Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 4 (24), 2016.

CONTENTS

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

  • Karadzhe T.V. Transdisciplinarity as a Methodological Base for Modeling Development of Social Systems
  • Smyr E.I. Theoretical and Semantic Aspects of Political Consulting
  • Tarchokova A.A. Theoretical Analysis of the Concept of International Legitimization of Unilateral Actions in Foreign Policy
  • Teteryuk A.S. Business Associations in Modern GR-Management in Russia: Theoretical Overview

POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Chemshit A.A. Soviet Era as a Componenta of the National Russian History
  • Lebedeva M.L. Historical and Legal Aspects of Development of Regions of France

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Medvedev N.P. Political Сonflicts and Multiparty System
  • Vasilenko V.I., Mаmеdov R.N. Modern Media: Political Aspects
  • Rusakova O.F., Rusakov V.M. The Paradigm of Mobility in the Modern Political Discourse
  • Vysotskiy A.V. Political Mediation as a New Political Technology
  • Кipkeeva L.U. Some Approaches to the Countering of Youth Extremism

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  • Tarkhanova E.I. Evolution and Main Directions of Optimization of the Russian Federation Policy in Respect of Compatriots Living Abroad
  • Khаnаliev N.Yu. On the Question of Geopolitical Priorities of Russia in the South Caucasus
  • Sokolov D.V. Foreign Threats to Information Security of Public Administration
  • Кurbonova Z.M. Some Features of Conflict Prevention and Mitigation of Conflicts in the Border Areas of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan
  • Leping Xiong Politics "Soft Power" in Education China and Russia: a Comparative Analysis
  • Pavlov V.V. The U.S.’ Foreign Policy Genetic Code in Foreign Policy Decision-Making

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNIC POLICY

  • Sarkarova J.S. About the Clannishness in the Power System of the North Caucasus Republics
  • Belkova A.A. Russian Means Orthodox: State National Policy in Inner Asia
  • Borbodoev J.M. Interethnic Concord as an Important Factor of the National Identity
  • Perkova D.V. The Questions of Conservation and Development of Languages in the Russian Federation: Current Mechanisms of Ethno-Political Monitoring
  • Geleranskiy P.S. Accession of New Subjects to the Russian Federation in the Context of Domestic and International Political Stability

SOCIAL POLITICS

  • Amiantov A.A., Sobolev A.V. Social Policy in Russia: Problems of Introduction of the Hourly Minimum Wage

INVESTMENT POLICY AND INTEGRATION PROCESSES

  • Chen Jinling Chinese Investment Policy in the Oil and Gas Industry in Russia
  • Gordienko S.D. Integration Processes as a Control Mechanism in the System of Interregional Economic Relations
  • Nikonova M.N. Cluster Policy in the Russian Federation: the Basic Documents, Regulations, Institutional Factors and Concepts

Our authors № 4-2016

THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

T.V. KARADZHE D.Sc. (philosophy), Professor, Head of the Moscow State Pedagogical University’s Political Science and Sociology Department, Moscow, Russia

TRANSDISCIPLINARITY AS A METHODOLOGICAL BASE FOR MODELING DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SYSTEMS

The article analyzes the stages of development of the methodology as part of scientific knowledge. Discusses the features and potential of transdisciplinary approach in research and modelling of development scenarios of complex social systems.

Key words: complex systems, interdisciplinary approach, transdisciplinary approach, trust determinants, samadarshini, global evolution, co-evolution, holism.

E.I. SMYR candidate of political Sciences, senior lecturer, Moscow financial and law University MFUA Moscow, Russia

