№ 1 (53), 2020

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 10, Issue 1 (53), 2020.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

  • Nazarov V.P. On the Evolution of the Concept of National Security of Russia

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Anikin D.A., Bubnov A.Yu. Politics of Memory in Virtual Space: the Internet as a Mediator of Memory
  • Tolochko A.V., Fomenko S.S., Vrachev V.A. Communication Space of Modern Youth in the Context Information Technology Formation: Socio-Political Analysis
  • Pustovoit Yu.A., Barsukov A.M. "Velvet" Street: Revolution, Protest, Democracy and Authoritarianism in Urban Perspective (an Attempt of Analysis of Modern Protests in Siberian Cities)
  • Nechiporenko V.S., Мagadiev M.F. Personnel Aspects of the National Security Strategy and Methodology for Deepening their Content
  • Vosсresensky F.A. On the Role of Law and the Judiciary in the Political System of Modern Russia
  • Goncharov V.V., Gritsay D.V., Chernikova D.A., Egorova E.Yu. Evolution of the Concept of the Constitutional Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Reliable Information about the State of the Environment
  • Rodionova M.E. Modern Trends in the Development of Electoral Consulting in Russia
  • Мaazov U.S. Civil Society Institutions as a Subject of the Political Process in Chechen Republic
  • Nosikov A.A. Are Political and State Institutions Ready for the Digital Economy?
  • Koc Sevgi. The Phenomenon of Globalızatıon and Cultural Polıcy

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

  • Кuzmin A.G. Modernization of the Ideology of Modern Russian Nationalism: Evolution and Prospects of Development of the National Democratic Doctrine
  • Okun M.V. Ideology and Values in the Public Governance of Modern Russia. Part I

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

  • Galimullina D.I. “Gypsy Question” as a Key Problem in the Ethno-National Policy of the Czech Republic

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

  • Lantsov S.A. Ethnic Terrorism and Etno-Political Conflicts of 19th and 20th Centuries: Analisis of Socio-Political and Ideological Factors
  • Kurbonova Z.M., Makhmadov A.N. Scenarios for the Development of Political Conflicts and Ways to Prevent them. Part I

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Nazarov A.D., Nazarova E.A. Phenomenon of Import EXPO: New Approaches in the State Policy on the Regulation of Exhibition Activities in China
  • Pryakhin V.F. Foreign Policy Forecasting in the Context of Globalization. Factors-Carriers of the Future
  • Pyzh V.V. The Geopolitical Picture of the World on the Eve of World War II: Lessons of Victory for the Geopolitics of the XXI Century
  • Ibragimov S.R., Меkhdiev E.T. The Influence of Eastern Mediterranean Gas Fields on European Energy Security
  • Adounde Yaovi Sylvester, Shulenina N.V. West Africa: Ethnos as the Most Important Factor Determining Socio-Economic Development
  • Kishuyeva I.A. Think Tanks as an Impact Part of the U.S. Foreign Policy Implementation in the Soft-Power Context
  • Miralayeva S.R. Humanitarian Cooperation of the Russian Federation and the CIS on the Example of the Azerbaijan Republic
  • Vakilova V.R. Research of Efficiency of Scientific Diplomacy of Russia: Establishment of Interaction with Foreign Countries in the Direction of «Global Challenges» as a Factor of «Soft Power» of Foreign Policy
  • Dosaeva D.M. Economic and Political Aspects of the Interconnection of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Chinese “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative”
  • Zhuravlev O.V., Tushkov A.A. Russia's National Maritime Policy on the Pacific and Indo-Ocean Regional Routes
  • Zuboreva M.A. The German Christian Social Union (CSU) after the Bavarian Elections 2018
  • Kasems M.F., Gusarskaya T.A., Rogovaya P.I. US Geopolitical Strategy in the Baltic Countries: Origins, Reasons and Vectors
  • Na Zhao Strength of "Soft Force" PRC at the Beginning of the XXI Century: Chronology
  • Shulga E.P. The Impact Geopolitical Position of Middle Asia on Russian Expatriate Community (Post-Soviet Time)
  • Entina E.G. The Interaction Between the EU and China in Southeast Europe

STUDENT SCIENCE

  • Delgado A.A., Gritsenko R.A., Prokopchuk D.D. Content Analysis as a Research Method of Political Texts
  • Dontsov N.V. The Image of the Future in Political Discourse

Our authors № 1-2020

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.001

V.P. NAZAROV Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for the doctoral degree at the Chair of political theory, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia

ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY OF RUSSIA

The article attempts to identify and analyze the main factors and milestones of the formation and evolution of the National Security Concept of the Russian Federation. It’s shown that if in the USSR in this sphere it was mainly, if not exclusively, about the security of the state, guarantees of its physical existence, its viability, institutions, interests, then in the Russian Federation, its purpose, system and structural components, goals and objectives have undergone a qualitative transformation. The main attention is concentrated on the substantiation of the thesis according to which the national security system was brought into line with the Constitution and the legislation of the Russian Federation, outlining its main purpose as ensuring the security of the equally multinational Russian people, state, society and an individual person etc.

