№ 1 (25), 2017

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 1 (25), 2017.

CONTENTS

EDITOR’S NOTE

POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Slizovskiy D.E., Medvedev N.P., Shulenina N.V., Kashin M.V. Research Project: Attitudes Toward the Revolution of 1917 and Influenced Whether this Presidential Elections 2018?
  • Cui Zheng Study of Chinese People's Aids for the Soviet Union During the October Revolution

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Shakhov S.K. The Process of Consolidation the Russian Ethnic Policy
  • Аmiantov A.A., Volobuev K.V. Political Discourse as an Object of Linguistic and Political Studies and its Manifestations in the Totalitarian, Democratic and Conservative Contexts
  • Primova E.N. On the Question of the Constitutional and Legal Basis of the FRG
  • Kuzmin A.G. Formation of a Federal List of Extremist Materials: the Political and Legal Problems and Contradictions
  • Khadyrov R.Yu. Multi-Party System of the Republic of Tajikistan at the Present Stage
  • Onishchuk D.S. Methods to Prevent Political Risks in the Process of Distribution of Powers Between the State and SRO in Modern Russia
  • Shemetova J.M. The Role of Civil Society in Forming of Anti-Drug World View
  • Sodikzada Kh. The Current State of Gender Policy in Tajikistan: Achievements and Prospects

POLITICAL AND ELECTORAL TECHNOLOGIES

  • Voskanyan S.S. Political Market in Russia: Stages of Formation and Dynamics of Development
  • Glebov V.A., Аmiantov A.A. Political and Legal Innovations in the Regulations on the Vote in Person by the State Duma Deputies
  • Ermakova S.S. Revisiting the Classification of Political Manipulation
  • Zavgorodnyaya M.U. Comparative Analysis Studies. Paul Lazarsfeld Methods of Electoral Behavior "Dissection"

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND SECURITY

  • Irkhin Yu.V. XXIV World Congress of International Political Science Association «Politics in a World of Inequality»
  • Mikhaylenko A.N. Evolution of the Model of International Relations with a Dominant Element
  • Кurbonova Z.M. Political Problems оf the Origin and Development of Enclaves
  • Stremovskaya A.L. Implementation of the Concept of Sustainable Development in China
  • Prudnikov A.A. The Dniester Crossroads. On the Perspectives of Future Development of the Transnistria Moldavian Republic
  • Mahdi L.S.M. On the Energy Policy of Iraq
  • Kozhevnikov M.N. Sport as a Tool of Influence on World Political Processes (on the Example of Russia and China)

REVIEWS

Political crises and conflicts: Theory and Practice (Review of the monograph: Medvedev NP Political crises and conflicts: Theory and Practice - M .: Publisher of the magazine "Questions of Politics", 2017. - 161 p.).

Our authors № 1-2017

POLITICAL HISTORY

D.E. SLIZOVSKIY PhD in History, Professor at the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV PhD in Political sciences, Professor at the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

N.V. SHULENINA PhD in Philosophy Associate Professor of the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

M.V. KASHIN The Russian Peoples’ Friendship University`s student in Political, Moscow, Russia

RESEARCH PROJECT: ATTITUDES TOWARD THE REVOLUTION OF 1917 AND INFLUENCED WHETHER THIS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS 2018?

A research project is being announced on the next two years (2017-2018), initiated by students and supported by a group of teachers, and the results of the trial study. The objective, on the basis of ascertaining the views of young people on the dynamics of the most relevant historical and political events-the 100-year anniversary of the 1917 Revolution in Russia and the presidential election year 2018-show the extent of connections and intersections between history and policy, between the age of consciousness and political matter. It is planned to conduct a series of surveys (questionnaires and interviews) with the youth group of the respondents, mostly university students, receive results in the form of facts, forms and styles of representation of historical memory in contemporary politics. In the theoretical aspect-historic event itself is updated, the Revolution of 1917 year, reading of her nature, roles, values, technologies, entities, and failures in modern terms, the idea of the nature of the inclusion of historical dimension in political practice. In applied and experimental-designing views, values, ideological and political perceptions in the minds of young people, past and present, pragmatists.

Key words: 1917 Revolution in Russia, the February 1917 Revolution in Russia, 1917 October revolution in Russia, 100-year anniversary of the revolution in Russia, the year 1917 Revolution in consciousness and politics, youth of the year 1917 Revolution, the revolution of 1917 the year 2018 and the presidential election year.

