Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 4 (4). 2011.


THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

  • Karadzhe T.V. Political Science Methodology as Integral Part of Contemporary Epistemology

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Medvedev N.P. Anti-crisis policy
  • Timerbaev T.A. Role of the President of the Russian Federation in Promoting Relations between Parliament and the Government: Constitutional Imbalance
  • Oshkin A.N. Transformation of Public Service System in Contemporary Russia

RUSSIAN ELECTION PROCESS

  • Geleranskiy P.S. Effects of the Elections Institute on the formation of the Regional Legislative Assemblies Institute
  • Bekbosynov M.B. Election Process under the Conditions of Federative Russia
  • Mistjukov V.V. Civil Society and the Information Policy of Russia
  • Feokistova O.A. Image of Russian Politician Eagerly Sought by Electorate (from an example of gubernatorial election campaigns in the Ryazan region in 1996 and 2004)

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLITICS

  • Gaiduk V.V. Political Transformation of the Status of Regions under the Conditions of Modernization of Russian Federalism
  • Ganicheva A.V. Improving the Mechanism of Delineation of Powers between the Federal and Regional Ruling Bodies as Basis for Contemporary Model of Russia's Regional Policy
  • Mukaev R.I. Entity Structure Transformation in Post-Soviet Russia
  • Tiunchik I.V. Russian Multinational Project under the Conditions of Contemporary Democratic Self-determination of the People of Russia

NORTH CAUCASUS: CONFLICTS AND STABILITY

  • Suleymanova Sh.S. Political Process in the North Caucasus: Problems and Contradictions
  • Arlyapova E.S. Certain aspects of Chechen mobilization Strategy in the end of 20th century

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: EURASIAN INTEGRATION

  • Mikhailenko A.N. Eurasian Integration: Problems and Prospects
  • Yanuskina V.V. Legal status of Ukraine as a member of the Russian Empire (on the issue of the USSR dissolution)
  • Medvedev V.N., Gamidullaeva H.S. Organizational and legal issues of Customs Administration in the Customs Union
  • Abdiraimova G.S., Balapanova A.S., Primbetov K.M. Kazakhstan's Presidency of the OSCE in 2010 (through the eyes of the young)

 

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. Karadzhe D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department

POLITICAL SCIENCE METHODOLOGY AS INTEGRAL PART OF CONTEMPORARY EPISTEMOLOGY

This is an article about political science methodology. The author examines interlinks of political science with other areas of knowledge and determines the methodology’s essence and substance of the idea. He studies the structure of methodology, its types and levels. The author thoroughly analyses the structural parts of political science methodology. He singles out and reveals theoretical and applied level of political science research. He examines paradigms of contemporary political science.

Key words: political science methodology, method, paradigm, research level, epistemology, theory, concept, world view, idea, term, categorical and conceptual, methodological tool of political science.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

N.P. Medvedev D.Sc. (political science), Professor at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Academy of People's Economy and Administrative Service under the Russian President

ANTI-CRISIS POLICY

The article sums up the outcome of the government's anti-crisis policy. It assesses the work of country's leaders on economic policy.

Key words: anti-crisis policy, economic and social policy, GDP, financial crisis.

T.A. Timerbaev Head of the department handling the issues of administrative governance, public and municipal services at the Centre for Political and Legal Studies of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute for Rights Issues (Ufa)

ROLE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN PROMOTING RELATIONS BETWEEN PARLIAMENT AND THE GOVERNMENT: CONSTITUTIONAL IMBALANCE

The article examines the role of the institution of president in establishing and promoting relations between parliament and the government.

Key words: rights, president, parliament, government, constitution, state governed by the rule of law, control, electivity, level of power, political and legal status.

A.N. Oshkin Ph.D. (law), Ryazan

TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC SERVICE SYSTEM IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA

The article concerns administrative reforms and the transformation of the public service system linked to it. The author examines tendencies of and trends in the process of transformation. He analyzes the mechanisms of improving efficiency in the activities of the public service system in the Russian Federation.

Key words: public service, powers, public service reforms, efficiency in public administration.

