Academic journal “Political Science Issues” Issue 4 (12), 2013

CONTENTS

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

  • Karadzhe T.V. Geoeconomic Approach as a Methodology for the Global World Analysis
  • Irkhin Yu.V. Methodology and Principles of the Analysis of classic, projected and engineered political ideologies

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Gaiduk V.V. Russian Society of Politologists in the Scientific and Expert Format of 3D Dimension
  • Parfenova S.R. Technological Process as a Mechanism for Programminig Socialization of the Population
  • Boichenko Yu.S. Economic Policy as part of Political Process of Russia
  • Pryakhin V.F. Sources of conflicts in the Moscow Region through eyes of a Political Scientist
  • Sedlyar Yu.A. Strategy of economic sanctions in the International Political Science
  • Aivar L.K. Family Violence as an Offence, its Causes and Methods of Fighting
  • Timerbaev T.A. Asymmetry of State Power in the Federative Russia: Interaction between Parliament and Government

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLICY

  • Murzabekov T.M. The role of public institutions in the history of the Republic of Ingushetia
  • Semochkin A.E. The Institute of Senior Executive of the Subject of the Russian Federation
  • Кirchanov M.V. Problems of Political Nationalism Development in Chuvash Republic in the first half of the 1990

ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA AND THEIR POLITICAL REPERCUSSIONS

  • Nisnevich Yu.A. Political and Legal Analysis of Parliamentary and Presidential Electionsof the Years 2011 and 2012. Parliamentary Elections of 2011: Protest and Falsifications (part III)

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

  • Chernyshov S.I., Amiantov A.A. Party System of Ukraine

TRAINING COURSES

Author’s programme of the training course «POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY» by N.P. МЕDVEDEV, Doctor of political sciences, professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration and of the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University

Our authors

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. KARADZHE D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department

GEOECONOMIC APPROACH AS A METHODOLOGY FOR THE GLOBAL WORLD ANALYSIS

The article reviews theoretic backgrounds for the geoeconomic approach, its basic notions and principles.

Key words: geoeconomics, geoeconomic strategies, geoeconomic system, geoeconomic approach.

Yu.V. IRKHIN D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, Chair of Politology and Administration, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chair of Political Science, Russian State University of Humanities

METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPLES OF THE ANALYSIS OF CLASSIC, PROJECTED AND ENGINEERED POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES

The article discuses methodology and principles of the analysis of the classical, projected and engineered political ideologies. The author shoves new aspects in developing and transformation modern political ideologies in the word and Russian Federation. The author discusses new instruments and directions in development and transformation modern nonclassical and manipulated political ideologies.

Key words: analysis, ideology, classical political ideologies, engineered ideology, projected ideology, nonclassical theory, method, methodology, paradigm.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

V.V. GAYDUK D.Sc (political sciences), Ph.D. (law), professor, head of the chair of politology and history of the Bashkir State University, member of the Council of the Russian Union of Politologists, editor-in chief of the scientific review Political Regionalistics and Ethnopolitics

RUSSIAN SOCIETY OF POLITOLOGISTS IN THE SCIENTIFIC AND EXPERT FORMAT OF 3D DIMENSION

The article examines place and role of the new all-Russian public politological structure – Russian Society of Politologists – in the new scientific and expert format of 3D dimension. Today, the 3D format is everywhere, including public and political, scientific and expert life. The removal of generally accepted borders between science and humanities and the appearance of new knowledge at the junction of interdisciplinary approach modify public life and adapt the society to the new challenges, acting as a guarantor of the labour market demand.

Key words: Russian Society of Politologists, modern Russian politology, Russian politics, political sciences, political thought, 3D format, political power.

S.R. PARFENOVA Ph.D. (law), assistant professor at the state law chair of the Bashkir State University

TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS AS A MECHANISM FOR PROGRAMMINIG SOCIALIZATION OF THE POPULATION

Techologization as an innovation method for the exploration of the socio-cultural space is winning its specific place in securing scientific support for the development of the society, including political processes. The article examines technological and information tools used for the political socialization of the population.