CUI ZHENG doctor of Political Science, assistant professor of Research Center for the Economies and Politics of Transitional Countries in Liaoning University, Shenyang, China

STUDY OF CHINESE PEOPLE'S AIDS FOR THE SOVIET UNION DURING THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION

The people from China and Soviet Union had extensive contacts in history. The October Revolution ended class oppression and national oppression in Russia, as well as ushered in a new period of Sino-soviet friendship. At the age of the victory of the revolution, Chinese workers in Russia directly participated in and defended the October Revolution. The Chinese working class in the Middle East Railway area strong attacked the Horvath and Semenov Gang. In severe difficult conditions, Chinese people from all walks of life provided material aids for Soviet people as much as possible. All of this made a solid foundation for the sino-soviet friendship.

Key words: Chinese people, the October revolution, aids.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

S.K. SHAKHOV the candidate of political Sciences, Vice-rector of DIRO, Makhachkala, Russia

THE PROCESS OF CONSOLIDATION THE RUSSIAN ETHNIC POLICY

The ethnic processes attitudes to various nationalist and religious parties in the process of consolidation of the Russian political parties will be considered in this work. We analyzed the problems, forms and methods of ethnic and religious identity of the peoples in Russia in their desire to achieve the basic values of the Russian society. As the result of our analysis of the factual evidence we can consider the factors, which adversely affect the consolidation of the Russian ethnic policy and the possibilities of their levelling.

Key words: hegemony, consolidation, empirical, sovereign, chauvinism, transformation, mentality.

А.А. АMIANTOV Ph.D. (political sciences), assistant professor at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

К.V. VOLOBUEV working for a magister degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL DISCOURSE AS AN OBJECT OF LINGUISTIC AND POLITICAL STUDIES AND ITS MANIFESTATIONS IN THE TOTALITARIAN, DEMOCRATIC AND CONSERVATIVE CONTEXTS

The article is devoted to the theoretical aspects of political discourse in the linguistic and politological aspects. The authors have considered and summarized views on the semantics of political discourse and distinguished three types of this aspect of the study, namely: totalitarian discourse, democratic discourse and conservative discourse.

Key words: political discourse, functions of political discourse, discursive practice, totalitarianism, democracy, conservatism.

E.N. PRIMOVA PhD (history), leading researcher at Scientific an Research Institute of the Academy of the General Prosecution Office of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

ON THE QUESTION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL BASIS OF THE FRG

The article attempts to analyze some of the key aspects of the constitutional and legal norms that underlie the basis of a federal structure of Germany. It is shown that the ideas and values of federalism are rooted in the history of this country. However, having studied the text of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany, adopted in 1949 with the relevant amendments throughout its history, it was concluded that the German federation is a radical break with the Nazi regime, existing before the end of the Second World War. Substantiated the thesis that the Basic Law, which serves as the foundation for a very viable political democracy, has become one of the most successful of constituent documents in the history of Germany.

Key words: Germany, West Germany, East Germany, the federation, federalism, the Basic Law, the constitution, the state, politics, land and others.

A.G. KUZMIN candidate of Political Sciences, docent of department of social work of the Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin, Syktyvkar, Russia

FORMATION OF A FEDERAL LIST OF EXTREMIST MATERIALS: THE POLITICAL AND LEGAL PROBLEMS AND CONTRADICTIONS

The article attempts to analyze the Federal List of Extremist materials drawn up by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. The purpose of work is to examine the positive and negative aspects of the action of the official register of sanctions. The objectives were the attempt to analyze the history of the Russian state supervision, the study of the existence of religious and secular censorship in the history of Russia, a survey of modern Russian legal framework on this matter, the study of views on this issue authoritative in the field of radicalization of domestic experts. Central to the work is given to the problem of identifying a list of some of the materials related to this aspect of the complex reasons that are obstacles to the effective work of the list in modern conditions. It includes theoretical and practical difficulties in implementing the prevention of extremist phenomena on the basis of materials from the Federal Ministry of Justice list. The results of the study may be revised official approach to such an important problem of modern Russian society as the fight against the spread of xenophobia and extremism.

Key words: Federal List of Extremist Materials, freedom of speech, freedom of conscience, extremism, xenophobia, censorship, nationalism, radicalism.

R.Yu. KHADYROV postgraduate, department of the political analysis and management of the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

MULTI-PARTY SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN AT THE PRESENT STAGE

The multi-party system problem in the republic has historical character. In the main law of Tajikistan – Constitutions, the term multi-party system isn't applied. The concept of political pluralism is stated in the Constitution. Therefore implementation of multi-party system to the republics should be considered from the point of view of implementation of political pluralism and people's sovereignty.

Key words: Republic of Tajikistan, multi-party system, political pluralism, people's sovereignty, parliament, Madzhlisi, tranzitologiya.

D.S. ONISHCHUK graduate student at the Chair of Public Administration Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

METHODS TO PREVENT POLITICAL RISKS IN THE PROCESS OF DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS BETWEEN THE STATE AND SRO IN MODERN RUSSIA

The article deals with the factors of political risks in the framework of self-regulation institute in modern Russia, as well as some methods to prevent such risks.

