№ 6 (58), 2020

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 10, Issue 6 (58), 2020.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

Тimoshenko V.I., Salykov D.N. History of the Genesis and Activity of Small Political Parties of the Ancient World and the Middle Ages: Historical and Political Analysis

Gromova E.I. Heuristic Potential of the Concept of Social Mobility Pitirim Sorokin

Agafonova Yu.V. Theoretical Understanding of the Concepts of “Communication” and “Information Society”

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Kopylov I.A. Military-Political Work and its Role in the Process of Training and Education of the Russian Soldier – Defender of the Fatherland

Sleptsov N.S., Gorbachev M.V. State Authorities and Public Organizations in the Context of New Socio-Economic Challenges of the Pandemic and Post-Pandemic

Shkurko N.S., Balynskaya N.R., Efimova L.S., Zinovieva E.G., Luntsova A.I. Application of the Trickster Archetype in Domestic Political Practice: Federal and Regional Levels

Rassokhin A.V., Semenov V.D. Features of the Fight Against Corruption in China in the Period between the XVIII and XIX Congresses of the CPC

Otakulov S.M. Gender Equality and Political Life

Monakhov D.N., Pronchev G.B. From the Digit to the Digital Society

Krylova M.A., Nechaev A.V. Communication and Political Technologies in the 2016 Election Process

Nikushkin A.B. The Characteristics of the Organisation and Political Participation in “Digital Parties” (based on the Materials of “Five Star Movement” in Italy)

Musin E.A. Actual Problems of National Security in the Economic Sphere

Usenko R.S. Conceptual Model of Organizational Fields in Analysis of Self-Regulation and Political Activity of Industry & Business Associations in Russia

Gaponov P.V. Mechanisms of Municipal and Private Partnership in the Russian Federation: Political and Legal Aspect

Lazukina A.O. The Natural Development Process of the Cities of Robert Park and the Predatory Cities of the 21st Century

Lobach N.D. Analysis of the Civil Model of the Geobrand Organization: Identification of Structural Elements and Recommendations for the Mechanism of Work

Abdurahmanova A.L., Samsonkin M.O. Influence of Social Media and Blogs on Political Participation

Vinogradov V.A. Improving the Efficiency of the use of Public Goods Based on the Sharing Economy

Kostrikov D.Yu. Real and Digital Society in the Modern Political Process

POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY, CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

Vorobiev A.P., Konstantinova M.V., Eremenko M.S. Political Orientations and Political Behavior of Youth People in Krasnoyarsk

Luchko Iu.V., Sawalha Odai Naim Mohammad, Alhaded Hashem Hani Shehadeh. Influence of Ethno-Psychological Peculiarities of Arabs on Inter-Political Interaction

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

Мagadiev M.F., Puzevich A.N. National Liberation War Chinese People Against Japanese Invaders (1937-1945): Reasons, Basic Stages and Events

Rozhkov I.A. To the Question of the Mechanism of Geopolitical Struggle and Hybrid War

Аltaevа E.B. COVID-19 as a Threat to Global and National Stability

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

Коmleva V.V. Development of Export of Higher Education from Russia: Basic Contradictions

Muravykh A.I., Nikitenko E.G. "Information-Psychological Pandemic" of Globalists

Grigoriev V.S., Nazarov A.D. Lasting Peace: How is Implemented this wish of the Yalta Conference (1945) of the Heads of the Three Allied Powers?

Huang Mingtuo. The Militarization of the International Information Space: Causes and Prospects

Penkov V.F., Feras Alfedeilat. Impact of the New Coronavirus Pandemic on the Global Situation

Rodionova M.E., Mamaeva Yu.A. Preservation of Historical Memory as an Important Condition for Social Security

Kubantseva K.N. Improving Russian-Chinese Cooperation in the Interests of National and Regional Security

Mehmet Emin Iqbal Durre. Evolution of the US Strategy on the Kurdish Question in Syria

Oguz Sahbaz. Nationalism in Turkish Foreign Policy: Nationalist Discourse in Government Programs

Abdushaxidov N.B. The Policy on Management and use of Uzbekistan’s Water Resources: Problem and Solutions

Borodin E.A. Prospects for International Cooperation in the Arctic in the Conditions of New Challenges and Competition

Volkov A.V. International Sport as a Tool for Destabilizing the Political Regime

Leonova K.S. Modern Trends in Global Security

Tushkov A.A. Problems, Searches and Ways to Solve the Formation of Japan's Defense Concept in the Second Half of the XX Century

Dju Orlindo. Economic Impact of COVID-19 in West African Countries

STUDENT SCIENCE

Baginsky K.E. Current Status and Prospects for Extension of START-3

REFLECTIONS ON READ

Medvedev N.P., Slizovskiy D.E., Zhalnin V.А. Is it Possible to Reform the System of Higher Education in Russia? Afterword to the Article by V.V. Komleva “Development of Export of Higher Education from Russia: Basic Contradictions”

Our authors № 6-2020

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.001

V.I. ТIMOSHENKO Candidate of Sciences (history), Associate Professor at the Chair of political science and political management, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

D.N. SALYKOV Lecturer-researcher at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

HISTORY OF THE GENESIS AND ACTIVITY OF SMALL POLITICAL PARTIES OF THE ANCIENT WORLD AND THE MIDDLE AGES: HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL ANALYSIS

The phenomenon of small parties in Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Northern and Central Italy during the middle Ages is considered. Attention is focused on the continuous inter-party struggle in separate stages of time. The article identifies and examines two historical types of proto-parties of Ancient Rome: the proto-parties of the patricians and plebeians of the early Republic; the proto-parties of the optimates and populars of the II and I centuries BC, i.e. the period of the developed Roman Republic. The study of the phenomenon of small parties and proto-parties of the Ancient world reveals their organizational and political instability, which did not have the qualities, status, and functions that political parties acquired, for example, at the beginning of the period of Modern history. The paper identifies and examines two levels of parties in Italy during the middle Ages: the first level is the party characteristics of the large, all – Italian level of the party; the second is the small party, that is, the party formed and operated on the territory of Florence.

