Academic journal “Political Science Issues” Issue 3 (11), 2013

CONTENTS

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

  • Karadzhe T.V. The Issue of Determining “Political” in Political Science
  • Irkhin Yu.V. New institutional Paradigm: Possibilities and Contingencies for the Political Analysis and Projecting
  • Gavrov S.N. Russian Version of Modern

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Trunov I.L. Unified Judiciary Power of Russia
  • Vasilenko V.I., Mаmеdov R.N. Institutional Aspects of Ensuring Information and Communication Security of Mass Media
  • Gaiduk V.V., Demyanenko Yu.A. Unification of the Subjects of the Russian Federation as a Political Process
  • Korneev L.G. Application of the Process Approach to the Management of a Political Party

ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA AND THEIR POLITICAL REPERCUSSIONS

  • Nisnevich Yu.A. Political and Legal Analysis of Parliamentary and Presidential Electionsof the Years 2011 and 2012. Parliamentary Elections of 2011: Protest and Falsifications (part II)
  • Меdvedeva V.K. Electoral Activity and Political Participation: Issues of Theory and Practice

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLICY

  • Nigmatullina T.A. Political Activation of the Youth under the Conditions of Russian Federalism
  • Suleymanov A.R. Ethnic Dimension of the National Security in Today Russia
  • Muzakaev D.A. Ethno-cultural Peculiarities of the Chechen People
  • Geleransky P.S. Regional Policy: Ethnical Factor and Regional Political Stability
  • Soloviev D.S. Features of nationwide Elections of Governors (autumn 2013)

POLITICAL ISSUES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  • Demetradze M.R. Radical Conservative Tendencies in the Political Processes in Today Georgia - Robespierism in the 21st century

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

  • Chernyshov S.I. Party System of Denmark

REVIEW of the collective monograph edited by I.G. Kosikov: “Republics of Northern Caucasus: ethno-political situation and relations with the federal centre”

Our authors № 3-2013

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. KARADZHE D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department

THE ISSUE OF DETERMINING “POLITICAL” IN POLITICAL SCIENCE

Key words: political science, notion “political”, object field, structure, political space, political theory, political power, state power, structure, analysis, essential characteristics.

Yu.V. IRKHIN D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, Chair of Politology and Administration, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chair of Political Science, Russian State University of Humanities

NEW INSTITUTIONAL PARADIGM: POSSIBILITIES AND CONTINGENCIES FOR THE P0LITICAL ANALYSIS AND PROJECTING

The article analyses essence, basic features, peculiarities and the significance of institutionalism and new institutionalism as the scientific paradigms and method of approach in social sciences. The author describes advantages, achievements and limits of institutionalism. He researches content, form and particularity of new institutionalism as the method of approach at the modern social sciences.

Key words: institutionalism and new institutionalism, institutionalization, paradigm, theory, method, functions, “institutional trap”.

S.N. GAVROV Dr.Sc., Professor, Moscow City Pedagogical University and Moscow State University of Design and Technologies

RUSSIAN VERSION OF MODERN

The article considers universality and plurality of Moderns. It also analyses the historically, socially and culturally determined localistic version of Russian modern.

Key words: Modern, Russia, universality, localism.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

I.L. TRUNOV D.Sc. (law), Ph.D. (economics), Professor, Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, National President of the World Association of Lawyers

UNIFIED JUDICIARY POWER OF RUSSIA

The author analyses draft law on the amendments to the Constitution of Russia “On the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation”. He notes that reorganisation of the Russian court system is an important political issue. He also discusses introduction of modern technology of videoconferences for the consideration of appeals and cassations of sentences that, in its turn, would permit to considerably save budgetary resources.

Key words: court system, draft law, effectiveness, unification, reform.

V.I. VASILENKO D.Sc. (political sciences), professor, Deputy Head of the Chair of the Russian Statehood, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

R.N. MАMЕDOV working for a Ph.D. degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF ENSURING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SECURITY OF MASS MEDIA

The necessity to ensure security is one of the basic needs that emerged in the process of life of people and communities. National security of Russia to a great degree depends on ensuring information security. Such dependence would only increase in the process of development of information and communication environment. In their article, the authors research issues connected with ensuring information and communication security of mass media. In the opinion of the authors, now that the general concept of the information society has been developed it is clear that its resources contain both creative and destructive energy.