Key words: Russian Federation, Constitution, Concept, strategy, state, politics, state security, national security, people, society.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.002

D.A. ANIKIN associate Professor of the Department of history and theory of politics, Moscow State University candidate of philosophical sciences, docent, Moscow, Russia

A.YU. BUBNOV associate Professor of the Department of history and theory of politics, Moscow State University candidate of philosophical sciences, docent, Moscow, Russia

POLITICS OF MEMORY IN VIRTUAL SPACE: THE INTERNET AS A MEDIATOR OF MEMORY

The article considers the relationship between collective memory and actual politics in the context of a network society. The influence of specific features of Internet communication on the spread of collective historical memory, such as anonymity, lack of moral presumption, a high degree of speech aggression, is noted. The authors describe the emergence of "memory communities" with their own interpretations of history in the course of horizontal communication. The dependence of memory policy in the virtual space on current policy and media agenda is emphasized. The author notes the ideological fragmentation and conflict of post-memory, which transforms history into a struggle of interpretations and identities. On the example of memorial projects, the interaction of real and virtual spaces of collective memory is considered.

Key words: memory policy, network society, "memory communities", Internet communication, virtual communities, post-memory.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.003

A.V. TOLOCHKO PhD in Political sciences, associate professor, Department of philosophy, social sciences and journalism, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia

S.S. FOMENKO PhD in Political sciences, associate professor, Department of philosophy, social sciences and journalism, Bunin Yelets State University, Yelets, Russia

V.A. VRACHEV student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

COMMUNICATION SPACE OF MODERN YOUTH IN THE CONTEXT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FORMATION: SOCIO-POLITICAL ANALYSIS

The article considers the problems of interaction of young people in social reality and the specifics of transition of their communications into virtual space. Problems with communication, disjunctively of stress resistance, lack of skills of rational-legal political socialization, inability to communicate on the basis of common social interests in the local place of residence or certain physical shortcomings preventing social interaction, update the aspirations of teenagers to show themselves in virtual space. The Internet has developed a specific information and communication environment with a certain subculture, in which processes go beyond optimal political socialization in the form of traditional non-radicalized social forms.

Key words: youth, political socialization, communication space, information technology, medianasilia, selfimania.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.004

Yu.А. PUSTOVOIT Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political science and technology of the Siberian Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

А.М. BARSUKOV Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Deputy Dean of the Department of politics and international relations of the Siberian Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

"VELVET" STREET: REVOLUTION, PROTEST, DEMOCRACY AND AUTHORITARIANISM IN URBAN PERSPECTIVE (AN ATTEMPT OF ANALYSIS OF MODERN PROTESTS IN SIBERIAN CITIES)

The article is devoted to the analysis of social revolutions and protests. The authors in the article describe the influence of socio-political factors on the transformation of the political regime and the growth of protest activity. In the article, the authors present some conclusions about the impact of democratization processes on public policy in Siberian cities.

Key words: revolution, protest, democratization, democracy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.005

V.S. NECHIPORENKO Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor at the Chair of public administration and national security of the Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

М.F. МAGADIEV Candidate of Sciences (sociology), Associate Professor at the Chair of public administration and national security of the Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

PERSONNEL ASPECTS OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY FOR DEEPENING THEIR CONTENT

The article is devoted to the necessity to pay special attention to the personnel support in the implementation of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation and the methodology for its presentation in the new version of the National Security Strategy. The authors also consider in detail the main principles underlying the methodology for solving personnel issues in the interests of national security of the Russian Federation.

Key words: public administration, national security, National Security Strategy, personnel for national security, professionalism, scientific character of personnel support of national security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.006

F.A. VOSСRESENSKY Researcher, Laboratory of Political and Legal Studies, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

ON THE ROLE OF LAW AND THE JUDICIARY IN THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF MODERN RUSSIA

The judicial system is one of the most important structural components of the public administration system. At the same time, recently, sociologists have recorded a constantly growing alienation of the population from public authorities, a drop in confidence in the judicial system and, as a result, a crisis in the legitimacy of its decisions. There are expert positions of a number of scholars studying the judiciary are also fixing a number of problematic aspects of its functioning. It is concluded that the courts in most cases protect not private, but public interests, which is confirmed by the statistics of the cases examined. The reasons for this state of affairs are being investigated. It is concluded that within the framework of the functioning of the Russian judicial system, two forms of social ordering are mixed: managerial influence and law. After the collapse of the Soviet system of power, this situation is typical for all states of Eastern Europe, including Russia. The current legitimacy of the Russian judiciary is downward and based on the concept of the state, which actually has political responsibility for making judicial decisions. The downward legitimization of the judicial system implies that law is not seen as a product of the interaction of the target orientations of a citizen and the state, but as a one-sided projection of power coming from the government and aimed at the citizen. Thus, the courts are self-relieving from taking responsibility for protecting the interests of citizens and constructing the fabric of social life, considering it a political task that lies with the state, which carries serious risks for the political and legal system. The article shows the orientation of the judiciary towards protecting the interests of the state, not private individuals. In fact, we encounter the use of positivism as a vehicle for the political will of the state, which does not come from the traditionally understood principles of legality. It is concluded that the judicial system is one of the methods of political regulation of vertical governance in the state.

