№ 10 (50), 2019

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 9, Issue 10 (50), 2019.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Egorova L.I. Russian Civilization: Formation and Development
  • Sukhorukova S.M., Pogorely A.M., Lobanov A.N., Lobanova N.A. Ecological and Philosophical Aspect of “Space Economy”

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Amiantov A.A. Dismissal of the Head of the Municipality: Legislative Norm and Practice
  • Voronina N.A. Digitalization Capabilities for the Development of the State Migration Management and Migrants’ Rights
  • Ivanova E.A., Iglin D.A., Belyaeva V.P. Computer Games as an Online Political Participant Motivator: Analysis of Experience and Implementation Problems
  • Shel T.A. To the Question of Extremism in Youth Environment and its Prevention by Educational Organizations and Teachers
  • Baykov S.A. Communication of the Russian Political Elite and Society: Integration or Manipulation?
  • Krylova M.A. The Model of Assessing the Impact of PR-Technological Tools of the Election Campaign of a Political Party

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

  • Отаboev A. Evolution of Scientific Views on Society and Political Institutions

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

  • Kurbonova Z.M. Some Features of the Appearance and Prevention of International Conflicts

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Afanasyeva E.V., Bitieva Z.R., Frolov A.A. Political Aspects of Nuclear Power Safety in the Post-Soviet Area after the Chernobyl Accident
  • Khanaliyev N.U. On Some Features of US Policy in Central Asia
  • Aliev U.S. Prospects for the Development of Military-Political Cooperation of the Countries of the Post-Soviet Space
  • Egorenkova M.A. Conceptualization of the Concept “Global Governance”
  • Kuteyba A. Syria's Traditional Media System and its Changes During the Transit Period
  • Makarov A.V. Genesis and Features of the Educational Space of Russia (Historical, Philosophical, Pedagogical and Geopolitical Aspects)
  • Kuksevich V.S. The International Sports Organizations as a Subjects of the Political Process: the Formulation of the Problem
  • Marabyan K.P. The Role of Russia in the Security System of Armenia: Economic Basis
  • Parez Yassin Hamad Iraqi Kurdistan and Israel: Features of Interaction
  • Rustamov I.I. Identification of Turkey in Central Asia
  • Sawalha O., Luchko Yu.V., Hawamdeh M. Political Image of Modern Russia in the Countries of the Arab World
  • Shcherba K.D. Formation of the Image of the EAEU in the Russian Federation

EXPERT OPINION

  • Nazarov A.D. “The Arctic is a Whole Cosmos,” Senator A. K. Akimov Says / Interview /

Our authors № 10-2019

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.001

L.I. EGOROVA candidate of history, associate professor, The Peoples’Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN CIVILIZATION: FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT

The Article is devoted to the analysis of modern approaches to the understanding of Russian civilization in the context of the current political development of our country. The author attempts to analyze the current political forces that have adopted the ideological foundations of civilizational identity. Despite the ambiguity of the concept of "civilization", Russian political rhetoric widely uses this terminology. At the same time, there is no single direction of the doctrinal content of civilizational aspects that can form the ideological basis of the modern national idea. The historical analysis and systematization of sources revealed the presence of three key groups that determine the agenda for Russian civilization. These groups include the Communists, supporters of the Orthodox world, as well as Neo-Eurasianists. The author also concludes the dominance of the official authorities in determining the tone concerning the issues of Russian civilization.

Key words: Russian civilization, political process, civilizational identity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.002

S.M. SUKHORUKOVA Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor of the Department of Environmental and Industrial Safety, MV Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies Lomonosova, MIREA – Russian University of Technology, Moscow, Russia

A.M. POGORELY Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental and Industrial Safety, MV Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies Lomonosova, MIREA – Russian University of Technology, Moscow, Russia

A.N. LOBANOV candidate of chemical sciences, head of the educational-methodical department of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, associate professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of High Molecular Compounds named after S.S. Medvedev, Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies named after M.V. Lomonosova, MIREA – Russian University of Technology, Moscow, Russia

N.A. LOBANOVA Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of High-Molecular Compounds named after S.S. Medvedev, Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies named after M.V. Lomonosova, MIREA – Russian University of Technology, Moscow, Russia

ECOLOGICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF “SPACE ECONOMY”

In the organization of the «space economy», it is proposed to use the principles that contribute to the preservation of those forms of life that are present in the biosphere of the planets under development. These principles maintain the connection of the planets within the framework of Cosmo-natural unity and will ensure the ecological and economic efficiency of the «space economy».