THEORETICAL AND SEMANTIC ASPECTS OF POLITICAL CONSULTING

The article attempts to comprehend the role and significance of political consulting as an integral part of the political process in a democratic society. Political consulting is an area of commercial services of professional consultants in the field of politics, in which the use of political technologies in the analysis of political events, phenomena and processes is interpreted by the consultant in the creation of recommendations that serve as a basis for policy decisions and other actions of a political entity, acting in relationship with the political consultant in the role of the customer. The significance of political consulting modern political life it is difficult to underestimate. Understanding counselling as a political category is a prerequisite for the understanding of politics as a complex technological, institutional, procedural and largely conflicting spheres of public life, in which the presence of the consultant is an indicator of democratic development of the state and society, formation of competition policy, which is based on free choice of the individual. The main objective of this article is to clarify some semantic aspects of the concept of political consulting. In the process of creating articles were used such methods of scientific knowledge, such as analysis, abstraction, synthesis, and logical laws and rules. In the first part of the article provides a retrospective overview of the origin activities of policy advice, and also identifies the key stages in the evolution of this concept. Presents the current views and characteristics of political consulting in the interpretation of well-known scientists-practitioners. Outlines the author's definition of political consulting at the present stage of development of society. Justified and held the distinction of similar categories of "advising" and "advice". Special attention is paid to the etymological foundations of the phenomenon under study. In conclusion, the definition of the investigated phenomenon.

Key words: political consulting, politics, society, the state.

А.А. TARCHOKOVA Doctoral student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF INTERNATIONAL LEGITIMIZATION OF UNILATERAL ACTIONS IN FOREIGN POLICY

The article reveals and analyzes the content of the concept of international legitimisation of unilateral actions and provides the author’s definition of the concept. It emphasises the significance of considering the legitimisation in the context of the use of unilateralism under new conditions of the world political processes. The author highlights the need for research of legitimisation as a process of justification and achieving the recognition of foreign policy activities, as well as the importance of assessing and conceptualising the existing legal and political conceptions in order to enhance the legitimisation resource and construct a foreign policy strategy. It points out the legitimisation’s role in achieving a balance of interests and stability of the international system.

Key words: legitimisation, legitimation, international community, unilateral actions, unilateralism, multilateralism, legitimacy of foreign policy activities, legitimisation resource, legitimisation of interests, strategy of legitimisation.

A.S. TETERYUK post-graduate, department of political science Moscow State University of International Relations under Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia Moscow, Russia

BUSINESS ASSOCIATIONS IN MODERN GR-MANAGEMENT IN RUSSIA: THEORETICAL OVERVIEW

International business influences the process of formulating and implementing state industrial policy to change national legislation to the favorable side. One of the effective mechanisms of promoting corporate interests is establishment and management of government relations. Management of government relations is a particular type of management activity located at the crossing of three sectors of society: state, business, and non-commercial organizations including business associations. There are three organizational forms of GR-activity (corporate GR, GR-consulting and GR through trade association). The most widespread form of government relations is corporate GR performed by special departments of large companies. However, it is worth mentioning increasing role of business associations systematically interacting with the government on wide economic agenda. Business unions in Russia are created in majority of sectors of economy and successfully represent industry’s interests in dialogue with government as collective lobbyist. Experts believe that the position of business associations in exchange of opinions between business community and state is institutionalizing. For foreign companies representation of interests through associations becomes the key channel of participation in shaping industrial policy. This raises the need to understand capabilities of business associations to promote corporate interests. The article analyzes the role of associations in performing GR function in Russia. It also considers specific position of associations in structure “company – business association – government”.

Key words: GR-management, government relations, GR-network, business, corporation, business association, industrial lobbying.

POLITICAL HISTORY

А.А. CHEMSHIT Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

SOVIET ERA AS A COMPONENTA OF THE NATIONAL RUSSIAN HISTORY

The central theme of the article is the question of the place and role of the Soviet era in the history of the Russian state. This issue is updated approaching 100th anniversary since the February and October revolutions in Russia, has radically changed the face of the country. In this connection, it draws attention to the social and scientific significance of the problems with no single interpretation today. An attempt to objectively assess the Soviet era as a polysyllabic, acuteconflict historical process embodying both a triumph and a tragedy, and a hitherto unknown achievements and incredibly high price paid for them. It substantiates the idea that in the conditions prevailing in the country after the revolution and civil war, the political system could not suffer moral and legal flaws. Formulates the author's understanding of the national idea of modern Russia in the context of the Soviet period. It is a question of some "convergence", "white" and "red" projects. It is noted that the Soviet era has not only renounced the imperial idea of the White movement, but picked it up to an unprecedented height. At the same time, "Red" project involves the fusion of ideas with the idea of the greatness of the state of social justice. This, in fact, a single Soviet ("red-white") project is acceptable for modern Russia.

Key words: Soviet era, stalinism, “white” and “red” project, social justice, social-conservatism.