Key words: judicial system, political power, downward legitimation, public interests, human rights.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.007

V.V. GONCHAROV Candidate of legal sciences, associate professor of the department of state and international law, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

D.V. GRITSAY Student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, laboratory assistant of the department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

D.A. CHERNIKOVA Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

E.YU. EGOROVA Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT OF CITIZENS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO RELIABLE INFORMATION ABOUT THE STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT

This article is devoted to the study of the evolution of the concept of the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation to reliable information about the state of the environment. The relevance of this problem, according to the authors, due to the rapidly deteriorating ecological environment, the increasing negative impact of human factor and the inability of authorities in most States to create an adequate legal mechanism of protection of the environment, which would ensure its sustainable preservation and development.

The article used a number of methods of scientific research, in particular: analysis, synthesis, classification, comparative legal, historical.

The article substantiates the author's approach in analyzing the stages of emergence and consolidation of the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to reliable information about the state of the environment in the legislation of the country, by relying on the chronology of its primary institutionalization, disclosure and concretization in Russian legal acts.

According to the authors, the creation of additional conditions for the realization of the right of citizens to reliable information about the state of the environment will improve the environmental situation in Russia and the world.

Key word: environmental law, Constitution, Russian Federation, concept, reliable information, environment, UN, people, international, protection.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.008

M.E.RODIONOVA Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Director Center for European studies, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MODERN TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTORAL CONSULTING IN RUSSIA

The purpose of this article is to consider the features of the formation and establishment of electoral consulting in Russia, a brief overview of the formation of such Russian companies as Niccolo M, Image Contact (ICCG), PROTest, Minchenko Consulting, Old Square, etc. is given. The features of the electoral consulting of the current stage are highlighted, the pricing factor of the cost of services is considered.

Key words: electoral consulting, media campaigns, election campaigns, strategic consulting.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.009

U.S. МAAZOV Рost-graduate student working for the candidate’s degree at the Chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTIONS AS A SUBJECT OF THE POLITICAL PROCESS IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

The article analyzes the activity of civil society institutions in the conditions of modernization of the political process in the Chechen Republic. Important attention is paid to the study of the role of the civil society institutions in the formation of political stability and predictability in the Republic. The author studied the influence of the political system on the formation and functioning of civil society.

Key words: political system, political processes, civil society, civil society institutions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.010

A.A. NOSIKOV Рost-graduate student working for the candidate’s degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

ARE POLITICAL AND STATE INSTITUTIONS READY FOR THE DIGITAL ECONOMY?

The objective of this article is to analyze the degree of readiness of the current Russia for digital transformation and building a full-fledged digital economy, as well as identifying factors that contribute to the processes of innovative development and factors that impede economic growth, innovative development and digitalization. After analyzing and summarizing the results of studies devoted to the search for the interdependence of the quality of institutions and economic processes, it is concluded that the quality of the institutional environment is a fundamental factor in the development of economic and innovation development. As a result of aggregation and analysis of relevant cases and other empirical data, ten institutional factors of development inhibition in the conditions of the modern Russia are identified.

Key words: political institutions, institutions, innovative development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.013

KOC SEVGİ Post-graduate, Saint-Petersburg state University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

THE PHENOMENON OF GLOBALIZATION AND CULTURAL POLICY

This study discusses the impact of globalization on cultural policy that is a type of government-oriented culture at the local, national, regional or international level, designed to directly influence the cultural expression of individuals, groups, including the creation and distribution of cultural events, goods, and services and free access to societies to these spheares. This study primarily examines concepts such as culture, cultural policy, identity, as well as how national culture is shaped by the globalization, which affects the local and universal culture. As a result, the author concludes that a culturally homogeneous state is more viable, especially when it successfully manages cultural heterogeneity. In that work neo-institutional, interpretive methods of analysis and political-cultural approaches are used.

Key words: globalization, culture, cultural policy, identity, global culture, cultural homogenization, national culture.

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.011

А.G. КUZMIN Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of social work of Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin, Syktyvkar, Russia

MODERNIZATION OF THE IDEOLOGY OF MODERN RUSSIAN NATIONALISM: EVOLUTION AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC DOCTRINE

The article discusses the structure of the ideology of modern Russian nationalism. The purpose of the work is to show the evolution of the development of ideas of Russian nationalism on the example of one of its main directions – national democracy.

