№ 4 (28), 2017

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Issue 4 (28), 2017.

CONTENTS

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Slizovsky D.E., Medvedev N.P., Ahmadien Kombiz Sahobi, Repieva Y., Kuznetsova E. The Russian Federation is looking for a way to ensure the development of the education system expertise
  • Nesterchuk O.A. “New Political Culture” as an Instrument of Stabilization / Deformation of Societ
  • Glebov V.A., Davydov V.N. Legal Framework for the Development of Civil Society
  • Bakushev V.V. Parliamentarism Develops the Diversity of Democracy
  • Nikolenko A.A., Tushkov A.A. Analysis of the Causal Relations and Elements of the Concept of "Russian Power" from the Point of View of the Paradigm of Political Universalism
  • Albov A.P. Philosophy, Religion, Art as the Basis for the Formation and Development of Civilization
  • Grishaeva O.N., Grishin O.E., Tolochko A.V. Presidential Rating in Russia: Factors of Stability and Growth
  • Amiantov A.A. Modern Political Parties in Russia: the Purpose of Their Creation and Activities
  • Myshiakova D.V. Civil Society Activism Recruitment in Russian Federation at the Present Stage
  • Stroganov V.B. The Constructive Potential of Applying Political Manipulation on the Internet

MODERN INTEGRATION PROCESSES

  • Biryukov S.V., Barsukov A.M. "New Silk Road" and Eurasian Integration: the Role of Kazakhstan
  • Palilov D.E. The Conjugation of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt
  • Tsin Tintin Sino-Russian Gas Cooperation and Environmental Pressures on the Environment of P. R. China
  • Bakhtiyar Nabiyev Geopolitical Aspects of Strategic Perspectives in Relations of Azerbaijan and Russia
  • Kasimov A.A. Productivity of Political Regulation Integration Processes in Republic Tadjikistan
  • Meng Xiangyun An Analysis of the Security Threats Facing the "Silk Road Economic Belt" and the Necessity of Joint Solution of Problems Between China and Russia

ETHNOPOLITICAL PROCESSES

  • Ekzekov M.Kh. On the Special Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Dzuban V.V., Kochergina M.V. Evolution of Old Believers Communities of the Border Territories of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Periods of Development: Problems of Preserving Ethnoconfessional Unity
  • Efremova E.A. Peculiarities of Ethnosocial Integration Processes in Russia

POLITICAL CRISES AND CONFLICTS

  • Suleymanova Sh.S. Informatsionnoye War: History and Modern Trends
  • Biryukov S.V., Andreev A.V. The Ukrainian Crisis of Russian Politics. The Revision of Political Technologies
  • Kurbonova Z.M. The Inter-Tajik Conflict and its Features in Acquisition of Independence Context
  • Sokolov A.V., Novikova Ju.A. Group-Forming Function of Urban Conflicts (on the Example of Yaroslavl Region)
  • Palchayev A.N. On Some Difficult Surmountable Factors of Conflictogenicity of the North Caucasus
  • Novoseltsev S.V. Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea: Viewpoints of Indonesia and Singapore
  • Shirgazina E.R. Negotiation Practices in Political Process: Strategy and Tactics
  • Teteryuk A.S. To the Analysis of Ways of Studying Modern Armed Conflicts: Hybrid War and Asymmetric Conflict

INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

  • Abramov V.L., Abramova O.D. Economic Interests of Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union in the Formation of the Greater Eurasian Partnership
  • Slobotchikov O.N., Kiselev V.V. The Irish Political Radicalism: the Causes and Possible Consequences
  • Li Dan Russian Research in China: Situation and Prospects
  • Tran Huu Than Factors that Reduce the Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Policy Implementation in Contemporary Vietnam
  • Pavlov V.V. The U.S. National Security Council under Donald John Trump: The Early Insights
  • Md Sazedul Islam Rise of Militancy and Terrorism and the Political Crisis of Bangladesh

REVIEWS

  • Sheverdyaev S.N. Book review. "Politics and Corruption: Corruption as a Factor of the Global Political Process" by Yu. Nisnevich

Our authors № 4-2017

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

D.E. SLIZOVSKY Doctor of Historical Sciences, full professor, professor at The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of Political Science, full professor, professor at The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