Key words: «space economy», ecological and economic efficiency, сosmo-natural unity, ecological and economic principles.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.003

A.A. AMIANTOV Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor Department of State and Municipal Administration, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

DISMISSAL OF THE HEAD OF THE MUNICIPALITY: LEGISLATIVE NORM AND PRACTICE

The presented study is devoted to the topic of dismissal of heads of municipalities in the context of contradictions between the regulatory framework of the designated procedure and law enforcement practice. The methodological base of the work is formed by combining descriptive and comparative analysis with elements of a formal legal, historical and comparative legal approaches. The author concludes that, in general, the legal structure of the procedure for the removal of municipal heads from office is commendable. However, law enforcement practice is characterized by the presence of contradictions. There is a gross violation of the procedure for removal from office. All this indicates the need to improve the regulatory framework for this procedure.

Key words: dismissal, head of the municipality, law enforcement practice.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.004

N.A. VORONINA candidate of law, senior research scientist, Human Rights Department, Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

DIGITALIZATION CAPABILITIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE MIGRATION MANAGEMENT AND MIGRANTS’ RIGHTS

The article deals with principles of building of an information society in Russia; the question rises about protection of migrants’ rights in the field of information. Shown that at present the foundations of the transition to the Unified State Information System in the Field of Migration are laying. Digitalization of services will facilitate migration processes and their management, will make information about moving, job vacancies, employment conditions, mobility of population and about changes in the migration situation available, and will enhance the transparency of administrative procedures and will contribute to their protection from corruption.

Key words: digitalization, information openness, access to the information, migrants’ rights.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.005

E.A. IVANOVA Ph.D. in Political Science, Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

D.А. IGLIN Master of Political Science, Moscow, Russia

V.P. BELYAEVA deputy director for teaching and educational work, the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School № 97», Moscow, Russia

COMPUTER GAMES AS AN ONLINE POLITICAL PARTICIPANT MOTIVATOR: ANALYSIS OF EXPERIENCE AND IMPLEMENTATION PROBLEMS

The article analyzes the component of political culture and communication - computer games. Currently, this is a profitable business area in which a huge part of the world's population will feel the need. The specifics of computer games as a tool for the development of elements of political culture and communication are revealed. The attitude of politicians and society towards computer games is noted. Measures are proposed for the formation of a stable relationship between the player and political participation-online.

Key words: political culture, political communication, computer games, state, society, mass culture, gaming community.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.006

T.A. SHEL candidate of political sciences, associate Professor of the Department of Humanities and socio-economic disciplines, Moscow Academy of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

TO THE QUESTION OF EXTREMISM IN YOUTH ENVIRONMENT AND ITS PREVENTION BY EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND TEACHERS

Today, considerable attention is paid to the problem of manifestations of extremism in the youth environment at the state level. It is necessary to conduct regular work with young people in order to be able to withstand this destructive phenomenon. This task is facing many government agencies. The article discloses the assigned powers to counter extremism to the education system and the role of educational institutions and teachers in the prevention, combating and preventing extremist activities among young people.

Key words: extremism, youth, educational organizations, teachers, extremist actions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.007

S.A. BAYKOV Postgraduate Student, Department of Political Science and Law, Moscow Regional State University, Moscow, Russia

COMMUNICATION OF THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL ELITE AND SOCIETY: INTEGRATION OR MANIPULATION?

