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№ 10 (50), 2019

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 12, Issue 10 (86), 2022

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Furman F.P., Krasilnikov S.V. Globalism and Multiculturalism and their Crisis

Chemshit D.A. Political Modernization as an Object of Scientific Research

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Ryazantsev S.V., Bragin A.D. Transformation of Motives and Trends of Emigration of Russians

Shakun E.N. Foreign Studies of Youth and Students: a Brief Review of Format and Content

Miroshnikov V.S. Extremism and Terrorism in Modern Society

Akhpatelov B.R., Davydov D.R. Representation of the Interests of Public Groups in the Russian Federation

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Madyukova S.A. Regional Specifics of the Institute of National Policy in the Republic of Tyva

Galieva S.I., Galieva G.M. The Place of Crime Prevention in Russian Political Space Through the Lens of Presidental Addresses

Emelyanov A.I., Belova L.G. Features of the Dissemination of Political Information in the Internet Space in the Conditions of Information Confrontation

Volkov A.V. Warrior of Light: Information War Against Figure Skater Kamila Valieva as a Symbol of National Alliance: Political Aspect

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

Magadiev M.F. Main Issues of State Administration in Russia in the Field of International Cooperation in the Context of the Special Military Operation in Ukraine

Chepelyuk S.G. Digital Government as a Factor in the Development of Interaction Between the State and Business

Samuseva O.A. Scientific and Technological Direction as a Priority in Development

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Juraqulov F.N. Reform on the Principle of Division of State Power and Balance in the Republic of Uzbekistan

Rodionova M.E., Gimaliev V.G., Nazarova N.A. Electoral Preferences of the Italian Population on the Eve of Parliamentary Elections 2022

Nevmerzhitskii A.L., Novoselov S.V., Khachatryan D.A. Political Processes: a Vector for International Cooperation or Confrontation

Guzaerov R.I. Diplomatic Relations Between Turkey and Saudi Arabia (2015-2022)

Nechai A.A. Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Internal and External Challenges

Kozyreva M.S. From NAFTA to USMC: Benefits and Losses of Participants

Kapustin A.S. Comparative Analysis of Media Centers of the International Terrorist Organization DAESH (Prohibbited in the Russian Federation)

Wang Congyue. The Impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on International Configuration

Gao Dai. Analysis of the Main Problems of the Ancient Chinese Anti-Corruption System

Goerlitz H. System of Economic Relations Between Russia and Germany in the Context of their Political Support

Gu Xiaoyan. China's Development Assistance in Southeast Asia Research

Lidzhieva K.N. The Strategy of "Global Korea" as the Foundation of the Policy of the "Middle Power"

Lukin A.D. Arctic Diplomacy as a Kind of Regional Diplomacy and a Special Kind of State Policy in the Arctic

Liu Jia, Wang Zhaoxu, Yue Siqi. The Influence of the Media on the Formation of the Image of the State (Comparative Analysis of China and Russia)

Matyashova D.O., Mikhalevich E.A. Intrastate and Interstate Conflicts and Aggressive Non-State Actors in Northeast Asia

Telegin D.S. The Role of the Arctic Region in the Formation of “Greater Eurasia”

Khorbaladze E.L. US Indo-Pacific Strategy: Main Dimesnsions and Implications for Russia

Chu Chengcheng. Humanitarian Policy of China and the United States in Central Asia in the Field of Education

Timakhov K.V. NEOM: Transformation Project of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Omonov R.R. Experience in the Application of Information Technologies in the Public Administration of the USA and the Countries of Western Europe and their Impact on Modernization Power Systems

Aman S. Modern Challenges and Security Threats for Central Asian Countries

STUDENT SCIENCE

Myasnikov D.S., Manapov S.Sh., Simakova V.K. The Essence of the Liberal Oligarchy as a Project for an Effective Political Structure of the State

Kostina A.D., Ilinskaya K.R., Pakhmutov N.D. Favorable Forecasts and “Problematic” Aspects of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative

Bakanina D.A., Baranova Y.V., Leonova A.A. Environmental Agenda as a Means of Implementing Scientific Diplomacy of Western Countries and the Russian Federation in the Arctic Region

Nikitina A.A. The Role of Mass Communication in the Dynamics of Relations Between the USA and Russia

Our authors № 10-2022

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.001

F.P. FURMAN Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the North-Western Institute of Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg, Russia

S.V. KRASILNIKOV Ph.D., Associate professor, department of theory and history of state and law North-West institute of management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint Petersburg, Russia

GLOBALISM AND MULTICULTURALISM AND THEIR CRISIS

The article is devoted to the analysis of American, European and Russian scientists' views on such global processes as globalism and multiculturalism; the basic difference between the concept «multicultural» and «multicultural» is determined. The similarities and differences in the meaning of these terms in American and European scientific discourse are revealed.

The article also explores current trends in geopolitics in the era of globalization. As a result of this research it has been shown that the world at the end of the twentieth century is not bipolar, and in the twenty-first century it transforms from unipolar into multi-polar. It is indicated that this trend is connected with the fact that centres of economic development and the reformatting of the existing global geopolitical system are being transformed.

Key words: globalism, multiculturalism, multiculturalism, globalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.002

D.A. CHEMSHIT Candidate of political sciences, Docent of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Institute of the Federal State Educational Institution, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

POLITICAL MODERNIZATION AS AN OBJECT OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

The article reveals the main scientific approaches to understanding the processes of political modernization. Based on the analysis of approaches, the stages of the evolution of modernization theories are established. Particular importance is attached to the typology of modernization processes. In the generally accepted academic terms, political modernization is characterized either as original – organic, or as catch up – inorganic. Three types of political modernization are considered in the refined author's style: endogenous, that is, carried out on its own basis; endogenous–exogenous, proceeding in the form of a combination of it’s own experience and external borrowing; exogenous – carried out on the basis of borrowing in the absence of its own basis.

Key words: political modernization, organic modernization, inorganic modernization, endogenous modernization, endogenous-exogenous modernization, exogenous modernization.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.003

S.V. RYAZANTSEV Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

A.D. BRAGIN PhD Student, Junior researcher of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

TRANSFORMATION OF MOTIVES AND TRENDS OF EMIGRATION OF RUSSIANS

This article presents an analysis of modern emigration processes from the Russian Federation. Emigration from Russia has always been on a huge scale, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In this regard, the issue of assessing and subsequent analysis of the volume of emigration flows, their directions, as well as factors influencing the choice of destination country is acute. The authors have identified the main factors of emigration of Russians and the socio-economic consequences of this process both for recipient countries and for Russia as a donor country. It is determined that over the past decades, the directions of emigration of Russians have undergone serious changes. There has been a sharp change in the priorities of emigrants from the economically developed countries of the EU and North America in favor of the developing countries of Southeast Asia and Latin America. This trend is based on certain factors, such as the ease of processing documents for a stay, the relatively low cost of living, the possibility of remote work, etc. In this regard, the integration of emigrants into the host society has become much easier, which obviously affected the very structure of emigration processes, making them less economically costly and faster in terms of implementation.

Key words: emigration flows, migrants, Russia, population, diaspora, integration.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.004

E.N. SHAKUN Director of the educational department work with students of the Russian University friendship of peoples, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN STUDIES OF YOUTH AND STUDENTS: A BRIEF REVIEW OF FORMAT AND CONTENT

Scientific studies of the youth social stratum and students have reached the level of some of the most popular, but not the most ambitious, advanced and productive. Be that as it may, today, youth research is acquiring the status of not only purely academic and cognitive significance. This type of scientific research turns out to be in demand and essential, especially when in these studies civil society, politics and politicians, the state, educational institutions and organizations, their structures find a useful understanding and explanation for themselves, what decisions to make regarding the most active, but also " reckless" part of society in its intentions when it comes to its desires and behavior, degree and level of responsibility. In the article, based on the latest research literature identified, an attempt is made to provide a brief overview of how the development of youth studies abroad is supported, what issues and problems are covered in these studies, and how they can be characterized.

Key words: youth research, student research, youth research centers.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.005

V.S. MIROSHNIKOV Independent researcher, Southwest State University, Kursk, Russia

EXTREMISM AND TERRORISM IN MODERN SOCIETY

The article is devoted to one of the most important directions of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring and guaranteeing public security – improving the legal regulation of the sphere of the state mechanism, which is focused on preventing and countering manifestations of extremism and terrorism, which are complex and multidimensional threats at the international level. The author comprehensively examines the existing system of methods of combating these threats, focusing on the effectiveness of certain measures.

Relevance. The problem of combating terrorism and extremism in Russia is a priority, if only because ensuring and protecting human and civil rights and freedoms is a fundamental duty of the state. The Constitution of the Russian Federation defines the multinational people of our country as the bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power in the state, with mandatory consideration of the ideological diversity of the Russian population and equality before the law of all religious and public associations.

Goal. The purpose of the study is to analyze the nature of the phenomena of "extremism" and "terrorism", to identify the causes of their genesis as a problem of global significance. The author seeks to show the danger and destructive potential that the ideology built on these phenomena brings to the world community.

Tasks. Achieving the goal of this work involves solving a number of specific scientific tasks, namely:

– studying the content of the categories "extremism" and "terrorism" (including from the point of view of the history of their scientific understanding), assessing the objectivity of the developed classifications of these phenomena, updating modern measures to combat such an international evil as terrorism.

Methodology. As part of the research process, the author accumulated and studied a significant amount of educational, reference, regulatory and scientific information of various kinds (including online content).

Results. In the course of his scientific work, the author paid special attention to the consideration and analysis of the issues related to the manifestations of extremism among young people, taking into account the methods developed to date to combat this phenomenon.

Conclusion. Successful counteraction to extremist activity presupposes, in the author's opinion, the development of a set of specialized measures that generally meet such requirements as scientific validity, practical feasibility, conceptuality, potential effectiveness. For greater effect, various state and public structures should be involved in the process of combating manifestations of extremism. At the same time, their activities are subject to coordination within the framework of a single state concept. It is especially important that the society itself is deeply aware of the danger of extremism and extremist activity for the stability of the state and the well-being of citizens, and makes maximum use of intellectual and organizational opportunities to stop extremist manifestations. In other words, steps in the field of countering extremism should be practice-oriented, and not purely declarative, remaining only in the format of "plans for the future".

Key words: terrorism, extremism, crime, politics, international cooperation, security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.006

B.R. AKHPATELOV Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia

D.R. DAVYDOV Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia

REPRESENTATION OF THE INTERESTS OF PUBLIC GROUPS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The article analyzes the representation of the public interests of Russian citizens with the help of civil society structures during the third presidential term of Vladimir Putin from 2012 to 2019. The subject of the article is non-profit organizations (hereinafter referred to as NPOs), considered as one of the key elements of GO and as an important indicator of its condition. It is argued that the political leadership of the country does not rely on a clear definition and a system of indicators on the state of GO and acts in this area mainly reactively, but successfully uses some structures of GO to strengthen its power.

Key words: civil society, non-profit organizations, President V.V. Putin, Russian Federation, interests of public groups.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.007

S.A. MADYUKOVA PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

REGIONAL SPECIFICS OF THE INSTITUTE OF NATIONAL POLICY IN THE REPUBLIC OF TYVA

The article reveals the specific socio-cultural characteristics of the Republic of Tyva, which include the geographical, economic position of the region, its ethnic composition and linguistic specificity, which determines the key vectors of the activity of the institution of national policy in the region, formed taking into account this specificity.On the example of Tuva, the legislative base of the region in the field of national policy, the structures of the authorities responsible for the implementation of national policy in the region, as well as specific vectors of their activities: support for Tuvan-Todzhans (representatives of the indigenous peoples of the North) and the Cossacks, activities to harmonize interethnic relations and counter extremism in the republic, patriotic education of youth, etc. Also analyzed are ethnocultural activities carried out mainly by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Tuva, including the holding of Tuvan national holidays, "ethnically marked" public events in the region, as well as supervising the work of museums, theaters and libraries. The article also reflects the analysis of the activities of such structures as the Committee for Social Policy and the Council under the Head of the Republic of Tyva for interethnic and interfaith relations.The author comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to take into account regional specifics in the formation of national policy in it, which is not fully implemented in Tuva at this time.

Key words: national policy, the Republic of Tyva, Tuvans, Tuvans-Todzhans, indigenous peoples, language policy, region, ethnic culture.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.008

S.I. GALIEVA Candidate of Political Science, associate professor of Innovative entertpreneurship, law and financial management department of Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia

G.M. GALIEVA Senior lecturer of Innovative entertpreneurship, law and financial management department of Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia

THE PLACE OF CRIME PREVENTION IN RUSSIAN POLITICAL SPACE THROUGH THE LENS OF PRESIDENTAL ADDRESSES

By analyzing addresses of Russian president to Federal Council the article studies the place of crime prevention in political space of Russia. Based on the author's research it is concluded that during the last quarter of a century no due attention has been paid to the topic of crime prevention in the rhetoric of Russia's top officials. In the author's opinion it can be explained by the low mobilising potential of this topic which makes it relatively unattractive as an element of political rhetoric.

Key words: crime prevention, addresses of Russian president to Federal Council, political rhetoric, political agenda.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.009

A.I. EMELYANOV Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies Institute of International Relations and Socio-Political Sciences, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

L.G. BELOVA Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department foreign regional studies of the Institute of International Relations and Socio-Political Sciences of the Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF THE DISSEMINATION OF POLITICAL INFORMATION IN THE INTERNET SPACE IN THE CONDITIONS OF INFORMATION CONFRONTATION

The article examines the features, main directions and prospects for the development of the Internet space in the XXI century in the conditions of increasing confrontation between the key actors of world politics. The tendencies of the formation of the modern media sphere are considered; the geopolitical determinants formed under the influence of public opinion are analyzed. When writing the work, various state documents and the works of political scientists on this topic were used. The analysis of the material was carried out within the framework of theoretical analysis, content analysis and event analysis.

Key words: actor, Internet, information confrontation, infotainment, media, world politics, public opinion, politics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.010

A.V. VOLKOV Graduate student, Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

WARRIOR OF LIGHT: INFORMATION WAR AGAINST FIGURE SKATER KAMILA VALIEVA AS A SYMBOL OF NATIONAL ALLIANCE: POLITICAL ASPECT

The article is devoted to the study of the role of champions of top-level sports and the impact of their sporting successes on international life and the relationship with the political agenda. Using the example of the doping scandal with the Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva, the peculiarities of the formation of a negative media agenda pursuing political goals of denigrating Russia are demonstrated. The analysis of the coverage of Russian figure skating by the world media and the aggressive information campaign against the country based on nationality is carried out. It is concluded that doping rhetoric has been an instrument of attempts of pro-Western political pressure on Russian sports for more than one year. Using the example of active popular support and international recognition of the Russian figure skater, in particular, following the results of the Olympic Games-2022 in Beijing, the analysis of what role the athletes' personalities are called upon to perform in a difficult geopolitical situation and Western pressure. Also, on the example of popularization of the image of the Russian figure skater K. The features of positioning and interpreting the successes of sports champions as one of the goals of involving communities not only in the humanitarian channel of the Olympic Movement, but also political, social and intercultural exchanges between world communities are considered. It is stated that such athletes of the "new archetype" as K. Valieva in the future can become a factor in overcoming the deepening gap between the superpowers and minimizing the geopolitical struggle within the framework of sports mega-events.