Key words: socialization, social and cultural space, social and political doctrine, technologization, political culture, informational space.

Yu.S. BOICHENKO Ph.D. (political science)

ECONOMIC POLICY AS PART OF POLITICAL PROCESS OF RUSSIA

Article gives definition of economic policy and economic security. And describesalso the mechanisms of economic regulation of a state policy.

Key words: economic policy, political process, economic security, corruption, underground economy.

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Club of Rome National Committee member

SOURCES OF CONFLICTS IN THE MOSCOW REGION THROUGH EYES OF A POLITICAL SCIENTIST

Sources and generators of conflicts are always in the focus of political scientists and sociologists regardless of the overall social tension level in a given region. Even more attention should be paid to the conflict situation analysis in Moscow city and around it as this agglomeration refracts and largely forms political processes at the national and global levels. There is no shortage of sociometric studies on the Muscovites’ aspirations and on social irritators which determine their political mode of thinking and civic stand. This article contains some conclusions drawn from general sociological research. The main conclusion is that conflict potential in contemporary Russia has being determined not only by material factors but by negative trends in ethical atmosphere in the society as well.

Key words: Moscow, conflict situation, conflict factors, corruption, ethics, ideaolgy.

Yu.A. SEDLYAR PhD (Political Science), Associated Professor Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Institute of International Relations Ukraine, Kiev

STRATEGY OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS IN THE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SCIENCE

The complexity of the post-Cold War international environment has driven policymakers to turn to options between military force and orthodox diplomacy. Economic sanctions fit in between these poles, and have become virtually the default option in foreign policy. This issue motivates our research – to analyze the meaning of economic sanctions in the international political science in the light of two main theoretical approaches such as liberalism and realism. The author underscores that in liberalism sanctions are understood as a measure to enforce international obligations fulfillment and the mechanism to ensure international peace and security. Contrary to liberalists, realists argue that economic sanctions are a foreign policy tool directed to produce a policy change in the target, and to coerce an opponent to do what a sanctioning country wants.

Key words: economic sanctions, sanctions efficacy, political science, theory of international policy, realism, liberalism, foreign policy.

L.K. AIVAR Doctor of Law, professor, advocate of the law firm “Truniv, Aivar and partners”, Chairwoman of the All-Russia Movement For the Rights of Women of Russia

FAMILY VIOLENCE AS AN OFFENCE, ITS CAUSES AND METHODS OF FIGHTING

Agressiveness is a natural trait of character that manifests itself in social life as violence. Although proceeding from biological basis it manifests in a qualitevely different area – social sphere. The article is devoted to the examination of violence, in particular, family violence. The author also reveals reasons for such offences and formulates methods for fighting them.

Key words: family violence, offense, aggressiveness, law, method, state.

T.A. TIMERBAEV leading researcher of the Center for Political and Legal Studies of the Eurasian Law Problems Research Institute (Ufa)

ASYMMETRY OF STATE POWER IN THE FEDERATIVE RUSSIA: INTERACTION BETWEEN PARLIAMENT AND GOVERNMENT

The article contemplates the asymmetry of power typical for the authorities in Russia, disbalanced in favour of the executive branch of power.

Key words: interaction, power, centralization, bodies of power, President of Russia, parliament, disbalance.

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLICY

Т.М. MURZABEKOV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INGUSHETIA

The article raises questions of interaction between government and society in different periods of the history of the Republic of Ingushetia, a tradition of active participation of the community and its various institutions in the management, the role of branched horizontal linkages contributing to the formation of such an important institution of democracy as civil society.

Key words: history, institutions, traditions, organizations form, transformation.