The development and spread of the Internet have become a prerequisite for a transformation in communication between an elite and society. Under the new conditions, representatives of the elite are trying to isolate themselves from the population and maintain a certain distance. Nevertheless, the elite, acting as the subject of the information agenda, actively uses the new opportunities by introducing the latest management and interaction practices. However, far from all communication options presuppose fruitful interaction with society; many, on the contrary, function to manipulate it. The purpose of this article is to prioritize the political elite in their interactions with society. The goals of the work include: analyse of the types of communication strategies in the interaction of power and society, determine the role and priorities of authorities institutions in building feedback from the population. As a result of the study the following conclusions were made: 1) the Russian political elite seeks to isolate itself from society, rather than integrate with it. The main goal of the elite is to maintain control over capital and information; 2) the Russian elite has delegated the authority of communication with the public to government representatives, both at the federal and regional levels; 3) government institutions that use communication technologies to interact with the public, prioritize not getting the positive effect of feedback, but maintaining the authority of the elite in the regions; 4) the use of communication technologies for interaction with society is inconsistent and depends on the elite approval rating. At the same time, focus also changes depending on the goals set: integration attempts alternate with manipulation.

Key words: communication technologies, social networks, political elite, society, feedback.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.008

M.A. KRYLOVA Post-graduate student of Faculty of Social Sciences, Herzen State Peddagogical University of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

THE MODEL OF ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF PR-TECHNOLOGICAL TOOLS OF THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN OF A POLITICAL PARTY

The article presents a variant of assessing the impact of PR technologies in the election campaign of a political party. The resources of a political party during the election campaign are considered. A variant of assessing the importance of the influence of PR technologies within the system of resource elements of the network, which determine the potential of a political party in the electoral process, is proposed. The specificity of the definition of communication resources of a political party during the election campaign is described.

Key words: PR-technologies, election campaign, political party, resources of political party.

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.009

А. ОТАBOEV Post-graduate working for a PhD degree at Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

EVOLUTION OF SCIENTIFIC VIEWS ON SOCIETY AND POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS

For thousands of years, the mankind has created many models and ideals of what the state and society should be in order to create favorable conditions for human life. Some of these ideas were directly put into practice, while others remained only utopian ideas, a stage in the development of human thought. Although the views of Western and Eastern thinkers have some differences in national, religious and epochal aspects, their common goal is to create a strong state through political institutions that help realize the aspirations of the people.

Key words: doctrine, treatises, Confucianism, Li, de, "past-present-future", ideal society, religion, totemism.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.010

Z.M. KURBONOVA candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Philosophy, Political Science and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, AS RT, Associated Professor of the TSUC, World Economy & IR Department, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

SOME FEATURES OF THE APPEARANCE AND PREVENTION OF INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS

Modern international conflicts are characterized by a greatly increased importance of the national-ethnic component. Today, discussions about contemporary international conflicts are impossible without correlating them with the ethno-political situation in the world. According to ethnologists, in the world there are up to 5 thousand ethnic groups that are potentially ready to declare their rights to self-determination and the formation of the state. Most of these movements are latent and non-violent.

Key words: international conflicts, disputes, world community, political tension.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.011

E.V. AFANASYEVA candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor Institute of world civilizations, Moscow, Russia

Z.R. BITIEVA Candidate of political science, Head of the Department of world civilizations and world politics, Faculty of international relations and geopolitics, Institute of world civilizations, Moscow, Russia

A.A. FROLOV Undergraduate of Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of political science, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL ASPECTS OF NUCLEAR POWER SAFETY IN THE POST-SOVIET AREA AFTER THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT

In this article, the author analyzes the state of environmental policy in the USSR during the period of Perestroika, the Russian Federation and the countries of the former USSR. The greatest emphasis was placed on the analysis of nuclear energy as one of the spheres having the greatest strategic importance for the development of the state's economy. The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant transformed nuclear energy from the technocratic sphere, which was discussed only by professionals, which was widely updated politically. The author reveals the mechanism of the intervention of political figures in the management of nuclear facilities, the operation of nuclear power plants using real cases from political practice. The article also provides an analysis of the management system for nuclear facilities in the Russian Federation, as well as in the global system (by the IAEA).