Key words: information and communication security, national security, information space, concept, state, society.

V.V. GAIDUK D.Sc. (political science), Ph.D. (law), Professor, Head of politology chair, Bashkir State University

Yu.A. DEMYANENKO Ph.D. (sociology), Rector of Pskov State University Doctoral student in the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and the Public Administration

UNIFICATION OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A POLITICAL PROCESS

The author considers transformation of the federal structure of the Russian Federation and makes a scientific and expert forecast regarding further development of the territorial structure of Russia.

Key words: subject of the Russian Federation, transformation, territorial structure, state, borders, unification.

L.G. KORNEEV senior lecturer at the chair of information management, faculty of management and entrepreneurship NIU BelGU

APPLICATION OF THE PROCESS APPROACH TO THE MANAGEMENT OF A POLITICAL PARTY

The article discusses the possibility of the application of the process approach to the management of a political party, which is regarded as a special type of a large enterprise that has specific features. Based on an analysis of existing governance arrangements author proposed a new approach to building a management system, mechanisms of formation of governing bodies and decision making activities of a political party. Special attention is paid to vocational democratic and professional principles of elections of governing bodies and the use of modern information technologies in the management and activities of the party. As an example of possible application to implement a process approach to management of the party is invited to use the domestic software product Business Studio. On the basis of this program are given the option scheme the objectives tree diagram of the main business processes of a political party. The author comes to the conclusion that using the process approach and proposed mechanisms, a political party can achieve the desired goals.

Key words: management, process approach, political party, the party leadership, Business Studio, information technology, elections, political platform.

ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA AND THEIR POLITICAL REPERCUSSIONS

Yu.A. NISNEVICH D.Sc. (political science), Professor of Higher School of Economics, National Research University, and of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS OF PARLIAMENTARY AND PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE YEARS 2011 AND 2012

PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS OF 2011: PROTEST AND FALSIFICATIONS Part II.

In the submitted material the author continues his research devoted to the political and legal analyses of parliamentary and presidential elections held in the years 2011 and 2012. At the first stage of the12th pre-election congress of the United Russia party, held on September 23 and 24, it was announced that V.V. Putin and D.A. Medvedev would swap jobs with V.V. Putin returning to the position of president and D.A. Medvedev becoming chairman of the government. This event determined the course of the elections. The swap announcement has actually divided the course of the election campaign at the 2011 parliamentary elections into two parallel processes. One was a formally regulated by the election law election campaign carried out by the parties admitted to participate in the elections. Another was an informal info-communicative process that developed among the opposing part of the society, including non-systematic political opposition, a part of which was an exchange of information regarding election campaign frauds and a discussion regarding possible forms and methods of protest participation or non-participation in the vote. The election campaign carried out by the parties was held according to the already traditional under the ruling regime scenario that cannot exist without violations of the election laws and without such manifestation of political corrupt practice as an abuse of all types of administrative resources at all levels, mobilized to support United Russia party. On December 4, the election day, the electorate wave of protests ran across reefs of falsehood that determined the official results of the “2011 parliamentary elections”.

Key words: elections, president, parliament, analysis, power, opposition, election campaign.

V.К. МЕDVEDEVA Ph.D. (political sciences), assistant professor, chair of political sciences, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University

ELECTORAL ACTIVITY AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: ISSUES OF THEORY AND PRACTICE

Further complication of the today political process steps up new demands to the evaluation of the influence of the citizens’ electoral activity on the effectiveness of their political participation. In their article, the authors consider theoretical and practical issues connected with the electoral activity that are topical in today Russia.

Key words: electoral activity, political participation, citizens, state, power, elections, electorate campaign.