А.E. SEMOCHKIN working for a Ph.D. degree at the chair of politology and history of the Bashkir State University (Ufa)

THE INSTITUTE OF SENIOR EXECUTIVE OF THE SUBJECT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The article reviews transformation peculiarities and political status of the heads of Russian regions under the conditions of federalism.

Key words: seniour executive, executive authority, region, hierarchy of goverance, political status, governour.

M.V.КIRCHANOV D.Sc. (history), assistant professor, chair of regional studies and economy of foreign countries, Voronezh State University

PROBLEMS OF POLITICAL NATIONALISM DEVELOPMENT IN CHUVASH REPUBLIC IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 1990

Chuvash Republic is the subject of contemporary Russian Federation. The collapse of the Soviet Union assisted to the change in the political status of the Republic. Transformation of the Chuvash ASSR into Chuvash Republic led to activization of civil and political nationalism in the region. National Revival, on the one hand, was too short and nationalism did not get the status of determining factor in the political development. On the other hand, the political activization of nationalism institutionalized conditions for development of nationalism in other areas of society.

Key words: Chuvash Republic, the first half of the 1990s, regionalization, federalization, political nationalism.

ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA AND THEIR POLITICAL REPERCUSSIONS

Yu.A. NISNEVICH D.Sc. (political science), Professor of Higher School of Economics, National Research University, and of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS OF PARLIAMENTARY AND PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE YEARS 2011 AND 2012 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS OF 2011: PROTEST AND FALSIFICATIONS Part III

In the submitted material the author continues his research devoted to the political and legal analyses of parliamentary and presidential elections held in the years 2011 and 2012. At the first stage of the12th pre-election congress of the United Russia party, held on September 23 and 24, it was announced that V.V. Putin and D.A. Medvedev would swap jobs with V.V. Putin returning to the position of president and D.A. Medvedev becoming chairman of the government. This event determined the course of the elections. The swap announcement has actually divided the course of the election campaign at the 2011 parliamentary elections into two parallel processes. One was a formally regulated by the election law election campaign carried out by the parties admitted to participate in the elections. Another was an informal info-communicative process that developed among the opposing part of the society, including non-systematic political opposition, a part of which was an exchange of information regarding election campaign frauds and a discussion regarding possible forms and methods of protest participation or non-participation in the vote. The election campaign carried out by the parties was held according to the already traditional under the ruling regime scenario that cannot exist without violations of the election laws and without such manifestation of political corrupt practice as an abuse of all types of administrative resources at all levels, mobilized to support United Russia party. On December 4, the election day, the electorate wave of protests ran across reefs of falsehood that determined the official results of the “2011 parliamentary elections”.

Key words: elections, president, parliament, analysis, power, opposition, election campaign.

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

S.I. CHERNYSHOV Professor at the Political Science Department of the Peoples’ Friendship University

A.A. AMIANTOV Ph.D. (political science), Assistant at the political science department of the People’s Friendship University of Russia

PARTY SYSTEM OF UKRAINE

The article was not written in connection with the events in Ukraine, but coincided with them in time thus raising its topicality. The events in Kiev evidently demonstrated the importaonce of a serious analysis of political and party system in Ukraine with the view to reveal the pain points and, to the extent possible, reasons for the aggravation of the situation in the country. Undoubtedly, that a country with a normally functioning political system with an adequate feedback does not live through power confrontation , power seizure of administrative buildings and the governmnet does not fulfill the demands of the crouds. But it is exactly the scenario that develops in Kiev and other Ukranian cities for the last few months. It is defficult now to identify the underlying causes and the behind the scenes pupeteers of the Ukranian confrontation, but it is possible to follow the development of the situation before the beginning of its aggravation and to show some rules of such development that is in certain parameters similar to what is going on in some other former USSR countries.

Key words: party system, state, political crisis, elections, government, Ukraine.

TRAINING COURSES

Author’s programme of the training course «POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY» by N.P. МЕDVEDEV, Doctor of political sciences, professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration and of the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University

   
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