AHMADIEN KOMBIZ SAHOBI Ph.D. candidate at The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

Y. REPIEVA Ph.D. candidate at The Russian Presidential Academy ofNational Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

E. KUZNETSOVA Ph.D. candidate at The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IS LOOKING FOR A WAY TO ENSURE THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM EXPERTISE

The article is the result of analytical and critical representations, judgments and inferences presented by the scientific supervisors and post-graduate students of the course "State policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education" at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. At the center of the analysis is the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of higher education and science in the context of large-scale work on the long-term priority project "Expert Education". Academic and practical interest in this arcticle is presented by the description and explanation of the contradictions between the prerequisites of initiation and the conditions of implementation of the project entirely new for the Russian higher school that involves raising the international prestige and the role of Russian education experiencing a systemic and the protracted crisis and challenges of internal and external level.

Key words: education state policy, expert potential of the education in Russian Federation.

O.A. NESTERCHUK Doctor of Political Science, full professor, professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

“NEW POLITICAL CULTURE” AS AN INSTRUMENT OF STABILIZATION/DEFORMATION OF SOCIETY

The article considers the key reasons for the formation of a modern new political culture which is both a stabilizer and a destabilizer of society. Characteristic features of a new political culture of power and the population are singled out. The causal relationship between the influence of the new political culture on the social state is analyzed, taking into account the mental, behavioral, and institutional levels of the phenomena. Market relations, modern propaganda information war at the interstate level, the search for a national idea, non-protestive and protest models of social behavior, the active involvement of public structures and their representatives in the management, regulation of social processes, political and cultural format of power, public and information structures are discussed in article as a possible functional potential of consolidation and division of society at the same time.

The specifics of a new political culture, which in modern conditions acquires ever greater theoretical and pragmatic significance, is shown to become one of the most important active elements of the political process, receiving a different dimension, dynamically transforming the course of the socio-political development of society. It is concluded that the reasons for the formation of a new political culture as a stabilizer and destabilizer in society indicate a complete lack of a clear definition of the goals, objectives of this culture at all its levels, and an actual need for a "culture of stability" and cultural rationality arises to resolve social contradictions.

Key words: new political culture, stabilization, destabilization, society.

V.A. GLEBOV Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Assistant Manager of the Department of Political Analysis and Management at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

V.N. DAVYDOV Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute of Contemporary Politics at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY

The authors explore problems, patterns and mechanisms of transformation of non-state institutions under the influence of the legislative activity of the government. As well as the factors that allowed informal community organizations citizens to emerge as one of the subjects of the modern political process.

Key words: democracy, legislative process, civil initiative, civil society, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, local government, public political space, human rights, and effective government.

V.V. BAKUSHEV Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Head of the Department of Parliamentarism and Interparliamentary Cooperation of the Institute of Public Service and Management of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

PARLIAMENTARISM DEVELOPS THE DIVERSITY OF DEMOCRACY

At the 137th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in Saint Petersburg in mid-October, modern standards of democracy were analyzed and the Resolution "Towards the 20th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration on Democracy: the Community of Our Diversity" was adopted. Modern parliamentarism is the force for democracy. Women parliamentarians demand equal gender rights in order to realize their potential more actively. The article analyzes the state of parliamentarism in the republican forms of government. The experience of the Russian parliament is revealed.

Key words: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), decisions of 137 Assembly of the IPU in St. Petersburg, democracy and parliamentarism in the world, traditions and the modern parliament of Russia.

A.A. NIKOLENKO Candidate of Political Science, Senior Lecturer at Department of Management, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Theory and History of Russian and Foreign Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSAL RELATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE CONCEPT OF "RUSSIAN POWER" FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE PARADIGM OF POLITICAL UNIVERSALISM

In this article, the authors makes analysis of the causal relations and elements of the concept of "Russian power" in terms of a paradigm of political universalism and the possibility of applying this approach to the study of contemporary political processes in Russia.

Key words: "Russian power", social and political thought of Russia, procedural property political power, the conservative camp, the idea of radicalism, the ideas of liberalism.

