Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 2 (6). 2012.

EDITOR’S NOTE

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE 

  • Karadzhe T.V. Political Space/Time: Content of Concept
  • Zhumakaeva B.D. Conceptual principles of Political Behaviour Research in Political Science
  • Shulenina N.V., Polonskaya D.D. The phenomenon of political myth

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

  • Gaiduk V.V. Election of Heads of Regions of the Russian Federation by Popular Vote (2004-2012)
  • Medvedeva V.K. Political Competition and Electoral Process
  • Ganicheva A.V. Russian Regional Politics: Siberian Model
  • Akopyan M.S. Some Conceptual Specifics in Formation of Contemporary Political Parties in the Russian Federation
  • Andreev A.V. Public Policy online and Political Resonances Management

ETHNOPOLITICS AND ETHNOCULTURE

  • Buyanov V.S. Identity of contemporary Russia: problems of formation
  • Akopyan A.S. National Cause as Basis of Russian Civilization: Conceptual and Politological Analysis
  • Shulika J.E. Is Russia East or West?

PARTY SYSTEM IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

  • Chernyshov S.I. Finland’s Party System

POLITICAL PROBLEMS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  • Nassimova G.O., Sengirbai Mukhtar, Tolen Zhenisbek Preventing destructive conflicts in Kazakhstan: problems and contradictions
  • Luzan A.A., Luzan S.A. Past and Future of Ukrainian-Russian Relations
  • Fonareov M.A. Collapse of the Soviet Union and Transformation of Eurasian Community
  • Kudin K.Yu. Political and Legal Foundation for Development of International and Foreign Economic Ties by Regionsof the Russian Federation

Our authors № 2-2012

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. KARADZHE D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department

POLITICAL SPACE/TIME: CONTENT OF CONCEPT

In the article, the author reveals the content of the “political space” concept and examines the essential characteristics of the “political time” concept. He singles out forms of political space and analyzes its structure.

Key words: political space, geopolitics, category, structure, form.

B.D. ZHUMAKAEVA Ph.D. (history), department of general education disciplines at the international Business Academy, Republic of Kazakhstan

CONCEPTUAL PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH IN POLITICAL SCIENCE

In the article, the author examines the problem of political behaviour. According to him, a study of motives and ground for political behaviour makes it possible to regulate and direct the society as a whole, allowing finding ways for practical coordination of innovative and traditional content of citizens’ behaviour and also working out theoretical basis for integrating public forces, new democratic as well as conservative groups. The author analyzes basic tendencies of political behavior research.

Key words: political behaviour, political science, approach, process, political institutions.

N.V. SHULENINA PhD (philosophical science), the senior lecturer of the Department of political sciences of the Russian Peoples` Friendship University

D. D. POLONSKAYA postgraduate student of the Department of political sciences of the Russian Peoples` Friendship University

THE PHENOMENON OF POLITICAL MYTH

The article considers the main approaches to the definition of political myth, its place and the role at the political culture.

Key words: political myth, political mythology, political culture, political ideology.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROCESSES

V.V. GAIDUK D.Sc. (political science), Ph.D. (law), Professor, head of the Department of History of State and Law and Constitutional Rights at the Bashkir Institute of Social Technology

ELECTION OF HEADS OF REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION BY POPULAR VOTE (2004-2012)

The abolition of the direct election of heads of Russian regions in 2004 was originally interpreted ambiguously and stirred a mixed reaction. Dispute over the issue is seen as a competition of political ideologies and associated with the processes of legitimizing (delegitimizing) direct elections of heads of regions of the federation. The declaration of the return to direct election of heads of regions of the federations in the late 2011, was equally unexpected by observers as the declared abolition of these elections in September 2004 in view of the “threat of terrorism”. From this standpoint, it will be interesting to analyze the positions of the participants of the dispute and assess the level of their influence on political process.

Key words: elections, appointment, regions of the Russian Federation, legitimization, political process, political regionalistics, ethnopolitics, national and federal relations, political groups, opposition.

V.K. MEDVEDEVA Ph.D. (political science), Assistant Professor at People’s Friendship University of Russia

POLITICAL COMPETITION AND ELECTORAL PROCESS

In the article, the author studies the problem of political competition. He examines free elections and the need to remove the government as conditions for the formation of a democratic political system.

Key words: political competition, institution of elections, electoral process, removability of the government, political regime, political parties, political system.

A.V. GANICHEVA PhD (political science), assistant Professor at the Economic Faculty at People’s Friendship University of Russia

RUSSIAN REGIONAL POLITICS: SIBERIAN MODEL

In the article author examines new trends in the development of the Siberian-Far East region and analyzes the idea of setting up of a state corporation for the development of Siberia and the Far East.

Key words: regional politics, Far East Federal District, East Siberia, Far East, the Far East Development Ministry, state corporation for the development of East Siberia and Far East.

M.S. AKOPYAN junior fellow at the department for studying problems of political regionalistic and ethnopolitics of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute of Legal Problems, Ufa

SOME CONCEPTUAL SPECIFICS IN FORMATION OF CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Democratic regime cannot function to the utmost without political parties. All researchers agree that the political parties, in this sense, can structure citizens’ electoral preferences, represent various social interests, determine policies and create institutional capabilities for the selection and cooperation of the elite. The article examines some specifics in the development of parties during the transformation of political system in the Russian Federation.

Key words: political party, democracy, authoritarianism, suffrage, revolution, political system, masses, administrative party, civil party.