Key words: small parties, Genesis, inter-party struggle, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Italy, Florence, Machiavelli.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.002

E.I. GROMOVA Сandidate for a degree of candidate of sociological sciences of the Department of Political Sociology and Social Technologies of Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

HEURISTIC POTENTIAL OF THE CONCEPT OF SOCIAL MOBILITY PITIRIM SOROKIN

The purpose of the research: to reveal the high significance and heuristic potential of the theory of Social Mobility Pitirim Sorokin in modern conditions of transformation of society. The article discusses the origins of the theory of Social Mobility, the views of Pitirim Sorokin on the development of society, provides analytical arguments of Pitirim Sorokin and reveals their connection with the present, it is shown that in the context of today's dynamic changes they acquire not just theoretical interest, but become all-explaining rules games. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that so far such an analysis of the connection between the theory of social mobility of Pitirim Sorokin and the social effects that are taking place today has not been carried out. The results of the research contribute to understanding the heuristic potential of Pitirim Sorokin's work and provide some insight into the social and political risks that intensify vertical and horizontal mobility in today's society.

Key words: intercivilizational dialogue, Pitirim Sorokin, social mobility, migration.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.003

YU.V. AGAFONOVA Graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPTS OF “COMMUNICATION” AND “INFORMATION SOCIETY”

The problem of “communication”, as well as the associated “information society”, playes an important role in the theoretical understanding of international relations. The modern development of information delivery systems is seriously changing not only the course of internal political processes, but, in part, is shaping world politics. In public space, one can often find the division of mass media (one of the forms of communication) into “free” and “propaganda”, a number of researchers believe that any form of communication carries a share of political charge. In this regard, it is necessary to consider how scientists understand the nature of “communication” and the “information society” formed by it. Based on what it will be possible to determine what these phenomena play a role in international relations.

Key words: ICT, communication, information society, dynamics, role, social networks, feedback, foreign policy, improvement.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.019

I.A. KOPYLOV Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor Ministry of Defense Military University Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MILITARY-POLITICAL WORK AND ITS ROLE IN THE PROCESS OF TRAINING AND EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN SOLDIER – DEFENDER OF THE FATHERLAND

This article discusses the modern activities of the recreated organs of military-political work in the Russian armed forces, their tasks and functions in raising a modern highly qualified warrior – a patriot of his Fatherland. The specifics of conducting military-political work in peacetime and wartime.

Key words: patriotism, military-political bodies, military-political work, military outlook of the military.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.004

N.S. SLEPTSOV Doctor of social Sciences, chief research officer of the Department of Russian politics, faculty of political science Lomonosov Moscow state University, Moscow, Russia

M.V. GORBACHEV Doctor of political science, associate professor of the Department of Russian politics, faculty of political science Lomonosov Moscow state University, Moscow, Russia

STATE AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF NEW SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHALLENGES OF THE PANDEMIC AND POST-PANDEMIC

The article is devoted to the identification and study of new socio-economic «challenges» to state authorities and public organizations in modern Russia during the post-pandemic period. The research methodology was based on a project approach to the interpretation of socio-economic and socio-political phenomena. The empirical basis of the analysis was economic statistics, economic forecasts, trust ratings for authorities and public organizations, and expert opinions. As a result of the analysis, the authors identified the following groups of «challenges» to public authorities and public organizations of the post-pandemic period: «project challenges»; «management challenges»; «institutional challenges»; «reform challenges»; «technological challenges». Their nature, orientation, and possible consequences are determined. An assessment of the impact of these «challenges» on the further functioning of state and public structures is presented.

Key words: pandemic, post-pandemic, public authorities, public organizations, new socio-economic challenges, state and public projects.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.005

N.S. SHKURKO Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Аssociate Professor of departments of «Cultural studies», North-Eastern Federal University named аfter M.K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia

N.R. BALYNSKAYA Doctor of Sciences (Politics), Professor, Director of the Institute of economics and management, Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia

L.S. EFIMOVA Doctor of Sciences (Рhilology), Professor, head Department of «Cultural studies», North-Eastern Federal University named аfter M.K. Ammosov, Yakutsk, Russia

E.G. ZINOVIEVA Candidate of philosophy, associate Professor of the Department of state and municipal management and personnel management, Magnitogorsk State Тechnical University named after G.I. Nosov, Magnitogorsk, Russia

A.I. LUNTSOVA Master's student of Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University named after G.I. Nosov, Magnitogorsk, Russia

APPLICATION OF THE TRICKSTER ARCHETYPE IN DOMESTIC POLITICAL PRACTICE: FEDERAL AND REGIONAL LEVELS

The article analyzes the use of the archetypal image – the Trickster-in the modern practice of political campaigns in the Urals (Chelyabinsk region) and Yakutsk. To increase the attractiveness of the image of Russian and regional representatives of the political elite in the eyes of the electorate, political technologists «complete» on an archaic basis-a Hero, a Sage, a Ruler, a Trickster-the qualities demanded by the population. The image built on the basis of the trickster archetype-the destroyer of the foundations of the old society, the bearer of new ideals, the audacious critic of the plans and decisions of the establishment-effectively increases the ratings of a politician who is in opposition to the ruling party. The main function of the modern trickster is increasingly becoming «provocative», revealing (V.V. Zhirinovsky, F.S. Tumusov, regional journalists of «independent» Newspapers). In most cases, the trickster destroys the logic of stereotypical official sources, which are filled for regional community, challenges conformism. This position attracts 35 to 42% of young men under 35 (students and specialists with higher education).