Key words: self-regulation, political risk, self-regulatory organizations.

J.M. SHEMETOVA lecturer at the Noyabrsk oil and gas Institute, branch of Tyumen Industrial University, Noyabrsk, Russia

THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN FORMING OF ANTI-DRUG WORLD VIEW

This article examines the role of civil society in forming of anti-drug world view among population. The problem has become global in nature and can be solved only by joint efforts of the world community with the support of civil society structures, their assistance in the development and implementation of necessary countermeasures, participation in the promotion of healthy lifestyles among the population and ensuring the continuity of generations.

Key words: addiction, civil society, international cooperation, anti-drug world.

Kh. SODIKZADA working for a candidate degree at the Institute of philosophy, political sciences and law named after A. Bagautdinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

THE CURRENT STATE OF GENDER POLICY IN TAJIKISTAN: ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROSPECTS

The development of modern society can not be imagined without the participation of women. The development of democratic processes require constant and equal participation of men and women in the socio-political processes. This aspect is important not only equal rights but also equal opportunities for influencing the quality of implementation of gender policy.

Key words: gender policy, women, equality.

POLITICAL AND ELECTORAL TECHNOLOGIES

S.S. VOSKANYAN Doctor of political sciences, professor of department of public administration and political science of the Russian Presidential Academy Of National Economy And Public Administration, Volgograd Institute Of Management Volgograd, Russia

POLITICAL MARKET IN RUSSIA: STAGES OF FORMATION AND DYNAMICS OF DEVELOPMENT

The article analyzes formation and development of political market in Russia. The author focuses on the following problems of the object of research: time of appearance, periodization and dynamics of development. According to the suggested theory all market players including common people are classified as active ones and passive ones, sellers and buyers. At the same time, market players often act as both sellers and buyers. Some elements of political market existed back in the USSR, however, lack of democracy was the main factor that hindered development of a fully-realised market representing a system of stable socio-political relations that deal with political products exchange and take into account free competition, and supply and demand. Political changes of 1980s, related to M. Gorbachev’s coming to power, led to appearance of political and economic markets. Since then domestic political market has gone through five stages of development. Each of them represents a certain step: appearance, formation, growth, stagnation and volatility. The second and the third steps turned out to be the most difficult ones because they took place in times of crisis that affected all social spheres; the shelling of the Congress of People's Deputies and the Supreme Soviet occurred at that time as well, in October, 1993. V. Putin’s coming to power in 2000 marked a fundamental swing in market growth direction: the state significantly enhanced its presence and control in the market through various techniques and methods, thus supporting its stabilization and stagnation. Burst of activity in political market in 2011-2013 did not lead to drastic changes in existing situation. At the same time periodical ups and downs in the market are not unusual because similar phenomena are typical of any economic market.

Key words: political market, political marketing, history of the USSR, post-Soviet Russia, elections, democracy, electorate.

V.А. GLEBOV Ph.D. (law), Deputy Head of the Chair of Political Science of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

А.А. АMIANTOV Ph.D. (political sciences), assistant professor at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL AND LEGAL INNOVATIONS IN THE REGULATIONS ON THE VOTE IN PERSON BY THE STATE DUMA DEPUTIES

The article considers changes made to the State Duma Regulations in the part related to the introduction of vote in person by the MPs (ban on the passing of votes to other MPs) and some aspects of penalties for the absence by the members of Parliament from the plenary sessions due to trips in Russia and abroad. The article also cites sociological surveys of the population on issues of enhancing personal responsibility of deputies.

Key words: personal vote of the deputy, State Duma, responsibility, fines, attendance of the plenary sessions.

S.S. ERMAKOVA Post-graduate student of the department of Public Administration and Political Science of the Volgograd Institute of Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Volgograd, Russia

REVISITING THE CLASSIFICATION OF POLITICAL MANIPULATION

The article analyses the history of manipulation from antiquity to modern times, revealed his particular reasons for the spread and increase in the number of psychological coercion. Currently, the range of technologies, techniques, methods and ways of political manipulation has greatly developed, but still there is no clear classification. Several attempts to work out the classification have been taken. The author of this article proposes new criteria to select the base of differentiation techniques and methods of covert influence on the society.

Key words: political manipulation, manipulation techniques, media, history of political manipulation, society.

M.U. ZAVGORODNYAYA Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS STUDIES. PAUL LAZARSFELD METHODS OF ELECTORAL BEHAVIOR "DISSECTION"

Paul Lazarsfeld held a number of electoral research, which greatly expanded the understanding of the electoral decision-making process. The scientist is the author of the panel method, which allows to study such components of electoral behavior, as the period of decision, factors of influence, influence groups, the effects of media and the importance of personal communication. This article describes the basic principles of the Lazarsfeld’s electoral research, and examines his approach to the verification and application of research results.

