№ 6 (46), 2019

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 9, Issue 6 (46), 2019.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY HISTORY

  • Boltenkova L.F., Alekhnovich S.O. On the Continuity of the Russian Statehood
  • Larkina M.A., Kargina A.A., Belyaeva V.P. Political and Legal Regulation of Lobby Activities: Theoretical Discourse
  • Akopyan A.G. Thinking and Responsibility in Political Philosophy of Hannah Arendt

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Butaev U. The Problem of Real Sovereignty in Today's Complex World
  • Sardaryan H.T. Causes of the Christian Democracy Crisis in Western Europe
  • Tyan V.V. On the Nature of Evolution of Power in the Phase of Overcoming Political Turbulence and in the Conditions of Political Stability
  • Dobrynina M.V. Reforms of the Soviet Engineering Education in 1926-1940: Victory of the Project of Political Modernization and Political Pragmatism
  • Ubilava I.D. Restructuring the Post-Soviet Space According to the Eurasian Scenario – “Putin's Doctrine”

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

  • Milenin A.M. Modern Forms of Political and Civic Activity of European Youth

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

  • Velikaya N.M. Transforming of Local Government in the Small and Medium Cities of Russia: Expert’s Appraisals
  • Lobach N.D. The Role JF Cooperation Between Businesses and the Government in the Geo-Branding Structure of the Russian Federation Regions

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

  • Akifi Ahmad Khaybar Information Wars as one of the Objective Indicators of the “Soft Force”
  • Ponomarew V.V. New Wars: Low Intensity Conflicts and PMCS
  • Puren K.A. Russia's Interests in Irano-Saudi Conflict

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

  • Milka Malfait, Chernyavskiy S.I. The Russia-EU Perspective: National Security and Counterterrorism from a Different Angle
  • Rustamova L.R. Social and Humanitarian Cooperation of Russia and Germany in the Period of Sanctions
  • Кurbonova Z.M. Tajik-Uzbek Relations in a New Aspect of the Geopolitical Dimension. Part II
  • Shamarov P.V. Peacekeeping African Union: Political and Legal Features
  • Brusilovskii D.A., Esipov I.I. Two Worlds – Two Integration: the Specificity of the Contact of Civilizations, Islamophobia
  • Vostrikov N.Yu. Sovereignty of the Golan Heights: a Key Factor in Israel's National Security
  • Palilov D.E. Political Aspects of Development of International Transport Corridors in the EAEC
  • U Ting Influence of China's Foreign Policy Concept “Community of the Common Way” on Russia
  • Zhchao Tientian Public Diplomacy and the Building of China’s National Image under the “One Belt – One Way” Initiative
  • Urigaev V.V. The Hierarchy of Values of the President of Georgia S. Zurabishvili as an Axial Factor in the Formation of Foreign Policy
  • Evstigneev R.A. Noocratic Trends in World Political Transformation in the Context of Forming the New World Order
  • Chung M. EU Policy in Central Asia: Values, Interests, Dilemmas
  • Demenin K.G. On the Creation of the German Empire
  • Zvereva E.G., Caistro M.S. The Foreign Trade and Investment Strategy of the PRC in Africa in the XXI Century

Our authors № 6-2019

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY HISTORY

L.F. BOLTENKOVA Doctor of Sciences (law), Professor, IPAM Ranepa under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

S.O. ALEKHNOVICH Ph.D. (philosophical science), Moscow, Russia

ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE RUSSIAN STATEHOOD

Based on the historical experience of Russia, the article puts forward and proves the thesis that the Rurik period is one continuous process of construction of the Russian multi-ethnic statehood: Novgorod – Kiev, Rostov – Suzdal, Vladimir – Moscow. Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians as branches of one tree and they are the heirs of Ancient Russia, which obliges them to jointly build the Russian world.

Key words: continuity, statehood, Ancient Rus, Russian world, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine.