M.L. LEBEDEVA PhD in politics, associate professor at Political Science of the Russian State Agrarian University – MSHA Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

HISTORICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS OF FRANCE

The purpose of writing this article – and theoretical understanding of the specifics of the selection process of the genesis and development of the regional units of the French state. The subject of the study is regional policy of France in the historical-political-legal retrospect. As the object of study are the political community, subnational (regions) of France. Particular attention is paid to the content of the regional policy model of the French Republic. Comprehensive study of the available literature and sources, system-structural method in which social relations are seen as a holistic system of interrelations of phenomena and events of the political process, the level of relations «center – regions», allow you to define basic essential characteristics of the concepts mentioned above. Analysis of Russian and foreign sources leads to the conclusion that the major issues raised in the article is relevant to the current stage of development. Research is possible on the basis of a study of existing research concerning the study of the question posed. It is possible to the theoretical understanding of the issues relating to the history and practice of political and legal regulation of regional political process. The results of the research can be used to isolate and regional policy model the characteristics of the French Republic. The originality, value: The novelty of the study is a comprehensive study of the historical dynamics of the French regions. The work is intended for anyone interested in comparative politics, political regionalism, international and Russian political process.

Key words: region, power, model, regionalism, evolution, development.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of political sciences, Professor at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL СONFLICTS AND MULTIPARTY SYSTEM

The article reveals the main problems and sources of latent political conflicts in the context of development of the Russian multi-party system. The article analyzes the results of the elections of deputies to the State Duma from 1993 to 2016 under different electoral systems and the development of the Russian party system. It is concluded that the latent political conflict between the non-systemic political opposition and the parliamentary political parties continues to develop.

Key words: latent political conflict, political consensus, parliamentary political parties, the election of deputies to the State Duma of the Russian Federation, electoral systems, non-systemic political opposition.

V.I. VASILENKO Doctor of political sciences, Professor of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

R.N. MАMЕDOV working for a Ph.D. degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

MODERN MEDIA: POLITICAL ASPECTS

The article analyzes the role of mass media in modern political processes. It is noted that information provision basic state policy, coverage of topical issues in the media is a priority of our time. The media are to fulfil their basic social functions, to promote the consolidation of society in solving the political, socio-economic and other tasks that form the basis of policy of the country. On the background of geopolitical transformations the information has become a powerful global strategic resource, with which the society and the state can considerably strengthen its position in the international arena and to manage global political, economic, social, cultural and other developments in the international systems.

Key words: media, political processes, information technology, media, information society, information, analysis, informational and ideological war, geopolitics, democracy.

O.F. RUSAKOVA Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural branch of RAS, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Doctor of political Sciences, Professor, Ekaterinburg, Russia

V.M. RUSAKOV Ural state economic University, Department of philosophy, Doctor of philosophical Sciences, Professor, Ekaterinburg, Russia

THE PARADIGM OF MOBILITY IN THE MODERN POLITICAL DISCOURSE

The paradigm of mobility of modern political discourse in General and in particular is formed under the influence of different processes of mobility in society, acquiring in the end H1H-early XX centuries, a determining influence on the formation of the media or of media reality. Media reality, which avoid reification (objectification) have been suggested as mediumistically gets qualitatively new character, and that determines the positive and negative features of new generative models of political media discourse. Examines the extensive and intensive aspects, and highlighted the following features of the new paradigm of mobility modern mediadiscourse: increasing growth of information and makes the information "noise"; increases the speed of generation of information on the basis of new technological infrastructure; increasing the rate of formation of standards of perceiving information and how the coding-decoding; the media discourse not only mediates the interaction of policy actors, but also actively shapes them. They bring new challenges of the modern culture that is expressed in the primitivism of the linguistic terms of discourse, the substitution of the semantic content of emotional evaluation in semiotic terms, a kaleidoscopic change of symbolic expressions in order of power-coercive and manipulative influence with the rapidly changing practices. As a result, the media sphere and media discourse depreciate in axiological terms, as there is a rapid substitution of the goals of the change process itself changes.

Key words: mass media, media reality, mobility, a paradigm of mobility, media discourse, political discourse.

А.V. VYSOTSKIY PhD (political sciences), working for a doctorate degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Service, Deputy editor-in-chief of scientific journal "Eurasian Union: Problems of International Relations", Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL MEDIATION AS A NEW POLITICAL TECHNOLOGY

In the article, the author considers political mediation. He analyzes the shortcomings of this technology and explores the positive results of its use, noting that political mediation is a technology that allows to neutralize the negative attributes of perception of the conflict by the parties and thereby contribute to the start of the negotiation process and the formation of political space.