A.P. ALBOV Doctor of Law, Candidate of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of Law and the State of NANO VO The Institute of World Civilizations, Moscow, Russia

PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, ART AS THE BASIS FOR THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CIVILIZATION

In this article, we consider civilization as a special type of social matter, analyze the optimal conditions for the harmonious growth of all components of the civilizational process, conclude that the basis for the formation of civilization is the philosophy, the religion of art as a means of self-knowledge, preservation, and giving a sustainable dynamic character of the nation's development.

Key words: civilization, philosophy, religion, art, social matter, dialectics of development, philosophy of culture.

O.N. GRISHAEVA Ph.D. in Political Science, Senior Lecturer of the Department of History and Archeology, Yelets State University I.A. Bunin, Elets, Russia

O.E. GRISHIN Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

A.V. TOLOCHKO Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Yelets State University I.A. Bunin, Elets, Russia

PRESIDENTIAL RATING IN RUSSIA: FACTORS OF STABILITY AND GROWTH

The article is devoted to some factors of stability and growth of ratings of the President of Russia. Indicators of various sociological agencies were given. The dynamics of the presidential rating was shown. The reasons of permanence and sustainable multiplication and decrease, which reflect presidential activity, were analyzed. The forecast of the dynamics of the presidential rating, tightly tied to the current political and economic conjuncture was given. Potential risks were noted in the case of using manipulative effects in the formation of ratings.

Key words: Russia, Putin, president, rating, stability, manipulation, sanctions.

A.A. AMIANTOV Ph.D. (political sciences), Associated Professor of the Department of Political Sience and Political Management of the Russian Presidental Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in the direction of political institutions, processes and technologies, Assistant Professor at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

MODERN POLITICAL PARTIES IN RUSSIA: THE PURPOSE OF THEIR CREATION AND ACTIVITIES

The article deals with the creation of political parties in modern Russia, their representation in the State Duma from the first to the seventh convocation. The author analyzes the objectives of parties activities. On the basis of this analyse some adjustments to the existing normative legal acts are made.

Key words: political parties, elections, parliament, representation.

D.V. MYSHIAKOVA Ph.D. candidate at The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

CIVIL SOCIETY ACTIVISM RECRUITMENT IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION AT THE PRESENT STAGE

The interaction of the state and civil society is a comprehensive process with a great number of actors. Searching for ways to optimize the interaction of the state and public organizations at the present stage of Russian political reality development is still relevant. The purpose of the article is to prove that the recruitment of political activity is a significant trend in the process of the evolution of civil society in Russian Federation. The author considers specific examples of civic participation and social activism; the trends are analyzed both in the domestic politicy and in the foreign policy context.

Key words: civil society, political activity, public organizations.

V.B. STROGANOV Graduate student of the Department of Political Science of the Ural Federal University the name of the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia

THE CONSTRUCTIVE POTENTIAL OF APPLYING POLITICAL MANIPULATION ON THE INTERNET

The article is devoted to the role of political manipulation on the Internet. The author identifies three approaches to the definition of manipulation: destructive, neutral, constructive. The author gives his own definition of political manipulation. The main purpose of the article is to analyze the potential for the constructive use of political manipulation on the Internet. The tasks and technologies of political manipulation on the Internet for neutralization of modern information threats are considered.

Key words: political manipulation, manipulation technologies, Internet, networked Russian world.

MODERN INTEGRATION PROCESSES

S.V. BIRYUKOV Doctor of Political Science, Visiting Researcher at the East China Normal University, Shanghai, PRC

A.M. BARSUKOV Candidate of Political Science, Deputy Dean of the Department of Politics and International Relations at the Siberian Institute of Management – a branch of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

"NEW SILK ROAD" AND EURASIAN INTEGRATION: THE ROLE OF KAZAKHSTAN

The article is devoted to the role of Kazakhstan in the convergence of the Chinese project «The New Silk Road» and the Eurasian integration. Processes of globalization and regionalization lead to change of the agenda in the world politics.

Key words: The New Silk Road, Eurasian integration, Kazakhstan, The Eurasian economic union.

D.E. PALILOV Ph.D. candidate at The Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE CONJUGATION OF THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION AND THE SILK ROAD ECONOMIC BELT

The article is devoted to the problems and prospects of conjugation of such projects in the Eurasian space, such as the Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic belt. The article considers various options and possible problems of conjugation of the EAEU and SREb.