A.V. ANDREEV Postgraduate student department of political science Kemerovo State University

PUBLIC POLICY ONLINE AND POLITICAL RESONANCES MANAGEMENT

The article considers problems of change of the maintenance and character of a public policy because of distribution of modern information technologies. The author includes in number of such problems of some functions of traditional media, and also necessity of formation of qualitatively new forms of socio-political interaction at the basis of horizontal network communications. According to the author, Public Policy Online became today an objective reality, and demands to itself corresponding attention of the basic participants of modern political process. Formation of political resonances is an important element of modern Online-publicity and creates essentially new possibilities for a policy-making of the state in modern conditions.

Key words: the public policy, Online-publicity, mass media, socio-political interaction, political resonances.

ETHNOPOLITICS AND ETHNOCULTURE

V.S. BUYANOV D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor at the department for Russia’s foreign policy activity of the Russian Academy of People’s Economy and Administrative Service under the Russian President

IDENTITY OF CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA: PROBLEMS OF FORMATION

The article analyzes urgent issues of the formation of the identity of post-Soviet Russia and reveals specifics of civilizational, national and governmental identification and self-identification of Russian Federation early 21st century and complicated and ambiguous character of this process.

Key words: identity, civilization, nation, “Russian issue”, Great power statehood, empire.

A.S. AKOPYAN junior fellow at the department for studying problems of political regionalistic and ethnopolitics of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute of Legal Problems, Ufa

NATIONAL CAUSE AS BASIS OF RUSSIAN CIVILIZATION: CONCEPTUAL AND POLITOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

Political processes that are undergoing in the contemporary world have fallen outside the scope of politics and economics and more often appear in the sphere of growing national self conscience by dictating new conditions for interethnic dialogue as well as in bringing forward universal and civilized standards which encourage objective integrating tendencies in all the areas of contemporary society. On the one hand, they help to stabilize federative relations and lower the acuteness of many ethnic problems. On the other hand, they bear the potential of degradation of the previous social identity by weakening historical traditions of ethnicities.

Key words: nation, ideology, civilization, national culture, ethnos, primordialism, constructivism, identity, culture, symbol.

J.E. SHULIKA The Department of Political Science Russian University of People`s Friendship

IS RUSSIA EAST OR WEST?

The epoch after the Decembrist uprising is notorious for the intensive search of Russia in political, economic and social spheres of life as well as in cultural and spiritual identity. In Russia many representatives of philosophical thought disputed over the question, if Russia had a propensity for East or West, otherwise it was distinctive. The problem of Russia`s identification still be urgent at the present time, and it can be examined through the different methods, including the Insitutional Matrices Theory.

Key words: West, East, political system, Russian identity, Russian people, Westernism, Slavophilism, autocracy, ethnicity theory, historical materialism, institutional matrix.

PARTY SYSTEM IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

S.I. CHERNYSHOV Professor at the Political Science Department of the Peoples’ Friendship University

FINLAND’S PARTY SYSTEM

In the article the author analyzes Finland’s party system and studies legal status of political parties. He examines the country’s economy, state structure and the system of voting. He also analyzes the results of the elections in 2011 and 2012.

Key words: party, party system, state structure, Finland.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

G.O. NASSIMOVA Doctor of Political Science, associate professor, head of department of political sciences KazNU named after al-Farabi (Kazakhstan)

SENGIRBAI MUKHTAR PhD, doctoral student in department of political sciences KazNU named after Al-Farabi (Kazakhstan)

TOLEN ZHENISBEK PhD, doctoral student in department of political sciences KazNU named after Al-Farabi (Kazakhstan)

Preventing destructive conflicts in Kazakhstan: problems and contradictions

The article researches the problems of preventing destructive conflicts in Kazakhstan and analyses the role of the government and the civil society in this process.

Key words: conflict, social tension, preventing conflicts, institutionalization of the conflict.

A.A. LUZAN D.Sc. (philosophy), Ukraine, Slavyansk

S.A. LUZAN Ph.D. (sociology), Moscow

PAST AND FUTURE OF UKRAINIAN-RUSSIAN RELATIONS

The article examines the history of Ukrainian-Russian relations and analyzes the factors that exert influence on their transformation. It reveals the content of the “national interest” concept.

Key words: Ukraine, Russia, relations, government interests.

M.A. FONAREOV fellow at the Department handling problems of national, federative and international relations of the Centre for Political and Legal Studies of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute for Legal Issues

COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION AND TRANSFORMATION OF EURASIAN COMMUNITY

The collapse of the USSR and the formation of the Eurasian Union witness the repetition of political phenomena in the form of Eurasian disintegration and integration. The repeating phenomenon raises the question about the consistency of political processes. The problem of Eurasian integration is quite an urgent issue and is in the vision of local and foreign scientists. Initially, Western researchers examined the Eurasian integrations from the practical side, but the examination of theoretical approaches and internal trends of the development of this process remained beyond the scope of scientific research. The given article makes a politological analysis of the transformation of the Eurasian community and the role played by the Russian Federation in it.

Key words: Soviet Union, Eurasian Union, transformation, eurasianism, integration, disintegration, CIS, vector, geopolitics, language.

K.Yu. KUDIN post-graduate student at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

POLITICAL AND LEGAL FOUNDATION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN ECONOMIC TIES BY REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

In the article, the author analyzes political and legal foundation for the development of international and foreign economic ties by regions of the Russian Federation. He reveals its essence and shortcomings and singles out preconditions for the development of international and foreign economic ties by the regions of the Russian Federation.

Key words: region of the Russian Federation, relations, foreign economic and intentional ties, law, foundation, development, federalism.

   
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