The objectives of the study are an attempt to consider the genesis of the modern Russian national-democratic movement, to elucidate its main characteristics and features, general and special in relation to other areas of Russian nationalism (imperial projects, National Socialism). In addition, the specificity of the geographical boundaries of the future Russian state is considered in the opinion of the National Democrats, in contrast to the point of view of other areas of Russian nationalists on this issue, the impact of the current Ukrainian crisis on the state of Russian nationalism in general and the national democratic movement in particular.

The analysis used mainly uses historical and comparative research methods.

As a result of our work, we can note that the Russian national-democratic project has passed a difficult path of development and today is one of the most relevant ideological options in the ideological baggage of Russian nationalists. However, at the same time, by his example, we see that even a established ideology experiences permanent problems associated with the confrontation not only from the official authorities and other currents of Russian nationalism, but also giving rise to various variations within itself. The results of a study of the current state of Russian national democracy indicate its crisis state, when this area does not today have large authoritative organizations capable of maintaining a consistent position on a number of pressing socio-political issues, despite all efforts to present the situation in positive dynamics. This shortcoming is especially clearly manifested after the Ukrainian events of 2014, when the Russian national democrats, like almost the entire Russian national patriotic movement, were actually not only split on the Ukrainian issue, but also opposed each other on the side of various armed groups opposing to each other in real military conditions.

Key words: political ideology, radicalism, Russian nationalism, national democracy, National Socialism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.012

M.V. OKUN Post-graduate of the Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

IDEOLOGY AND VALUES IN THE PUBLIC GOVERNANCE OF MODERN RUSSIA PART I

The article is the first part of a study aimed at finding out what role ideology and values play in the public administration of modern Russia: directly in it, as a process of determining the directions of state policy and governance and their implementation, and in its realization in the public space, i.e. for explaining them to the public. At the same time, it is important to highlight the fact which we take into consideration, that in the political communication of the state with society translating the value bases of state policy, values appear mainly in ideological forms. Whereas, for characterizing the perception of this communication by society, the key concept is values. This article, as the first part of this study, is auxiliary to the second part, presented in our next article, in which the settled goal is carried out directly. It is a review of ideological concepts presented in a scientific discussion on the topic of ideology for modern Russia, correlating with public discussion on this theme. It turns out that in these discussions the following ideological guidelines are mainly presented: integrative ideology based on the three main classical ones (conservatism, liberalism and social democracy); ideologies of the “special way” in the forms of Eurasian civilization, Orthodox civilization and the revival of the Soviet project; as well as the imperial sentiments associated with the latter, coupled with imposed patriotism and the concept of the “Russian world”. The found is the basis for the final stage of our study, presented in the next article – correlating of state policy and governance of modern Russia, as well as the values of society with ideological forms circulating in public space. And thus, for finding the role of ideology and values in the public administration of modern Russia.

Key words: ideology, values, public policy and governance in modern Russia, political communication of the state with society, public discussion about Russian ideology, “spiritual crisis”, integrative ideology, ideologies of the “special way”, Eurasian civilization.

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.014

D.I. GALIMULLINA Postgraduate student, Department of Diplomacy and Consular Services, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

“GYPSY QUESTION” AS A KEY PROBLEM IN THE ETHNO-NATIONAL POLICY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

The article is devoted to the issue of the gypsy national minority living in the Czech Republic, whose situation is noted as problematic. Gypsy topics in ethno-national politics are relevant to this day. The article briefly discusses the problems of the absence of a permanent place of residence, the permanent work of this ethnic group, which allows us to classify them as socially dangerous nations. To solve this problem, to improve the integration of Gypsy society in the social environment of the Czech Republic, the government is working on various measures and various attempts are being made. In particular, the article indicates the creation of special bodies at the government level, focused on correcting the "gypsy problem", a number of documents adopted in the field of this policy are given. Namely, the Government Council for Roma Minorities is indicated as the main one, followed by the Agency for Social Integration, the Agency for Gypsy Community Affairs, which arose on the initiative of the Czech ex-Minister Jamili Steglikova. In addition to the structures, there are also the following legislative foundations for resolving this issue: the Law on Education on “Integrated Schools”, “The Strategy for the Integration of the Gypsy Nationality until 2020”, and the “Decade of Gypsy Integration 2005-2015”. In addition, the so-called Roma Integration Concept has been developed.

After analyzing the situation with gypsies in the Czech Republic, it can be said that government measures alone are not enough; changes in public consciousness on both sides of ethnic groups are also necessary. It is not politicians who must decide the gypsy issue. The final word should be given to experts on national minorities and psychologists. The whole society needs to change. At the moment, on both sides only selfishness and unwillingness to abandon stereotypes are seen. Gypsies need to integrate into this society, but not to assimilate.