Key words: Russia, China, Eurasia, foreign policy, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Silk Road Economic belt, regional integration.

TSIN TINTIN Ph.D. candidate at School of Regional and International Studies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

SINO-RUSSIAN GAS COOPERATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF P. R. CHINA

The subject of the author's study is the PRC policy in the field of issues related to solving the problem of the volume of coal use reducing to prevent air pollution. The author analyzes several aspects such as political and economic relations between the Russian Federation and the PRC in the context of gas cooperation. Particular attention is paid to the prospects of this cooperation, which will have an integrated political, economic and environmental character.

The author uses hermeneutic analysis, which helps to clarify the specificity of the Chinese approach to solving problems related to the Sino-Russian gas cooperation and improving the ecological state of the natural environment.

The main conclusion of the study is the statement that the Sino-Russian gas cooperation will not only change the structure of bilateral trade between China and Russia, but also change the structure of world trade in energy resources, which in turn will help to achieve political and economic stability in Eurasia.

Key words: air pollution from coal combustion, coal gas replacement efficiency, difficulties and problems of the Sino-Russian gas cooperation.

BAKHTIYAR NABIYEV Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan

GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS OF STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVES IN RELATIONS OF AZERBAIJAN AND RUSSIA

The article deals with geostrategic aspects of relations between Russia and Azerbaijan. The role of presidents in the positive development of relations between the two countries is mentioned here. It also provides information on existing economic, political, military, legal and regional cooperation between the two countries. The importance of the forum and other events is emphasized in the development of relations between the countries. Finally, certain results are achieved.

Key words: geostrategic aspects, the role of presidents, Russia, Azerbaijan.

А.A. KASIMOV Aspirant Faculties politics and sociology REU by him G.V.Plekhanova, Dushanbe , Republic of Tadjikistan

PRODUCTIVITY OF POLITICAL REGULATION INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN REPUBLIC TADJIKISTAN

The article deals with the regulating activity of the leading party of the Republic of Tajikistan in the sphere of integration processes with the CIS countries. The aim of the work was to obtain analytical dependencies that confirm the positive impact of legislative and regulatory documents on the characteristics of society and the competitiveness of the country. The work is based on the political analysis of the legislative and regulatory activities of the leading party of the Republic of Tajikistan. As a research method, regression-correlation analysis is applied, which allowed to obtain analytical equations between the legislative-regulating party influences and other important characteristics of the society and the state. The system of regression equations that confirm the effectiveness of the regulatory activities of the leading political party of Tajikistan, the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan, in the direction of integration processes within the CIS, has been obtained. In conclusion the author argues that competently built integration processes with the CIS countries lead to an increase in the level of sustainable development of the Republic of Tajikistan, the index of human potential development is improving, interethnic relations are improving and strengthening in the country and, accordingly, international competitiveness is increasing.

Key words: political regulation, integration, human potential, interethnic attitudes (relations), legislative base, Republic of Tadjikistan, of various cultures, competitiveness.

MENG XIANGYUN The Department of Comparative Politics People’s Friendship University of Russia

AN ANALYSIS OF THE SECURITY THREATS FACING THE "SILK ROAD ECONOMIC BELT" AND THE NECESSITY OF JOINT SOLUTION OF PROBLEMS BETWEEN CHINA AND RUSSIA

The "Silk Road Economic Belt" as "the world's longest and most promising economic corridor", its full realization is expected to cost decades or even hundreds of years. In this regard, regional security and stability is undoubtedly a long-term necessary factor. The internal and external threats to the countries along "Silk Road Economic Belt" will directly or indirectly affect its smooth realization. This paper analyzes the problems that will be met in the process of the construction of "Silk Road Economic Belt" by expounding the turbulence and instability of the relevant countries on the Eurasian continent because of the Great Power Game, extreme terrorism and regional tribal, ethnic contradictions and religious and sectarian conflicts. At present, within the scope of the "Silk Road Economic Belt", taking into account the political and strategic mutual trust, military strength and potential of cooperation, Central Asia and other related countries with China-Russia multi-field cross-border cooperation is the best way to settle internal riots, reduce the threat of terrorism and the US interference.