Key words: sport, Olympics, figure skating, sanctions, doping, OCD, figure skater, image, recognition, politics, generation Z, soft power, popular support.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.011

M.F. MAGADIEV Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in the foreign policy activities of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia

MAIN ISSUES OF STATE ADMINISTRATION IN RUSSIA IN THE FIELD OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SPECIAL MILITARY OPERATION IN UKRAINE

In the emerging realities of international relations, it seems important to develop an understanding of how the Russian-Ukrainian conflict will affect the situation in various regions of Eurasia. In this article, the author examines the main issues of public administration in Russia in the field of international cooperation with the countries of East Asia, the European Union, the Caspian region, as well as within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union. Along with an analysis of the current state of bilateral relations with a number of states in the context of the Special Military Operation in Ukraine, the article also outlines specific areas designed to ensure their sustainable development.

Key words: public administration, Eurasian Economic Union, European Union, Iran, China, North Korea, international relations, sanctions, Special military operation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.012

S.G. CHEPELYUK postgraduate student of the Faculty of Political Science Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

DIGITAL GOVERNMENT AS A FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTION BETWEEN THE STATE AND BUSINESS

The article analyzes the development of relations between the state and business in the context of the implementation of the concept of digital government in Russia. The author reveals the content of the concept of "digital government", as well as the impact of digitalization on changing the dynamics of the relationship between such political actors as the state and business. Using such techniques as a descriptive-specific description, elements of a situational analysis and a case study, the author, using specific Russian examples, analyzes the opportunities, as well as risks and barriers for the development of relations between the state and business in the context of the formation of digital government in Russia.

Key words: digital government, digitalization, GR, public administration, government as a platform, e-government.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.013

O.A. SAMUSEVA Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DIRECTION AS A PRIORITY IN DEVELOPMENT

In the increasingly complex modern world, in the formation of a new world order, one of the most important components of development remains the direction – the relationship "center – periphery", according to which the development of technologies, information resources, human capital, etc. is decisive. New political circumstances (epedemiological crisis and its consequences, the new role of Russia in the international arena, anti-Russian sanctions) certainly affect the state of the regional and international environment, the development of each country, both in the socio-economic and political aspects. At the same time, the study of the identified problem demonstrates the current stage of the technological revolution and industrial transformation. Many countries are striving to use the opportunities of this stage of historical development and seize the initiative in technological competition. Competition in technological innovation is becoming increasingly fierce. The subject of our research is scientific and technological development as a priority factor in creating the basis for national development and the competitive advantage of the state.

Key words: international relations, the science, technology, innovation, innovative economy, human capital.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.014

F.N. JURAQULOV Doctor of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, First Deputy Head of the Republican center of spirituality and enlightenment, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

REFORM ON THE PRINCIPLE OF DIVISION OF STATE POWER AND BALANCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

The article is devoted to the principles of separation of powers in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The socio-economic, legal and political foundations of the sustainable development of society, the place and role of public authorities in the development of the democratic principles of civil society in the country are studied. It provides an analysis of the reforms aimed at the consistent implementation of the principle of separation of powers, carried out for this purpose in recent years of constitutional innovations, reveals their essence and significance. The author outlines a number of issues that require scientific and practical discussion and deep scientific and theoretical study on the formation of civil society in the Republic.

Key words: civil society, state, power, reform, virtual reception office, people reception office, principles, social society.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.015

M.E. RODIONOVA Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

V.G. GIMALIEV Doctor or Philosophy, Associate Professor of Department of foreign languages N 2, I.N. Ulyanov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russia

N.A. NAZAROVA Candidate of economic sciences, Director, Autonomous non-profit organization "Institute for the Development of Entrepreneurship and Economics", Moscow, Russia

ELECTORAL PREFERENCES OF THE ITALIAN POPULATION ON THE EVE OF PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS 2022

The material examines the results of the early parliamentary elections in Italy, held on September 25, 2022, which led to major shifts in the perception of voters – the victory of the center-right coalition of four parties: “Brothers of Italy”, “League”, “Forward, Italy!”, “We – moderate”. Attention is paid to economic indicators on the eve and after the elections in Italy, the trends in the transformation of Italian society. An analysis of the use of communication tools by Italian political leaders on the eve of the elections is given, an analysis is made of the conduct of social networks by the leading political parties in Italy.

Key words: electoral processes, electoral behavior, economic crisis, Italy, parliamentary elections, right-wing populism, center-right coalition, Brothers of Italy, League, Forward Italy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.016

A.L. NEVMERZHITSKII Director of UK Praktika LLC, Moscow, Russia

S.V. NOVOSELOV Commercial director of Vash Dom LLC, Moscow, Russia

D.A. KHACHATRYAN CEO of Kaskada LLC, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL PROCESSES: A VECTOR FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION OR CONFRONTATION

The political process is one of the basic concepts of political science. However, despite its importance and central place in the system of political science categories, this concept has not yet received a universally recognized unified interpretation and use. The diversity of definitions of the political process, including in the field of international cooperation, of international trade, is largely due to its interpretation from different scientific positions.

From the point of view of constructively minded authors, Russia participates in global political processes, strives to harmonize international relations, to ensure stability and equality, to eliminate the problems of unipolarity and injustice of the world order. These attempts to direct political processes in a constructive direction, contribute to the improvement of the existing world order, and protect their national interests have led to a sharp deterioration in relations between Russia and the West.

Key words: politics, political processes, international cooperation, confrontation, sanctions, resources, economy, security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.017

R.I. GUZAEROV Junior Researcher Department of Middle and Post-Soviet East Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences (INION) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS BETWEEN TURKEY AND SAUDI ARABIA (2015-2022)

The article is devoted to a new stage of normalization of relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia. The article identifies the main reasons for the differences in Turkish-Saudi relations, demonstrates the previous attempts of the states to establish bilateral relations. Special attention is paid to the bilateral visits of the heads of state in 2022. The author examined the main factors that prompted Turkey and Saudi Arabia to resume dialogue. Normalization of Turkish-Saudi relations is considered on a regional and global scale. The conclusion is made about the short-term nature of normalization.

Key words: Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Turkish-Saudi relations, Middle East, normalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.018

A.A. NECHAI Senior Lecturer, Saint-Petersburg Peter the Great Polytechnic University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CHALLENGES

The functioning of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a vivid manifestation of the principles of peaceful coexistence, the purpose of the Organization is to maintain peace and stability in the Eurasian region, this is especially relevant now, when the world community for the first time since the end of World War II is facing unprecedented challenges associated with the beginning of a new global conflict, increasing deficit of peace and trust. Since the founding of the SCO on June 15, 2001, the connotation and scope of the Organization has changed significantly. The focus of this study is on the internal and external challenges faced by the SCO. It traces the process of expansion and transformation of the Organization, assesses the consequences of the emergence of new members, and identifies existing and potential threats associated with it. The prerequisites for Iran's accession to the SCO, which occurred in September 2022, as well as the possible consequences are studied. The study leads to the conclusion that the Organization, in general, meets the current needs of regional stability. The problems faced by the SCO are mainly internal rather than external. As the number of member countries increases, the Organization's potential for development and influence increases, while the accession of new members adds to the complexities of coordination, potentially leading to a decrease in the influence of participants with lesser political and economic weight on the world stage. On the other hand, a complete rejection of the accession of new members can lead to their loss of interest in the organization and its international credibility will decline. The study shows that the internal cohesion of the SCO is not strong enough. The geopolitical orientation of the member states is multidirectional. Conflicts between some member states (for example, India and Pakistan, India and China, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan) and dialogue partners Armenia and Azerbaijan may affect the internal unity of the organization, reduce the ability to respond quickly to geopolitical challenges and, consequently, the influence of the SCO on the world stage. The SCO is in de facto opposition to the United States on issues of international security, economic governance, as well as regional issues and “hot topics”.

Key words: Shanghai Cooperation Organization, SCO Charter, interstate relations, expansion, globalization, challenges.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.019

M.S. KOZYREVA Ph.D. student, Faculty of Global Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

FROM NAFTA TO USMC: BENEFITS AND LOSSES OF PARTICIPANTS

The integration processes of the North American continent are recognized as successful and are inferior in efficiency only to the experience of the European Union. However, participation in the institutions of the region is initially unequal in rights and is characterized by United States's dominant role, which was accepted to NAFTA. However, the growth of hegimonistic ambitions motivated the transformation of the treaty and the new institution, which was called "USMCA". The text of the agreement and the benefits of the parties were revised, and the article focuses on this aspect. This fact determines main purpose of the research, which is to identify the interests and positions of the USMCA members. The text of the agreement and the benefits of the parties were revised, and the attention of the article is focused on this aspect, the main purpose of which is to identify the interests and positions of the USMCA members. Its implementation required an in-depth analysis of the NAFTA and USMCA agreements, a comparison of the two organizations, as well as a generalization of an extensive theoretical basis, which formed the basis of the research methodology. Under the new institution, Mexico and Canada are in an even worse position than before, opening up their domestic markets to more agricultural imports and redefining engineering industry regulations. These aspects, together with the conduct of an advisory body, turn the integration group into an instrument of the USA regional authorities. These transformations were reflected in the scientific world, forming a negative reputation for USMCA and its effectiveness for Mexico and Canada. However, despite the heavy concessions, the significance of the agreement for the trade turnover of states is high, in this case the refusal to continue cooperation within the USMCA would have more negative consequences.

Key words: North America, integration, turnover, USMCA, NAFTA.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.020

A.S. KAPUSTIN Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Politics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MEDIA CENTERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST ORGANIZATION DAESH (PROHIBBITED IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION)

The author analyzes the activity of three DAESH media centers Amaq, al-Furkan, al-Hayat. These media centers form different types of content, which makes it possible to ensure the representativeness of the sample.

The purpose of the study is to identify the forms and methods of activity of the media centers of the international terrorist organization Islamic State (hereinafter – DAESH).

Based on a structural analysis of the activities of the DAESH media centers (considered by the example of Amaq, al-Furqan, al-Hayat), it was found that these centers represent elements of the DAESH propaganda system operating in a decentralized manner. DAESH's activity in the media space implies the creation of different types of content. In this process, the trends towards the division of labor are reflected: since the content of different types: videos, audio materials, text materials, is often the product of the activities of different centers. The activity of DAESH in the media space involves the use of modern communication technologies, which implies methods of presenting information aimed at forming positive ideas about the activities of DAESH, as well as a strategy of communication with potential followers.

The information can be used in the work of specialists in countering the activities of international terrorist organizations on the Internet, as well as by political scientists and journalists.

Key words: terrorism, DAESH, propaganda, Internet, self-radicalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.021

WANG CONGYUE PhD student of the Department of International Political Processes School of Political Science, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

THE IMPACT OF THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ON INTERNATIONAL CONFIGURATION

The issue of international configuration has been widely discussed in the field of international relations. International configuration refers to a relatively stable structure of international relations within a certain period, which is determined by the distribution of power among the major actors in the international society. After the 2008 Financial Crisis, with the decline of the United States and the rapid rise of other powers, especially China, the debate on whether the current international configuration is multipolar or bipolar has been triggered in the international relations circle. The historical experience of mankind tells us that the emergence of any scientific and technological revolution will further widen the strength gap between the countries which are the first to acquire new technologies and other countries. Since the 16th century, many scientific and technological revolutions have taken place in the world, each of which has extremely affected the international configuration. In view of the velocity, scope, and system influence, the 4IR breakthrough speed is unprecedented. Compared with the previous industrial revolution, the development speed of 4IR is exponential rather than linear. The paper argues that driven by 4IR, China’s overall strength has enhanced significantly since 2008, making China's comprehensive national power the second in the world. At present, the United States and China have their own advantages in the different fields of 4IR, taking the obvious leading position in the world. With the deep development of 4IR and wide application of its achievements, the advantages of the United States and China will be further expanded. Given all of this, it can be concluded that 4IR has accelerated the formation of the bipolar structure between the United States and China. In the future, 4IR will further stabilize the bipolar structure and extend the duration of the bipolar structure.

Key words: International configuration, polarity, bipolar structure, multipolar structure, comprehensive national strength, scientific and technological strength, the fourth industrial revolution, 5G technology, artificial intelligence (AI).

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.022

GAO DAI Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE ANCIENT CHINESE ANTI-CORRUPTION SYSTEM

This article comprehensively analyzes the main aspects of the ancient Chinese anti-corruption system. The novelty of this article lies in the analysis of anti-corruption policies and laws of various dynasties of ancient China in order to identify the main problems that existed in their anti-corruption systems and the possibility of application in modern conditions. The theoretical significance of the study is to fill the gap in the anti-corruption studies of ancient China in Russian, and the practical significance is to study the ancient anti-corruption experience and use it to improve the modern anti-corruption mechanism.

Key words: corruption, fight against corruption, ancient China.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.023

H. GOERLITZ Independent researcher, Wiesbaden, Germany

SYSTEM OF ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN RUSSIA AND GERMANY IN THE CONTEXT OF THEIR POLITICAL SUPPORT

The presented study is devoted to the issue of the state of the system of foreign economic relations between Russia and Germany in the context of their political support by the time the military crisis in Ukraine began in 2022 and the prospects for its “reset”. The methodological base of the work is built on the basis of a combination of qualitative sociological research methods in the form of expert interviews and comparative analysis. The empirical basis of the presented study was a series of 15 expert interviews conducted in November-December 2021. The author concludes that the basic conditions for restarting and developing a political dialogue on economic cooperation between the two states can be called favorable.

Key words: Russia, Germany, foreign trade, political support, institutions, expert interview.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.024

GU XIAOYAN Russian Teacher, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, China

CHINA'S DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA RESEARCH

The topic of this article contributes to the improvement of the theory of China's foreign aid mechanism. Foreign aid theory arose along with foreign aid activity and has early origins, especially among Western scientists, where it became a field of study in its own right, mainly from two fields: economics and political science. With rapid economic development, China continues to pay attention to its responsibilities as a great power, putting into practice the concept of contributing to world development and focusing on foreign aid, creating a theory that can be used to improve and improve China's Southeast development assistance system in the 21st century. In recent years, Southeast Asian aid has been increasing, and in this process, it is necessary to explore how to avoid the problem of Sino-US conflicts, study the problems and their practical consequences, which we should pay attention to when building Southeast Asian aid mechanisms, constantly think about shortcomings of China's Southeast Asia aid policy, and at the same time constantly adjust and improve foreign aid policy.

Key words: development assistance, Southeast Asia, China, USA, foreign aid, Southeast Asia, mutual benefit, strategic alignment, evolutionary logic.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.025

K.N. LIDZHIEVA PhD student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of global studies, Moscow, Russia

THE STRATEGY OF "GLOBAL KOREA" AS THE FOUNDATION OF THE POLICY OF THE "MIDDLE POWER"

The article examines the essence and features of the foreign policy strategy of "Global Korea", proclaimed by the 10th President of the Republic of Korea Lee Myeong-bak. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that there was a transition during the presidency of Lee Myeong-bak in South Korean foreign policy from a regional to a global way of acting while applying the concept of "middle power". The following methods were used in the course of the study: historical analysis, a systematic approach, analysis of strategic documents, as well as a number of other general scientific methods. Based on the research, the author concluded that the "Global Korea" strategy has become a catalyst for the transfer for the Republic of Korea to the rhetoric of the "middle power" in foreign policy.