Key words: archetype, trickster, political culture, elections, mass consciousness, opposition antithesis, vertical of power, outrage, transgression, electorate.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.006

А.V. RASSOKHIN Candidate of Sciences (law), Associate Professor at the Chair of management theory and practice, Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

V.D. SEMENOV Candidate of Sciences (economy), Associate Professor at the Chair of management theory and practice, Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

FEATURES OF THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION IN CHINA IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE XVIII AND XIX CONGRESSES OF THE CPC

Introduction. The authors analyze the state of the fight against corruption in China, conducted under the leadership of Xi Jinping in the period between the XVIII and XIX congresses of the CPC. Based on the review of anti-corruption campaigns conducted by his predecessors, the conclusion is made about the continuity of this work. Several features of the fight against corruption of that period that characterize the new approaches of Xi Jinping and his team to this work are highlighted.

Goal. Intensification of the fight against corruption in China after 2012 is associated with the coming to power of Xi Jinping. Based on this, the authors aim to analyze the main approaches to improving the effectiveness of this work in order to implement the experience of China in the organization and implementation of anti-corruption policy in our country.

Methods. Methodologically, the authors apply the method of analyzing new forms of anti-corruption struggle initiated by Xi Jinping after his election as General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, which can be transplanted into the practice of this work in our country.

Scientific novelty of the research. The article presents a new approach to the consideration of Xi Jinping's anti-corruption campaign, which he started after the XVIII CPC Congress, based on the examination of original foreign sources, including in Chinese. The authors show that: 1) much of what Xi Jinping did in the fight against corruption had already been done by his predecessors; 2) the new anti-corruption campaign, which began in November 2012, had two main goals: first, to strengthen the position of XI Jinping's supporters in the center and in the field by clearing corrupt party officials, and second, to free the Chinese economy from the heavy burden of corruption; 3) the main features of the fight against corruption in China during that period were new goals, total character of the fight and wide media coverage.

Conclusions: It is shown that the large-scale fight against corruption in China, conducted in the country between the XVIII and XIX congresses of the CPC, led to a serious reduction in corruption crime in the country and contributed to the return of public confidence in the government and the Communist party.

Key words: China, Hu Jintao, Xi Jinping, the Communist Party of China, anti-corruption companies, the People's Liberation Army of China, features of the fight against corruption.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.007

S.M. OTAKULOV Head of the Department "Social Sciences” Institute of advanced training and advanced training of managers and specialists of preschool educational institutions, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

GENDER EQUALITY AND POLITICAL LIFE

This article discusses the reforms implemented at the state level in the field of gender equality, the full use of socio-political rights of women in society. With the participation of women in government, it was noted that they can enjoy these rights and achieve equality in all spheres of society. It was noted that the quality of their socio-political activities in public administration determines the degree of democratization of this society.

Key words: gender, gender law, gender role, gender statistics, gender legal expertise, gender equality, political life, social life.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.008

D.N. MONAKHOV Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Senior lecturer of the Department of Sociological Research Methodology at Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

G.B. PRONCHEV Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor; Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Sociological Research Methodology at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

FROM THE DIGIT TO THE DIGITAL SOCIETY

The paper analyzes the transition of humanity from the use of the simplest forms of information representation to a digital society, which uses modern social information and communication technologies, including social information networks, digital environment, and digital education. Further development requires improving communication methods. At the same time, there are a number of problems in the use of digital technologies. The article is of interest to specialists dealing with the problems of the sociology of education and the sociology of global processes.

Key words: digital society, digitalization, digital environment, information and communication technologies, digital education, online education.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.009

M.A. KRYLOVA Teacher of the Department of conflictology Saint Petersburg University of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

A.V. NECHAEV Postgraduate, Faculty of social sciences, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

COMMUNICATION AND POLITICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE 2016 ELECTION PROCESS

The article defines the understanding of political communication technologies. The article describes the theoretical characteristics of political communication technologies in the electoral process. Their essence in the system of communication influence of the election campaign is determined.

The process of using political communication technologies involved in the 2016 party election process is considered. Examples of the use of technologies in specific situations are given, the mechanism of their action is described, and their impact on the formation of electoral preferences of voters is assessed. The conclusion is made about the role of political communication technologies in the election campaign of political parties, based on the analysis of the elections in the state Duma of the Russian Federation in 2016.

Key word: Political technologies, campaigning, propaganda, advertising, PR, election campaign, election process, elections.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.010

A.B. NIKUSHKIN Post-graduate, Department of History and Political Theory, The Faculty of Political Science Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ORGANISATION AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN “DIGITAL PARTIES” (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF “FIVE STAR MOVEMENT” IN ITALY)

The purpose of the study is to identify inconsistencies between direct democracy ideas and instruments to guide party policy in “digital parties” on the materials of Five Star Movement in Italy.

The research methods are based on the analysis of regulatory framework of Five Star Movement and scientific literature using the formal-logical method and SWOT analysis.

The results: The key efficiency and implementation flows of digital tools in political parties are identified. The paper concludes that the architecture of the digital platform and the regulatory framework of the Five Star Movement are oriented towards a participatory model of democracy and does not advance the values of direct democracy.

The theoretical implication of the study lies in the application of the assessment criteria internal democracy in political parties in the study of other digital parties or parties’ transformation.

Practical implication is the potential application of Five Star Movements’ experience in parties on adaptation to improving political participation in the context of digital society.

Key words: participation, digital democracy, direct democracy, E-participation, Five Star Movement, Italy, Grillo, Casaleggio.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.011

E.A. MUSIN Graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, The North-West Institute of management, St. Petersburg, Russia

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF NATIONAL SECURITY IN THE ECONOMIC SPHERE

Defining modern security threats, we should note the growing risks of confrontation in the modern world. At the international level, two poles have formed, representing the opposing sides in the world security system. The key leaders in this confrontation are Russia and the United States. It should be noted a high level of heterogeneity of approaches to modern security conditions. The international community has divided into three camps: supporting the position of the Russian Federation, separating the positions of the United States and neutral. It is important to understand that Russia is still in a difficult situation, since US support from the world community is much stronger.