RUSSIAN ELECTION PROCESS

P.S. Geleranskiy Ph.D. (political science)

EFFECTS OF THE ELECTIONS INSTITUTE ON THE FORMATION OF THE REGIONAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES INSTITUTE

The author defines the Elections Institution and describes it in detail. There are considered the types of elections and their importance for the development of society. There are considered the interconnection of Electoral Institute and the Regional Legislative Assemblies Institute in the Russian Federation. There are described the common forms of elections fraud. Author gives a legal assessment to the actions of elections swindler. Author makes an attempt to analyze rigged elections by means of statistical analysis. He makes the analysis of the election in 27 regional legislatures on December 4, 2011, which were held simultaneously with elections to the State Duma of the Russian Federation. Author make the graphs, which are based on voter turnout and voting in favor of the party in power. There are conclusions about the relationships identified.

Key words: The Electoral Institute, the Regional Legislative Assemblies Institute, the election fraud, the statistical analysis of fraud, voter turnout, election results, the role of The Electoral Institute.

M.B. Bekbosynov Ph.D. (political science), doctoral candidate at The Department of Political Science, Russian People's Friendship University

ELECTION PROCESS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF FEDERATIVE RUSSIA

In the article, the author examines the transformation of the electoral system at the regional level and reveals basic tendencies in the process of transformation. He analyzes the basic mechanisms of the formation of regional legislative assemblies.

Key words: federalism, election process, elections, legislative assemblies, region.

V.V. Mistjukov Chair of political sciencesб The Russian university of friendship of the people

CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE INFORMATION POLICY OF RUSSIA

The author examines specificity of an information policy of Russia in a context of formation of a civil society. He marks new tendencies in character of the communications, caused to life new media resources. He audits current political agendas and repertoire of mass-media.

Key words: civil society, Russia, the mass media, media policy, information resources of a society and a civilization, system modernization, political communications.

O.A. Feokistova Post-graduate student at the Political Science Faculty of State Academic University of Humanitarian Sciences

IMAGE OF RUSSIAN POLITICIAN EAGERLY SOUGHT BY ELECTORATE (FROM AN EXAMPLE OF GUBERNATORIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGNS IN THE RYAZAN REGION IN 1996 AND 2004)

The article is devoted to the revelation of the images of politicians sought by public conscience of Russians by taking the Ryazan Region (a typical region in Central Russia) as an example on the basis of studying the details of the gubernatorial election campaigns in the region in 1996 and 2004 which show an unbiased picture of factual preferences in real figures.

Key words: image, politician, elections, public conscience, mythological thinking, Ryazan region.

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLITICS

V.V. Gaiduk D.Sc. (political science), Professor at the Institute of Law of Bashkir State University

POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION OF THE STATUS OF REGIONS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN FEDERALISM

There are mass concepts which determine the self-sustainability of local territory proceeding from natural and geographical, administrative, cultural and ethnic specifics and other aspects. We are interested in the region's political and legal dimension, mutual influence and interdependence of regional and national processes of political transformation.

Key words: political region, entity of federation, modernization, stagnation, federation, federalism, political regionalistics, ethno-politics, national relations, centralization, decentralization, "parade of sovereignties", "power vertical", Republic of Bashkortostan, President of the Republic of Bashkortostan R.Z. Khamtitov.

A.V. Ganicheva Assistant Professor at the Economic Faculty at People's Friendship University of Russia

IMPROVING THE MECHANISM OF DELINEATION OF POWERS BETWEEN THE FEDERAL AND REGIONAL RULING BODIES AS BASIS FOR CONTEMPORARY MODEL OF RUSSIA'S REGIONAL POLICY

The article is devoted to the problems of decentralization of power and delineation of powers between the federal centre and regions and improving inter-budget relations. The author analyzes new tendencies in improving the mechanism of delineation of power between the federal and regional ruling bodies.

Key words: decentralization, power, federalism, regional policy, federal and regional ruling bodies, inter-budget relations.

R.I. Mukaev Post-graduate student at the Law Institute's Department of State Law of Bashkir State University in Ufa

ENTITY STRUCTURE TRANSFORMATION IN POST-SOVIET RUSSIA

The article says that the upgrading of the Russian Federation's entity structure should not exclusively come down to the unification of entities and the admission of new entities. Historical experience shows that our country's federation structure has been changed by applying several methods, including integration, dividing, making territorial concessions and joining voluntarily to the federation. Contemporary politicians should realize this and take into account this experience.

Key words: Russian federalism, transformation, entities of the Russian Federation, integration (association) of the federation’s entities, entity structure, changing the state form of government, political modernization.