Key words: national minorities, Czech Republic, gypsy diaspora, Czech government, strategy.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.015

S.A. LANTSOV Dr.Sci.(Pol.Sci.), Professor of the Department of International Political Processes, School of Political Science Saint-Petersburg State University Saint-Petersburg, Russia

ETHNIC TERRORISM AND ETNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS OF 19th AND 20th CENTURIES: ANALISIS OF SOCIO-POLITICAL AND IDEOLOGICAL FACTORS

The article traces the evolution of ethnic terrorism in 19th through 20th centuries. It links the emergence of ethnic terrorism with growth of nationalism and elevation of national movements. It demonstrates the link between ethno-political conflicts and ethnic terrorism. It underlines that ethnic conflicts are often interconnected with socio-political conflicts. It demonstrates the influence of left-wing revolutionary terrorism on ethnic terrorism since emergence of the latter through more recent times. It compares the influence of radical left-wing and radical right-wing ideologies on ethnic terrorism. It studies ideational political platforms and activities of various ethnic terrorist organizations. The study demonstrates that particular forms and ideational political orientations of ethnic terrorism depend on socio-political situation in particular country and of the tendencies that dominate in world politics in different times.

Key words: ethno-political conflicts, ethnic terrorism, nationalism, left-wing radicalism, right-wing radicalism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.016

Z.M. KURBONOVA candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Philosophy, Political Science and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, AS RT, Associated Professor of the TSUC, World Economy & IR Department, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

A.N. MAKHMADOV Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the Academy sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

SCENARIOS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL CONFLICTS AND WAYS TO PREVENT THEM PART I

The article is devoted to the issue of conflicts and conflict situations in modern conditions. Important is the fact that at present, to achieve peace and harmony, the ability to act in a conflict is necessary. For many centuries, humanity has been struggling with the problem of the connection between conflict and tolerance. And every time it made a choice between war and peace, and harmony, at the next round of development it again returned to the same choice.

Key words: conflict, conflict situations, political conflicts and their sources, sources and forms, scenarios for the settlement and prevention of such conflicts.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.017

А.D. NAZAROV Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair for scientific work at the Chair of advertising and public relations, Institute of foreign languages of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

Е.А. NAZAROVA Professor, Doctor of Sciences (sociology), Chair of Sociology, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia

PHENOMENON OF IMPORT EXPO: NEW APPROACHES IN THE STATE POLICY ON THE REGULATION OF EXHIBITION ACTIVITIES IN CHINA

The article analyzes in detail the accumulated experience of organizing and holding the first Chinese international exhibitions and fairs of imported goods (China International Import Expo), Russia's participation in them as an honorary guest, which presented many industrial and technological innovations in various industries, as well as a comprehensive presentation in the field of trade, investment and tourism development.

Key words: exhibition communication management, state regulation of exhibition activities, world EXPOS, import expansion, the Great silk road ," one belt, one road, Russian-Chinese trade and industrial cooperation, cross-border e-Commerce.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.018

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Professor (International Relations Dept., RSHU), Professor (Diplomacy Dept., MGIMO-University), Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN POLICY FORECASTING IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION. FACTORS-CARRIERS OF THE FUTURE

The globalization makes foreign policy forecasting more and more necessary and more complex one. The requirements for its realism and reliability have sharply increased. At the same time, the periods allocated to both forecasting itself and the decision-making process are reduced.

In the article proposed the author draws some conclusions and experience of his practical prognostic work in the field of foreign policy. A system of future carrier factors is proposed to make the qualitative and quantitative analysis of international situation more realistic and the foreign policy forecast more reliable. Among these factors, political elites attach particular importance to scientific and technological progress and its evaluation. Such an evaluation is vitally needed for the creating a harmonic, stable world order based on social equality and interethnic equality.

Key words: forecasting and planning, future making factor, scientific and technological progress, global problems, people, world order, sustainable development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.019

V.V. PYZH doctor of political science, head Department of social and humanitarian disciplines national state University physical culture, sports and health named after P.F. Lesgaft, expert of the Commission on defense and security Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the CIS member States, Saint Petersburg, Russia

THE GEOPOLITICAL PICTURE OF THE WORLD ON THE EVE OF WORLD WAR II: LESSONS OF VICTORY FOR THE GEOPOLITICS OF THE XXI CENTURY

The article deals with the geopolitical situation in the world balance of forces in the run-up to the Second World war. The essence of world processes in the interwar period.Events preceding the outbreak of hostilities. Cause of war. Participation of the USSR in the Second World war and the great Patriotic war.Lessons and geopolitical results of the Victory.

Key words: Great Patriotic war, world war II, Victory of the Soviet people, defeat of German fascism, Soviet armed forces, Red Army, lend-lease, Resistance movement, internationalism, patriotism, geopolitics, international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.020

S.R. IBRAGIMOV Рost-graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia

E.Т. МЕKHDIEV Candidate of Sciences (history), leading researcher at the Center for analysis, risk management and financial control in the digital space of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE INFLUENCE OF EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN GAS FIELDS ON EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY

The article highlights the latest developments in the energy sector of the Eastern Mediterranean. Over the past ten years, Israel, Cyprus and Egypt have evolved from importers of natural gas to exporters. Each of them has rich reserves of natural gas and seeks to profit from exports. With two major players, such as the EU and Turkey, the problem is becoming politicized. The main driving force behind European gas policy is the diversification of suppliers, while Turkey is on track to become a natural gas distribution hub in Europe and the Middle East. The author considers the natural gas fields of Israel and Cyprus and the possibilities of their export. Having three options for export, such as the East Mediterranean gas pipeline, the Israeli-Turkish pipeline and Egyptian LNG installations, the author gives priority to the latter as the most profitable.