Key words: globalization, "Economic belt of the Silk Road", security threats, Sino-Russian cooperation.

ETHNOPOLITICAL PROCESSES

M.Kh. EKZEKOV doctoral student in the Department of The National and federal relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

ON THE SPECIAL RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

The article attempts to analyze the so-called "special rights" of indigenous small peoples, which are a kind of collective rights that provide for certain deviations from a single system of human rights and freedoms. It is shown that it is a question of granting to some categories of such peoples various kinds of privileges and immunities in cases when they are not able to realize their interests within the framework of the current general legal order due to the limited or shortage of certain resources. Such privileges and immunities are called upon to provide the necessary conditions and means for preserving and further developing the ethno-cultural identity, language, customs, traditions, etc. In this context, the main focus is on the so-called "positive discrimination", according to which this category of people can be granted, for example, the right to replace military service with an alternative civil service, to quotas for elections to local and regional authorities that proportionally exceed them the percentage of the total population and even other larger national minorities. The same range of privileges includes rights in the field of hiring for a job, professional training of masters of folk crafts, education, social security and health protection, etc. It is shown that in Russia legislation includes the rights to cultural heritage in the form, for example, of traditional knowledge, dispute resolution and management methods, national symbols, music, art, rituals, etc., considered as a kind of intellectual property.

Key words: national minorities, indigenous small peoples, laws, the constitution, human rights, collective rights, special rights, culture, language, identity.

V.V. DZUBAN doctor of historical Sciences, candidate of pedagogical Sciences, Professor, head of "Humanitarian disciplines and communication technology" NANO IN "Institute of world civilizations" Moscow, Russia

M.V. KOCHERGINA candidate of historical Sciences, head of Department of Humanities and social Sciences, ANO "Institute ekonomiki management in industry" Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION OF OLD BELIEVERS COMMUNITIES OF THE BORDER TERRITORIES OF RUSSIA, UKRAINE AND BELARUS IN THE SOVIET AND POST-SOVIET PERIODS OF DEVELOPMENT: PROBLEMS OF PRESERVING ETHNOCONFESSIONAL UNITY

The article discusses problems of the evolution of the old believer communities of the border areas of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The authors emphasize the resilience, courage and patriotism of believers during the great Patriotic war, despite the repressions of the Soviet authorities against them in the 1920s and 1930s; the need to preserve the rich cultural heritage of the old believer communities living on the territory of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus to strengthen friendly relations between the citizens of these States after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The process of the evolution of the Old Believers in the Soviet period is practically not yet understood by the researchers, it requires a historical and philosophical justification. But the problems of the evolution of Old Believer communities in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods of development in various regions of Russia attract the attention of Russian researchers. Based on the study of archival documents from public and private collections, the memoirs of the Old Believers, these expeditions of the authors, including photo and video footage, surveys of the local population, a material has been collected that allows us to trace the process of adapting the Old Believers to new social and economic realities during the Soviet and post-Soviet periods, preservation of traditionalism and the emergence of innovations in the material and spiritual culture of representatives of this religious faith.

Key words: Russian old believers, the Starodubye and Vetka, the border territory the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, evolution, communities.

Е.А. EFREMOVA Associate Professor, Department of International Law and Political Science, Institute of Law, Samara University of Economics, Ph.D. Candidate at The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Samara, Russia

PECULIARITIES OF ETHNOSOCIAL INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN RUSSIA

The article summarizes the results of ethnosociological research conducted under the author's guidance in Russia. The characteristic features of the ethnosocial integration processes of the regions, the issues of ethnicity in the context of globalization, the trends in the ethno-social development of peoples, the problems of modern state national policy in Russia are discussed.

Key words: ethnosocial processes, ethnonational policy, nationality, ethnicity, ethno-confessional factor.

POLITICAL CRISES AND CONFLICTS

Sh. S. SULEYMANOVA doctor of political Sciences, Professor, Department of public relations and media policy Department of the faculty of journalism IIPAM of Ranepa under the RF President, Moscow, Russia

INFORMATSIONNOYE WAR: HISTORY AND MODERN TRENDS

At the turn of XX-XXI centuries, the world entered a period of regional armed conflicts and political instability. The number of large-scale military actions of global, regional and national character increased dramatically. Assessment of the military-strategic situation shows that began more than twenty years ago, the transformation of forms and methods of warfare under the influence of concepts of information warfare in recent years is becoming increasingly relevant. Increasingly to achieve geopolitical or economic purpose, hidden or latent confrontation and intensifitsiruetsa the use of nonmilitary forms of struggle.