Key words: Russia, state policy, environmental policy, nuclear industry, international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.012

N.U. KHANALIYEV candidate of political sciences, Ferst sekretary the Department for new challenges and threats Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

ON SOME FEATURES OF US POLICY IN CENTRAL ASIA

The article attempts to identify and analyze some aspects of the US foreign policy strategy in the Central Asian region, which, although touched upon in one form or another in Russian political science, can nevertheless be interpreted from a new angle, exposing the existing interpretations of certain revaluation and adjustment. Washington’s policy in the region is viewed in a wider context as an integral part of Eurasia. The main focus is on justifying the thesis that the United States, viewed in the 90s of the last century as the main actor who claimed dominant positions in Eurasia as a whole and Central Asia in particular, could not achieve its goal due to a complex of factors. After analyzing the actions of the US administration in using the territory of five states as a springboard for military operations in Afghanistan, it is concluded that since the beginning of the war until recently there has been a tendency to gradually narrowing the possibilities for achieving the goals sought by Washington in the region. It is shown that this situation was determined by both the return to the region of Russia as a great military-political power and the emergence of a new powerful actor represented by China, at the same time the mistakes and miscalculations of the leadership of the United States themselves.

Key words: Eurasia, Central Asia, Russia, China, USA, Afghanistan, region, territory, terrorism, war, strategy, politics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.013

U.S. ALIEV PhD student at the International Security and Russian Foreign Policy Activities Chair, National Security Department, Institute of Law and National Security, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia

PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY-POLITICAL COOPERATION OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE POST-SOVIET SPACE

In the context of the formation of a new world order, there is a need to make changes to the development strategy of the Eurasian Economic Union and, even more broadly, integration processes in the post-Soviet space. These changes should take into account the changes taking place in the world, the emergence of new properties of world politics, which are often generically called turbulence. The components of turbulence are conflictness and uncertainty, but this is not the whole list, there are other components. On the example of the Transnistrian conflict settlement, it is shown that success in this process is possible if we are not confined to the conflict itself, but we act on the basis of Russia’s and the European Union’s mutual desire to reduce conflictness in the world and in the European region. Uncertainties can be contrasted with the emergence of military-political factor as the leading one of Eurasian integration in the form of rapprochement and the gradual merger of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization.

Key words: new world order, turbulence, conflict, uncertainty, Eurasian integration, Transnistria conflict, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Eurasian Economic Union, EAEU, Collective Security Treaty Organization, CSTO.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.014

M.A. EGORENKOVA Postgraduate Student, Department of Sociology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT “GLOBAL GOVERNANCE”

In a globalized world, global governance is a key concept for understanding the mechanisms that perform policy and monitoring functions at the global level.

Ensuring the work of global governance is the defining task of our time, given that too often international leaders can not agree, not to mention concerted action, to solve pressing transnational problems at the crossroads of peace, security and justice.

After World War II, organizations and alliances were created to maximize global governance and intervention in order to prevent imbalances between states. Not only one country should have the right to vote in solving world problems, but decisions should be made together at the international level, which is the main characteristic of global governance. Therefore, the importance and relevance of the topic of this study are obvious.

The object of the study is the general concept of global governance. The subject of the research is the concept of global governance in political discourse. The purpose of the article is to determine the essence and content of the concept of “global governance”. To achieve the goal, this article discusses the concept of “global governance” in Western and domestic interpretations, and a comparative analysis is made.

When writing the article, both domestic and foreign works of scientists in the field of global management were used.

Key words: global governance, globalization, global problems, international relations, international organizations, world politics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.015

А. KUTEYBA Postgraduate Student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

SYRIA'S TRADITIONAL MEDIA SYSTEM AND ITS CHANGES DURING THE TRANSIT PERIOD

The author attempts to comprehend the development paths of the Syrian media. It is noted that in 1964-2010, an extensive media system was formed in the republic that corresponded to the basic informational, cultural, religious needs of Syrian society. Attention is drawn to the fact that the civil war that began in 2011 and became the site of hybrid battles between the key actors of the geostrategic confrontation, being conducted mainly in electronic media, significantly changed the conditions for the development of Syrian journalism, determining the uncertainty of its future, which completely depends on the outcome of the confrontation. It is stated that the Western community, stigmatizing the information policy of official Damascus, which introduces restrictions on freedom of speech and the dissemination of information at a level commensurate with external threats, misses the fact that it is from gangster and terrorist groups that the main threat to free media comes from.