Key words: "Global Korea", Lee Myung-bak, foreign policy, Republic of Korea, middle power.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.026

A.D. LUKIN Graduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

ARCTIC DIPLOMACY AS A KIND OF REGIONAL DIPLOMACY AND A SPECIAL KIND OF STATE POLICY IN THE ARCTIC

The article examines history of international relations of the Arctic region from the perspective of regional cooperation.

The role of the Arctic region is constantly growing in international relations, this is facilitated by a number of factors related to environmental, geopolitical, economic, climatic, military, scientific, humanitarian issues in the Arctic region.

The purpose of this article is an attempt to study the features of regional relations, to present the thesis of the emergence of regional Arctic diplomacy on the example of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic. Consider the peculiarity of the formation of regional relations as a result of the identity of national interests and challenges, the Arctic countries, entering regional and international relations.

Studying international relations in the Arctic, its features, channels for dialogue, will become an effective tool in preserving the region as a territory of peace and mutually beneficial partnership. A gradual increase in the role of non-Arctic states in economic and trade activities in the region will become a natural process for the development of regional relations in the Arctic. To maintain the flexibility of regional relations, the existing institutions of interaction in the Arctic will play an important role.

Key words: Arctic region, regional policy, diplomacy, mutually beneficial partnership, Arctic diplomacy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.027

LIU JIA Postgraduate student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

WANG ZHAOXU Postgraduate student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

YUE SIQI Student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

THE INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIA ON THE FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF THE STATE (COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CHINA AND RUSSIA)

The most important institution of modern society and a serious translator of the geopolitical image is the media. The data transmitted through the media allows not only to form an image (image) of a separate territory, but also to transform it according to certain interests. The media are able to impose certain topics and even interpretations of events and phenomena on a wide range of people. The development of the informatization of society has led to the fact that the mass media are increasingly noticeably influencing various public spheres, including the political consciousness and behavior of citizens. It is impossible to count on a single event aimed at creating the image of the state, because a whole system of mutually agreed actions is needed. They should be aimed at the local population, partners and opposition politicians, and this will help raise the prestige of the government itself.

The image of the state is a stereotyped image formed in the mass consciousness. It merges people's ideas about the features of this territory of historical, socio-cultural, socio-economic, political and other nature. At the same time, each person forms a subjective idea of the region, based both on their own specific impressions, and indirectly, relying on the materials of cinematic and literary sources, mass media, based on eyewitness accounts, rumors and speculation.

Thus, the structure of the image of the state is multilayered – in the minds of different people, the image of the same state may have significant differences.

Nevertheless, it is possible and necessary to manage the image of the state. If the image of the state is built professionally, then this allows the territory to actively develop and prosper. At the same time, the attractive image of the state depends not only on its real potential in cultural and socio-economic terms, but more on the use of this potential.

Key words: image of the state, mass media, marketing, information, state, market.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.028

D.О. MATYASHOVA PhD student of Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

E.A. MIKHALEVICH PhD student of Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

INTRASTATE AND INTERSTATE CONFLICTS AND AGGRESSIVE NON-STATE ACTORS IN NORTHEAST ASIA

The states of Northeast Asia are actively developing the field of ICT and AI, therefore, they potentially have wide opportunities for using such technologies as a tool for destabilizing the information and psychological situation in competing countries. At the same time, the countries of the region can also become the object of high-tech information and psychological influence from anti-social actors, such as opposition political forces, terrorist groups, sects, etc. The purpose of this article is to review the international situation in Northeast Asia and characterize the activities of aggressive non-state actors in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Hong Kong, which have a destabilizing effect on the security architecture of the entire Northeast Asian region.

Key words: Northeast Asia, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, information and psychological security, separatism, extremism, terrorism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.029

D.S. TELEGIN Graduate student, the Department of Globalistics at the Faculty of Global Studies of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF THE ARCTIC REGION IN THE FORMATION OF “GREATER EURASIA”

As a result of the rivalry between the United States and China in the Asia-Pacific region (APAC), the APAC region is transforming. The Asia-Pacific region is becoming an integral part of Eurasia. Consequently, the role of the Arctic region – the link between the main part of Eurasia and the APAC region – increases, which opens a window of opportunities for the Russian Federation for the implementation of the Greater Eurasia project. The author uses an interdisciplinary approach, content analysis and event analysis to analyze Russian and foreign scientific works and official documents.

Key words: Greater Eurasia, the Arctic region, Arcto-Pacific, Asia-Pacific, region, integration.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.030

E.L. KHORBALADZE PhD student, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University; Fox International Fellow (researcher), MacMillan Center, Yale University, Moscow, Russia

US INDO-PACIFIC STRATEGY: MAIN DIMESNSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR RUSSIA

As for today the global interests of the United States are fully projected into the Indo-Pacific region, and the concept of the Indo-Pacific region becomes the basis for extending the American strategy of “reversal and rebalancing” to the Indian Ocean. The aim of the article is to detect how Indo-Pacific strategy (IPS) changes the strategic balance of power in the region. The author asks 3 main questions: What is the essence of Indo-Pacific strategy? How the approach towards Indo-Pacific region has changed during different US presidents since G.W. Bush? How IPS affects the interests of Russia in the Indo-Pacific region? To answer these questions author used the multimethod research design, particularly following methods: document analysis, content analysis, structured, focused comparison, system analysis. Author concludes that creating virtually from scratch an architecture for the realization of its interests in the Indo-Pacific region, the United States is adopting a flexible approach of “new regionalism”. This is best compiled through the US Indo-Pacific strategy. The George W. Bush Administration understood Asia’s growing importance and engaged closely with the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Japan, and India. The Obama Administration significantly accelerated American prioritization of Asia, investing new diplomatic, economic, and military resources there. The Trump Administration also recognized the Indo-Pacific as the world’s center of gravity. Under President Biden, the United States is determined to strengthen long-term position in and commitment to the Indo-Pacific. Meanwhile, Russia clearly unwelcomes the Indo-Pacific as a new geopolitical construct with military component, considers QUAD as “Asian NATO”, and sees ASEAN as the preferable Asian regional format. However, the future of Russian position will be determined by the development of this construct. If regional interpretations of the Indo-Pacific prevail, less geopolitical and confrontational, Russia’s reaction can be far less concerted.

Key words: Indo-Pacific strategy, Asia-Pacific region, trans-regional integration, concept, US, Russia, QUAD.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.031

CHU CHENGCHENG Postgraduate student of the Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

HUMANITARIAN POLICY OF CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES IN CENTRAL ASIA IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION

The article shows the growing influence of the humanitarian component of modern international relations and the importance of taking into account the humanitarian factor in the operation of inter-country relations. The paper gives the author's interpretation of the concept of "humanitarian policy" and its difference with "soft power". This article analyzes the experience of educational programs in the countries of the Central Asian region, examines the impact of China and the United States on the educational system of Central Asian countries in a comparative manner. Their strategic goals and priorities of diplomacy and their relationship with each other are summarized. The purpose of this article is to reveal the nature and show the different features of the humanitarian policy of China and the United States in Central Asia. Research methods – Comparative research, content analysis of official documents. The object of the study is the humanitarian policy of China and the United States in Central Asia in the field of education. The subject of the study is Cooperation in the field of education between China, the United States and the countries of Central Asia.

The results of the study: The United States has invested a lot in educational projects in Central Asia, and it can be seen that the United States attaches great importance to humanitarian exchange in diplomacy. The main strategic goal of the United States is to spread American values and expand its influence in Central Asia. But, on the other hand, since the ambitions of the United States are too obvious, it also disgusted Central Asian society, and to a certain extent influenced the process of humanitarian exchange. Humanitarian exchange in the field of education between China and the countries of Central Asia began relatively late. The creation of the SCO and the BRI contributed to humanitarian exchange.

Key words: humanitarian policy, educational cooperation, China, USA, Central Asia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.032

K.V. TIMAKHOV Postgraduate student of Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

NEOM: TRANSFORMATION PROJECT OF KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

This paper examines the prospects for creating a city that has no analogues in the world, in accordance with the NEOM project proposed by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman. This initiative is one of the components of a comprehensive plan to transform the country's socio-economic system – "Saudi Vision – 2030". The analysis of the developed strategy and the stages of its implementation may be of interest for scientific research due to its novelty and ambiguity of implementation in the poorly developed desert terrain of the Arabian Peninsula. As a result of the study, an inconsistency has been established that arises due to the discrepancy between resources for the implementation of the project and the tasks that are of an abstract theoretical nature. In addition, the futuristic nature of the NEOM project, with all its positive characteristics, which are environmental sustainability and technological effectiveness, raises the problem of data privacy, equality of opportunities and legal protection of potential residents of the "smart city".

Key words: city of the future, NEOM, Saudi Arabia, transformation program, Saudi Vision – 2030.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.033

R.R. OMONOV Researcher at the Department of Civil Society and legal education of the National University Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

EXPERIENCE IN THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE USA AND THE COUNTRIES OF WESTERN EUROPE AND THEIR IMPACT ON MODERNIZATION POWER SYSTEMS

The article analyzes the role of information, communication and Internet technologies in the development of the economy. Experience in the use of information technologies in public administration in the United States and Western Europe and their impact on the modernization of the power system. The effectiveness of the use of intellectuals and the product of their mental labor for the realization of the will and goals of the entire nation. Theoretical and methodological problems of national security policy formation are revealed. The main conditions affecting the state of security are substantiated.

Key words: information technology, globalization, geopolitics, society, national security, management.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.034

S. AMAN Postgraduate student of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

MODERN CHALLENGES AND SECURITY THREATS FOR CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES

The article shows that the Central Asian region retains exceptional importance in the modern system of international relations, being at the same time a crossroads of the world's largest civilizations: Christianity, Confucianism and Islam, as well as a point of intersection of the geopolitical interests of a number of countries, such as Russia, the United States, China, Turkey and the European Union, the establishment of control over which allows you to manage the global transit of strategic raw materials for the world's largest emerging economies. It is noted that the Central Asian region is a zone of historically determined national interests of the Russian Federation, where it plays the role of an important partner of the Central Asian republics and moderator of privileged cooperation in trade, economic, political and humanitarian spheres. It is concluded that as a leading geopolitical power, Russia is called upon to ensure the stability of the military-political situation in the Central Asian region, as well as the security of its southern borders through the development of bilateral and multilateral relations with Central Asian states in the format of the CIS, EAEU, SCO, and CSTO, which is becoming most relevant in modern conditions of geopolitical and geo-economic transformations.

Key words: International security, SCO, Central Asia, USA, international relations, CIS, Russia, Turkey, drug trafficking, ethno-confessional conflicts, China, Iran, Regional security.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.035

D.S. MYASNIKOV Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

S.SH. MANAPOV Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

V.K. SIMAKOVA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

THE ESSENCE OF THE LIBERAL OLIGARCHY AS A PROJECT FOR AN EFFECTIVE POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF THE STATE

The emergence of liberalism in Russia took place on the basis of various historical processes that emerged in the political, economic and cultural life of society. Taking the Western idea of liberal relations as a basis, the Russian intelligentsia introduced its own unique specifics of the Russian idea of liberalism.

The result of changes in the social structure of Russian society after the start of systemic transformations was the rapid, almost instantaneous by historical standards, the formation of a layer of very large entrepreneurs, called "oligarchs". This layer has become the leading force of the Russian business class, and it largely determines the development of Russia.

In the article, the author considers theoretical approaches to the concept of liberal oligarchy and analyzes this phenomenon as a project for an effective political structure of the state. In addition, the attention of the study is also devoted to the advantages and disadvantages of this model of the welfare state, which are studied using specific examples of modern international political reality.

Key words: liberalism, liberal oligarchy, political model, political structure, state, society, reformation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.036

A.D. KOSTINA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

K.R. ILINSKAYA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

N.D. PAKHMUTOV Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

FAVORABLE FORECASTS AND “PROBLEMATIC” ASPECTS OF THE CHINESE BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE

The China Belt and Road Initiative is a multi-billion dollar project that has an economic and strategic impact on all participating regions and countries. Since its inception in 2013, this initiative has been the subject of intense debate. Like all multifaceted cases of modern international relations, it has its supporters and critics. The former emphasize that the Initiative has received high praise from a number of developing countries, who believe that the financing of trade-related infrastructure will contribute to the economic growth of participating countries. Critics see the project as a tool to increase China's geopolitical power and a debt trap for countries that receive loans to develop infrastructure that ultimately does not support their economic development.

The author finds this consumption of opinions interesting and relevant for the study. This article discusses the favorable forecasts for the implementation of the Chinese concept of "One Belt – One Road", and also examines the possible negative aspects of the consequences of its implementation.

Key words: international relations, economics, economic integration, China, One belt – One road, transport, project, initiative, Central Asia, world economy, development prospects, development risks.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.037

D.A. BAKANINA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

Y.V. BARANOVA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. LEONOVA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA AS A MEANS OF IMPLEMENTING SCIENTIFIC DIPLOMACY OF WESTERN COUNTRIES AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE ARCTIC REGION

The Arctic region has always been an international platform for dialogue on resolving global problems and challenges through joint efforts by actors in international relations. However, 2022 has become a period of serious testing of the cooperation of scientific communities in the Arctic, previously proceeding at a steady pace. This paper describes and analyzes the observed negative dynamics of the science diplomacy of Western countries and the Russian Federation in the region with an emphasis on the environmental agenda, after which further prospects for the development of events are considered. The article also emphasizes the need to search for new mechanisms of cooperation in the region that can ensure a balance of national and global interests.

Key words: science diplomacy, Arctic region, environmental agenda, Arctic Council, confrontation, Russia, Western countries.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.86.10.038

A.A. NIKITINA Student of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF MASS COMMUNICATION IN THE DYNAMICS OF RELATIONS BETWEEN THE USA AND RUSSIA

This article examines the impact of mass communication on international relations, in particular the impact on the relationship between the United States and Russia. The article analyzes how mass communication affects the formation of public opinion, its promotion and implementation of the necessary assessment of events in the mass consciousness, as well as how it affects international relations, the result of this impact.

Key words: USA, Russia, mass communication, international relations.

OUR AUTHORS

AKHPATELOV B.R. – Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia.

AMAN S. – Postgraduate student of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

BAKANINA D.A. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

BARANOVA Y.V. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

BELOVA L.G. – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department foreign regional studies of the Institute of International Relations and Socio-Political Sciences of the Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia.

BRAGIN A.D. – PhD Student, Junior researcher of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

CHEMSHIT D.A. – Candidate of political sciences, Docent of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Institute of the Federal State Educational Institution, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

CHEPELYUK S.G. – Postgraduate student of the Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

CHU CHENGCHENG – Postgraduate student of the Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

DAVYDOV D.R. – Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia.

EMELYANOV A.I. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies Institute of International Relations and Socio-Political Sciences, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia.

FURMAN F.P. – Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the North-Western Institute of Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

GALIEVA S.I. – Candidate of Political Science, associate professor of Innovative entertpreneurship, law and financial management department of Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia.