Key words: energy security, oil and gas routes, Israel, Cyprus, Turkey, EU, Southern Gas Corridor.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.021

ADOUNDE YAOVI SYLVESTER Рost-graduate student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Republic of Benin

N.V. SHULENINA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

WEST AFRICA: ETHNOS AS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR DETERMINING SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The article is devoted to ethnos as a factor that has a great influence on the political and socio-economic processes in West Africa. Ethnos affects the political system with a high level of conflict, which ultimately affects social and economic stability. And when socio-economic stability is affected, discontent among citizens begins to appear, forming the ground for destructive conflicts. In addition to analyzing the phenomenon of ethnos as a factor affecting socio-economic development in West Africa, the article offers a variant of building an effective system in which the diversity of ethnic groups should not in any case be a reason for the appearance of conflicts, but an advantage for the socio-economic development of the region's countries.

Key words: ethnos, Africa, socio-economic development, mentality, politics, land, West Africa, political conflicts, destructive politics, nationality, socialization, Hamitic theory, constructive politics, political instability, conflict.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.022

I.A. KISHUYEVA Graduate Student, International Relations Dept., RSHU, The National Union оf Political Scientists (Member), Moscow, Russia

THINK TANKS AS AN IMPACT PART OF THE U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN THE SOFT-POWER CONTEXT

These days, we are witnessing the active promotion of national interests through soft-power, tactics and mechanisms of which developed with an accent on cooperation and the unification interests between analytical, social, economic and political sphere.

Modern think tanks in the soft-power context become a major gravity pole for international relations elements in case of resolve different political issues. Highly cooperation in that system is the key to maintaining national interests and the country's representation in the international arena.

Key words: think tanks, analytical centers, soft-power, USA, national branding, communication technologies.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.023

S.R. MIRALAYEVA Graduate Student, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

HUMANITARIAN COOPERATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE CIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

Humanitarian cooperation is a natural, historically determined, complex and multidimensional process of mutual relations of peoples. Within the framework of the strategic partnership of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan, the current level of humanitarian cooperation, no doubt, testifies to the continuity of the good traditions of friendship and cultural interaction between our peoples. It seems that the cooperation of states in the cultural sphere brings tangible results and is a solid foundation for the development of friendly interstate relations. The article analyzes the contribution of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan to humanitarian cooperation, considers the main directions in this aspect. The article also addresses the topic of cooperation within the CIS. Particular attention is paid to the main legislative documents in the field of humanitarian cooperation and cultural events. Today, the processes of humanitarian interaction between the two countries (softpower) have become not only a separate complement to the political efforts of states, but also an independent process uniting the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation at the level of civil society.

Key words: Russia, Azerbaijan, CIS, humanitarian cooperation, interstate relations, “soft power”.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.024

V.R. VAKILOVA Post-graduate, Institute of Philosophy RAS, Moscow, Russia

RESEARCH OF EFFICIENCY OF SCIENTIFIC DIPLOMACY OF RUSSIA: ESTABLISHMENT OF INTERACTION WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES IN THE DIRECTION OF «GLOBAL CHALLENGES» AS A FACTOR OF «SOFT POWER» OF FOREIGN POLICY

The development of scientific diplomacy mechanisms is one of the key elements of scientific and technical policy of every modern state. Classical scientific diplomacy is a tool of «soft power» of the country's foreign policy and includes three directions: science in diplomacy, science for diplomacy, diplomacy for science. The solution to the global problems faced by the world economy and society can be solved exclusively at the international level. The problem of nuclear safety, pollution of the atmosphere and oceans, deforestation, water scarcity, climate change, epidemics, high mortality rates, deforestation of the Arctic territories-problems that require global, joint efforts to preserve scientific and technical cooperation regardless of national programs or political situation of the country. Russia is interested in establishing a scientific dialogue with foreign countries through the establishment of a network of international research centers and institutes, as well as through bilateral scientific exchanges. Thanks to the policy of scientific diplomacy, there is a demonstration of advanced innovations and high achievements in the field of science, increasing the attractiveness of the state for research activities for foreign specialists, solving the problem of «brain drain». At the moment, Russia's scientific diplomacy needs to be improved, strengthening the country's role in the international arena. Building favorable mutually beneficial partnerships with leading world powers will expand Russia's participation in solving global problems and enter the ranking of leading States in research activities.