M.A. LARKINA candidate of Political Sciences, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

A.A. KARGINA master of Political Science, specialist information and analytical work of the Center for Strategic Initiatives – Project Office, Tolyatti State University, Tolyatti, Russia

V.P. BELYAEVA deputy director for teaching and educational work, the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School № 97», Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL AND LEGAL REGULATION OF LOBBY ACTIVITIES: THEORETICAL DISCOURSE

The article analyzes the modern lobbying activities in theoretical discourse. The problems of lobbying activities in different countries are highlighted. The necessity of creating bills regulating lobbying activities in Russia has been demonstrated. The research results complement the existing approaches to the study of this phenomenon.

Key words: lobbying activities, Russia, USA, UK, Germany, France.

A.G. AKOPYAN Postgraduate Department of Theoretical and Applied Political Science, Institute of Philosophy, Social and Political Sciences, Southern Federal University, Russia, Rostov-on-Don

THINKING AND RESPONSIBILITY IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF HANNAH ARENDT

The bureaucratic apparatus has a traditional hierarchical structure. In view of this fact, officials at lower levels do not possess the equal degree of power. Using the method of deep reading, the article cites lack of thinking and a low sense of personal responsibility as the main reasons for the lack of resistance and eternal obedience to the orders of the superiors. The article also discusses the Arendtian understanding of the role of memory and the essence of bureaucratic language.

Key words: responsibility, bureaucracy, thinking, obedience to orders, Hannah Arendt.

POLITICAL INSTITUTES, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

U. BUTAEV Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), Uzbek National University, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

THE PROBLEM OF REAL SOVEREIGNTY IN TODAY'S COMPLEX WORLD

The article analyzes the aspects of actualization of the issue of meaning and significance of sovereignty and real sovereignty in the process of ensuring security and stability in space.

Key words: people, nation, state, society, national interest, sovereignty, information security.

H.T. SARDARYAN Candidate of political science, Dean at School of Governance and Politics, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia

CAUSES OF THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRACY CRISIS IN WESTERN EUROPE

The article discusses the causes and features of the Christian democracy crisis in the West European countries in the second half of the XX century and at present stage. The author notes that the crisis manifests itself in several ways: on the one hand, it is expressed in a significant decrease of electoral support of the Christian – democratic parties in most Western European countries, and, on the other hand, in the crisis state of the European Union as a United Europe integration project, the founders of which were the authors of the concept of the European “Christian Republic.” The article analyzes both “external” and “internal” reasons for the loss by the Christian Democrats of their ruling status in Europe. In the author’s opinion, the desire of Christian Democrats to expand their own electoral base by “secularizing” their ideology and departing from the fundamental Christian democratic principles were the main factors that contributed to the development of the crisis.

Key words: Christian democracy, Christian Democrats, European Union, EU, EEC, integration, democracy, liberalism, socialism, elections, de Gaulle, Angela Merkel.

V.V. TYAN Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of Advertising and Public Relations, Institute of Economics and Culture, Moscow, Russia

ON THE NATURE OF EVOLUTION OF POWER IN THE PHASE OF OVERCOMING POLITICAL TURBULENCE AND IN THE CONDITIONS OF POLITICAL STABILITY

The article is devoted to the study of the nature of the evolution of power in the phase of overcoming political turbulence and in conditions of stable political stability in society.

In the modern political world, the investigated political plot is not new, but the practice reveals the peculiarities and new moments in the subject-relatedness of power. In modern Russian society, the phase of political turbulence was replaced by a phase of political stability with repetitions and variations. At the same time, little attention was paid to the nature of the evolution of power in a changing political reality. The reflexive-conflicting nature of the evolution of power in the phase of political turbulence and the neoconservative-adaptive character during a period of political stability are predetermined by the current trend of political development. Giving more efficiency to regional management would free up central management for solving strategic tasks. Such a prospect appears with stable political stability in society after the ethical overcoming of political turbulence. With the inertia of political stabilization, the adaptive nature of the evolution of power is revealed.

Key words: adaptability, consensus, political power, stability, turbulence, control, nature of power evolution.