GALIEVA G.M. – Senior lecturer of Innovative entertpreneurship, law and financial management department of Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia.

GAO DAI – Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

GIMALIEV V.G. – Doctor or Philosophy, Associate Professor of Department of foreign languages N 2, I.N. Ulyanov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russia.

GOERLITZ H. – Independent researcher, Wiesbaden, Germany.

GU XIAOYAN – Russian Teacher, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, China.

GUZAEROV R.I. – Junior Researcher, Department of Middle and Post-Soviet East Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences (INION) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ILINSKAYA K.R. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

JURAQULOV F.N. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, First Deputy Head of the Republican center of spirituality and enlightenment, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

KAPUSTIN A.S. – Postgraduate Student, Department of Russian Politics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

KHACHATRYAN D.A. – CEO of Kaskada LLC, Moscow, Russia.

KHORBALADZE E.L. – PhD student, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University; Fox International Fellow (researcher), MacMillan Center, Yale University, Moscow, Russia.

KOSTINA A.D. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

KOZYREVA M.S. – Ph.D. student, Faculty of Global Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

KRASILNIKOV S.V. – Ph.D., Associate professor, department of theory and history of state and law North-West institute of management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

LEONOVA A.A. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

LIDZHIEVA K.N. – PhD student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of global studies, Moscow, Russia.

LIU JIA – Postgraduate student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

LUKIN A.D. – Graduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

MADYUKOVA S.A. – PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.

MAGADIEV M.F. – Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in the foreign policy activities of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

MANAPOV S.SH. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

MATYASHOVA D.O. – PhD student of Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

MIKHALEVICH E.A. – PhD student of Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

MIROSHNIKOV V.S. – Independent researcher, Southwest State University, Kursk, Russia.

MYASNIKOV D.S. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

NAZAROVA N.A. – Candidate of economic sciences, Director, Autonomous non-profit organization "Institute for the Development of Entrepreneurship and Economics", Moscow, Russia.

NECHAI A.A. – Senior Lecturer, Saint-Petersburg Peter the Great Polytechnic University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

NEVMERZHITSKII A.L. – Director of UK Praktika LLC, Moscow, Russia.

NIKITINA A.A. – Student of Moscow State University named after M. V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

NOVOSELOV S.V. – Commercial director of Vash Dom LLC, Moscow, Russia.

OMONOV R.R. – Researcher at the Department of Civil Society and legal education of the National University Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

PAKHMUTOV N.D. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

RODIONOVA M.E. – Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

RYAZANTSEV S.V. – Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

SAMUSEVA O.A. – Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

SHAKUN E.N. – Director of the educational department work with students of the Russian University friendship of peoples, Moscow, Russia.

SIMAKOVA V.K. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

TELEGIN D.S. – Graduate student, the Department of Globalistics at the Faculty of Global Studies of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

TIMAKHOV K.V. – Postgraduate student of Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

VOLKOV A.V. – Graduate student, Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

WANG CONGYUE – PhD student of the Department of International Political Processes School of Political Science, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

WANG ZHAOXU – Postgraduate student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

YUE SIQI – Student of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 12, Issue 9 (85), 2022

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Chemshit A.A. Factors of Stability of the Political System of Society

Solodova G.S. Civilizational Borderlines as an Advantage

Dobrynina E.Ya. The Formation of the Problem Field in the Theories of the Information Socity

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Salieva N.E. The Specificity of the Paradigm Approach to Studying the Influence of the Information Society on Youth Ideosphere

Zubova O.G. Trust as a Factor in the Development of the Institution of Charity in Modern Russian Society

Persidskaya O.A. Factors of Formal and Informal Institutionalization of Ethnicity in Novosibirsk

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Kakharova M. Technology of Health and Ensuring the Stability of the Socio-Spiritual Environment in Society

Ravochkin N.N. Import of Political and Legal Institutions: Problems and Search for Ways to Overcome (Part 1)

Petrov A.P., Pronchev G.B. Hybrid Wars: Features of the Process and Features of Mathematical Modeling

Chemshit D.A. Political Crisis in the System of Ideas about Political Instability

Kachurenko D.S. Transformations of the Political System and the Implementation of the Principle of Separation of Powers in France

Bogapova A.V. The Use of Populism in the Election Campaigns of Deputies of the Moscow City Duma of the Seventh Convocation

Chulkov D.I. Decentralization of Traditional Media as a Mechanism to Counter Manipulation and Propaganda in Public Policy

Kozin A.S. Big Data and their Impact on the Political Situation in the World

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

Magadiev M.F. State Administration in the Field of Patriotic Education in the Conditions of Anti-Russian Western Propaganda: Status and Development Prospects

Kishueva I.A. Digital Sovereignty and Digital Disintegration of Russia

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Nazarov A.N. Globalization and Political Development

Tushkov A.A., Zhivotova D.A. Prospects for Russia's Dialogue Partnership and Asean in the Conditions of Anti-Russian Proxy Wars and Threat Growth Aseano-Centrism in Sea

Xiong Leping, He Haoyue. China's Belt and Road Initiative in the Context of Global Governance

Davydov V.N., Nguyen T.A., Zotkina A.L. Indicators of Vietnam's Political Stability

Shangaraev R.N., Iskhakov A.S. Turkey's "Soft Power" and its Role in Foreign Policy

Urper Mehmet. Foundations of Cultural Diplomacy in the Context of Formation of Mechanisms of Consolidation and Development of the National Identity of the Turkish State in the System of International Relations: the Historical Foundation of the Development of the Culture of Turkish Society

Isaev K.A. U.S. Policy Towards Venezuela in the Period from 2013 to 2022

Vasetsova E.S., Zhang Junyi. The Role of Medical Diplomacy of PRC in APR Regional Integration

Liu Jingyuan. China’s Approach to Global Governance Reform

Mohebi M.A. The Influence and Role of the Media in the Formation of Ideological and Political Differences Between Two Generations in Iran

Ryzhkin E.N. An Analysis of the Relationship Between Italy's Foreign Policy Capacity and its National Interests in Libya Between 2011 and 2020

Chzhan Chen`I. Did China Really Lose from Pelosi's Visit?

Yancha Tuasa Segundo Elias, Bogdanova E.A., Ushakova D.O. Ecuador. Dollarized Economy and the COVID-19 Pandemic

STUDENT SCIENCE

Bratkovskaya D.V., Demidova E.R., Kapatsyna G.A. China's Policy in XUAR: its Directions, Main Reasons, and Ways to Resolve the Interethnic Conflict

Kostina A.D., Ilinskaya K.R., Pakhmutov N.D. Confrontation of the United States with Other States in Outer Space on the Example of Relations with China

Lei Shuyang. Contrasting the Development of Foreign Policy in History Russia and China

Myasnikov D.S., Varodi A.I., Bulygin M.A. Social Media and their Impact on the Electoral Process in Russia and Abroad

Our authors № 9-2022

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.001

A.A. CHEMSHIT D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

FACTORS OF STABILITY OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF SOCIETY

The subject of this article is the analysis of the democratic development of political systems in terms of the relationship between two factors – state power and political participation. The movement of the political system from one state to another is considered as a political process. The development of the modern political process is studied both at the level of the national social system and at the global level. The place and role of institutions of state power and civil society in the conditions of stable, unstable and crisis states of various modern types of political systems is determined. The regularities of the democratic process in political systems that arise under the influence of changes in the degree of satisfaction of the interests of both society as a whole and the main social groups are revealed and formulated.

Key words: state power, political involvement, political system, political process, authoritarianism, democracy, modernization, optimization of political participation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.002

G.S. SOLODOVA Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

CIVILIZATIONAL BORDERLINES AS AN ADVANTAGE

In the current situation, when for a number of reasons everything is moving into a qualitatively different dimension, the former geopolitical guidelines and priorities are losing their significance. There is a redistribution of world centers of political and economic influence. Political, economic mainstreams are changing. There is some chaos, new problems and new challenges. One of the consequences of the current aggravation is the turn to the East announced several years ago. The development of Eurasian geopolitical cooperation and partnership, including its southern direction, is becoming more relevant. The project of Greater Eurasia as a geostrategic and geoeconomic community is gaining ground. Russia's belonging to Asia, the East, once again becomes topical. Such a vector may turn out to be mutually beneficial and mutually beneficial, especially in conditions of a certain lack of alternatives. At the same time, the range of assessments of the prospects and potential of the Eurasian interaction is different – from cautious and skeptical to quite favorable.

Key words: Eurasian space, East Asian region.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.003

E.YA. DOBRYNINA Postgraduate student of the Department of philosophy of politics and law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE FORMATION OF THE PROBLEM FIELD IN THE THEORIES OF THE INFORMATION SOCITY

The article describes the formation of a problem field related to informatization and digitalization of public life. Today digitalization is gaining momentum, accordingly, new questions are emerging that require, if not an exact answer, then their understanding, as well as new concepts that contribute to the awareness of what is happening. The author attempts to identify the main trajectories of the development of the concept of information society in the philosophical thinking of the XX-XXI century. The article discusses the works of Fritz Machlup, Daniel Bell, Alvin Toffler.

Key words: information society, digitalization, knowledge society, post-industrial society.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.004

N.E. SALIEVA Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science (PhD), First Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs of the Jizzakh University (Sambhram University), Jizzakh, Uzbekistan

THE SPECIFICITY OF THE PARADIGM APPROACH TO STUDYING THE INFLUENCE OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY ON YOUTH IDEOSPHERE

The article is devoted to the modern factors of the specifics of the paradigm approach to the study of the influence of the informatized society on the youth ideosphere. The factor of youth ideosphere virtualization and its influence on social development is considered.

Key words: youth ideosphere, society, informatization, globalization, communication, technology.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.005

O.G. ZUBOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Technologies at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

TRUST AS A FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTION OF CHARITY IN MODERN RUSSIAN SOCIETY

An important indicator of the state of civic engagement, the level of social solidarity, is the development of various forms of charity and volunteerism. The article, based on the analysis of secondary data, examines the institutional level of trust in charity of different socio-demographic groups of the population, emerging barriers of involvement and possible conditions for overcoming them. The growth of trust in charitable activity is associated with successful examples of the work of charitable organizations; further professionalization of their activities; informing and simplifying ways to provide assistance; creating a positive image in the media; increasing the overall level of trust in society and developing a culture of participation.

Key words: charity, charitable organizations, trust, civil society, values.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.006

O.A. PERSIDSKAYA Junior Researcher Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

FACTORS OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF ETHNICITY IN NOVOSIBIRSK

It is proposed to expand the theoretical and methodological framework of the study of the institutionalization of ethnicity by including a description of not only the factors of formal, but also informal institutionalization.

It is shown that the institutional structures of the federal and municipal levels are based on two foundations: on the one hand, ethnic diversity, which is presented as a virtue and strength, and on the other hand, the unifying role of the Russian language with the dominance of Russian culture. On example of Novosibirsk, it was revealed that the mechanisms of institutional influence have a pronounced cultural orientation.

At the same time, an analysis of the non-institutional factors shows that the actual needs of ethnic groups lie not only in the cultural plane. We are talking about a significant split between groups of the host population and migrants, a decrease in the comfort of the urban environment, actualization of real and potential threats of interethnic conflict, a reduction in the importance of ethnic identity for the younger generation of people who identify themselves as Russians.

Based on the introduction of institutional and non-institutional factors into the study of the institutionalization of ethnicity, an assumption was made about the insufficient effectiveness of the culturally oriented trend, on which the institutional agent is betting.

Key words: institutionalization of ethnicity, nation-building, city, Novosibirsk, migrants, host community, ethnic identity.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.007

M. KAKHAROVA Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Deputy Director of the Institute of Social and Spiritual Research, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

TECHNOLOGY OF HEALTH AND ENSURING THE STABILITY OF THE SOCIO-SPIRITUAL ENVIRONMENT IN SOCIETY

This article is devoted to modern technologies for healing and ensuring the sustainability of the socio-spiritual environment in society. The author presents the results of a study on the problems of the formation of the technology of the socio-spiritual environment and its basis.

Key words: technology, threat resistance, environment, societies, spirituality, reform, politics, globalization, geopolitics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.008

N.N. RAVOCHKIN Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences, Kuzbass State Technical University named after T.F. Gorbachev; Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogical Technologies, Kuzbass State Agricultural Academy, Kemerovo, Russiа

IMPORT OF POLITICAL AND LEGAL INSTITUTIONS: PROBLEMS AND SEARCH FOR WAYS TO OVERCOME (PART 1)

The modern world has entered an unprecedented non-linear dynamics, characterized by unpredictability and riskiness of constantly emerging challenges. At present, the vectors of development of nation-states are mainly determined by political and legal institutions, which are assigned more and more new functions and with which the population associates a variety of expectations. Transformation of management practices and changes in the functionality of power structures are vital for key actors, but not all countries can develop their own effective political and legal institutions. Nevertheless, it is the relevance to actual challenges that makes it possible to rely on evolutionary development scenarios desired by states. The first part of the study summarizes the features of the import of political and legal institutions. The author considers the available theoretical approaches and analyzes the practice of transferring political and legal structures. The high role of variables for empirical contexts is emphasized. Important methodological remarks are given on the cultural differences between the countries that have created ideal institutional models and the states directly involved in their import. In conclusion, intermediate results are summed up and vectors are outlined that reveal the role of ideas and intellectuals in political and legal institutional transformations.

Key words: power, society, political and legal institution, import, experience, context, idea.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.009

A.P. PETROV Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Leading Researcher at Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

G.B. PRONCHEV Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor; Associate Professor of the Department of Modern Sociology at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

HYBRID WARS: FEATURES OF THE PROCESS AND FEATURES OF MATHEMATICAL MODELING

The article is devoted to issues related to modern hybrid wars. Modern society, replete with new types of threats, requires new ways to resolve conflicts. A technology that allows you to effectively and quickly have a negative impact on the enemy is hybrid warfare. As a complex, multicomponent phenomenon, it maximally meets the requirements of the current stage of the political, social and historical development of society in the context of conducting modern confrontations. The paper analyzes the features of hybrid wars, identifies its key components, determines the degree of effectiveness of the concept of hybrid wars in modern realities, analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of a new type of confrontation. The features of the process of mathematical modeling of hybrid wars are analyzed. The article is of interest to specialists dealing with the problems of information confrontation, mathematical modeling of social processes.

Key words: information confrontation, hybrid wars, mathematical modeling, information threats, aggressor state, target state.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.010

D.A. CHEMSHIT Candidate of political sciences, Docent of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Institute of the Federal State Educational Institution, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE SYSTEM OF IDEAS ABOUT POLITICAL INSTABILITY

The central idea of the article is that the political crisis acts as a form of political instability. It is noted that the problem of political crises has received a fairly wide development in the works of modern researchers. The political crisis is interpreted in the scientific world from different approaches: structural-functional, conflictological, institutional, synergistic, etc. It is emphasized that crises can arise under the influence of different factors. In particular, they may be due to the inefficiency of political institutions, structural and functional imbalance, and modernization of the political system.