Key words: scientific diplomacy, «global challenges», international cooperation, «MegaScience», scientific and technical development, «soft power».

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.025

D.M. DOSAEVA Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of History, The Chair of the History of Political Parties and Political Movements, Moscow, Russia

ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF THE INTERCONNECTION OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION AND THE CHINESE “SILK ROAD ECONOMIC BELT INITIATIVE”

The target of this article is to consider the main problems, directions and prospects for the integration of the Eurasian economic Union (EEU) and the Silk Road Economic Belt (EPSP). The author analyses the strategic interests of Russia and China and considers the possibility of their implementation in the context of the integration of the Eurasian economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt.

Key words: international relations, Eurasian Economic Union, “Silk Road Economic Belt,” interconnection, Russia, China, integration, initiative, politics, economy, logistics, infrastructure, international trade.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.026

O.V. ZHURAVLEV rear Admiral, head of the Pacific higher naval school S.O. Makarova, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. TUSHKOV Professor, Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

RUSSIA'S NATIONAL MARITIME POLICY ON THE PACIFIC AND INDO-OCEAN REGIONAL ROUTES

This study is devoted to the topical topic – the implementation of national maritime policy in the Pacific and Indo-Ocean regional areas. The current political process in South-East Asia urges Russia to pursue an effective maritime policy in the region, ensuring its significant role and place in the new realities of geopolitical space. The rapid changes in the post-Westphalian world order have greatly changed the balance of power in the world. This fact puts Russia with increased demands for the effectiveness of its political, but also the economic component. The Russian Federation, as a great maritime power whose maritime capability ensures the realization and protection of its national interests in any area of the world's oceans, is an important factor for international stability and strategic deterrence. This fact makes it possible to pursue an independent national maritime policy as an equal participant in international maritime activities. In this regard, the objectives set in the Russian President's Decree No. 327 "On the approval of the Basic State Policy of the Russian Federation in the field of naval activities for the period up to 2030" of July 25, 2017 require their practical implementation. The effectiveness of Russia's defense of its political and economic interests depends on the implementation of the tasks. With the formation of the Indo-Pacific Region (ITR), new opportunities for Russia to implement the national maritime policy in this maritime zone are opening up. The article examines in detail the combat composition of the fleet, the construction of new types of ships and their capabilities. Analysis of this problem allows us to outline the main ways to solve it.

Key words: Russia's national maritime policy, carriers of Kalibr cruise missiles, non-nuclear weapons, PLAR, AUG, stealth technology, Indo-Pacific region, long-range maritime zone, NATO.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.027

M.A. ZUBOREVA Рostgraduate student at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Head of the Contract department at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

THE GERMAN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION (CSU) AFTER THE BAVARIAN ELECTIONS 2018

This article analyzes the results of the elections in Bavaria in October 2018, reveals the reasons for such electoral behavior and its impact on the stability of the party system in Germany as a whole. The reasons for the crisis of modern government parties are revealed. Similarities and fundamental differences in the positions of the CSU and CDU/CSU with other German parties on key issues are analyzed. The author focuses on the current alignment of forces on the political map of Germany.

Key words: Germany, elections, Bavaria, CSU, CDU, AfD, immigration crisis.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.028

M.F. KASEMS Graduate student, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

T.A. GUSARSKAYA Senior Lecturer, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

P.I. ROGOVAYA Student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

US GEOPOLITICAL STRATEGY IN THE BALTIC COUNTRIES: ORIGINS, REASONS AND VECTORS

The article discusses the origins, causes and orientation of the US geopolitical strategy in the Baltic states and the role of the Baltic countries in this strategy. Analyzing the role of the Baltic countries in the geopolitical strategy of the United States, the authors focus on the fact that they are part of one of the most influential international structures - EU and NATO. But at the same time, it is noted that the actual situation of this region testifies to its political and economic dependence, primarily from the United States.

Key words: Baltic countries, geopolitical strategy, national interests, USSR, Russia, USA, NATO.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.029

S.A. KUEMZHIEVA Candidate of law, professor, dean of the faculty of law, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

S.V. SKLADCHIKOV Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

V.V. GONCHAROV Candidate of legal sciences, associate professor of the department of state and international law, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

A.G. BRAGIN Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

ACTUAL PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF BRICS DEVELOPMENT

This article is devoted to contemporary problems and development prospects of the BRICS. Object of study: public relations, related to the organization and functioning of the BRICS. Subject of research: international law governing the formation and activities of the BRICS, determining the main directions of its development. The objectives of the study: 1) Justify the provision, that the organization and activities of the BRICS at the entire stage of its existence are fraught with numerous problems, that are objective and subjective in nature; 2) Formulate and justify the main development problems of the BRICS; 3) Develop and justify proposals for resolving main problems (both in terms of improving the regulatory framework governing the activities of the BRICS, and in terms of optimizing its structure, composition and number of members); 4) Substantiate the conclusion that there is a prospect for the existence and development of the BRICS as an international governmental organization. According to the authors of the article, the BRICS has not exhausted its development potential, but needs to implement a system of measures, aimed at expanding the legal framework for its functioning. In this regard, the work has developed and justified proposals for improving the organization and functioning of the BRICS. The article uses a number of methods of scientific research. Such as: analysis; synthesis; formal logical; comparative legal; historical and legal; interpolation; extrapolation.