Key words: systemic threats, financing, national security, public debt, budget, forecasting.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.012

R.S. USENKO Post-graduate student, Political Science Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL FIELDS IN ANALYSIS OF SELF-REGULATION AND POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF INDUSTRY & BUSINESS ASSOCIATIONS IN RUSSIA

Despite substantial interest to the institution of business associations in modern political science in Russia, the mechanisms that provide for political activity carried out by business associations (interaction with the external regulatory environment) in addition to intra-organizational economic activity do not receive sufficient attention. This gap could be addressed using the sociological version of the neo-institutionalist theory and its key concept of organizational field that explains convergence of commercial entities that are association members on the basis of shared internal norms and rules. This article studies organizational field structuration with regard to business association management that contributes to consolidation of industry norms and behavioral patterns and thus building trust between association members. It is concluded that normative convergence of commercial entities as a result of industry self-regulation within an organization field is a factor of political (including lobbying) activity of business associations. In the Russian context, the International Medical Device Manufacturers Association (IMEDA) could be considered an illustrative example, as it serves as a political actor in its efforts to ensure the most favorable regulatory climate possible for its own membership amid the government’s import substitution policy.

Key words: business associations, government relations, lobbying, neo-institutionalism, organizational field, NGO self-regulation, medical industry.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.013

P.V. GAPONOV Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MECHANISMS OF MUNICIPAL AND PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ASPECT

In article the regulatory legal base existing in the Russian Federation regulating questions of the organization of municipal and private partnership and possible political and administrative mechanisms of its improvement is considered. The author analyzing a retrospective of interaction of the public power and the private capital, considers such cooperation as one instruments of regulation of regional policy of the state, regarding its effective spatial development. The system of regulations of the Russian Federation in the sphere of municipal and private partnership, the organization of local self-government and purchases of goods and services for the state needs is structured. Features of the procedure of conclusion of agreement about municipal and private partnership between public and the individual are considered. Special attention is paid to the system of public administration by institute of municipal and private partnership which developed in the Russian Federation and it standard legal to regulation. The mechanism of monitoring of law-enforcement practice based on strengthening of interdepartmental interaction of the interested authorities of the Russian Federation is offered.

Key words: municipal and private partnership, local government bodies, regional policy, federal legislation, public policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.014

A.O. LAZUKINA Сandidate for a degree of candidate of sociological sciences of the Department of Political Sociology and Social Technologies of Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

THE NATURAL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS OF THE CITIES OF ROBERT PARK AND THE PREDATORY CITIES OF THE 21ST CENTURY

The article considers the issues of urbanization of the population in different countries of the world and in Russia as part of a comparative analysis of trends through the prism of their naturalness in the context of Robert Park's theory of “Urban Ecology”. Attention is focused on the unnatural growth of Moscow through the accession of new territories that are 2.5 times the size of the metropolis itself, which creates an imbalance in social space and negatively affects the possibility of sustainable development of the entire agglomeration.

Key words: urbanization, metropolis, New Moscow, metropolitan area, Robert Park, urban ecology, T&NAD, sustainable development, absorption of territories.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.015

N.D. LOBACH Graduate student, Department of Political Science and International Relations Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

ANALYSIS OF THE CIVIL MODEL OF THE GEOBRAND ORGANIZATION: IDENTIFICATION OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE MECHANISM OF WORK

This article analyses in detail the civil model of territory brand organization from the point of view of its structure and criteria necessary for its work. In the course of the analysis the author considered successful and efficient examples of implementation of civil model of geobrand construction; its structural analysis was carried out and those criteria necessary for its participants for its qualitative work were identified. The main thesis of this article is the need for the state to support local public structures and individual citizens in order to systematize and integrate such an approach into federal and regional programs for the development of territories.

Key words: geobranding, territory branding, civil initiative, private initiative, public organizations, model of geobranding organization, state support, funds, regions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.016

A.L. ABDURAHMANOVA Research expert, Center for European Studies, Moscow, Russia

M.O. SAMSONKIN Research expert, Center for European Studies, Moscow, Russia

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND BLOGS ON POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

This article analyzes the influence of various social networks on the political behavior of citizens in the context of increasing the importance of social networks in political agitation and the practice of political struggle. Researchers based on a full analysis and systematization of information from public resource defined the main mechanisms of work of politicians on the Internet, as well considered the features of various social networks as an agitation platform. In this work, the authors define the features of Russian modern political practice, and propose the possible reasons underpinning the observed trends of using social networks. By studying three blogs of well-known politicians representing different levels of hierarchy and ideology, the difference of the functioning of patterns of interaction between leaders, organizations and their audience is revealed.

As an example, considered a typical representative of the ruling elite blog, the popular and influential blog of the opposition activist, also the blog of representative of the regional elite, maintaining the system position. The choice of an Internet platform and the mechanisms used to influence the political behavior of society representatives is explored based on goals of the actors in question. The article presents the results of the analysis of the Internet audience, which can be divided into readers, whose activities are limited on criticizing in the virtual space and real, but few and non-regular political activists.

After reviewing the main mechanisms and defining the trends of increasing influence of blogs of politicians on the target audience, the authors conclude that the increasing importance of interaction between politicians and civil society in the Internet space.

Key words: social media, political behavior, political manipulation, blogs, targeting, political participation, regional elite, political leaders, political parties, political culture, civil society.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.017

V.A. VINOGRADOV Research expert, Center for European Studies Moscow, Russia

IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF PUBLIC GOODS BASED ON THE SHARING ECONOMY

In today's dynamically developing world, which has become a reality of life in the virtual space, young people do not want to burden themselves with the acquisition of property. Fortunately, today it is possible to rent expensive things for a while, as a result of which it is possible to save not only personal funds, but also the environment. The purpose of this article was to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of this model of economy. The author analyzes a new model of economy called "sharing economy" or otherwise the economy of shared consumption, namely, trends and drivers of its development in both foreign and domestic markets, and finds out its advantages over the traditional economic model. The present study evaluates the most popular sharing platforms on the Russian market that currently exist. The author also considered the positive and negative sides of this model of economy: positive, expressed in reducing the environmental crisis to a minimum, and reducing the use of limited resources in the world, and negative, which is expressed in the fact that this model of economy is based on the trust of people to each other. A sharing model that initially implies the decency of the user and a careful attitude to the property of another person suffers significant financial losses due to a lack of moral qualities and a lack of desire to take care of someone else's property.