Key words: state power, elite, administration, conflict, political mediation, process, technology, conflict resolution, conflict settlement.

L.U. КIPKEEVA working for the degree of a Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Moscow, Russia

SOME APPROACHES TO THE COUNTERING OF YOUTH EXTREMISM

The article considers questions of counteraction to youth extremism. In recent years, the problem of engaging young people in extremist terrorist organisations, radical and religious associations is one of the most pressing and debated. Scientists and practitioners are considering it among other threats to the Russia's national security. When analyzing publications in the Russian media on this issue, it becomes clear that the information influence of terrorists and extremists on adolescents and young people is carried out not only on a large scale basis but also very effectively. At the same time, there is an inadequate understanding of the severity of the problem by specialists whose professional activities include organization of educational and other leisure activities for children and youth.

Key words: youth, politics, state, countering youth extremism, power, society.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

E.I. TARKHANOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION AND MAIN DIRECTIONS OF OPTIMIZATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION POLICY IN RESPECT OF COMPATRIOTS LIVING ABROAD

In the article, the author analyzes the content and basic directions of realization by the Russian Federation of policy in respect of compatriots living abroad. The author examines the basic mechanisms of realization of the State Program on rendering assistance to voluntary resettlement to the Russian Federation of compatriots from abroad, the main results and prospects of the program optimization.

Key words: compatriots, politics, public administration, the program "Compatriots", optimization, implementation, the Russian Federation.

N.U. KHАNАLIEV Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), staff member of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

ON THE QUESTION OF GEOPOLITICAL PRIORITIES OF RUSSIA IN THE SOUTH CAUCASUS

The article, proposed to the readers` attention, provides an analysis of some of the most important, in the opinion of the author, aspects of relations between Russia and the South Caucasus countries, in terms of the national security priorities of the Russian Federation in the region. Considerable attention is paid to the factor of energy resources and the selection of export routes to world markets. But the most important place is given to substantiate the thesis according to which the key role, from this point of view, plays the desire of the leading regional states and world powers to use the South Caucasus as a springboard to spread its influence to the surrounding regions.

Key words: Russia, the Caucasus, South Caucasus, region, state, oil, gas, hydrocarbons, pipelines, geopolitics, interests, strategy.

D.V. SOKOLOV Lipetsk branch of the Financial University under the Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN THREATS TO INFORMATION SECURITY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

The article classifies foreign threats to the existing order of public administration in the Russian Federation from the point of view of political science. In the conditions of foreign sanctions, the question of not only food and technological but primarily information safety becomes more and more acute. The concept of national security aimed at sovereignty preservation requires the Russian government to seek the best means of confronting information threats and protecting information resources. The article discusses the ways and methods of localization and neutralization named in the article threats.

Key words: Russian Internet, information security policy, state information resource, information security, the state policy in the field of information security, information threats, information space, information policy, domestic policy, national interests in the information sphere.

Z.М. КURBONOVA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for a doctorate degree at the Institute of philosophy, political science and law named after A. Bahovaddinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

SOME FEATURES OF CONFLICT PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF CONFLICTS IN THE BORDER AREAS OF TAJIKISTAN AND KYRGYZSTAN

In this article, the author deals with conflict situations against the background of unresolved border issues between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is well known that one of the major problems is the determination of the sources and resolution of conflicts. Undoubtedly, today, when the world remains under the pressure of external forces and threats, conflicts on the borders and in the border areas remain a topical issue on the agenda.

Key words: prevention of conflict situations, unclear boundaries, conflict prevention, negotiations, recommendations for the settlement of border conflicts.

LEPING XIONG Post-graduate (PhD student) of the Department of Political Analysis and Management of Faculty of Humanitarian and Social Sciences of the People’s Friendship University of Russia, China

POLITICS "SOFT POWER" IN EDUCATION CHINA AND RUSSIA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

The article is devoted to the "soft power" of China and Russia in the field of education and comparison between them. The paper provides examples of Chinese education as the instrument of "soft power", analyzes the main character traits of development of education in China, shows the similarities and differences between Chinese "soft power" of education with the Russian’s, also discusses the cooperation between the two countries in this field.