Key words: Syria, Syrian journalism, Syrian media, SANA agency, Syrian civil war, freedom of speech, television, Internet, electronic media.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.016

A.V. MAKAROV Postgraduate student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

GENESIS AND FEATURES OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF RUSSIA (HISTORICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, PEDAGOGICAL AND GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS)

The article discusses key issues related to the genesis and features of the formation of the educational space in Russia in the historical, philosophical, pedagogical and geopolitical aspects. Special attention is paid to Russia's accession to the Bologna process, initiatives to establish cooperation in the educational sphere with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region are also considered, key aspects of the formation of a single educational space in the union state of Belarus and Russia are touched upon.

Key words: educational space, Russia, China, Belarus, integration, the Bologna process, geopolitics, pedagogy, history, development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.017

V.S. KUKSEVICH Postgraduate, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

THE INTERNATIONAL SPORTS ORGANIZATIONS AS A SUBJECTS OF THE POLITICAL PROCESS: THE FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM

The article reveals the main aspects of the problematization of the international sports organizations as subjects of the modern political processes. It is determined that today the relevance of their consideration in this way has two main components: academic and social (practical), each of which testifies to the global character and authority of the international sports organizations that play an important role in the modern international arena.

Key words: politics, sports, international sports organizations, problematization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.018

K.P. MARABYAN applicant for PhD. at the Department of World Political Processes of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University), Director-general of “SK Arm-Ka” LLC, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF RUSSIA IN THE SECURITY SYSTEM OF ARMENIA: ECONOMIC BASIS

The article deals with the Russian-Armenian relations in the economic sphere. The article focuses on the role of Russia in the security system of Armenia from an economic point of view. The object of the study is the Russian-Armenian economic cooperation. The subject of the study is the influence of economic relations on regional security issues. The economic direction of Russia's policy in Armenia is considered. The main purpose of the article is to show the role of Russia in the national security system of Armenia. The article also focuses on the importance of the South Caucasus region for Russia. The Caucasian direction of Russia's foreign policy is of great importance in ensuring Russia's national security. Methods of research were-description, comparison, analysis, statistical and economic method. We also used the method of studying documents, the method of forecasting. The novelty of this study lies in the analysis of the chronologically new state of Russian-Armenian relations. With the birth of the integration processes of the EAEU and the CU, Russia's approach to the countries of the former USSR has changed. The approach of regional powers to the EAEU factor has also changed. Today, Iran, Turkey, Syria, Singapore, New Zealand and others are interested in this organization. Russian-Armenian cooperation both in the bilateral format and in the format of the EAEU and the CSTO can become indicators for reference for other countries.

Key words: Armenia, EEU, Russia, regional security, economic security, Customs Union, energy industry, South Caucasus.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.019

PAREZ YASSIN HAMAD PhD student at the Department of Political Science of Institute of history and policy of Moscow State Pedagogical University, Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq

IRAQI KURDISTAN AND ISRAEL: FEATURES OF INTERACTION

The article is devoted to the analysis of relations between Israel and Iraqi Kurdistan and their interaction in the framework of domestic and regional policy in historical retrospect. The author analyzes the historical reasons for the good-neighborly attitude of the Jews to the Kurds, highlights the periods of formation and development of Israeli-Kurdish relations, and analyzes the specifics of building relations between Israel and Iraqi Kurdistan as a state entity with a non-state actor. The author concludes that support for Israel played a significant role before and during the Kurdish referendum on independence in 2017 and Israeli support played a significant role in the formation of Kurdish independence.