To analyze the new trend in the world economy that is gaining strength and assess its qualities, we used included observation, consultations of professional economists, Internet publications, and also widely used statistical materials from open access for this study.

The author does not claim to have an unambiguous vision of the positive and negative sides of this process and translates his presentation and arguments for further analysis of the problem of the development of the sharing economy raised in the publication.

Key words: economy, sharing, shared use, young people.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.018

D.YU. KOSTRIKOV Research expert, Center for European Studies, Moscow, Russia

REAL AND DIGITAL SOCIETY IN THE MODERN POLITICAL PROCESS

Nowadays information technologies are becoming one of the key aspects of modern society. They influence and transform the spheres of public life. As a proof of the significance of this phenomenon, most economic, political and other processes are beginning to be rebuilt and modernized on the basis of the latest technologies. That is why it is becoming essential to consider the impact of information technologies on public processes and to identify the dynamics of implementation and the prospects for their use in the political sphere. The immersion of the information space in the world during the pandemic period demonstrated the enormous growth and importance of the use of virtual technologies for all spheres of public life. For the author of the article, the manifestation of information technologies in the economic sphere is of significant importance. So at the moment, digital technologies have almost completely covered the production processes of various enterprises, have become an integral part of accounting and business analytics. Big companies transfer their structures and work activities of personnel to the Internet space. As you know, the economic and political spheres are closely connected, that is why the influence of the latest technologies on economic processes will spread and influence the political life of society. The author of the article aimed to study the influence and penetration of information technologies into political processes based on available sources. Methods included are observation, analysis of scientific literature and the Internet of sources were used to solve this problem. The author draws conclusions about the significance and role of virtual space on modern life and the prospects for the development of society in all areas of its life, and also notes both positive and negative sides of this irreversible process based on the work done.

Key words: virtual society, information society, networked society, political process, information technologies.

POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY, CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.020

A.P. VOROBIEV Candidate of sciences (politics), department of political sciences and low, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

M.V. KONSTANTINOVA Candidate of sciences (history), department of political sciences and low, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

M.S. EREMENKO Department of political sciences and low, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

POLITICAL ORIENTATIONS AND POLITICAL BEHAVIOR OF YOUTH PEOPLE IN KRASNOYARSK

The authors of the article conducted a study to determine the political orientation and identify factors and motives that affect the political behavior of young people in Krasnoyarsk.

The results of the study showed a high level of apolitical attitude among the youth of Krasnoyarsk, which corresponds to all-Russian trends. An increase in interest in political events correlates with an increase in age.

Characteristic features of socio-political behavior of Krasnoyarsk youth are absenteeism and a decrease in interest in institutionalized forms of activity, on the other hand, there is an increase in protest moods and an increase in the number of protest forms of behavior.

Within the framework of the identified trends, gender and social characteristics are observed. Men, in contrast to women, traditionally show a greater interest in politics, more often talk about conscious participation in politics, civic duty. Young people who work and study are more politically active, take their role in politics more seriously, and demonstrate established socio-political principles.

Key words: political orientations, political behavior, electoral behavior, youth, elections.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.021

Iu.V. LUCHKO Graduate student of the department of theory and history, Faculty of International Relations Humanities and Social Sciences of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University Moscow, Russia

SAWALHA ODAI NAIM MOHAMMAD Graduate student of the department of political analysis and, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Russian University of Friendship Peoples, Jordan

ALHADED HASHEM HANI SHEHADEH Graduate student of the department of foreign languages, Faculty of Philology of the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Jordan

INFLUENCE OF ETHNO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF ARABS ON INTER-POLITICAL INTERACTION

This article analyzes ethno-psychological characteristics of Arabs in the context of inter-political interaction and considers the main barriers in communication between representatives of different cultures that impede the establishment of effective relations in the field of politics and diplomacy. The article focuses on the difference in the manifestation of non-verbal means of the communication process between negotiators and the influence of this factor on the productivity of political interaction and successful establishment of contacts. The basis of the analysis of non-verbal means of transmitting information and determining the ethnopsychological type of Arabs is the model of the American anthropologist and cross-cultural researcher Edward Hall. In this article, the author also considers the cultural and ethno-religious specifics of the of Arabs in inter-political interaction.

Key words: ethnopsychology, intercultural barriers, inter-political interaction, non-verbal communication, Arab countries.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.022

М.F. МAGADIEV Candidate of Sciences (sociology), Associate Professor at the Chair of Public Administration in the foreign policy of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia

A.N. PUZEVICH Postgraduate Student, Department of World History and International Relations of Ryazan State University named after S.A. Yesenina, teacher of the department of humanitarian and natural sciences of the Ryazan Guards Higher Airborne Command School named after Army General V.F. Margelova Ryazan, Russia

NATIONAL LIBERATION WAR CHINESE PEOPLE AGAINST JAPANESE INVADERS (1937-1945): REASONS, BASIC STAGES AND EVENTS

This article is dedicated to one of the most difficult periods in the history of China – this is the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945, when a real threat of becoming a colony loomed over the oldest Chinese civilization in the world. During the study, the authors consistently consider the main causes, course and results of this armed conflict. Special attention is paid to the contribution of the Soviet Union to the struggle of the Chinese people against the Japanese invaders.