M.V. DOBRYNINA Associate Professor at the Chair of economics, management and finance, Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (MIET), Zelenograd, Russia

REFORMS OF THE SOVIET ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN 1926-1940: VICTORY OF THE PROJECT OF POLITICAL MODERNIZATION AND POLITICAL PRAGMATISM

In the article the author puts forward the thesis that in 1926-1940 the state policy in relation to engineering education determined the project of forced modernization of the state and society. It is noted that while maintaining the policy of state-party paternalism and proletarianism, in the second half of the 20s, the policy is characterized by the following trends: the correlation of the content of political decisions with the "party factor"; the completion of class reorganization of society; the implementation of the project of forced industrialization and mobilization of the economy "from above"; creation of an army of "labor reserves" capable of carrying out a mobilization project. It is stated that by the beginning of the 40-ies the political demand for the growth of the number of technical personnel was satisfied: the country created a system of reproduction of the army of "labor reserves" of the party and the state, loyal to the policy of the party and capable of implementing the mobilization project.

Key words: educational system, engineering education, Revolution, Military communism, proletarization, paternalism, industrialization, modernization, labor reserves.

I.D. UBILAVA Department of policy analysis and management Russian University of friendship of peoples, Moscow, Russia

RESTRUCTURING THE POST-SOVIET SPACE ACCORDING TO THE EURASIAN SCENARIO – “PUTIN'S DOCTRINE”

The article discusses the key aspects of the geopolitical reorganization of the post-Soviet space, which are more likely to contain the expansionist policy of the United States. To this end, we considered it expedient for the Russian Federation to conceptually develop a strategy similar to the “Monroe Doctrine”. In the article, it is conventionally called the “Putin Doctrine”.

Key words: Geopolitics, reorganization, United States, expansionary policy, “Monroe Doctrine”, Russian Federation, strategy, “Putin’s Doctrine”.

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

A.M. MILENIN graduate student of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

MODERN FORMS OF POLITICAL AND CIVIC ACTIVITY OF EUROPEAN YOUTH

The article, based on the EUYOUPART survey data, presents an analysis of the political participation of the EU youth. The author explains the low level of participation. However, in his opinion, the most popular forms of political participation among young people are not considered in surveys. The article outlines the main political goals of young people and modern means that young people are more likely to achieve. Particular attention is paid to protest movements in the article, their important role in the political process is noted, especially in the conditions of the decline of traditional instruments of political participation of young people. Features of the organization and mobilization of modern protest movements are given. The relevance of this article is due to similar problems in the political participation of the youth of the EU and Russia, which allows us to look at the problem of the decline of political participation of national youth on the other hand.

Key words: youth political participation, EU youth policy, youth protest.

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

N.M. VELIKAYA Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, Head of Department of Political Sociology and Social Technologies of Russian State university for the Humanities (RSUH), Moscow, Russia

TRANSFORMING OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE SMALL AND MEDIUM CITIES OF RUSSIA: EXPERT’S APPRAISALS

This article is based on the results of complex sociological research and it analyze features of Local Government evolution in the small and medium cities of Russia in the context of last reforms of local power, which is connected with implementation of the Federal Law № 131. Mainly this reform was followed by changing of organizational forms of local government, by enlarging of municipalities, by unification and adopting so-called “city manager” model, by spreading majority and mixed electoral system. Influence of these reforms on effectiveness of decision making process and on attitudes of local communities towards local power is estimated as well. Special attention is paid to analyzes of expert interviews, which let us conclude that unification of local governments’ models is not relevant to the needs of local communities, but it is put into practice for the benefit of regional political and managerial elites.

Key words: local government, local power, municipality, small and medium cities.

N.D. LOBACH Graduate student, Department of Political Science and International Relations Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE JF COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESSES AND THE GOVERNMENT IN THE GEO-BRANDING STRUCTURE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION REGIONS

This article is devoted to the search for mechanisms to improve the process of geo-branding of the Russian Federation regions with a new approach to cooperation between the government and business structures, during which the main aspects and roles of the process participants revealed.