POLITICAL REGIONALISTICS AND ETHNO-POLICY

Т.А. NIGMATULLINA PhD (history), Director of Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies, working for the doctorate degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

POLITICAL ACTIVATION OF THE YOUTH UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERALISM

In this article, the author analyses political activation of the youth and comes to the conclusion that the today political landscape of Russia created in the spirit of Russian federalism presents an extensive ground for the self-actualization of their civil and political aspirations. The civil choice of today Russian youth cannot be either uniform, predictable or measurable by ordinary sociological criteria. Mobility and communication skills typical for today youth allow them to compare their level and quality of life with those of their counterparts abroad, to learn about their preferences and political practices, synthesize that knowledge with their own ideas and exercise their civil will with the consideration of the above.

Key words: youth, Russian federalism, political activation, mobility, politisation, state, social and political youth organisations.

A.R. SULEYMANOV Ph.D. (political sciences), dean of the law faculty, head of the chair of trade union movement and labour law, Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies

ETHNIC DIMENSION OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY IN TODAY RUSSIA

In his article, the author analyses “ethnos” and “nation” as politological categories. He determines the role of ethnoses and nations in strengthening national security of the Russian Federation.

Key words: politology, ethnos, nation, national security, integrity, separatism, conflict.

D.A. MUZAKAEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

ETHNO-CULTURAL PECULIARITIES OF THE CHECHEN PEOPLE

The author of the article researches ethno-cultural peculiarities of the Chechen people. He draws attention to the fact that social and cultural transformation of the Chechen society has not recently slowed down, on the contrary, it has gained new dynamism. Leadership of the Chechen Republic is waging an active state policy aimed at, one hand, revival and strengthening of the basic elements of traditional Chechen culture and, on the other hand, on the quick return to the all-Russia cultural environment which means a search of new forms of cultural expression and speedy development of professional art.

Key words: Chechen culture, Chechen people, ethno-cultural peculiarities, transformation, society, state power, development.

P.S. GELERANSKY Ph.D. (political sciences), working for the doctorate degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

REGIONAL POLICY: ETHNICAL FACTOR AND REGIONAL POLITICAL STABILITY

In his article the author analyses features of the regional policy implementation in the Russian Federation. The author examines the issue of political stability and analyses methods for ensuring ethno-political stability. In the author’s opinion, the presence of representatives of ethnic and sub-ethnic groups in the power structures and a certain balance between them has a considerable impact on political stability in the national republics.

Key words: region, regional policy, concept, model, principle, state power efficiency, the Russian Federation, political stability, political process, ethno-politics, state power, the population’s social structure, ethnic groups.

D.S. SOLOVIEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

FEATURES OF NATIONWIDE ELECTIONS OF GOVERNORS (autumn 2013)

The article is devoted to the analyses of the elections of top officials of the subjects of the Russian Federation (heads of superior executive bodies of power of the subjects of the Russian Federation) held in autumn 2013 on the uniform day of voting. In his article, the author specially focuses on the elections of the governors of the Moscow, Magadan and Vladimir Regions.

Key words: elections, governor, election campaign, power, political parties, subject of the Russian Federation, uniform day of voting.

POLITICAL ISSUES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

М.R. DEMETRADZE DSc (political science), leading research fellow, Institute of Culturology of the Russian Ministry of Culture, professor at the chair of politics and international relations, Russian State University of the Humanities

RADICAL CONSERVATIVE TENDENCIES IN THE POLITICAL PROCESSES IN TODAY GEORGIA - ROBESPIERISM IN THE 21ST CENTURY

This article is an attempt to apply socio-cultural analysis to the complex political processes and changes in the functioning of government institutions in Georgia after the elections of October 2012.

Key words: political processes, paternalism, political technologies, clientelism, patronage, manipulations, Messianism, myth-making.

PARTY SYSTEMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

S.I. CHERNYSHOV Professor at the Political Science Department of the Peoples’ Friendship University

PARTY SYSTEM OF DENMARK

In this article, the author analyses the party system of Denmark. He describes the structure of the party system and analyses the results of the last parliamentary elections held on September 15, 2011. The author also describes government structure and electoral system of Denmark.

Key words: government structure, parties, party system, elections, electoral system, Denmark.

REVIEW of the collective monograph edited by I.G. Kosikov: “Republics of Northern Caucasus: ethno-political situation and relations with the federal centre”

   
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