Key words: Kuomintang, China, the CCP, Soviet assistance to the Chinese people, the Soviet Union, Japan, the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.023

I.A. ROZHKOV Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

TO THE QUESTION OF THE MECHANISM OF GEOPOLITICAL STRUGGLE AND HYBRID WAR

The article examines the geopolitical struggle, the main subjects of which are the United States-the West and Russia. In the XXI century, Russia has become an object of “hybrid war.” The article describes the use of the so-called “soft power” as a means for the states to achieve their desired results in the international affairs. The main forms and methods of conducting “hybrid wars” are presented, they include: corruption, terrorism, illegal migration, transnational crime, ethnic and religious conflicts, demographic challenges, etc. Russia is the custodian and owner of the largest territory rich in mineral resources. The West seeks to redistribute Russia, which cannot be done under the current leadership of the country. The United States has begun to form, from among the political elite and oligarchs, a mass entity to replace the President of the country. “New Russian nobility” and “nationalization of elites.”

Key words: “hybrid war,” elites of the USSR and Russia, reformers-destroyers, geopolitical struggle, target country of hybrid war, “nationalization of elites,” “Kremlin report,” ensuring the security of the President.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.024

Е.B. АLTAEVА Postgraduate student at the Chair of philosophy and sociology, the Academy of Labor and Social Relations, Moscow, Russia

COVID-19 AS A THREAT TO GLOBAL AND NATIONAL STABILITY

The purpose of the study is to identify and disclose possible manifestations of extremism in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The spheres of life of society that are under threat of extremist manifestations due to the spread of the coronavirus have been identified. The scientific novelty of the work is the need for a systematic approach to the study of manifestations of extremism in the context of a pandemic, as well as the information and psychological impact on specific citizens by placing extremist materials in the media and information and telecommunications networks, including the Internet, in order to develop the most effective means of combating them. Statistical data describing the state of terrorist and extremist crimes, as well as their dynamics during the pandemic are presented. Special attention is paid to the measures of the state policy of counteraction aimed at preventing and minimizing negative consequences in the new conditions. The activity of the Prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation as one of the Central subjects of the state policy of countering extremism in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection is noted. As a result of the research, the article identifies the characteristic features of extremist manifestations associated with the pandemic, and also justifies the need to consolidate the efforts of all state bodies in order to develop an adequate policy to counter extremism, including using the opportunities of international cooperation. Considering the topic in the article will be of interest to specialists in the field of political science and law.

Key words: extremism, extremist groups and organizations, extremist activity, information and biological extremism, counteraction to extremism policy, Prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation, information security.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.025

V.V. КОMLEVA Doctor of Sciences (Sociology), Dean of the faculty of international regional studies and regional management, head of the Chair of foreign regional studies and international cooperation of the Institute of Public Service and Management, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT OF HIGHER EDUCATION FROM RUSSIA: BASIC CONTRADICTIONS

The article discusses the main contradictions of the Russian project aimed at increasing the export potential of Russia’s education. Using the example of higher education export, the author highlights contradictions between the intentions stated in the project and the possibilities of their implementation: contradictions related to the concept of education as a right, benefit or service; contradictions related to the chosen models of education export; contradictions related to the development of online education; contradictions related to the lack of coordination between the education export project and directions of Russia's foreign economic activity.

Key words: export of education, national projects, competitiveness of Russia’s education, international cooperation in higher education.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.026

A.I. MURAVYKH D.Sc. (economics), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

E.G. NIKITENKO Major General, Cand. Sc. (History), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

"INFORMATION-PSYCHOLOGICAL PANDEMIC" OF GLOBALISTS

The article analyzes the implementation of the project of the transnational financial elite (globalists), who speculatively used the coronavirus pandemic in their interests. A grandiose pandemic bluff allows globalists to transfer responsibility for the global crisis from speculative financial capital to China and gain new leverage to control deceived and frightened humanity in order to preserve the “caste of the elect” and implement global network governance (world domination). Now in Russia it is critically important not to delay the action of quarantine measures and implement a recovery plan and at the same time structural transformation of the economy. The crisis situation may accelerate the course towards systemic updating of the powerful Russian elite, successively carried out by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin.

Key words: consumer society, crisis, globalists, pandemic, bluff, elites, network power, color revolutions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.027

V.S. GRIGORIEV Lieutenant General, Chairman of the Board of the Club of Commanders of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

А.D. NAZAROV Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair of advertising and public relations of the Institute of foreign languages, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

LASTING PEACE: HOW IS IMPLEMENTED THIS WISH OF THE YALTA CONFERENCE (1945) OF THE HEADS OF THE THREE ALLIED POWERS?

The article gives a detailed analysis of the influence of the basic decisions and documents adopted at the Yalta Conference (1945) by the heads of the three powers winners of WWII (USSR, USA and Great Britain). The authors investigate the situation in the postwar world, based on new archival materials, the causes and consequences of the unilateral withdrawal of the Western allies from the agreement, of their revision of the results of World War II. The article includes proposals and outlines of the New Yalta.

Key words: “Yalta-1945,” Cold War, atomic weapons, objective history, “soft power,” the crisis of the unipolar world, military-patriotic education, peaceful coexistence, the Club of Commanders of the Russian Federation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.028

HUANG MINGTUO Doctor, School of Russian and Eurasian Studies, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China

THE MILITARIZATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SPACE: CAUSES AND PROSPECTS

At present, the trend of militarization of the international information space has already become a kind of Damocles sword, threatening the security of all countries of the world. The article analyzes the reasons for the militarization of the international information space - the unique advantages of information operations; security dilemma in the information space; the divergence of opinions of the international community and the lack of uniform international mechanisms and rules that could effectively regulate the process taking place in the information space. In conclusion, the author concludes that the process of control over the arms race in the information space has come to a standstill and in the coming years it is hardly possible to create uniform global rules in cyberspace due to significant differences between the countries.

Key words: militarization, international information space, cybersecurity, causes, the prospects.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.029

V.F. PENKOV Doctor of political science, Professor, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia

FERAS ALFEDEILAT Postgraduate student, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia

IMPACT OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC ON THE GLOBAL SITUATION

The article analyzes the main trends in the development of the global political and economic crisis due to the impact of COVID-19. Factors affecting the development of the situation in the middle East in the context of a pandemic are considered. Factors that have a negative impact on the development of the political and economic situation in the Persian Gulf countries are disclosed. The interests and consequences of China's activation in the middle East region are revealed. The main conclusion of the authors is that the pandemic of the new coronavirus accelerated the changes in geopolitics that began before its appearance.