The author proposes a program for joint analysis in the search for a mechanism to improve the process of geo-branding of the Russian Federation regions, for structuring and further development of the innovation potential of the regions with a view to the subsequent development of a unique geo-brand of the territory. It also notes the development significance for all subjects of regional socio-political and economic life and describes its basic aspects of work. In addition, the questions of financing the proposed program were taking into consideration, describing the benefits for its participants. The main thesis of this article is the need for legislative regulation of the program for joint analysis, structuring and further development of the innovation potential of the regions with a view to the subsequent development of the unique geo-brand of the territory.

Key words: Region, geo-branding, potential development program, innovation, investment attractiveness, government and business, interaction, corporate social responsibility.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

AKIFI AHMAD KHAYBAR post-graduate student of Russian State Social University, Kabul, Afghanistan

INFORMATION WARS AS ONE OF THE OBJECTIVE INDICATORS OF THE “SOFT FORCE”

The article reveals the objective performance indicators of "soft force" of the countries on the world stage and describes the main manifestations of such indicators as culture, education, digitalization and business climate. The attention is focused on the role of information and the degree of information impact on the society within the framework of “soft force” implementation. The author defines information war and its relationship with the “soft power.” The author notes the complex nature of the “soft power” and the possibility of information warfare.

Key words: soft power, information war, objective indicators, foreign policy.

V.V. PONOMAREW Postgraduate student, Diplomatic academy of the MFA of Russia, Russia, Moscow

NEW WARS: LOW INTENSITY CONFLICTS AND PMCS

The article is devoted to the consideration of the so-called "new wars» – low-intensity conflicts (interstate, intra-state, asymmetric – between, for example, the state and a terrorist group), which take place in the modern world and often occur with the participation of Private military/security companies (PMCs). The transformation of the classical war into a new and globalized one is analyzed (the article deals with mostly African conflicts). In the first part of the article the author touches upon the issues of the theory of international relations, saying about the transformation of political realism in the neorealism and also stressing the changes that have taken place with regard to inter-state conflicts. The second part of the article analyzes the role of the UN in the world, the ability of this organization to cope with modern challenges and threats, and the degree of compliance with the functions that are at the heart of the main "international body of the world». The third part of the article is devoted to clarifying the position of PMCs regarding to modern conflicts and the role they could play in the system of modern international security.

Key words: Low intensity conflicts, PMCS, political realism, war, neo Realism, UN.

K.A. PUREN student of the Faculty of sociology and political science of the Department of political science and mass communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIA'S INTERESTS IN IRANO-SAUDI CONFLICT

The article analyzes Russia's interests in the Iran-Saudi conflict. The author analyzes the multifaceted relations of Moscow and Tehran: from allies in Syria to competitors in the hydrocarbon market, and also explores the Russian tasks in the “Saudi direction” of the Kremlin’s Middle Eastern policy. The work offers recommendations aimed at maintaining the effective positions of Moscow in the Sunni-Shiite confrontation in the Middle East.

Key words: Middle East, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Russia, oil, Syria.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLITICS

MILKA MALFAIT Postgraduate, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

S.I. CHERNYAVSKIY Professor of Worlds Politics Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE RUSSIA-EU PERSPECTIVE: NATIONAL SECURITY AND COUNTERTERRORISM FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE

Statistics have proven that both the European Union (“EU”) and the Russian Federation (“Russia”) suffer from terrorism in its current form. Hence intensifying partnerships to combat terrorism would be a good idea. This essay envisages illustrating a common base for cooperation in the fight against terrorism despite of some general differences in policy and structure between the EU and Russia. According to the author there are five fundamental issues which ask for more attention in the EU-Russia dialogue on Freedom, Justice and Security. Firstly, statistics prove that Europe (EU and Russia) are impacted by modern terrorism. Secondly, Russia’s experience in counterterrorism is crucial. Thirdly, the scale ‘freedom’ and ‘human rights’ versus ‘security’ has not the same ratio in the EU and in Russia. Fourthly, the concept sovereignty is differently filled in by the EU, the EU Member States and Russia. Fifthly, there is the debate between integration versus social exclusion, and solidarity versus strong governmental intervention. By highlighting these differences in attitudes, the objective becomes clear that possibly the EU could learn things from Russia, as one of the key states to have experience in counterterrorism. Although the EU and Russia experience different forms and problems of terrorism and the roots of West-European terrorism cannot be traced back to the same reasons why Russia suffered terror attacks, it does not invalidate that they could foster cooperation.

Key words: counterterrorism, terrorism, European Union, Russian Federation, cooperation, differences, system, legislation, political deadlock, mutual trust.

L.R. RUSTAMOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), lecturer at the Chair of world political processes, leading expert of the Department of doctoral and postgraduate studies of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) of the Russian Foreign Ministry; researcher of the Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN COOPERATION OF RUSSIA AND GERMANY IN THE PERIOD OF SANCTIONS

Russia and Germany after the 90s. were constantly increasing social and humanitarian cooperation. When the head of CDU Angela Merkel came to power, cooperation took a more pragmatic course, Germany became more oriented towards the US, but social and humanitarian cooperation was not reduced. After the events of 2014 in Ukraine, Germany joined the West in imposing anti-Russian sanctions. The main question then was whether this would lead to the curtailment of a complex of bilateral relations? As practice has shown, one of the main obstacles for such curtailment above all other reasons is the accumulated complex of social and humanitarian cooperation.

Key words: Russia, Germany, sanctions, social and humanitarian cooperation, national minorities, civil society.

Z.М. КURBONOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for a doctorate degree at the Institute of philosophy, political science and law named after A. Bahovaddinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

TAJIK-UZBEK RELATIONS IN A NEW ASPECT OF THE GEOPOLITICAL DIMENSION PART II

Today two countries open up tremendous opportunities for the full realization of the political, geopolitical, trade, economic and transport and communication potential of countries, and the intensification of cultural and humanitarian exchanges.

Key words: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, relations, trade and economic relations, potential.

P.V. SHAMAROV Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor Department Specialist, Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

PEACEKEEPING AFRICAN UNION: POLITICAL AND LEGAL FEATURES

The article examines the specificity of the collective peacekeeping activities of the African Union, the special political, legal and practical mechanisms used by them in the interests of crisis settlement and subsequent peacebuilding, which subsequently influence the UN doctrinal and conceptual documents in the field of international peacekeeping.

The unique feature of the peacekeeping activity of the African Union is revealed – the dominance in such practice is the military-force component, which makes it possible to consider it a “military type” peacekeeping, which, nevertheless, does not solve the tasks of post-conflict peace-building due to the acute shortage of African national personnel required to complete the civilian component AU.

The West’s geopolitical interest in implementing on the African continent its own, different from the UN model, approaches aimed at organizing post-conflict peacebuilding with an emphasis on using Western-trained African experts trained in the West who promote the values of Western civilization and meet the national interests of the transatlantic community.

Key words: international peacekeeping, peacemaking, UN, AU, African Union, peacekeeping operations, crisis, conflict, crisis management, peacebuilding.

D.A. BRUSILOVSKII Ph.D. in Philosophy, Assistant Professor, UNESCO Department for the Study of World Religions and Culture and Philosophy of Science Department, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Republic of Kyrgyzstan

I.I. ESIPOV graduate student of the North-West Institute of Management – branch of RANEPA, St. Petersburg, Russia