Keywords: information war, media, public opinion, information, political conflicts, information warfare.

S.V. BIRYUKOV Doctor of Political Science, Visiting Researcher at the East China Normal University, Shanghai, PRC

A.V. ANDREEV Candidate of Political Science, Director of the State TV and Radio Company "Kuzbass", Kemerovo, Russia

THE UKRAINIAN CRISIS OF RUSSIAN POLITICS. THE REVISION OF POLITICAL TECHNOLOGIES

The article considers the experience of Russian policies and technologies in Ukraine since 1991, and also in the context of the political crisis of 2013-2014 and established as a result of this the political order. The authors substantiate the need for implementation a comprehensive audit of Russian technologies in the context of contemporary political challenges and crises.

Key words: political strategy, political technologies, political crisis, Ukraine, revision of strategies and technologies.

Z.M. KURBONOVA Candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Institute of Philosophy, Political Sciences and Law named after A.Bahouddinov of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

THE INTER-TAJIK CONFLICT AND ITS FEATURES IN ACQUISITION OF INDEPENDENCE CONTEXT

The collapse of the USSR and the "sovereignization" of the former Soviet republics caused social contradictions and polarization, revealed the uneven development of various republics, peoples, and population groups. Crises, social cataclysms, attempts at political coups became characteristic phenomena in the post-Soviet space.

Key words: conflict, inter-Tajik conflict, social contradictions, political crises, political coups, negotiation process.

A.V. SOKOLOV candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Social and Political Theories, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia

JU.A. NOVIKOVA master of Science, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia

GROUP-FORMING FUNCTION OF URBAN CONFLICTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF YAROSLAVL REGION)

The article considers urban conflicts on the example of the Yaroslavl region. The main attention is paid to the positive consequences of urban conflicts – their group-forming function.

The results of a survey of experts, which was attended by 17 people (representatives of government bodies, NGOs, political parties, the media, the academic community) was the empirical base of the research. An analysis of 6 urban conflicts that took place in the Yaroslavl region over the period 2005-2017 was also carried out.

The results of the research led to the conclusion that urban conflicts, among other functions, contribute to the emergence of groups that have their own values, representations, specificities, and self-awareness. The reasons for the formation of groups in the course of conflicts are group identity, the commonality of self-awareness and interests, the opposite of interests, the opinions of the parties, the difference in socio-cultural values, feelings of hostility, opposition to one another, pursuit of one's goals, antagonism. The emergence of such groups in urban conflicts is especially important. As a rule, a key feature in such conflicts is the unification of city residents who, feeling their unity, and therefore force, in various conventional and non-conventional ways, try to influence the conflict resolution that is favorable for them, and therefore for the city as a whole.

During the research it was revealed that among urban conflicts in the Yaroslavl region, urban conflicts are most often encountered arising from the arrangement of the urban environment, preservation or modernization of the historical heritage, etc.

In the conflicts examined, both structured, hierarchical groups (for example, representatives of local and regional government bodies) participate, as well as amorphous groups built on a network principle – townspeople, city protectors and civil activists.

Key words: urban conflict, group-forming function, NGO, governments, civic engagement.

A.N. PALCHAYEV Candidate of Political Sciences, Political Adviser of the People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Dagestan

ON SOME DIFFICULT SURMOUNTABLE FACTORS OF CONFLICTOGENICITY OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS

The article attempts to identify and analyze some key factors that, despite all the successes achieved in the North Caucasian republics in the fight against separatism, extremism and terrorism, still retain the potential for conflict and under certain conditions to stimulate social and political instability. It is shown that, although the negative consequences of the notorious "parade of sovereignties" of the tumultuous 1990s of the last century have been overcome in the past decade and a half, nevertheless, it would be premature and not entirely correct to state that a number of reasons that caused this phenomenon became the property of the past. Naturally, the main attention is paid to such a factor as the mixed administrative-territorial and national-territorial principles of the region's structure which, in the opinion of the author, in the conditions when all the republics become multinational, makes it difficult to resolve a number of socio-economic and political problems. Attention is drawn to the fact that among the radically oriented part of national movements, ideas and projects have not lost their relevance to the reorganization of the national-territorial structure of the region on a strictly mono ethnic basis. Of particular importance in this context is the politicization of ethnism, which some politicians use for their own personal interests.