Key words: coronavirus, COVID-19 pandemic, middle East, geopolitics, political and economic crisis, political regime, Persian Gulf countries, USA, China.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.030

M.E. RODIONOVA Director Center for European studies, Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Yu.A. MAMAEVA Candidate of Science in History, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

PRESERVATION OF HISTORICAL MEMORY AS AN IMPORTANT CONDITION FOR SOCIAL SECURITY

The article is devoted to the politics of memory as one of the important components of the integrity of states, which plays a significant role in shaping the image of the past in the eyes of the young generation, as well as directly affecting modern foreign policy. The issue of the politics of memory is particularly acute when the rewriting of history takes place on the world stage, the significance of the Soviet Union in World War II decreases. Due to the high socio-political significance of the scientific and theoretical understanding of the role of the armed forces in the "bifurcation points" of history, the interaction of the army and political power for the stable functioning of the state, the study of this problem is one of the most important research tasks.

The material presents the results of the author’s study “World War II in the Context of Historical Memory”, the sample of which was about 100 people. Interdisciplinarity research lies at the intersection of disciplines such as political science, political history, sociology and conflictology, social anthropology and religious studies. In order to increase the effective participation of Russia in the emerging and developing military-political blocs, we should comprehensively study the history of relations with other existing and potential participants in these associations, paying particular attention to their geopolitical position, national characteristics and potential instruments of influence on Russia's domestic policy.

Key words: historical memory, PR technologies, modern communications, national and social security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.031

K.N. KUBANTSEVA Senior teacher of the chair of foreign languages in The Military training and scientific center of ground forces "Combined arms Academy of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation", a graduate student of the public administration and national security chair in the national security faculty at the Institute of law and national security The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

IMPROVING RUSSIAN-CHINESE COOPERATION IN THE INTERESTS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL SECURITY

The article is concerned with the need to improve the main areas of cooperation between Russia and China in order to strengthen national and regional security. These directions set strategic national priorities, which are enshrined in the national security Strategy of the Russian Federation. The main idea is that improving a number of areas, including one of the most urgent in the period of the coronavirus pandemic – in the field of health, will significantly increase not only the level of national, but also regional security. At the same time the activities carried out by Russia and China in the framework of strengthening regional stability and strategic security will allow us to develop an algorithm of actions on a global scale. In the context of the strong interdependence of the economy and politics of countries, the role of mutual support and cooperation as a factor that has a direct impact on national security is increasing. Russia, following its own civilizational path of development, will also have to systematically defend its own national interests in the process of cooperation with China in future and in existing integration projects.

Key words: Russia and China, cooperation, national security, regional security, coronavirus pandemia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.032

MEHMET EMIN IQBAL DURRE PhD in History, Associate Professor Department of Theory of Regional Studies of Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION OF THE US STRATEGY ON THE KURDISH QUESTION IN SYRIA

The article analyzes the strategy of the United States of America on the Kurdish issue in Syria in the context of the ongoing conflict in the region. The author notes that Washington’s attention to the Kurds is partly due to the desire to demonstrate its dissatisfaction with Turkey’s policies in the region. This desire led to closer US ties with the Kurdish militia in northern and western Syria. However, the last two presidential administrations have clearly indicated their unwillingness to turn this tactical interaction with the Kurds into full cooperation with the mutual obligations of the parties. Moreover, the Trump administration made significant concessions on the issue of expanding Turkey’s military presence in northern Syria, despite some conflicting rhetoric and a series of unfriendly actions against Ankara. Therefore, the US strategy can be called a "limited presence": the Americans seek to weaken the political regime in Syria, but they are not ready to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions.

Key words: USA, strategy, Kurds, Kurdish issue, Syria, limited presence.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.033

OGUZ SAHBAZ Research Associate, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Turkey; PhD Student, Diplomatic Academy of Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

NATIONALISM IN TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY: NATIONALIST DISCOURSE IN GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS

In this article, the phenomenon of nationalism in Turkish foreign policy is examined. Considering nationalism as a fundamental imperative for the nation-state to exist in the system of states, the author gives examples of three types of nationalist ideology in different government programs of Turkey: implicit nationalism, extreme nationalism, ordinary nationalism. The author analyses in detail the foreign policy discourse on the post-soviet space of these types of nationalism in government programs between 1991 and 2017.

Key words: post-soviet space, Turkish foreign policy, nationalism, Turkish government programs, foreign policy discourse.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.034

N.B. ABDUSHAXIDOV Researcher of the Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek; Engineer of the state unitary enterprise "Suvsoz", Tashkent, Republic Uzbekistan

THE POLICY ON MANAGEMENT AND USE OF UZBEKISTAN’S WATER RESOURCES: PROBLEM AND SOLUTIONS

As in other countries, socio-political, socio-economic development of Uzbekistan, in many respects, depends on natural resources, in particular water resources. What level of water policy in Uzbekistan can determine the further development of the country. This article analyzes the past, present and future problems in the field of controlling and using water resources in Uzbekistan. Moreover, this article covers the essence of water policy. Together with, this article explains the factors influencing the formation and implementation of water policy in Uzbekistan and pays great attention to solving these problems.