TWO WORLDS – TWO INTEGRATION: THE SPECIFICITY OF THE CONTACT OF CIVILIZATIONS, ISLAMOPHOBIA

The authors investigate geostrategic, geo-economic and geophilosophical aspects of Islamophobia in the context of integration. They identify and reveal 12 ways of thinking in relation to Islamophobia: 1) Islamophobia as a form of racism in the world historical perspective; 2) Islamophobia as a form of cultural racism; 3) Islamophobia as a form of confrontation between East and West; 4) Islamophobia as a form of globophobia; 5) Islamophobia as a form of intolerance and stigmatization; 6) Islamophobia, on the one hand, a form of protest by the representatives of the Eastern world for insulting the feelings of Muslim believers in Europe, and on the other – the result of encroachment not only on the freedom of action of the people of the Western world, but also on their freedom of thought; 7) Islamophobia as a distorted form of knowledge about the East among Europeans and their lack of Orientalism; 8) Islamophobia as a form of epistemological racism; 9) Islamophobia as a form of national or ethnic identification; 10) Islamophobia as a form of immigrant phobia; 11) Islamophobia as a form of migrant phobia; 12) Islamophobia is, on the one hand, a new form of racism in Europe and, on the other – a form of neo-racism towards the peoples of Eastern civilization.

Key words: adaptation, integration, Islamophobia, migration, civilization.

N.Yu. VOSTRIKOV Postgraduate Student, Diplomatic Academy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

SOVEREIGNTY OF THE GOLAN HEIGHTS: A KEY FACTOR IN ISRAEL'S NATIONAL SECURITY

Can Israel count on Russia's assistance in ensuring the security of its Northern border from the influence and activities of destructive Pro-Iranian forces? And will the us administration, headed by D. trump, support the issue of recognizing the sovereignty of the Golan heights by Israel? These are the very questions that have long stirred the minds of Israeli diplomats and politicians of all stripes.

Key words: Israel, Golan Heights, Israeli air force, Syria, Russia, Iran, Netanyahu, Rabin.

D.E. PALILOV post-graduate student Of the Department of political science and mass communications of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT CORRIDORS IN THE EAEC

The article discusses the causes and topical issues in the formation and development of an international transport corridor within the Eurasian Economic Union. Analyzed the key advantages and prospects in the development of foreign trade between the member countries of the EAEU. The contradictions between the development of the international transport corridor in the EAEU and the “Silk Road” of China are highlighted. The main difficulties and barriers hindering the development of an international transport corridor within the EAEU are analyzed. The role of Russia in the implementation of the strategy for the development of international transport corridors is highlighted.

Key words: transport corridors, EEU, Eurasian Economic Union, transport complex, international logistics, international trade, political aspects, international transport corridors.

U TING PhD student of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

INFLUENCE OF CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY CONCEPT “COMMUNITY OF THE COMMON WAY” ON RUSSIA

The article is devoted to the study of the evolution of China's foreign policy doctrines. The author examines the influence of the Chinese concept of "one belt-one road" on Russia. The author pays special attention to the concept of "community of the human way".

Key words: China, Republic of China, foreign policy, foreign policy doctrine, concept, political platform, Russia.

ZHCHAO TIENTIAN Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND THE BUILDING OF CHINA’S NATIONAL IMAGE UNDER THE “ONE BELT – ONE WAY” INITIATIVE

The initiative “One Belt – One Road” not only includes the tendency to achieve a complete external discovery of China, but also testifies to the transition of China from a participant in globalization to its creator. This article attempts to explore which national image China should form in the transformation process in order to support the systematic implementation of the “One Belt – One Way” initiative in order to help other states along the way explore this issue. At the same time, the article stresses that China, in implementing its foreign policy, should focus on the states along this path, ensuring its “peaceful elevation”, openness, tolerance and responsibility.

Key words: national image, “one belt – one way”, public diplomacy of China, countries along the way.