Key words: political system, political instability, political crisis, political conflict, synergistic approach, structural-functional approach, institutional approach.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.011

D.S. KACHURENKO Assistant of the Department of Law of the National Research University «Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology», Moscow, Russia

TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION OF POWERS IN FRANCE

The transformation of the French political system in the period after the Great French Revolution to the present is considered. In comparative historical retrospect, the process of indoctrination of the principle of separation of powers into the legal and political system of the five French republics is analyzed. It is noted how the search for a balance of power between branches and authorities and the installation of a system of checks and balances have had and continue to have an impact on the functional properties of the French political system. It is noted that the experience of France is extremely valuable, since it is France that is the birthplace of the theory of the social contract and such a model of separation of powers has been formed in it for a long time, which has proven its effectiveness.

Key words: separation of powers, state, political system, constitutionalism, French Republic, theory of social contract, public administration system.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.012

A.V. BOGAPOVA Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE USE OF POPULISM IN THE ELECTION CAMPAIGNS OF DEPUTIES OF THE MOSCOW CITY DUMA OF THE SEVENTH CONVOCATION

The article is devoted to the study of populist practices in the regional elections in Moscow in 2019. The subject of the analysis is the election campaigns of the candidates, as well as their election programs. The conducted research makes it possible to compare populist technologies and rhetoric used by political actors and shows that the use of populism can act as a campaign factor.

Key words: populism, populist rhetoric, election campaign, regional elections, Moscow City Duma, political technologies.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.013

D.I. CHULKOV Postgraduate Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

DECENTRALIZATION OF TRADITIONAL MEDIA AS A MECHANISM TO COUNTER MANIPULATION AND PROPAGANDA IN PUBLIC POLICY

The study is aimed at studying the possibilities of using traditional media to counter technologies of information and communication impact on people's thought processes. As a result of the study, the conditions under which the audience of traditional media increases and trust in them grows. The author also comes to the conclusion that the transition to a digital media environment is a change in the institutions and infrastructures of free expression and a form of democratic "creative destruction" that opens up new opportunities for civil society.

Key words: manipulation, propaganda, digital media, traditional media, transformation, democratic creative destruction.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.014

A.S. KOZIN Postgraduate student of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

BIG DATA AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN THE WORLD

This article analyzes the Big Data Institute and its impact on the political situation in the country and in the world. It is noted that the widespread use of big data has a negative impact on global security, since big data is used not only by the state or business, but also by terrorist organizations, as evidenced by the terrorist attack in Mumbai. In this regard, the conclusion is drawn that propaganda of information security and work with the public to disseminate information that any activity on the Internet leaves digital traces that can subsequently be used against each user and society in in general. In this regard, the purpose of this article was to analyze the impact of big data on the political environment. Achieving this goal became possible against the background of solving such problems as analyzing big data, assessing their impact, and developing measures aimed at optimizing the considered area. The historical method, methods of analysis and synthesis, as well as the formal-logical method acted as a methodological basis. As a result of the study, the author formulates the conclusion that big data should be understood as huge amounts of data that, using a variety of analytical methods, for example, using the machine learning method, can reveal certain patterns, as well as establish correlations and trends. The main idea in the field of processing such data is that the huge amount of data allows users to have information that would hardly be found in the analysis of smaller data. When studying big data, it was found that cybercriminals and terrorist organizations may well use them, and therefore, measures of high preventive importance come to the fore.

Key words: big data, threat, state, security, information, opportunities.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.015

M.F. MAGADIEV Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in foreign policy Diplomatic Academy Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia

STATE ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF ANTI-RUSSIAN WESTERN PROPAGANDA: STATUS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation depends on how the patriotic generation is brought up and how it learns patriotic values: love for the Motherland and protection of its interests, care for it and upholding its values. Today, the most important factor in the actualization and increase in the importance of patriotic work is the conduct of a special military operation in Ukraine, which gave rise to a new round of anti-Russian Western propaganda. Within the framework of this article, the author considers promising areas of patriotic education as the basis for countering this negative phenomenon, which poses a serious threat to the spiritual security of Russia.

Key words: anti-Russian propaganda, public administration, youth, national security, patriotism, patriotic education, Russia, special military operation, values.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.016

I.A. KISHUEVA Postgraduate student of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies and Foreign Policy, RSUH, Moscow, Russia

DIGITAL SOVEREIGNTY AND DIGITAL DISINTEGRATION OF RUSSIA

The "Industry 4.0" is a modern stage of exponential development of global industrial capitalism. The "Fourth Industrial Revolution" is a term by Klaus Schwab and characterized by a systemic fusion of a wide range of technologies and their universal interaction in the physical, digital and biological fields.

New dynamic combinations of technology, market and society are had significant matter for all participants of international relations – from international institutions to governments, society and business. Innovative development and competitive environment for the IT industry are priority which is necessary not only for sustainable economic development, but modern state infrastructure and security.

This is research of the IT industry state regulation instruments in Russia on a framework of a coordinated strategy isolation from the leading technological powers. In this context, the key subject of the study is the digital sovereignty of a country that has become disintegrated with relatively high technology development and actively state and society involvement in modern digital interaction. The objective of the study is to track the short-term dynamics and direction variations of the country's 4.0 industry in unique political circumstances.

Key words: Industry 4.0, IT, sanctions, digital governance, digital state, digital sovereignty, international relations, digital constitutionalism.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.017

A.N. NAZAROV Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science (PhD), Senior Lecturer at Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

GLOBALIZATION AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT

This scientific article analyzes the problems associated with ensuring the security of political development in the context of deepening globalization processes.

The article also substantiates the thesis of the effectiveness of the implementation of "preventive" democracy to achieve stability and political development. The author examines the modern experience of the sovereign political development of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The role and significance of the Development Strategy is emphasized, on the basis of which the progressive movement along the path of deepening democratic reforms is being implemented.

Key words: globalization, political development, democracy, security, "preventive democracy", Development Strategy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.018

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University, Vladivostok, Russia

D.A. ZHIVOTOVA Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University, Vladivostok, Russia

PROSPECTS FOR RUSSIA'S DIALOGUE PARTNERSHIP AND ASEAN IN THE CONDITIONS OF ANTI-RUSSIAN PROXY WARS AND THREAT GROWTH ASEANO-CENTRISM IN SEA

In the proposed article, the authors attempt to analyze the prospects for the development of Russia-ASEAN relations in the conditions of, firstly, the anti-Russian proxy war of the collective West and, secondly, the strengthening of the confrontational component in the concept of Indo-Pacifism and the growing threat to ASEAN-centrism in Southeast Asia. All this cannot but cause Moscow growing concern for the peaceful future of the region. The authors believe that this topic is relevant, since at present there is a high probability of a cardinal reorientation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation to the Asian direction, when in modern conditions, de facto, according to Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, dialogue with Western countries does not make sense. Today we have come to the border when the sanctions programs of the collective West against Russia are SDN (Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons), SSI (Sectoral Sanctions Identifications) and sanctions provided for by the US Law "On Countering America's Adversaries through Sanctions" of 2017 (CAATSA) and others, such as the introduction of the USA and others The G7 countries' price limit on Russian oil, as well as the possibility of limiting gas prices, including pipeline and liquefied natural gas (LNG), do not imply a mutually beneficial dialogue. In these circumstances, the need for an audit of the system of Russian foreign economic and foreign policy relations becomes natural. In the context of the accelerated rupture of economic and political relations with the EU countries, the state and business structures of our country are increasingly beginning to build economic and business contacts with the so far relatively politically neutral Southeast Asia, united within the framework of the ASEAN integration bloc. The task of the authors is to explore the possibility of direct dialogues with Southeast Asian countries in order to concentrate Russia's foreign policy activities in the Asian direction. The relationship of the ASEAN countries with Russia and the West is considered as an object of research, and the global crisis in international relations affecting the change of direction of Russian foreign policy is considered as a subject.

Key words: foreign policy relations, security, ASEAN, Russia, West.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.019

XIONG LEPING Ph.D., Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China

HE HAOYUE Student, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China

CHINA'S BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE

This article analyzes the cooperation priorities of the Belt and Road Initiative, examines its core connotation, reveals the relationship between the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) with global governance and China's "soft power". By promoting the Belt and Road Initiative, China offers the whole world its concept of global governance, which consists in "extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits", thereby advocating multilateralism in international relations and spreading its own "soft power".

Key words: Belt and Road Initiative, Global Governance, China, Soft Power, Cooperation and Development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.020

V.N. DAVYDOV Candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute for modern policy of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

T.А. NGUYEN Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

A.L. ZOTKINA Master of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

INDICATORS OF VIETNAM'S POLITICAL STABILITY

The article analyzes the essence of political stability, elucidates the indicators of measuring political stability, its social functions, examines the theoretical aspects of political stability, instability, factors of its formation and mechanisms of preservation in transitional societies, the possibility of forming political stability. Based on international indices, the level of political stability of Vietnam in comparison with other countries is shown.

Key words: Vietnam, political stability, political stability index, indicators of political stability.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.021

R.N. SHANGARAEV Ph.D. (Economics), Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

A.S. ISKHAKOV Master’s Degree Student, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

TURKEY'S "SOFT POWER" AND ITS ROLE IN FOREIGN POLICY

The study of the development of the Turkish model of "soft power" and its implementation in the countries that emerged after the collapse of the USSR, which became the field of geopolitical interests of a number of countries, shows the features of the mechanism of influence of "soft power", the principles of forming the image of Turkey and methods of carrying out its interests abroad, which is necessary to keep in mind when implementing Russian "soft power", especially in the post-Soviet countries.

Key words: soft power, Westernism, pan-Islamism, pan-Turkism, international security, Kemalism, strategic interests, Turkey, Russia, CIS.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.022

URPER MEHMET Senior Lecturer at the Department of International Humanitarian Relations of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

FOUNDATIONS OF CULTURAL DIPLOMACY IN THE CONTEXT OF FORMATION OF MECHANISMS OF CONSOLIDATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL IDENTITY OF THE TURKISH STATE IN THE SYSTEM OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: THE HISTORICAL FOUNDATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CULTURE OF TURKISH SOCIETY

The presented article is devoted to the study at the beginning of the 21st century of the issue of the role and significance of the cultural and diplomatic component in the process of implementing the foreign policy program and the activity of the Republic of Turkey on a regional and global scale. In parallel with this, the emphasis is placed on defining the concept of the picture of the world of cultural and mental consciousness against the background of the society of the Turkic and Muslim societies, which is of particular necessity and is extremely relevant for the full demonstration of the features of cultural identity as the main source in order to ensure the national state status of the sovereignty of modern Turkey. on the world stage. In this context, within the framework of this topical topic, the subject of research is the question of the evolution of the form of manifestation of the cultural diplomatic orientation in modern Turkish politics in the period of republicanism and in the period of the AKP. That is, during the period of representatives of the Kemalist state power with the principles of classical republicanism and representatives of a new form of cultural political model with the ideological legacy of the era of rule of the geopolitical space of the Ottoman Empire.

At the same time, the purpose of this study is to compile the most objective picture of the effectiveness and dynamics of the active foreign policy actions of the Turkish government by attracting attracted international organizations to stimulate a favorable image of Turkey in different countries and regions of the world space. Along with this, the article analyzes the influence of cultural values on the mechanisms of the dynamics of Turkey’s foreign policy program, specifically, if, then what form of political diplomacy contributes to the implementation of the concept of “Imperialism 2.0.” republican character. It is important to say here that in the modern system of international relations, interstate ties are strengthened taking into account the cultural factor of different societies.

Key words: Cultural diplomacy, Turkey, Turkic world, international relations, pan-Islamism, Central Asia, Middle East.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.023

K.A. ISAEV Postgraduate Student, Department of international relations and integration processes, Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

U.S. POLICY TOWARDS VENEZUELA IN THE PERIOD FROM 2013 TO 2022

Aim. To analyze U.S. policy towards Venezuela during presidential terms of B. Obama, D. Trump, J. Biden.

Methodology. The author used content-analysis and comparative methods in the scientific research, thanks to which it was able to identify sensitive approaches towards Venezuela of three U.S. presidents. Instruments of U.S. foreign policy strategy, in practice which implemented against their Latin American opponent, were described thanks to the system method. The statistic method made it possible to evaluate the extent of the negative impact of American foreign policy on the course of the Venezuelan economic crisis.

Results. Despite the fact that American policy complicated the course of political and economic crisis in Venezuela actually Washington has not been able to reach is the key goal in Bolivarian Republic, particularly to overthrow N. Maduro’s government.

Key words: Venezuela, the USA, foreign policy strategy, N. Maduro, sanctions, overthrow.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.024

E.S. VASETSOVA PhD in Political sciences, an assistant professor of IAAS MSU, Moscow, Russia

ZHANG JUNYI Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF MEDICAL DIPLOMACY OF PRC IN APR REGIONAL INTEGRATION

The article is devoted to the analysis of PRC medical diplomacy practices in relation to the APR countries during the pandemic. Based on the analysis, the author assumes that in the context of regional integration and the emergence of a new wave of the pandemic, China's medical diplomacy serves as a policy tool to promote regional integration.

Key words: medical diplomacy, vaccine diplomacy, world politics, China, ASEAN, COVID-19 pandemic.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.025

LIU JINGYUAN Postgraduate student, Department of Comparative Political Science, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

CHINA’S APPROACH TO GLOBAL GOVERNANCE REFORM

The article is devoted to the analysis of the process of the concept of "a Community of Shared Future for Mankind", proposed by the President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping. And approaches to the implementation of this concept. Comes to the conclusion that the concept of the "a Community of Shared Future for Mankind" is an important step for China on the path to reforming the global governance system. The approaches of the concepts of the "a Community of Shared Future for Mankind" include the priority of theoretical strategies, management, determine their own strategic position regarding the reform of the global governance system and promote regional governance strategies.

Key words: global governance, PRC, global governance system, the concept of “a Community of Shared Future for Mankind”, conceptual foundations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.026

M.A. MOHEBI Postgraduate student, political sciences and regional studies, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE INFLUENCE AND ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN THE FORMATION OF IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TWO GENERATIONS IN IRAN

The research problem lies in the fact that the Iranian Revolution, which took place in the country in 1979, changed the ideological and political content of state processes in a key way. And the "cultural revolution", which immediately followed it, led to a change in the principles of the work of national mass media and the filling of their content. The difference in the rising generations, a significant part of which today does not remember the revolution and receives information about it from various sources that perform the function of their socialization, suggests a difference in the perception of political reality.

The purpose of the article is to determine the influence and role of the media in creating a generational gap in Iran.

Methods. The basis of the research methodology was the communicative approach, thanks to which it became possible to identify the mass media as the key institutions of the political processes of the states of the XX-XXI century. The concepts of neoliberalism can be considered an addition to the communicativist approach. A set of general scientific methods, such as comparison, synthesis, analysis, was used as a methodological toolkit for the work. In addition, methods of retrospective analysis and analysis of information messages were used, which made it possible to trace the dynamics and current results of mass media influence.

Results. The Iranian media continue to provide a gap between the generations of the population of this state. As a rule, this division is due to several factors: political orientation, international or domestic vector of broadcasting of a certain media and its type (print, television, radio or electronic), which determines the audience that will address it.

Conclusions. The influence of mass media in the formation of Iranian generations was the most direct. They served as a consolidating core for various social groups in the country. Since today the degree of this consolidation seems to be the smallest, compared with previous periods, the most beneficial option for everyone may be the option of reducing government control over the Iranian media and stimulating their national activity.