Key words: “soft power”, education, comparison, China, Russia.

V.V. PAVLOV PhD student, Department of political science and public administration, School of Public Policy, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE U.S.’ FOREIGN POLICY GENETIC CODE IN FOREIGN POLICY DECISION-MAKING

One of the key and most stable factors influencing foreign policy decision-making in any state is its foreign policy genetic code – a number of dominant features determining a ‘peculiarity’ of each particular international relations actor. The abovementioned is especially true for the United States of America. The history of American nation forming drastically influenced the U.S.’ strategic culture and views towards foreign policy practice. In his article the author describes the main facts that shaped the U.S.’ genetic code and the most important ideas that influence the nature of decisions made in the spheres of foreign policy and national security regardless of all other possible factors.

Key words: the U.S.A., foreign policy decision-making, continuity of foreign policy, Founding Fathers.

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNIC POLICY

J.S. SARKAROVA Phd (Political Science), Acting Head of the Department "Legal Management Software" of the Dagestan State University, Makhachkala, Russia

ABOUT THE CLANNISHNESS IN THE POWER SYSTEM OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS REPUBLICS

The article attempts to identify and analyze the main factors of the emergence and institutionalization of the phenomenon of the clan and the clan system in the national republics of the North Caucasus. It is shown that this system, with its roots going back to ancient times, is one of the essential elements of the social and cultural system and the political culture of the peoples of the region. The main attention is focused on those aspects that relate to the role of ethnic clans in the economic and political modernization, respectively, in the power system of the republics of the region.

Key words: Russia, the North Caucasus region, the republic, the people, ethnicity, clannishness, clans, clientelism, political culture, politics, power.

А.А. BELKOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, researcher at the Center of political transformation studies of the Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia

RUSSIAN MEANS ORTHODOX: STATE NATIONAL POLICY IN INNER ASIA

This article deals with the problem of identification of religious and national identity in the formation and realization of the Russian policy in Inner Asia. The relevance of the topic due to the fact that there is a need to understand the role of government in the position of the Russian-speaking population of the region, located in the ever-changing, difficult to predict cultural environment. The purpose of this research – to study this phenomenon from the perspective of institutional theory. The choice of this methodology has allowed to trace the origins and dynamics of transformation rules that define the state policy in relation to Russian in the region. The situation in the present-day Mongolia and Buryatia was analyzed. Comparison of the results allowed to make general conclusions about the trends of the state policy in the region. Various documents, containing information about the Russian policy in the address of the Russian population of the studied regions is the empirical base of the research. The author, comparing public policy institutions in Buryatia and Mongolia, the process of their formation and current state, came to the following conclusions. The basis of public policy is the norm, linking religious and ethnicity affiliation. It allows to organize the object of control, to realize the state policy in a predictable and understandable conditions, and is perceived as a deep-rooted knowledge doesn’t require evidence. This increases the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the realization of the state policy, which is an equitable partner of the state and an instrument of the state programs.

Key words: Inner Asia, institute, orthodoxy, Russian world, policy, Russian, Buryatia, Mongolia.

J.M. BORBODOEV PhD (pedagogical sciences), working for the doctoral degree at the Kyrgyz State University named after I. Arabaev, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

INTERETHNIC CONCORD AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR OF THE NATIONAL IDENTITY

This article considers interethnic concord as an important factor of the national identity. It is noted that regardless of the national and ethnic affiliation, all citizens of a state should realize his or her inherent connections in the decision-making on a state level, contribution to building a civilized state, civil consent and national consolidation. It is important to note that provision and development of interethnic consent requires a systematic analysis based on academic research, carried out through comprehensive study of genuine processes in its all complexity and variety embracing strategies of the general population.

Key words: еthnicity, interethnic concord, interethnic relationships, inter-national relationships, titular nation, identity, national unity, civil society, executive authority, social programmе, society, consolidation of society.

D.V. PERKOVA Candidate of Political Sciences head of the press center of the National Union of Political Scientists, Moscow, Russia

THE QUESTIONS OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: CURRENT MECHANISMS OF ETHNO-POLITICAL MONITORING

This article is devoted to the problems of preservation and development of languages in the Russian Federation, the national policy, the value of language education in Russia in the framework of modern ethno-political system of monitoring. The article used the most recent data on the implementation of language policy in the Russian Federation regions.