I.V. Tiunchik Post-graduate student at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Academy of People's Economy and Administrative Service under the Russian President

RUSSIAN MULTINATIONAL PROJECT UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF CONTEMPORARY DEMOCRATIC SELF-DETERMINATION OF THE PEOPLE OF RUSSIA

The article examines the issue of drawing up a Russian civilizational multinational project to meet the challenges of globalization.

Key words: people's self-determination, geopolitical project, All-Russian civilizational standard.

NORTH CAUCASUS: CONFLICTS AND STABILITY

Sh.S. Suleymanova D.Sc. (political science), observer on "Caucasus" radio channel entering in "The Voice of Russia" Broadcasting Company

POLITICAL PROCESS IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS: PROBLEMS AND CONTRADICTIONS

The Article looks at the reasons that cause crises in post-Soviet period. The author provides a general insight into state construction experience in regions across Russia, reflects on theoretical issues related to federative development and identifies the problems and suggests options to address them. The ultimate goal of national policy is to build a society which would meet in due time and in full the needs of both the individual and the ethnic group, or the needs of all people living on the country's territory without encroaching on the legitimate interests of other individuals or ethnic groups and without triggering tension or conflict. Hitting this target requires certain conditions and mechanisms to reproduce national and ethnic traditions in diversity while preserving and enhancing the tradition of equal development and cooperation among nations.

Key words: ethnic factor, international relations, the ethnic question decision, democratic processes.

E.S. Arlyapova PhD (political science), member of RAPS

CERTAIN ASPECTS OF CHECHEN MOBILIZATION STRATEGY IN THE END OF 20TH CENTURY

In the article traits of Chechen political mobilization are examined in the light of rehabilitation measures of 1980-1990's theory and practice; the role and mobilizing resource of deportation topic are assigned for ethnopolitical processes in the republic before 2000.

Key words: political mobilization, deportation, ethnopolitical process.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: EURASIAN INTEGRATION

A.N. Mikhailenko D.Sc. (political science), Professor at the Russian Academy of People's Economy and Administrative Service under the Russian President

EURASIAN INTEGRATION: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

The article deals with development of the process of integration on post-Soviet space. Major problems that may arise on the way of constructing the Eurasian Union are analyzed as well as possible decisions to settle them.

Key words: Integration, post-Soviet space, Eurasian Union, modern regionalism, European Union.

V.V. Yanuskina 3rd year student of M.M. Speransky Faculty of Law of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANE PA) under the President of the Russian Federation

LEGAL STATUS OF UKRAINE AS A MEMBER OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE (ON THE ISSUE OF THE USSR DISSOLUTION)

Basing on the study of historical and modern literature on the struggle of the Ukrainian people for independence from Rech Pospolita and the process of its admission to the Russian Empire and analysis of legal sources, the author proves a point that the Ukrainian nation achieved its right for independent statehood through much "suffering", in formation of which (statehood) there is a great role of Russia.

Key words: Legal status, Zaporozhskaya Sech, Little Russia (Ukraine), Russia, Cossacks, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, The Ukrainian people, Statehood, Friendly connections, Union.

V.N. Medvedev Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Institute of State and Law Sciences, Vice-Rector of Academic Law Institute

H.S. Gamidullaeva Trainee of the Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences

ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL ISSUES OF CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION IN THE CUSTOMS UNION

This article focuses on topical issues of transformation of the legal status of thecustoms bodies of executive power under the Customs Union.

Key words: customs, customs union, functions, powers, concept.

G.S. Abdiraimova Doctor of Social Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Sociology and Social Work at Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi (Republic of Kazakhstan)

A.S. Balapanova Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Department Political Science at Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi (Republic of Kazakhstan)

K.M. Primbetov PhD doctorate of department of political science Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi (Republic of Kazakhstan)

KAZAKHSTAN'S PRESIDENCY OF THE OSCE IN 2010 (THROUGH THE EYES OF THE YOUNG)

The article presents the quantitative and qualitative analysis of students' opinions of Kazakhstan's chairmanship to OSCE in Almaty and describes the organizational arrangements for research, especially evaluation of the OSCE's role in the system of international relations, Kazakhstan and OSCE: advantages and opportunities.

Key words: OSCE, youth, Kazakhstan, presidency, foreign policy, the international relations, cooperation and security, public opinion.

   
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