V.V. URIGAEV graduate student Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE HIERARCHY OF VALUES OF THE PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA S. ZURABISHVILI AS AN AXIAL FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF FOREIGN POLICY

Changes in the Constitution of the Republic of Georgia to the parliamentary form of government in the future should in the short term lead to the transition to the formation of the country's foreign policy to the Government. At present, there is a transitional period, when foreign policy is likely to be determined in a substantial part of the elected President of Georgia S. Zourabichvili. The article is devoted to identifying its hierarchy of values and priorities, which allows us to make a forecast of trends in the development of Georgia’s foreign policy. As a research method, the content analysis was chosen for materials that were sent personally or under personal guidance, S. Zurabishvili for public dissemination. The official page of the President of Georgia on the social network Twitter, where materials reflecting the most important foreign and domestic policy events are posted from S. Zourabishvili, is taken as the material for analysis. As a result of the content analysis, it was revealed that the priorities for it are the processes of accelerating the integration of Georgia into the structures of the European Union and NATO. Also revealed the discrepancy between the declared and real values of S. Zurabishvili. In most materials, there is an active declaration of liberal democratic values similar to those adopted in the European Union. At the same time, in the materials of S. Zurabishvili, devoted to internal issues, the obvious presence of national-conservative discourse is revealed. As a result of the study, a conclusion was made about the strengthening of the “European” direction in foreign policy, the desire to solve the problems facing Georgia using the political resources of the European Union, to the detriment of other foreign policy directions.

Key words: Georgia, European Union, Zurabishvili, Twitter, content analysis.

R.A. EVSTIGNEEV Post-Graduate at School of International Relations, Saint-Petersburg State University Saint-Petersburg, Russia

NOOCRATIC TRENDS IN WORLD POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF FORMING THE NEW WORLD ORDER

The world is changing rapidly, the new world policy and the framework in which key actors are to look for the new formulas for building the world order, is forming. During the last decades, one of the main guarantees for the moral leadership of the USA on the international arena has been an expanding liberal-democratic political system model, which is facing a deep crisis at the moment. In the midst of geopolitical confrontation and the clash of civilizations a search for new ways and models of development is of immediate interest.

The article is telling about the sources and world practices of development of alternative to democracy noocratic political systems with the historic examples of Eastern and Western civilizations. A particular focus is given on the modern trends of noocratic transformation of the key world actors political systems, the role of innovative technologies in this process and its significance for formulating a vision of the future for the world politics.

Key words: World politics, democracy crisis, noocracy, meritocracy, political transformation, political system, new world order.

М. CHUNG PhD student at Moscow Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, Russia

EU POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA: VALUES, INTERESTS, DILEMMAS

This article examines foreign policy of EU in Central Asia from the breakup of Soviet Union to the present. Firstly, it gives an insight into how EU uses a combination of bilateral agreements and multilateral regional initiatives in both security and economic domains. This article further examines EU’s economic, security and energy interests and the region and gives an evaluation of the success of EU’s policies in the region. Theories of international relations are used in this study to analyze the achievements and limitations of EU’s policy in the Central Asian region.

Key words: Foreign policy of European Union, regional security, regional organization, Eurasian security, Central Asian region, security in Central Asia.

K.G. DEMENIN student of the Chair of general history, Institute of humanitarian education of the Magnitogorsk State Technical University named after G.I. Nosov, Magnitogorsk, Russia

ON THE CREATION OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE

This article discusses the prerequisites for the unification of Germany in the second half of the nineteenth century. under Prussian Kaiser Wilhelm I and his Chancellor Bismarck. Particular attention is paid to the Franco-Prussian war of 1870 and the adoption of the Constitution of 1871.

Key words: German Empire, Otto Bismarck, Prussia, Bundesrat, Constitution.

E.G. ZVEREVA student at the Chair of world politics, Faculty of international relations, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

M.S. CAISTRO student at the Chair of credit theory and financial management, Faculty of economics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

THE FOREIGN TRADE AND INVESTMENT STRATEGY OF THE PRC IN AFRICA IN THE XXI CENTURY

The article is devoted to the significant topic of international life – the analysis of the set of measures for the interaction of the PRC with some African countries. In addition, authors of the paper make a research on the transformation of the PRC foreign policy towards these countries. The article concludes the prospects for the development of trade and economic relations between China and African countries.

Key words: China and Africa cooperation, China’s investment in Africa, Chinese soft power.

   
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