russian Federation and other members of the EAEU. In turn, the pragmatism of this model for Russia is to strengthen its strategic presence in the Central Asian region and its authority in the international arena as a whole. In the future, not only a common historical past, economic, military-political and humanitarian ties, but also joint participation in the formation of a new world order will become the dominant factor in strengthening Russian-Kyrgyz relations.

Key words: Eurasian integration, Russia, Kyrgyz Republic, pragmatic model of interstate relations, social stability, international authority.

Z.M. KURBONOVA Candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Institute of Philosophy, Political Sciences and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

M.N. IKROMOVA PhD student, Tajik State University of commerce, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

THE ROLE OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE PREVENTING OF INTER-TAJIK CONFLICT

Russian peace-keeping activity was one element in a range of contradictory and often dangerous policies and activities in armed conflicts on Russia’s borders in the post-Soviet period. Russia, from the beginning, was deeply involved in all these conflicts both in a political sense, because of the desire of autonomous regions or Russian minorities within other post-Soviet republics to join the Russian Federation, and in a material sense, because of the supply of Russian arms and mercenaries and even the involvement of regular Russian units in these conflicts following the collapse of the Soviet military machine. Moreover, the conflicts threatened Russia’s own security.

Key words: collapse, Russian peace-keeping activity, dangerous policies, own security.

M.A. MAYSTAT Candidate of political science, assistant professor at the Department of Political Science of Institute of history and policy of Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONFLICT: “APORITIVNY SYNDROME” AND POSSIBLE PROSPECTS OF ITS OVERCOMING

Article is devoted to "aporitivnost" of the conflict between the Palestinian Arabs and Israelis having the ethno-political background and also unsuccessfulness of aspirations of Palestinians to independence. Hopelessness of all situation contacts the author external and internal prerequisites and possible options of its overcoming are investigated.

Key words: Palestine, Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Fatah, HAMAS, aporitivny syndrome.

D.N. MUYDINOV applicant, seeking a scientific degree at the National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

EMERGENCE AND STRENGTHENING OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND ORGANIZATIONS FOR MIGRANTS IN GERMANY (PEGIDA, AFD)

The article provides an analysis the emergence and strengthening of social movements and organizations for migrants in Germany (PEGIDA, AFD). Considered the origin and causes of success. Shown ideological classification and program.

Key words: Germany, migration policy, PEGIDA, AFD.

M.G. BISTRINA Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management Peoples` Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE COUNTRIES OF THE WESTERN BALKANS A WANDERING BETWEEN ICLES AND REALITY

The article is devoted to the strategic choice of the countries of the Western Balkans, which are located between Russia and the EU. The “democratic West”, instead of giving preference to resolving the complex issues of the countries of the Western Balkans, aggravates and turns them into a constantly collapsing conflict that directly threatens european security, integration and mutual understanding between nations.

Key words: Тhe Western Balkans, Russia, European Union, USA, regional security, еuropean integration, identity, strategic choice.

RANDAH MADINGE post-graduate student of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

IDENTITY CONFLICTS OR ETHNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS IN AFRICA

The article analyzes ethno-political conflicts in the countries of Africa. In this process, much attention is paid to the identity conflicts. In order to understand and examine the reasons of conflicts in Africa, it is necessary to examine in detail the history of the emergence of all ethno-political conflicts in the region. The author of the article attempts to answer the question of how to resolve and prevent the emergence of ethno-political conflicts in the African continent.

Key words: identity, ethno-political conflicts, ethnic identity, Africa.

ALJARWAN MOHD HIER JARWAN post-graduate student of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN POLICY TRANSFORMATIONS AND THEIR IMPACT ON IRAN'S ROLE IN THE MIDDLE EAST AFTER THE “ARAB SPRING”

In his study, the author considers the most important changes in Iran's policy and its role in the Middle East after the “Arab spring”. The role of Iran is one of the most important roles in the region, which in this or that form affects all political issues, including economic and security issues.

Key words: Iran, foreign policy, region, “Arab spring”, Middle East.

STUDENT SCIENCE

D.V. KOMORDIN student of the Moscow State linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

EUROPEAN MIGRATION CRISIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF SPAIN

In the article it is analyzed reasons for the sharp increase in mass resettlement of refugees in the European Union on the example of Spain. This aspect is considered in detail from the economic, political and geopolitical points of view. The role of Spain is evaluated in the context of migration settlement.

The aim of the article is to identify the root causes of the increased role of the European migration crisis and to analyze the role of Spain in this process.

The tasks of the article are to identify the interests of the EU and specifically Spain in the migration crisis, as well as to follow the dynamics of the development of mass overpopulation of refugees since 2015.

According to the results of the analysis of various scientific works, articles, which are devoted to the European migration crisis, a synthesis was conducted, on the basis of which the reasons for the massive overpopulation of refugees in the EU and the increased role of Spain as the current leader in migrant receiving were identified.

Based on the research one should underscore that a number of such factors as destabilizing the situation in the regions of the Middle East and the demographic explosion in Africa and the Middle East, which exceeded the capacity of the economies of these countries to provide employment, triggered the exacerbation of the influx of refugees. From the undertaken research one comes to the conclusion that, Spain has recently taken on the increased role of receiving migrants and is trying not to stop providing new visitors from Africa and the Middle East with such opportunities as residence and documents for employment. Despite this, Spain needs financial support from the EU, since due to a change in the route of the influx of refugees, the entire burden falls on this state.

Key words: migration, European Union, Spain, refugees, illegal immigrants, migration crisis.

REVIEWS

REVIEW

of article by O.N. Grishaeva, S.I. Popov, V.P. Belyaeva, V.O. Grishin “Fourth Presidential Term of V.V. Putin: the new Challenges”

Reviewers:

V.M. Kozmenko PhD in History, Professor of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

R.A. Beresnev bachelor of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

REVIEW

of the article by A.A. Krutyko “Pragmatic Model of Russian-Kirghiz Relations in the Context of Eurasian Integration”

Reviewers:

V.F. Pryakhin D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Department of Area Studies and Foreign Policy, RSHU, Moscow, Russia

N.P. Medvedev Doctor of Political Science, professor at The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

   
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