Key words: language policy, ethno-political monitoring, the languages of peoples of Russia.

P.S. GELERANSKIY PhD, doctoral candidate, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

ACCESSION OF NEW SUBJECTS TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL STABILITY

The article deals with the accession to the Russian Federation in 2014 of the Crimean Peninsula that was previously a part of Ukraine, which gave the author an opportunity to speak about such new subjects of the Russian Federation as Sevastopol, a city of federal importance, and the Republic of Crimea, and of the impact of such accession on the internal and external stability of Russia and the geopolitical situation.

Key words: Crimea, Sevastopol, geopolitics, subject of the Russian Federation, Russia, Ukraine, international law, legitimacy, self-determination.

SOCIAL POLITICS

A.A. AMIANTOV Ph.D. (political sciences), assistant professor at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

A.V. SOBOLEV master of the 1st year of specialty «Political Administration» of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

SOCIAL POLICY IN RUSSIA: PROBLEMS OF INTRODUCTION OF THE HOURLY MINIMUM WAGE

The ongoing global economic crisis is forcing governments to look for new forms, methods and ways of social support of the population. The article is devoted to the system of hourly wages as a way of citizens’ welfare improvement. Highlighted positive and negative aspects of this system, and presents the international experience of the use of hourly wage system employees, based on statistical analysis. The purpose of the research is to provide expert assessment of the legislative initiative group of the State Duma deputies in favour of practical implementation of the system of hourly wages in Russia. The research solved two tasks. The first task is to reveal the contents, typology and characteristics of the concept «system of hourly wages». The second task is the selection of a number of qualitative socio-economic indicators required for the examination of draft law under consideration. These indicators consist of two groups: monetary regional indicators and indicators of employment in the Central Federal district. The main research method is the comparative analysis of selected socio-economic indicators conducted on the basis of data of Federal service of state statistics in regions of the CFD (18 subjects) of the Russian Federation. The results are presented in two summary tables which reflect the socio-economic situation of the citizens of the regions of the Central Federal district. According to the survey peer assessment considered the legislative initiative. Allocated and describes the main shortcomings and defects of the examined draft law, but also made practical recommendations to improve and refine its guidelines for their adaptation of the current economic situation in Russia and maximize the positive effect of the implementation of the draft law, if adopted in the State Duma.

Key words: minimum wage, hourly wage, draft law, State Duma, regions of the CFD.

INVESTMENT POLICY AND INTEGRATION PROCESSES

CHEN JINLING Post-graduate, State University of St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, Russia

CHINESE INVESTMENT POLICY IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA

Chinese consumption of energetic resources has a large growth with the fast-growing economy. China has become a largest energetic consumer in the world. The domestic oil production and imported oil can no longer satisfy China's oil demand. Under this circumstance, investing in overseas oil industry is a solution need to be considered. This paper by analyzing statistics from China's Outward Foreign Direct Investment Bulletin, conducted analysis of the nature and pattern of Chinese oil investments in the world. The result are the opportunities and challenges of Chinese oil companies overseas, provide a corresponding «strategy exit outside» strategy of Chinese petroleum industry.

Key words: oil industry, Chinese investments, energy companies.

S.D. GORDIENKO post-graduate student at the Chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Service, Moscow, Russia

INTEGRATION PROCESSES AS A CONTROL MECHANISM IN THE SYSTEM OF INTERREGIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS

In the article, the author analyses the development of integration processes in the system of interregional economic relations, which, in turn, are an essential feature of the modern economy. The integration processes have intensified in the second half of the twentieth century. Integration processes are essential as a factor of recovery and development of their economic complexesв. Unfortunately, in many cases the discussion of these problems does not go beyond political declarations and is not embodied in the system of practical actions. The necessary theoretical and methodological framework is insufficiently developed.

Key words: integration, process, development, mechanism, governance, power, economic ties.

М.N. NIKONOVA post-graduate student working for a PhD at the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CLUSTER POLICY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: THE BASIC DOCUMENTS, REGULATIONS, INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS AND CONCEPTS

The article is an analytical review of current documents, definitions of key institutional factors and concepts that determine the cluster policy in the Russian Federation.

Key words: pilot program, development of innovative territorial clusters, a specialized organization of industrial cluster, regional cluster.

   
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