Key words: the Russian Federation, the North Caucasus, the national republic, the region, politics, the people, ethnos, conflict.

S.V. NOVOSELTSEV Candidate of Science Degree, Moscow State Institute of International Relations at The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

TERRITORIAL DISPUTES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA: VIEWPOINTS OF INDONESIA AND SINGAPORE

Territorial disputes in the South China Sea can be considered as one of the key conflictogenetic elements in South East Asia and Asia Pacific Region. The existence of unsolved territorial disputes itself has a significant impact on the East Asian regional sub-system of international relations. Some of the leading regional states as Indonesia and Singapore, which declared neutrality in this issue, find themselves being politically drawn over between China and “anti-Chineese” ASEAN member-states backed by the USA. Close economic interconnection between China and the regional countries, which Beijing tries to use as a political instrument, makes the situation even more complicated.

Key words: South China Sea, territorial dispute, China, Indonesia, Singapore, ASEAN, USA.

E.R. SHIRGAZINA postgraduate student in the Department of Philosophy and Political Science of Bashkir State University Ufa, Russia

NEGOTIATION PRACTICES IN POLITICAL PROCESS: STRATEGY AND TACTICS

The beginning of XXI century is determined with drastic development of actors' political cooperation that updated modern methods of research of political processes and strategies to which negotiation practices should also be referred. Scientific interest to negotiating activity in Political Science is natural and feasible since negotiation phenomenon just as other political processes is concerned with dynamic transformations of the society and social relations.

Key words: political science, negotiation process, political process, political strategies, strategy, communication, tactics.

A.S. TETERYUK post-graduate, department of political science Moscow State University of International Relations under Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow

TO THE ANALYSIS OF WAYS OF STUDYING MODERN ARMED CONFLICTS: HYBRID WAR AND ASYMMETRIC CONFLICT

Events in Crimea and Ukraine have led to emergence of the numerous publications applying the term "hybrid war" to the description of new military strategy of Russia. However, rapid increase in publications on hybrid war, first of all, of foreign authors, leads to the theoretical and methodological confusion caused by use of similar, but not identical terms: asymmetric war, strategy of indirect actions, hybrid conflict. Not always foreign authors distinguish between the Crimean operation and the Ukrainian conflict which doesn't allow to analyze thoroughly these phenomena separately, describing unique characteristics of each situations. As a result, the theory of asymmetric warfare doesn't gain due development. The article analyses the Crimean operation and events in Ukraine in terms of the concepts of hybrid war and asymmetric conflict. Using the methodology to distinct the terms hybrid war and hybrid conflict, the author analyzes the features of Crimean and Ukrainian events with the aim to justify their belonging to different categories: hybrid war and asymmetric conflict. Consideration of these two events, taking into account their features, can bring additional clarification in research of the modern conflicts.

Key words: hybrid war, asymmetric conflict, Crimean operation, Ukraine, Russia, NATO, armed conflict.

INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

V.L. ABRAMOV Doctor of Economics, Full Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute for International Economic Relations, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Russia, Moscow

O.D. ABRAMOVA Doctor of Political Science, Full Professor, Professor of the Department of Political Science and Political Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Service under the President of the Russian Federation, Russia, Moscow

ECONOMIC INTERESTS OF RUSSIA AND THE EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION IN THE FORMATION OF THE GREATER EURASIAN PARTNERSHIP

The article is devoted to the study of problems and the determination of the possibilities for realizing the economic interests of Russia and the EAEU in the context of the Greater Eurasian partnership formation. The authors identify the challenges and threats that affect the interests of Russia and the EAEU, consider options for multilateral cooperation.It is justified that the formation of Greater Eurasia is intended to become one of the elements of the new world order, a response to the risks and challenges of the modern world, one of the main supporting frameworks of global world politics.