Key words: Israeli-Kurdish relations, ISIS, middle East, Israel, Iraqi Kurdistan.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.020

I.I. RUSTAMOV own correspondent SalamNews News Agency, Moscow, Russia

IDENTIFICATION OF TURKEY IN CENTRAL ASIA

The foreign policy instruments of States, which were more limited in past centuries, have diversified due to the technological and social development in the world, and with the development of military technologies have led to increasing losses of property and lives, leading to the state's search for non-war-related ways to achieve its foreign policy goals. Public diplomacy has become one of the most important paths, and concepts that in the past could not be compared to foreign policy have now become a tool of foreign policy. From the point of view of Turkey, a country that in recent years has made significant progress in the field of public diplomacy; on the one hand, there is a great potential for strong relations with neighboring countries, on the other hand, there are significant opportunities in the field of tourism and public diplomacy focused on this geography, in order to have many common denominators with the Turkic republics of Central Asia.

Key words: Turkey identification, Central Asia, Central Asia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.021

O. SAWALHA Postgraduate Student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

YU.V. LUCHKO Master of Political Science, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

M. HAWAMDEH Postgraduate Student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL IMAGE OF MODERN RUSSIA IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE ARAB WORLD

This article analyzes the Russia's image in the Arab world and identifies the main factors in the formation of the country's international image. The article focuses on the difficulties of forming a positive Russia’s image in the Arab countries and ways to overcome them. The author is confronted with the question whether Russia, as the successor of the USSR, was able to maintain its image in the Arab states in view of the 21st century events including Arab Spring, the crisis in Ukraine and the conflict in Syria. The author also provides examples of the importance of using soft power and the role of mass-media in shaping the country's image.

Key words: Russia, the Middle East and North Africa, Arab countries, the political image of Russia, international image.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.022

K.D. SHCHERBA graduate student of the Department of comparative political science, faculty of political science, MSU M. V. Lomonosova, Moscow, Russia

FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF THE EAEU IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Several years ago, a new integration association appeared on the political map of the world – the Eurasian Economic Union, which united five countries of the former Soviet Union: Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. The Eurasian integration project not only acquired legal independence and internationally recognized influence, but also became an active and prominent figure in modern geopolitics. Meanwhile, citizens of the Russian Federation know almost nothing about the EAEU, its goals and priorities, which is due to the lack of a targeted formation of the image of an integration association in the media and other information sources. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the image of the EAEU in official documents, appeals of the Russian leadership, expert opinions and positions of business and citizens.

Key words: EEU, Eurasian Economic Union, image of EEU, development of EEU, prospects of EEU.

EXPERT OPINION

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.50.10.023

A.D. NAZAROV Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor, Chair of Advertising and Public Relations, Institute of Foreign Languages, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

“THE ARCTIC IS A WHOLE COSMOS,” SENATOR A.K. AKIMOV SAYS / INTERVIEW /

One of the most promising economic projects of modern Russia that has a great strategic importance is a project directed not only at the dynamic extraction and use of natural resources of the Russian Arctic, but also at ensuring sustainable social and ethno-cultural development of its peoples. The words of Russian President Vladimir Putin that “in this and the next century Russia will grow with the Arctic” are perceived by leaders and specialists at the federal and regional levels, the expert community and the general public as a kind of signal for the coordinated and effective activities in this direction.

The problems of Arctic, both modern and those from the past, which have not found their timely solution, are discussed in the press, on the TV screens and on the Internet. In the most concentrated form the most complete information is available to the politicians and specialists directly involved in the development of laws and other policy documents that determine the pace and priority of solving certain topical issues of Arctic development, sometimes equated to the exploration of space. One of such persons is A. K. Akimov, Senator, member of the Federation Council, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee, Chairman of the Arctic and Antarctica Committee under the Federation Council, who gave a detailed interview to Professor A.D. Nazarov, well acquainted with the problems of life in the Far North and the Arctic regions.

Key words: the Russian Arctic, fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, preservation of the Arctic ecosystem, indigenous peoples of the North, ethnological expertise, Northern delivery, Arctic tourism.

   
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