Key words: mass media, Islamic Republic of Iran, generation gap, social performances, country's leadership.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.027

E.N. RYZHKIN Research assistant at the Centre for Comprehensive European and International Studies of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia

AN ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ITALY'S FOREIGN POLICY CAPACITY AND ITS NATIONAL INTERESTS IN LIBYA BETWEEN 2011 AND 2020

The article analyses the extent to which Italy's course in Libya was successful during the 2011-2020 period. On the basis of political realism theory, national interests of the Italian Republic in Libya were studied and ranked, and the former’s foreign policy potential was assessed. The study used a correlation analysis of data that included information on Italy's resources and policies towards Libya. The study 1) highlighted the key interests of the Republic vis-à-vis Libya, 2) indicated Italy's inability to meet all needs due to extremely limited capacity, 3) confirmed the negative result of Italy's use of multilateral foreign policy instruments that do not promote its interests, and 4) established that it is more effective when peaceful bilateral instruments are used to maintain the Italian-Libyan dialogue.

Key words: Italy, Libya, national interests, foreign policy potential, correlation analysis.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.028

CHZHAN CHEN`I Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

DID CHINA REALLY LOSE FROM PELOSI'S VISIT?

The solution of the Taiwan issue remains a priority in the policy of the PRC. The confrontation between the US and China is intensifying, the principle of “one China” is being violated. The United States is striving in any way to maintain its global leadership, which is proved by the provocation in the Ukrainian direction, and now also the addition of the Taiwanese direction. China has taken coordinated response actions – these are military maneuvers, economic and political sanctions. The purpose of our study is to determine the significance of Pelosi's visit from the standpoint of China's political strategy towards Taiwan. An integrated approach is used to identify the totality of consequences associated with the speaker's visit, which makes it possible to assess China's strategy towards resolving the Taiwan issue.

Key words: China, Taiwan, international relations, international security, "one China principle", sanctions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.029

YANCHA TUASA SEGUNDO ELIAS Post-graduate student of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

E.A. BOGDANOVA Master student of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

D.O. USHAKOVA Master of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ECUADOR. DOLLARIZED ECONOMY AND THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Crises affect countries in different ways. Ecuador, having experienced an unsustainable inflationary process in the late 1990s and early 2000s, resorted to dollarization as a response to the crisis. Since then, the dollar has become legal a method of payment, a store of value, and a unit of account or exchange. This study provides a brief description of the impact of dollarization on the Ecuadorian economy, and then takes a closer look at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the dollarized economy of Ecuador. It can be concluded that the national production apparatus consists of investments in capital with a low technological component. This significantly affects the development of the activities of the national production sector, which, in the context of the pandemic, has not reached an adequate level of transition to the digital mode of operation. On the other hand, it became clear that the digitalization of production, marketing and consumption is the first step towards a digital economy. The second step is the digital transformation of companies. It requires a change in business processes, including the introduction of new technologies aimed at using their advantages and applications in the state, industry, science and society.

Key words: dollarization, economic growth, COVID-19, remote work, Internet access, crisis, small and medium enterprises, digitalization, consequences.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.030

D.V. BRATKOVSKAYA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

E.R. DEMIDOVA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

G.A. KAPATSYNA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

CHINA'S POLICY IN XUAR: ITS DIRECTIONS, MAIN REASONS, AND WAYS TO RESOLVE THE INTERETHNIC CONFLICT

In the current international situation, the Asia-Pacific region is an important area for realizing the interests of our country, and the strategy of "Russia's Pivot to the East" has long been announced by Vladimir Putin as one of the priorities for its foreign policy agenda. In recent years, Russia, having met opposition from Western countries on the way to reviving its status as a great power, has turned the focus of its foreign policy to the East. Relations with China are becoming a foreign policy priority. An important point in these relations is the interaction of the two states in Central Asia. That is why it is important to study the relations between China and the countries of the region, since their changes will also affect Russia's position in it. In turn, relations between these countries and the PRC are seriously affected by the situation in Xinjiang and Beijing's policy in this multinational region.

The problems of the influence of the PRC policy in Xinjiang on the cooperation between Central Asia and China have long attracted the attention of domestic and foreign researchers. In this article, the author analyzes the policy of the PRC in the XUAR, studies its goals, objectives, challenges, and prospects.

Key words: international relations, foreign policy, Asia-Pacific region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, ethnic policy, socio-economic development, security, religious extremism, interethnic conflict.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.031

A.D. KOSTINA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

K.R. ILINSKAYA Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

N.D. PAKHMUTOV Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

CONFRONTATION OF THE UNITED STATES WITH OTHER STATES IN OUTER SPACE ON THE EXAMPLE OF RELATIONS WITH CHINA

Modern researchers often compare positions within the Russia-USA-PRC triangle in space. Indeed, China is beginning to catch up, and in some areas even overtake the United States.

The international situation in the field of space exploration is undergoing rapid changes. The United States of America finds itself in a new strategic environment, which leads to renewal of its relations with countries on issues of space legal regulation.

In this article, the author reviews the US relations with other state actors in outer space based on the years of America's accumulated space potential, and also pays attention to the importance of legal regulation of the processes of space interactions at the interstate level.

Key words: international relations, foreign policy, space policy, security, superpowers, China, USA, scientific and technological progress, confrontation, outer space, space exploration, world leadership, arms race, lunar program.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.032

LEI SHUYANG Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CONTRASTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN POLICY IN HISTORY RUSSIA AND CHINA

The article is devoted to the opposition of foreign policy in the history of Russia and China. The opposition of principles, approaches and strategies for the development of the foreign policy of Russia and China is most clearly manifested in the context of international relations, which have a long history of foreign policy relations. During the Soviet period, the foreign policy of both countries was determined by ideological factors and the hostile environment of the Cold War era. Contradictions and crises in the foreign policy of Russia and China were due to ideological differences, cultural differences, disagreements on territorial issues and the unequal nature of relations. By the beginning of the 21st century, in the foreign policy course of Russia and China, there was a tendency towards close international cooperation, towards the convergence of political positions on the main directions of world development. At the same time, the United States and the West were considered at that time as partners in economic and political cooperation. The general and national principles and strategies of China's modern foreign policy, which include openness, reform, tradition and hegemony, are characterized. The specificity of the opposition between the foreign policy of Russia and China is reflected in the activities of various international alliances and blocs. China in the field of international activities is aimed at achieving the goal of developing the world economic system and expanding economic cooperation among the member states of the group. Russia, unlike China, is characterized by a position on international cooperation in resolving issues in the field of ensuring international security. The principles of «soft power» continue to be the common features of the foreign policy of Russia and China to this day.

Key words: Russia, China, foreign policy, soft power, multipolarity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.85.9.033

D.S. MYASNIKOV Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

A.I. VARODI Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

M.A. BULYGIN Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

SOCIAL MEDIA AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE ELECTORAL PROCESS IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

The global trends of our time show that the phenomenon of social networks is gaining momentum. It moved from the entertainment and advertising realm to the political realm. Social networks are one of the forms of communication. Its entered everyday life and also changed the nature of human interaction, including the contacts of citizens in the field of politics.

In this article, the author examines the influence of social networks on the electoral behavior of Russians in comparison with similar influence abroad. The role of social media and the prospects for improving its impact on the electoral process are being explored.

Political communication in society is becoming more interactive, acting on the principles of the network. In the era of openness and transparency, dry official information about the activities of state actors no longer inspires confidence, and the attention of citizens is increasingly attracted by their "live" accounts on social networks. In addition, social media remains a convenient platform for the dissemination of information and a tool of “soft power” for politicians who use the opportunity to recreate their positive image online and attract voters.

Key words: social networks, elections, election campaign, election process, modern Russia, presidential elections, State Duma, political parties, politician, civil society.

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 12, Issue 8 (84), 2022

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Solodova G.S. Ideology as a Source of Social Power

Poroshkov M.M. Features of the Spread of Ideological Concepts in Modern Political Discourse

Pronchev K.G. The Concept of "Hierarchical Personalism": Politology Aspect

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Ryazantsev S.V., Khramova M.N., Ledeneva V.Y., Bragin A.D. The Index of Integration of Ommigrants in Russia: Theoretical and Methodological Aspects

Titov V.V. The Place of the Image of the «Other» in the Construction of National Identity

Trofimov P.A. Conceptual Аnomalies of Will Kymlicka`S Theory of Multicultural Citizenship

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Lu Xiao, Seltser D.G. Meritocracy as a Principle of Formation of the Managerial Elite of Modern China

Adamova M.A., Ageeva E.A., Mankieva A.V. To the Question of the Escalation of Violence as a Way of Delegitimizing State Power by Terrorist Organizations

Grigoryan D.K., Tokareva A.V. Joking in Educational Institutions: the Problem of Power or Society?

Alimardonov A. Political Advertising in the Formation of Active Citizenship of Youth

Gadzhieva L.A. Modern Trends in the Development of Regional Culture Policy in Russia

Len'kov D.A. Civil Society of Russia in the Context of Global Trends in the Development of Civil Society

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

Samuseva O.A. Evolution of China's Innovation Policy

Pashin M.M. Modernization of Health Policy in Chile During the Covid-19 Pandemic

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Nazarov A.D. International Exhibitions HeliRussia as a Tool for Increasing Competitiveness and Promoting Novelty of Domestic Helicopter Industry to Domestic and Foreign Markets

Surma I.V. Changing US, EU and NATO Foreign Policy: Transforming the Action Paradigm

Shulga E.P. USAID Activities in the Central Asian Region: Present and Future

Kozhukhova K.E. Chinese Strategic Culture in "The Taiwan Issue and the Reason for China's Reunification in the New Era" White Paper

Babchenko M.M. Dynamics of the Moldovan-Pridnestrovian Negotiation Process

Mehmet Urper. The Influence of the Islamic Factor on the Formation and Development of the International Policy Strategy of Turkey. Part 2

Semyonova O.V. Information and Analytical Support of the Foreign Policy Process Annotation

Van Czin'hujej. The Russian-Chinese Vector in the Far East in the Context of Anti-Russian Sanctions

Rabat Lujain. Characteristics of the Socio-Political Life and Political Culture of the Population in Syria

Liu Jingyuan, А Gudamu. China’s Contribution to Global Governance Reform

Stalnoy A.L. Perception the Problem of «German Guilt» in the Post-War GDR

Sholkova M.A. Japan-American Alliance under D. Trump and J. Biden

STUDENT SCIENCE

Ilin P.A. The Mass Media in Modern Russia as an Instrument of Public Opinion Management

Olenich Yu.S. Modern Political Instruments for Counterterrorism

Sanzharov V.A. Image-Making in International Football Organizations (on the Example of FIFA): Challenges and Trends

Sviridov A.A. Political Crises Caused by Energy Factors: the Suez Crisis of 1956

Tian Zhuo. Russian Neoconservatism and Putinism

Our authors № 8-2022

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.001

G.S. SOLODOVA Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

IDEOLOGY AS A SOURCE OF SOCIAL POWER

The age-old question of power, its nature, methods of maintaining and strengthening on the agenda for a century or even a millennium. We can safely talk about its rootedness in the nature of human communities. The article is based on the four-volume work of the American sociologist Michael Mann "Sources of Social Power". Along with this, the works of other authors were used. Having identified, following Mann, the economic, military and political sources of social power, the emphasis is on the role of ideology.

Key words: types of power: ideological, economic, military and political, ideology, education as a way to universalize the elite, ideological solidarity of the ruling class.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.002

M.M. POROSHKOV Postgraduate student of the Department of Theory and Philosophy of Politics, Faculty of Political Science, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

FEATURES OF THE SPREAD OF IDEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS IN MODERN POLITICAL DISCOURSE

The relevance of the article is due to significant changes in political discourse, which are caused, on the one hand, by new technical means of broadcasting information, and on the other hand, by changing social practices of its consumption and further distribution. There is an increase in public demand for new ideologies, but they must be expressed in a capacious, understandable and relevant form, and not in the established and outdated forms of discourse of the last century. Ideologists, due to the new conditions and the complication of the ideological concepts themselves, will have to change the very approach of interaction with the discourse, choosing the optimal form for the dissemination of ideological concepts. The purpose of the study is to formulate a sequence of actions to create the optimal form for the dissemination of an ideological concept. Based on the goal, the following tasks follow: to analyze the general change in the conditions for conducting political discourse on the principle of working with information; identify the key subject of political discourse that affects the dissemination of news and its functional features; generalize the obtained data in recommendations for creating a form for the dissemination of an ideological concept. The main method is comparative analysis. The article analyzes the factors influencing the spread of ideological concepts in discourse: from technical to structural ones. The results of the analysis make it possible to create recommendations for specialists in working with ideologies in discourse. The current state of political discourse, determined by the indicated factors and expressed in the current practice, allows us to conclude that a stable mechanism for the dissemination of news in the new information age has been formed, which is mandatory for understanding and use by specialists in working with discourse.

Key words: political discourse, ideology, ideological concept, social networks, news, rewrite, repost.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.003

K.G. PRONCHEV Postgraduate student, Department of Philosophy of Politics and Law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE CONCEPT OF "HIERARCHICAL PERSONALISM": POLITOLOGY ASPECT

The article is devoted to the consideration of variations in the refraction of the concept of "hierarchical personalism" in political theory and practice. The works of the theorists of the concept, as well as related doctrines operating with the categories "We", "Symphonic personality", "Collective personality" are analyzed. The heterogeneity of the concept of "hierarchical personalism" and "personalism" as the doctrine of the immutable value of personality is demonstrated. The main provisions of the concept and historical dynamics are compared. The ongoing antipersonalist trend is recorded, its connection with the development of information and communication technologies is characterized. The conclusion is made about the dangers associated with the attempt to apply the ideas developed by the theorists of the concept to political reality.

Key words: hierarchical personalism, personalism, collective personality, V. Stern, N.O. Lossky, personality and state, identity.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.004

S.V. RYAZANTSEV Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

M.N. KHRAMOVA PhD in Physics, Deputy Director for International and Educational Activities of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

V.Y. LEDENEVA Doctor of Sociology, Head of the Department of Ethnodemographic and Integration Processes of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

A.D. BRAGIN PhD Student, Junior researcher of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

THE INDEX OF INTEGRATION OF OMMIGRANTS IN RUSSIA: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS

This article presents an analysis of the integration processes of migrants in Russian society. Taking into account the fact that the Russian Federation is one of the world leaders in terms of migration flows, the issue of the subsequent integration of migrants is of priority importance both for the successful development of Russian society and for the improvement of the demographic situation in the country. Despite these factors current domestic practice lacks sufficient migrant integration mechanisms and assessment tools that would take into account regional economic and ethno-demographic specificities of the regions. It is due to integration assessment mechanisms that migration authorities of the host society are able to manage the integration process qualitatively, which minimizes ethno-cultural conflicts and increases the level of migrants' involvement in economic development. The purpose of this paper is to improve and modernize the Russian Migrant Integration Index and its evaluation mechanisms by developing a theoretical and methodological framework for the topic under study. Based on the Russian Regional Index of Migrant Integration (RRIMI) and the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX), the authors analyzed the current process of migrant integration in Russia, taking into account current economic and ethno-demographic characteristics. The current process of migrant integration in the Russian Federation is described. Problem areas of the reviewed indices are identified with recommendations for further improvement. Approaches to compiling a current migrant integration index are highlighted. A theoretical and methodological framework for the Migrant Integration Index in the Russian Federation is developed on the basis of this research.