Key words: economic interests, multilateral cooperation, Russia, EAEU, SCO, Silk road.

O.N. SLOBOTCHIKOV Ph.D. in Politics, professor, rector of the Institute of World Civilizations, Moscow, Russia

V.V. KISELEV Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of World Civilizations and World Politics in the Institute of World Civilizations, Moscow, Russia

THE IRISH POLITICAL RADICALISM: THE CAUSES AND POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES

The analysis of the problem the Irish political radicalism and its historical, ethnocultural, economic and political determinants is presented in the article. The prerequisites for the struggle of Northern Ireland for the secession from the UK are considered.

Key words: political radicalism, separatism, Ireland, Sinn Féin, the Irish Republican Army, Catholics, Protestants, a struggle for independence, terrorism, irredentism, Ulster, Brexit.

LI DAN Candidate of the Department of international relations, School of regional and international relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

RUSSIAN RESEARCH IN CHINA: SITUATION AND PROSPECTS

The study of the Soviet Union and Russia in the PRC has historical traditions. In the PRC, many scientific articles and monographs on various aspects of Russian history and politics have been published. Since the beginning of the XXI st century, China-Russia strategic partnership has been developed steadily, and a number of significant successes have been achieved. This paper is about Chinese institutions of Russian research in the XXI st century, by their form of activity they can be divided into party, governmental, research and educational. These institutions research different spheres of Russia and influence on the formation of China's foreign policy towards Russia. At the same time, in recent years there has been an increase in the number and quality of such institutions, the expansion of the subject of Russian research at the regional level, particularly in Northeast China.

Key words: PRC, institutions of Russian research, XXI-st century, regional level, Northeast China.

TRAN HUU THAN Post-graduate student at the Chair of Political Analysis and Management, Russian People’s Friendship University, Vietnam

FACTORS THAT REDUCE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN CONTEMPORARY VIETNAM

Corruption is a complex and historical social phenomenon that accompanies with the human society. In Vietnam, corruption exists throughout Vietnam's history with different level of impacts. Although the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Government of Vietnam actively fight against this problem by promulgating a relatively comprehensive anticorruption legislation and taking different anticorruption measures nationwide, the effectiveness of the anticorruption policy is questionable. This problem is progressing so seriously that it actually becomes the most serious threat to the legitimacy of the Communist Party of Vietnam as conceded in many party documents. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of factors reducing the effectiveness of implementing the anticorruption policies in Vietnam and makes some recommendations for improving the enforcement of anticorruption policies.

Key words: corruption, anti-corruption policy, national security, efficiency-reducing factors, Vietnam, political system, socialism.

V.V. PAVLOV PhD student, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, School of Public Policy, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL UNDER DONALD JOHN TRUMP: THE EARLY INSIGHTS

The article under consideration represents an attempt of a preliminary assessment of the U.S. National Security Council and foreign policy decision-making system functioning under President Donald John Trump. The author believes that the process of control concentration over foreign policy formulation in the White House is still evident with the growing tendency towards the process de-formalization. The abovementioned facts are subject to key engaged personalities influence and current political developments in Washington, D.C. – both generally bringing complexities thereto.

Key words: Donald Trump, the National Security Council, the U.S. foreign policy.

MD SAZEDUL ISLAM Department of comparative politics People’s Friendship University, Moscow, Russia

RISE OF MILITANCY AND TERRORISM AND THE POLITICAL CRISIS OF BANGLADESH

Terrorism is one of the common problem in the world. For some countries it is considered as the major obstruction to develop the nation. In this article it is analyzed the evolution of militancy in south Asian countries including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Militancy got a powerful shape after the war of Afghanistan and Soviet union, then it was extented in this region. The article explores the intimacy between Islamic militancy and the politics in Bangladesh. Through this article it is observed that militant groups are not only closely connected with the Islamic political parties but also sometimes patronized by the secular politician in order to get the political benefits. As a result militancy and fundamentalism are creating a political crisis in Bangladesh.

Key words: Terrorism, Fundamentalism, Secularism, Democracy, Discrimination, IS.

REVIEWS

Sheverdyaev S.N. Book review. "Politics and Corruption: Corruption as a Factor of the Global Political Process" by Yu. Nisnevich, professor

   
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