Key words: electoral behavior, electoral studies, panel method, the public opinion forming.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND SECURITY

Yu.V. IRKHIN D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, Chair of Political Science and Political Governance, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chair of Theoretical and Applied Political Science, Russian State University of Humanities, Moscow, Russia

XXIV WORLD CONGRESS OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION «POLITICS IN A WORLD OF INEQUALITY»

The article analysis the results of the work of XXIV World Congress of International Political Science Association «Politics in a World of Inequality», held in Poland, Poznan 23 to 28 July 2016. Considered the key problems and thesis, which were presented during the Poznan`s congress: Politics in a modern world of inequality, challenges of contemporary governance, globalization and governance, public police, quality of governance. The author analysis the role of Russian political scientists it the Poznan`s congress work.

Key words: International Political Science Association (IPSA) Russian Political Science Association (RPSA), world congress of political scientists, politics, public policy, inequality.

A.N. MIKHAYLENKO Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION OF THE MODEL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS WITH A DOMINANT ELEMENT

In its development the model of international relations with a dominant element that sometimes appears in the form of fragment can pass through several stages. In the course of evolution an element consequently turns into component, segment, moment and factor. The logical disclosure of this model’s possibilities is carried out by turning the dominant factor into the leadership one. At the final development stage the productive potential of this model of international relations expires and requires finding a new model.

Key words: the model of international relations with the dominant element, fragment, component, segment, moment, factor, leadership.

Z.М. КURBONOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for a doctorate degree at the Institute of philosophy, political science and law named after A. Bahovaddinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENCLAVES

This article describes enclave’s issues. Enclaves are often objects of tension in international relations and therefore appear the question how to keep the peace in and around them? Enclaves study should be comprehensive and inclusive, because the existences of enclaves are not only international problems, but also the state and administrative.

Key words: enclave, exclaves, mainland, surrounding state, land position, political enclaves.

A.L. STREMOVSKAYA PhD, Associate Professor Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute for Asian and African Studies, Moscow, Russia

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA

The article presents a review of the measures aimed at promoting sustainable development in PRC. They include: pollution prevention and reduction, preservation and optimization of energy resources, poverty alleviation, improving labor conditions, and reformation of the health care system. The author concludes that along with some progress in tackling poverty and creation of new job positions some problems remain (e.g., poverty, bad working conditions, unemployment and environmental pollution).

Key words: sustainable development, PRC, environmental pollution, poverty, labor market, health care.

А.А. PRUDNIKOV post-graduate student, Institute of Law and National Security, School of national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE DNIESTER CROSSROADS. ON THE PERSPECTIVES OF FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRANSNISTRIA MOLDAVIAN REPUBLIC

Analyzing the deep social and economic crisis in today’s Transnistria, the article looks at the four possible scenarios of the further development of the country, arguing that the most favourable prospects critically depend on the dynamics of relations within the triangle “Moldova – Transnistria – the Russian Federation”.

Key words: moldova-transnistria relations, тhe perspectives of future development of Transnistria, social and economic crisis in Transnistria, moldova-ukraine relations, forecasting, scenario analysis.

L.S.M. MAHDI graduate student of Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ON THE ENERGY POLICY OF IRAQ

This article discusses some of the topical issues of the modern Iraqi energy policy. He operates a policy of restoring its role in the world community. Author focuses on the transformation and prospects of development of international relations in the energy sector in terms of Middle East instability. There was a difficulty about intra relations with the budget division of the Kurdish autonomy. Iraq provides a flexible policy of petroleum exports, which depends on many factors.

Key words: energy policy, Iraq, United States, China, petroleum, gas, international relations.

M.N. KOZHEVNIKOV graduate student of political science and international relations of the Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

SPORT AS A TOOL OF INFLUENCE ON WORLD POLITICAL PROCESSES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA AND CHINA)

Analysis of Influence of the Sport on International Political Processes, Taking Russia and China as Examples. Review of historical background from the point of view of sports/political confrontation, mechanisms of promoting the ideology of states using «soft power» technologies. The following elements characterizing sport as the tool of political pressure have been detected: sport is directly interacting with politics; achievements in sports are used with the aim of political propaganda; sport competition is applied to political and economical global relations. The differences between mechanisms of using «soft power» by Russia and China have been defined. Conclusions about boosting the political influence of the country via the sports of records have been made.

Key words: sport-policy, soft power, sport in political office, sport of records, image of the state, sport policy of Russia, World political process.

REVIEWS

Political crises and conflicts: Theory and Practice (Review of the monograph: Medvedev NP Political crises and conflicts: Theory and Practice - M .: Publisher of the magazine "Questions of Politics", 2017. - 161 p.).

   
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