Key words: migration, integration, demography, political regulation, ethno-cultural diversity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.005

V.V. TITOV Candidate of Political Sciences, Leading Researcher, Financial University under the Government Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE PLACE OF THE IMAGE OF THE «OTHER» IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONAL IDENTITY

The article is devoted to understanding the place and functional role of the image of the «other» in the formation of national identity, understood as a complex and multidimensional construct – a macropolitical representation of «us» in the context of the surrounding socio-political reality. At the center of research interest is the peculiarities of structuring and semantic content of the image of the «significant other». Based on the appeal to the post-Soviet cases of national-state construction, special attention is paid to the problem of the «significant other» in the structure of «negative» identities – matrices of national self-identification, the cognitive and affective core of which is the image of «Russia as a significant other». It is noted that this construct of mass consciousness, actively evolving, has undergone serious radicalization in a number of countries of the former USSR: it acquired relief and completed contours of the image of the «enemy».

Key words: image of the «other», «significant other», national identity, image of the «enemy», outgroup discrimination, attribution, ethnic stereotypes.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.006

P.A. TROFIMOV PhD student of the Department of Philosophy of Politics and Law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CONCEPTUAL АNOMALIES OF WILL KYMLICKA`S THEORY OF MULTICULTURAL CITIZENSHIP

The purpose of the article is to analyze the theoretical anomalies in the work of the Canadian philosopher Will Kymlicka, who sought to build a unified universal concept of liberal multiculturalism. However, attempts to build a comprehensive theory have led to the fact that there are fragments in it that do not fit into the author's categorical apparatus. Among them are such ethno-confessional groups as the Amish, Hutterites, blacks of both Americas, refugees, as well as the descendants of the "colonizers" who found themselves outside their homelands due to the collapse of the world colonial system. Nevertheless, the most interesting example of them are representatives of Protestant sects, which received special attention from the theorists of multiculturalism, including Will Kimlica. The existence of these groups creates a contradiction between their internal structure and the politics of the liberal state, which is faced with the task of maintaining civil rights and freedoms, which may not coincide with the ideas of these specific groups. Consequently, the question arises of the legitimacy of interference in their internal affairs with the possibility of their liberalization. This also raises the issue of granting autonomy to cultural groups that practice internal restrictions. Among them, a striking example may be some tribes of the indigenous population of North and South America, who, like Protestant sects, tend to restrict the freedom of their members. However, against the background of the above, the question arises as to whether the cultural liberals' view of relations within these groups is correct. Within the framework of this article, an attempt is made to show that their ideas about internal restrictions are not relevant.

Key words: multiculturalism, Will Kymlicka, liberalization, sects, Protestants, Amish, Hutterites, culture, minorities, liberalism, leftist liberalism.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.007

LU XIAO Postgraduate student of the Department of International Relations and political science Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Tambov, Russia

D.G. SELTSER Doctor of political sciences, professor, Deputy Rector of the Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Tambov, Russia

MERITOCRACY AS A PRINCIPLE OF FORMATION OF THE MANAGERIAL ELITE OF MODERN CHINA

The purpose of the article is to establish the basic principles, forms, methods, mechanisms and concrete examples of the formation of the national elite of modern China, to correlate them with traditional Chinese values and requirements for officialdom, as well as to assess the place of meritocracy in the system of these values and requirements. The general scientific discourse on the place of personnel policy in the establishment of the national elite and the effectiveness of its mechanisms in the context of the political process in China is considered. The historical experience of the formation of the state model of elite recruiting in China is analyzed and its transformation into the current model of elite-personnel replacement is demonstrated. One of the specific features of the Chinese model of democracy is highlighted – the establishment of the elite through the use of the principle of meritocracy. The practical meaning and real content of the term “meritocracy” is revealed. The general logic of personnel processes at the present stage of the country's development is derived and the influence of the meritocratic approach in the formation of the elite on them is specially emphasized. On a separate example, the Chinese model of the competitive procedure for establishing the elite, the requirements for its selection are identified and its sequence and stages are highlighted. The objective role of the meritocratic approach to the formation of cadres of party and state administration in the PRC is determined. The place of each of the stages of elite formation in the selection of the best, from the point of view of the state, representatives of society is clarified. The criteria for the selection of representatives of Chinese society for public service are revealed. It is concluded that the modern principles of elite recruiting are organic to history, traditions, mentality and modern Chinese realities. Meritocracy is defined as the basic principle of the formation of the managerial class of modern China.

Key words: PRC, CPC, personnel policy, managerial personnel, elite recruiting, personnel procedures, meritocracy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.008

M.A. ADAMOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department international relations, political science and world economy, Institute of International Relations Pyatigorsky state university, Pyatigorsk, Russia

E.A. AGEEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Administration and Law of the North Caucasus Institute branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Pyatigorsk, Russia

A.V. MANKIEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department legal support for the activities of authorities North Caucasian Institute of the branch of the Russian Academy national economy and public service under the President of the Russian Federation, Pyatigorsk, Russia

TO THE QUESTION OF THE ESCALATION OF VIOLENCE AS A WAY OF DELEGITIMIZING STATE POWER BY TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS

In the modern society of risks and threats of a different nature, terrorism occupies a special place. For the states of the world, the issues of confronting terrorist organizations are acute, not only because of the destructive ideology of the latter, based on physical violence and moral and psychological intimidation of society. It is also important that the maintenance of peace and security in a particular country and throughout the world also depends on the presence of a common global understanding that the possible use of force in society must be exclusively legal and legitimate and can come exclusively from specialized state structures and departments and only in order to ensure the security of each individual, society and the state as a whole.

Key words: terrorism, ideology, security, counter-terrorism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.009

D.K. GRIGORYAN Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Ethnopolitics of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation; Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminalistics and Operational Search Activities of the Institution of the Russian Interior Ministry, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

A.V. TOKAREVA Student of the Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

JOKING IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS: THE PROBLEM OF POWER OR SOCIETY?

This article discusses the actualization of key problems in the field of mass murder in educational institutions of the Russian Federation. The positions of legal scholars are investigated, official reporting materials are presented, revealing the picture of crime at the stages of preparation or commission of socially dangerous acts in educational institutions of Russia. In conclusion, recommendations are offered for the prevention and control of this socially dangerous act.

Key words: shooting in educational institutions, mass murders, terrorist act, law enforcement agencies, deviation, personal qualities, criminology, power, society.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.010

A. ALIMARDONOV Independent applicant, National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

POLITICAL ADVERTISING IN THE FORMATION OF ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP OF YOUTH

This article is devoted to the place and role of political advertising in shaping the position of active citizenship among young people. The author considers social advertising as a social technology aimed at the formation of new social values and socially approved behavior patterns.

Key words: political advertising, power, democracy, technology, system.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.011

L.A. GADZHIEVA Graduate student Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

MODERN TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL CULTURE POLICY IN RUSSIA

The article deals with the actual problem of regional cultural policy in Russia. Today, Russian cultural policy is an important autonomous activity of management structures at all levels. Within the framework of cultural policy, the state, regional and municipal levels are singled out. They differ in the level of programs for the implementation of this policy, as well as the tasks solved at their level. The regional one is aimed at implementing the territorial specifics of the regions and at pursuing their cultural policy, which ensures regional development that does not contradict state strategic principles and guidelines. To achieve this goal, the regions are monitoring and solving urgent problems of the cultural sphere. The analysis carried out shows that the key factors of regional cultural policy are the development of areas and types of cultural activities. At the same time, one should not refuse to take into account other categories, such as fundamental issues of cultural development, its resource provision, external influence and state management of this area. Today, each of the Russian regions has a number of problems in the implementation of its cultural policy, which they highlight. The differentiation of these problems depends on the presence of large cities in the region or, on the contrary, regional remoteness from the federal center, which determines the difference in the level of financing and accessibility of residents to cultural objects in their regions, as well as on the targeted activities of regional authorities to develop the regional cultural sphere.

Key words: culture, state, cultural policy, regions, subjects of the Russian Federation, regional cultural policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.012

D.A. LEN'KOV South-Russia Institute of Management – branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

CIVIL SOCIETY OF RUSSIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY

The article analyzes the multi-version nature of the formation and development of civil society in various socio-political cultures: primarily Western and Russian. The importance of studying these processes from the standpoint of the methodology of social and humanitarian innovations is emphasized. It is stated that an important aspect in the formation of civil society in modern conditions is the principle of regionalization: reliance not only on the specifics of the settlement environment (urbanized and traditional), but also on the resources (transport, communicative, economic, environmental, natural and environmental, demographic, etc.) of the region. This principle, arising from regional features, essentially implements and develops the requirements of the subsidiary of the federal state, which is modern Russia. The main steps are covered – models for the development of civil society in post-Soviet Russia, identified from the standpoint of social and humanitarian innovation: patronage, competitive, partner.

Key words: civil society, social and humanitarian innovation, patronage, competition, partnership, civic engagement, non-profit partnership.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND SECTORAL POLICIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.013

O.A. SAMUSEVA Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION OF CHINA'S INNOVATION POLICY

Noting the importance of taking into account the main approaches to the stated problem, it is necessary in the new geopolitical conditions to supplement the theoretical and practical provisions on the impact of innovations on the development of the state, a specific analysis of the national concept in this area and the study of influence factors are needed. The article is devoted to the development of the innovation policy of the People's Republic of China, the role of the innovation aspect in international relations. The influence of various factors of China's development on the formation and direction of the evolution of the state's policy in the innovation sphere is also considered. The relevance of the study emphasizes the key role of innovation in the long-term sustainable development of any state.

Key words: innovation policy of the People's Republic of China, international relations, political development, development strategy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.014

M.M. PASHIN Postgraduate student at the Department of political science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

MODERNIZATION OF HEALTH POLICY IN CHILE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged health systems around the world, including Latin America’s countries. In this article are analyzed aspects of the modernization of health policy in Chile during the pandemic. The author emphasizes that in order to modernize health policy, it is necessary to develop a preventive direction and reform the public health system with an emphasis on primary health care. In addition, the article provides an expert assessment of the mobilization mechanisms of the state, which had a positive impact on the dynamics of the fight against the pandemic, and also highlights those tools that should be applied in the future to further modernize health policy in Chile.

Key words: healthcare policy, Latin America, social policy, COVID-19 pandemic.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.015

A.D. NAZAROV Professor, doctor of historical sciences, Deputy Head of the Department of Advertising and Communications with the public on scientific work of the Institute of Foreign Languages Moscow Aviation Institute (National research university) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITIONS HELIRUSSIA AS A TOOL FOR INCREASING COMPETITIVENESS AND PROMOTING NOVELTY OF DOMESTIC HELICOPTER INDUSTRY TO DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN MARKETS

The article discusses the current level of coordination of international cooperation in the field of exhibition activities in our country in the form of prestigious helicopter exhibitions. In particular, this applies to HeliRussia (International Helicopter Industry Exhibition) held in Moscow in May 2022. Already for the 15th time! As the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin: “Over the past years, HeliRussia has gained high prestige in the domestic and international professional community, has become the leading demonstration platform, which largely determines the vector of development of the helicopter industry” [19]. Practice shows that regular holding of such events, even in the most difficult conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic and tougher economic sanctions from a number of Western countries, helps to strengthen cooperation, healthy competition and promote new products to domestic and foreign markets.

Key words: HeliRussia International Exhibition of Helicopter Industry, exhibition communication management, diversification of the military-industrial complex, policy of technological sovereignty.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.016

I.V. SURMA Candidate of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation; Ph.D. Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences; professor of the Academy of Military Sciences, Moscow, Russia

CHANGING US, EU AND NATO FOREIGN POLICY: TRANSFORMING THE ACTION PARADIGM

The article deals with issues related to the transformation of the foreign policy of the US, the EU and the North Atlantic Alliance, with a change in the paradigm of their actions and the transition to an offensive foreign policy. The illusion that the geopolitical landscape, fixed with the recognition of formal (state) and informal (political) borders (the Helsinki Final Act following the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe), would no longer change, was shattered with the end of the Cold War. The confrontation moved to the mental and ideological plane, and then the whole system of accepted agreements was changed, destroying the existing conditional balance of power. The former approach to international relations through the prism of geopolitical interests was transformed into the assertion of universal values that are important for everyone (human rights, the fight against climate change, free trade, etc.), which the same West began to manipulate in its own interests. As a result, the liberal order in more and more global spaces turned into geopolitical chaos and the dismantling of the liberal-democratic model of the world led by the United States began to take place, and their global monopoly began to change to a polycentric model of the world order. A brief assessment is given of the results of the NATO summit in Madrid in June this year and the new Strategic Concept of the bloc, which is fundamentally different from the seventh version of 2010, when, in conditions of peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region, NATO defined threats in a common broad framework. The new document more frankly and clearly captures the actions of Russia as destroying a stable and predictable order, and as authoritarian states around the world (Russia and China) using the democratic principles of the organization of NATO member countries (including digital openness) to undermine their security.

The article notes the peculiarity of modern confrontation on the world stage, which manifests itself in its hybrid nature, i.e. combining military and peaceful means, combining traditional warfare with large-scale information and psychological impact. In the new geopolitical realities, it will be possible to predict an increase in the aggressiveness of the collective West, and its courage and activity will be determined by the fact that the war has a proxy character, that is, it is being waged on foreign territory and by proxy.

Key words: New world order, international security, NATO, USA, international relations, EU, Russia, OSCE, China, geopolitics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.017

E.P. SHULGA Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of the SHE, Surgut State Pedagogical University, Surgut, Russia

USAID ACTIVITIES IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN REGION: PRESENT AND FUTURE

This article is devoted to the study of the activities of the US Agency for International Development in the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union in the 20s of the XXI century in the context of the geopolitical interests of the United States in this region. The importance of the Central Asian region for the interests of the United States is substantiated, the ways of work of the Agency for International Development are described. The agency's expenditures in the post-Soviet countries by sector are analyzed. Financing plans for various sectors in Central Asia are being considered. From which it becomes clear that the agency has two main directions: countering China and Russia. Analyzing the activities of USAID, the author concludes that the main tool of the agency in this region will be basin councils. Designed not only to control the most important resource of the region – water, but also to further regulate it.

Key words: Central Asia, USAID, US Department of State, developing countries, foreign aid, basin councils, water resources control.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.018

K.E. KOZHUKHOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Lecturer of the Department of Political Science, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

CHINESE STRATEGIC CULTURE IN "THE TAIWAN ISSUE AND THE REASON FOR CHINA'S REUNIFICATION IN THE NEW ERA" WHITE PAPER

The current change in the international political situation after the beginning of the Ukrainian crisis on February 24, 2022 pushes states to rethink their national identity and territorial integrity. The People's Republic of China was no exception. The ancient strategic culture of this country did not allow the Taiwanese issue, which has been going on for several decades, to be left without a reaction. The work highlights China's new white paper "The Taiwan Issue and the Reason for China's Reunification in a New Era" based on discourse and content analysis. As a result of the analysis, it was revealed that the People's Republic of China insists on the reunification of the two Chinas and the absence of interference in this conflict by third parties, especially the United States, to which a separate part of the document is devoted. The Taiwan issue is an internal issue of the two Chinese States and requires a Chinese harmonious approach in solving the problem of reunification. The PRC does not envisage the military use of force, but at the same time it is not excluded in order to avoid a civil war. The document suggests a way of rapprochement between the two Chinas, consisting of four main directions. In addition, the Chinese government insists on the stability and prosperity of its country only in conjunction with reunification with compatriots in Taiwan.