Key words: BRICS, Russian Federation, people's Republic of China, India, South Africa, Brazil, current problems, development prospects, international organization, national legislation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.030

NA ZHAO Post-graduate, Department of political science of the East, Lomonosov Moscow state University, Moscow, Russia

STRENGTH OF "SOFT FORCE" PRC AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY: CHRONOLOGY

The article analyzes the means of implementing the Chinese strategy of “soft power”. The influence of China's foreign policy strategy on the mechanism of relations in East Asia is characterized.

In world politics, China is a global leader, while avoiding actions that could be perceived as a threat. In the last decade, there has been an increasing influence of China. This is due to the growth of the economy and the use of “soft power” (advertising of Chinese values abroad).

Research methods: theoretical generalization, analysis, synthesis. The goal is to identify the main characteristics of the implementation of the Chinese strategy of “soft power”. Tasks: to study the features of China's interaction with other countries, a description of the application of the “soft power” strategy in Chinese relations.

Key words: soft power, China, China's foreign policy, the cooperation of countries.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.031

E.P. SHULGA PhD in History, associated professor, Head of Social-Humanitarian Department Surgut State Pedagogical University, Surgut, Russia

THE IMPACT GEOPOLITICAL POSITION OF MIDDLE ASIA ON RUSSIAN EXPATRIATE COMMUNITY (POST-SOVIET TIME)

Russia as a geopolitical space, as a separate civilization has always been an alternative, primarily to the «west», inspite of the state system, ideology. In modern realities, Russia is forced to actively oppose both the «west» and the «east» in Central Asia. Since the 2000s, the understanding has come to power that there is no future built on historical community, with a difference of interests, active contr-actors and limited own resources. In such a situation, one of the serious levers of pressure was the large Russian diaspora. The diaspora itself aspires to Russia, it is actively squeezed out of Asia by our Western «partners» new national elites, and the Russian Federation was beneficial to leave the diaspora in the places of residence, as a lever of pressure and opportunities for intervention. Having lost in this confrontation and given the changed geopolitical situation in the world, the Government of the Russian Federation is gradually changing its views on the role and place of diaspora, on the demographic policy of Russia and creating more favorable conditions for the return to the historical homeland of Russians, but years of indifference and humiliating migration legislation have not passed for the Russian diaspora. There is no sharp increase in migration, although the migration potential of the Russian diaspora has not been fully exhausted. In the freed place of the Russian cultural and political tradition comes the Islamic.

Key words: Middle Asia, foreign policy, geopolitics, USSR, geopolitical position, Russian expatriate community.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.032

E.G. ENTINA Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Associate Professor of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia

THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE EU AND CHINA IN SOUTHEAST EUROPE

Article describes the Balkan dimension of the Chinese foreign policy which is the final part of the European segment of the Belt and Road Initiative. The author argues while presenting the main achievements of the Beijing presence in the region, why the Chinese penetration is seen by the European and Balkan elites as a dichotomy “opportunity” and “danger”. Also the article gives explanation how Chinese presence in the region correlates with the strategy of the European Union towards Southeast Europe.

Key words: China, Southeast Europe, European Union, Belt and Road Initiative.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.033

A.A. DELGADO Master Student of the Department of History and Archeology, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

R.A. GRITSENKO Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

D.D. PROKOPCHUK Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

CONTENT ANALYSIS AS A RESEARCH METHOD OF POLITICAL TEXTS

The article is devoted to such a method of text research as content analysis. The study of various sources, correspondence, propaganda and information messages, articles, speeches and appearance of famous people can not be imagined without analyzing the text. This method can be used especially effectively in the study of political texts, as long as it analyzes the specific content of the text, dropping the idealistic and subjective content. Besides, carrying out this analysis is available, because you can use a whole range of programs, from the standard set of Microsoft Office to more complex ones, such as BAAL, Global QDA, and others. Now it can be seen that content analysis can improve the level of objectivity of research and is available to a wide range of researchers, from students to doctors of science.

Key words: content analysis, political text, quantitative analysis, qualitative analysis.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.53.1.034

N.V. DONTSOV Undergraduate, Russian State Social University, St. Petersburg, Russia

THE IMAGE OF THE FUTURE IN POLITICAL DISCOURSE

One of the important political ideas is the "image of the future", considered as a theoretical question of political science and as an aspect of applied political science, used as an applied political technology. Despite the great degree of scientific elaboration of the question, the "image of the future" is regularly formulated in various political discourses, being modernized and integrated into various political concepts.

Key words: politics, media, political technologies, discourse, agenda-setting.

   
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