Key words: water resources, water policy, management, transboundary water resources, cooperation, water conservation, drinking water, water supply, sewerage, drip irrigation, irrigation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.035

E.A. BORODIN Postgraduate student Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia

PROSPECTS FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE ARCTIC IN THE CONDITIONS OF NEW CHALLENGES AND COMPETITION

The article is devoted to the study of prospects for the development of international cooperation in the context of the emergence of a chain of interrelated challenges in the Arctic. The author identified the reason for the increased activity of states in the Arctic, which subsequently led to a number of new regional challenges: environmental, transport, economic, political and international legal. The impact of these challenges on the development of international cooperation in the Arctic is analyzed in detail. The article reflects the US’ vision of the Arctic agenda, which, despite the need for a comprehensive approach to solving problems in the Arctic, instead of cooperation, intends to compete with Russia and China. It is revealed that under the guise of an environmental agenda, large international companies can cause difficulties for the development of marine infrastructure for safe navigation in the Arctic by colluding not to use Arctic sea transport routes. The article also provides successful and promising examples of international cooperation in the Arctic, such as the creation of the Polar code. Promising areas for international cooperation have been identified, including scientific research, new technologies, the use of more environmentally friendly fuels (for example, LNG), and the improvement of search and rescue measures at sea. For Russia, international cooperation is an important component for the successful development of the Arctic. In turn, Russia is a bridge for many non-Arctic countries to participate in Arctic projects. Since the United States refused to cooperate with Russia in the Arctic, they were quickly replaced by other interested participants.

Key words: Arctic, challenges, competition, international cooperation, Russia, USA.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.036

A.V. VOLKOV PhD student, Department of global social studies and youth studies, Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

INTERNATIONAL SPORT AS A TOOL FOR DESTABILIZING THE POLITICAL REGIME

This article is devoted to the study of the influence of the political component in international sports, which seems to be an extremely urgent problem today. It is argued that sport has long been outside of politics, and is considered as its effective tool. Using the example of the doping scandal in Russian sports and the political and sports scandals in China, the author analyzes the level of penetration of the political aspect into the world of sports events and the possibility of using sports as an object of geopolitical confrontation.

Key words: International sport, politics, international relations, the Olympic movement, WADA, doping.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.037

K.S. LEONOVA Postgraduate student of the Faculty of Global Studies at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

MODERN TRENDS IN GLOBAL SECURITY

This article analyzes the key trends for different types of global security: economic, political, social, cyber. The study aims to identify new methods and approaches whose use will improve the effectiveness of the security system. The author applies such research methods as systemic and interdisciplinary approaches, comparative and historical analysis, as well as modeling and forecasting methods. The study confirms that the modern security system faces challenges and threats that affect almost all spheres of human activity. Any system faces crises, in the conditions of which it can prove its effectiveness or, on the contrary, demonstrate its inability to respond to challenges. The current security system is unable to deal with a growing number of global problems. Existing means and mechanisms to overcome crises do not meet the realities and require revision. The author of this article offers the use of new approaches to global security which will help to ensure peace and stability in the short and long term and achieve sustainable development goals.

Key words: international relations, global security, global challenges and threats, sustainable development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.038

A.A. TUSHKOV PhD student at Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

PROBLEMS, SEARCHES AND WAYS TO SOLVE THE FORMATION OF JAPAN'S DEFENSE CONCEPT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

In this article, the author addressed the topical topic – Japan's formation of the defense concept in the second half of the 20th century, where the main forms were the permanent Japan-American Security Advisory Committee, and regular meetings of the heads of military departments of the two countries. These forms of relations between Japan and the United States have become another tool for strengthening the military-political partnership that subsequently led to the union of countries in the field of military, political and economic cooperation. Adopted in 1978, the Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation Guidelines (Nitibei Boei Koreoku-ni Kansuru Sisin) were the founding document that defined the nature of Japan-U.S. bilateral relations, up to the development of new joint military operational instruments. In addition, the principles were also a detailed development of the Defence Separation Plan. The second instrument for the formation and strengthening of the partnership between Japan and the United States was regular meetings in Honolulu of the heads of military departments of the two countries.

Key words: Japan-U.S. Security Advisory Committee, Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation Guidelines, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Defense Separation Plan.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.039

DJU ORLINDO Post-graduate student working for the Master’s Degree at the Chair of theory and history of international relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Guinea Bissau

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19 IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES

An unexpected «gift» for the Chinese New Year in the form of a coronavirus made the whole world nervous. Coronavirus in China and other countries of the world has become the main news item since the beginning of the year. The pandemic has been a major blow to the global economy, trade and financial system. The coronavirus has already begun to seriously affect economic chains, leading to a slowdown in the global economy. In particular, the economy in some parts of Africa will face a «complete collapse» if the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic is not controlled. Up to 50% of projected job growth in Africa will be lost, as aviation, services, exports, mining, agriculture and the informal sector will be severely affected. The pandemic could seriously hinder already stagnant growth in many countries, as oil-exporting countries such as Nigeria and Angola lose up to $ 65 billion in revenue as a result of falling prices. As a consequence-the complete collapse of economies and livelihoods.

The article reveals the features of the development of the coronavirus outbreak on the African continent; the damage caused by COVID-19 to various sectors of the African economy is determined. The dependence of the impact of coronavirus on the export of raw materials in Africa was also identified, as well as scenarios for GDP growth in the African region in the post-pandemic period.

Key words: African countries, pandemic, coronavirus, economy, COVID-19.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.040

K.E. BAGINSKY Bachelor student, Faculty of Sociology and Political Science, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

CURRENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS FOR EXTENSION OF START-3

The article is devoted to considering the prospects of extending Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-3), which expires on February 5, 2021. In particular, the author analyzes the positions of the USA, Russia and China, as well as the impact of the USA presidential election 2020 (both from the Donald Trump Administration and the U.S. Republican Party, and from the U.S. Democratic Party, the Pentagon and the Intelligence Community) on the possibility of prolongation of this Treaty.

Key words: strategic arms, START-3, extension of START-3, USA, Russia, China, Donald Trump, USA presidential election 2020.

REFLECTIONS ON READ

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.6.041

Reviewers:

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor, Moscow, Russia

D.Е. SLIZOVSKIY Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

V.A. ZHALNIN Post-graduate student at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

IS IT POSSIBLE TO REFORM THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN RUSSIA? AFTERWORD TO THE ARTICLE BY V.V. KOMLEVA “DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT OF HIGHER EDUCATION FROM RUSSIA: BASIC CONTRADICTIONS”

   
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