Key words: strategic culture, foreign policy, People's Republic of China, Taiwan, Taiwan issue.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.019

М.М. BABCHENKO Senior Lecturer at the Department of Political Science and Political Analysis of the Institute of Public Administration, Law and Social and Humanitarian Sciences of the T.G. Shevchenko Pridnestrovian State University, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie, Republic of Moldova

DYNAMICS OF THE MOLDOVAN-PRIDNESTROVIAN NEGOTIATION PROCESS

The negotiation process is the only internationally recognized method of resolving a political conflict. The purpose of the article is to consider the development of relations between the Republic of Moldova and Pridnestrovie within the framework of the negotiation process. The negotiation process on the Moldovan-Pridnestrovian settlement covers the period from 1992 to the present, the author divides the entire period into 6 chronological stages, which are characterized by cyclical stages of confrontation and cooperation. In the article, a special place is given to the generalization of the agreements reached between the parties in the framework of the negotiation process and the conditions for their implementation. The dynamics of the negotiation process and the factors influencing the development of Moldovan-Pridnestrovian relations are revealed. The author describes the projects for the settlement of the Moldovan-Transnistrian conflict within the framework of the negotiation process, proposed at different historical stages of the negotiation process by mediators from Ukraine and Russia. The article describes the mechanism of the negotiation process and its transformation from the "3+2" to "5+2" format. The main conclusion is that the Moldovan-Pridnestrovian negotiation process preserves peace and stability in the region and does not allow for a political settlement of the Moldovan-Pridnestrovian conflict. In the article, the author offers recommendations on the further conduct of the negotiation process by the Pridnestrovian side.

Key words: Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, Republic of Moldova, Moldova-Pridnestrovian conflict, negotiation process, settlement, "5+2" format, international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.020

MEHMET URPER Senior Lecturer at the Department of International Humanitarian relations of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

THE INFLUENCE OF THE ISLAMIC FACTOR ON THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICY STRATEGY OF TURKEY PART 2

This article is devoted to the question of the role and significance of the Islamic factor in the foreign and domestic policy of the state of Turkey at the beginning of the XXI century. In addition, the focus is on the concept of the worldview of the Islamic factor, which is an extremely important and relevant concept, as the main source of the development of conflict events of a confessional nature on a global and regional scale. In this article, we are trying to analyze the concept of the Islamic factor as a political tool in the formation and development of the internal and external political activities of the Justice and Development Party, in the period after 2002. In addition, we are trying to demonstrate the influence of the religion of Islam on the measurement of relations between the states of the Middle East region. In this regard, the subject of our study is the split between representatives of the state apparatus of Kemalism adherents and representatives of the Islamic political movement with the traditional legacy of the Ottoman period in the modern politics of Turkey in the 21st century. Our goal is to present a holistic picture of the political activity of the AKP, through the prism of Islamic populism within the political dynamics of Turkey and the region. In addition, an attempt was made to analyze the influence of Islamic religious values on the political dynamics of the state, namely, which of them lead to the emergence of "Imperialism 2.0.", As the ultimate basis of Turkey's foreign policy, in order to form a new state "Neo-Republican model", It is especially important to note that in the international arena, relations between subjects are partly developing in the presence of the religious factor at the beginning of the 21st century.

Key words: Turkey, religious factor, international relations, Islam, Middle East.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.021

O.V. SEMYONOVA Senior Lecturer at the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia

INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL SUPPORT OF THE FOREIGN POLICY PROCESS ANNOTATION

Information systems are used in almost all spheres of human activity. In this regard, most of the processes taking place in the modern world should be considered informational. Confidential information is increasingly becoming the basis for foreign policy analysis. The information approach in the analysis of foreign policy reveals both the prospects for obtaining new knowledge and the growing threats to information security in the modern world. There is an increasing need for effective provision of information and analytical activities in the foreign policy process and ensuring the information security of foreign policy departments, citizens and states. The article describes the main approaches and methods for analyzing the foreign policy process, which require special skills for their use. To solve these problems, it is necessary to create conditions for the training of international analysts and the education of information and analytical culture of citizens by means of educational technologies. Thus, the information and analytical support of the foreign policy process is a multifaceted activity to create conditions for the most efficient use and improvement of the intellectual potential of expert analysts and the intellectual and computing capabilities of information systems in order to develop and make decisions within the framework of the foreign policy process.

Key words: information and analytical support in the foreign policy process, information and analytical systems, information and analytical activities, foreign policy analysis, analysis of international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.022

VAN CZIN'HUJEJ Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

THE RUSSIAN-CHINESE VECTOR IN THE FAR EAST IN THE CONTEXT OF ANTI-RUSSIAN SANCTIONS

The sanctions confrontation of the Western countries, led by the United States, contributed to the turn of Russia's policy towards Asia. The Russian Far East retains its strategic importance for the Russian Federation and its main partner in the Asian region – China. Each country has formed an independent external border vector aimed at solving problems in the national interests. In the new political realities, the study of the practices of the established strategies of our states and their theoretical understanding seem relevant, since they will contribute to the preservation and further development of Russian-Chinese relations. The purpose of this article is to characterize the Far Eastern region of Russia in the aspect of Russian-Chinese relations, taking into account anti-Russian sanctions.

Key words: foreign policy, international relations, People's Republic of China, Far East, Russian Federation, anti-Russian sanctions, Russian strategy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.023

RABAT LUJAIN PhD Student, Junior Researcher at the Institute for Demographic Research FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOCIO-POLITICAL LIFE AND POLITICAL CULTURE OF THE POPULATION IN SYRIA

Since the beginning of the crisis in Syria in 2011, many studies have been conducted and many recommendations have been proposed regarding the Syrian conflict and the best ways to end it and rebuild the country. However, most studies do not consider the characteristics of the socio-political process in the country, which are vital factors that should be taken into account when determining the best ways to restore peace and social cohesion in countries affected by conflict. The article examines the stages of the development of socio-political life in the Syrian Arab Republic since the time of the Ottoman Empire and highlights the features of the socio-political life and political culture of the Syrian population in order to provide a better understanding of the socio-political process in Syria and how citizens perceive their role in the socio-political system. The study shows that the main characteristics of socio-political life in Syria are the rejection of foreign interference, the instability of political processes, the control of elites over socio-political processes, and the institutionalization of traditional identities. And the predominant type of political culture in the country is the “subject” political culture in which citizens see themselves as a subject, not an object of politics and are not actively involved in the socio-political life of the country.

Key words: peacebuilding, political culture, socio-political process, Syrian Arab Republic, Syrian conflict.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.024

LIU JINGYUAN Postgraduate student, Department of Comparative Political Science Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

А GUDAMU Postgraduate student, Faculty of World Politics, International Security Department Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CHINA’S CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL GOVERNANCE REFORM

The article examines the problems of the current global governance and analyzes China’s contribution in supporting the idea of reforming the global governance system, strengthening the voice of developing countries, and supplementing existing mechanisms and offering global public goods. Provides information for understanding China’s approach to global governance and China's foreign policy in the context of the rise of the great powers.

Key words: global governance, global governance system, global governance reform, China, contribution.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.025

A.L. STALNOY Political science graduate Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

PERCEPTION THE PROBLEM OF «GERMAN GUILT» IN THE POST-WAR GDR

The GDR and the FRG equally became the heirs of the German guilt complex following the results of the Second World War, but the features of political and economic structures were reflected in the powerful interpretation of the guilt complex. The GDR, which was a socialist state, attempted to get rid of the guilt complex, relying on the fundamental political myths about East Germany's anti-fascism and the regime continuity of the West German state with the Third Reich. The memory policy pursued by the SED party line was based, among other things, on the glorification of anti-fascist figures and the monopolization of the legacy of communist resistance. The author summarizes that the absence of an open public sphere, research reflection and thematization of guilt in the East German discourse ultimately led to the exteriorization of the topic of guilt, the instrumentalization of collective memory of the past and the externalization of responsibility for the crimes of the National Socialist regime.

Key words: German guilt, guilt complex, GDR, politics of memory, collective memory, antifascism, denazification, historical trauma.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.026

М.А. SHOLKOVA Post-graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy, Moscow, Russia

JAPAN-AMERICAN ALLIANCE UNDER D. TRUMP AND J. BIDEN

This article analyzes three joint statements signed by Japanese and USA leaders in 2017, 2021 and 2022 years. The author highlights the main trends of Japan – U.S. alliance and concludes that new guidelines for Japan – U.S. defense cooperation may be signed soon.

Key words: Japan-American Alliance, cooperation between Japan and USA, joint statement, D. Trump, J. Biden, Sh. Abe, Yo. Suga, F. Kishida.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.027

P.A. ILIN Master Student in Political Science, State University of Management, Moscow, Russia

THE MASS MEDIA IN MODERN RUSSIA AS AN INSTRUMENT OF PUBLIC OPINION MANAGEMENT

In this article, the author analyzes the main mass media in a democratic society using modern Russia as an example, as well as the influence of the media on public opinion. The author examines the most common methods of manipulating the public mind, which are used by the media to promote a certain news agenda. The problem of citizens' trust in traditional media and new media, the relationship between trust in the media and the state, and the impact of this indicator on public sentiment are examined. In addition, the author of the article, by studying the research materials from open sources, draws conclusions about the prospects and trends in the development of traditional media and new media. The article uses independent sources of information.

Key words: mass media, public opinion, state, manipulation, citizens, influence.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.028

Yu.S. OLENICH Master of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (MGIMO of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia) in the direction of "Management", Moscow, Russia

MODERN POLITICAL INSTRUMENTS FOR COUNTERTERRORISM

The article analyzes the main features of modern terrorism and provides recommendations for the development of effective anti-terrorist measures; the characteristic features, signs and differences of modern terrorism from terrorism of the past years are considered. It is noted that the solution to the problem of terrorism is currently possible on the basis of a global and integrated approach within the framework of international cooperation, institutional support, and the global rule of law. It is also noted that modern terrorism, given its transnational nature, can endanger the existence of nation-states. In this regard, the problem of research and analysis of modern political instruments for countering terrorism is relevant and arises most acutely. Thus, the task of creating such a comprehensive system of new-generation anti-terrorist measures that would help to curb the spread of Islamist terrorist ideas and effectively combat the complex and multifactorial problem of terrorism comes to the fore for the world political community.

Key words: terrorism, terrorist group, non-governmental organization, scientific and technological progress, mass media, interstate interaction, national state.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.029

V.A. SANZHAROV Student of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

IMAGE-MAKING IN INTERNATIONAL FOOTBALL ORGANIZATIONS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF FIFA): CHALLENGES AND TRENDS

The aim of this paper is to identify the tools that FIFA uses to improve its image. In accordance with the purpose of the study, the following tasks are formulated: to identify the reasons for the need to change the organization's image-making strategy, to identify tools aimed at improving the image of FIFA by the example of specific cases. To conduct the research, the author used both general scientific methods, in particular, deduction, induction, analysis and generalization, and special methods – narrative method, index method, document analysis method, and case study method. It is noted that the efforts of the organization to improve its image in recent years are primarily related to the corruption scandal of 2010-2015. As a result, trust in FIFA has plummeted and the loyalty of football fans has decreased. In addition, many large partners left, which dramatically affected the organization's income. In order to restore its image, FIFA initiated a number of internal reforms that were aimed at increasing the transparency of the organization and its tournaments. It is concluded that initiatives aimed at involving women in football, the development of this sport in developing countries, the protection of human rights and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle have become a key component of improving the image of FIFA.

Key words: international organizations, image-making, FIFA, football, sports, sports management.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.030

A.A. SVIRIDOV Master's student of the Faculty of Global Processes Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL CRISES CAUSED BY ENERGY FACTORS: THE SUEZ CRISIS OF 1956

The article is devoted to the political and energy international crisis that arose as a result of the struggle of the Egyptian people for the nationalization of the Suet Canal. The prehistory of the crisis and the policy of Great Britain in relation to Egypt and the shipping channel of this country, agreements of international importance on the use of this object and ownership rights to it are being studied. The role of Egyptian President G.A. Nasser, as well as the desire of Great Britain, France and Israel to resolve this crisis in their favor through political and diplomatic pressure, sanctions, blockade of Egypt and armed intervention on its territory are considered. The contribution of the USA and the USSR in overcoming this crisis is taken into account: negotiations at the UN and pressure from N.S. Khrushchev to Western countries. The results of the crisis are summed up: the failure of the military operation, the blocking of the canal and the use of US oil reserves. Conclusions are drawn about the international significance of this crisis and its lessons for England and France.

Key words: nationalization of the Suez Canal, diplomatic pressure, armed intervention, the «Oil Transfer» program, positions of the great powers.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2022.84.8.031

TIAN ZHUO Master, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi, China

RUSSIAN NEOCONSERVATISM AND PUTINISM

The article examines the phenomenon of such a phenomenon as "Putinism", which is characterized by a number of researchers as a new Russian ideology. At the same time, the author analyzes various points of view on this political phenomenon – Western and Russian researchers in the field of political science and sociology.

This ideology is considered in the context of neoconservatism, which in Russia acquires its own specifics, unlike Western political trends. In this regard, the author sets the goal of the study – to analyze the concept of "Putinism" in the context of Russian neoconservatism. The subject of the study is the political phenomenon "Putinism", the object is the new Russian ideology.

As the main conclusions, the article identifies the prospects for the development of the directions of this ideology and their role in the life of the Russian state both within the country and in the international arena.

Key words: putinism, neoconservatism, conservatism, ideological content, democracy.

OUR AUTHORS

BOGAPOVA A.V. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

BOGDANOVA E.A. – Master student of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

BRATKOVSKAYA D.V. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

BULYGIN M.A. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

CHEMSHIT A.A. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

CHEMSHIT D.A. – Candidate of political sciences, Docent of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Institute of the Federal State Educational Institution, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

CHULKOV D.I. – Postgraduate Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

CHZHAN CHEN`I – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

DAVYDOV V.N. – Candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute for modern policy of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

DEMIDOVA E.R. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

DOBRYNINA E.Ya. – Postgraduate student of the Department of philosophy of politics and law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

HE HAOYUE – Student, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China.

ILINSKAYA K.R. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

ISAEV K.A. – Postgraduate Student, Department of international relations and integration processes, Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

ISKHAKOV A.S. – Master’s Degree Student, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

KACHURENKO D.S. – Assistant of the Department of Law of the National Research University «Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology», Moscow, Russia.

KAKHAROVA M. – Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Deputy Director of the Institute of Social and Spiritual Research, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

KAPATSYNA G.A. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

KISHUEVA I.A. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies and Foreign Policy, RSUH, Moscow, Russia.

KOSTINA A.D. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

KOZIN A.S. – Postgraduate student of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

LEI SHUYANG – Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

LIU JINGYUAN – Postgraduate student, Department of Comparative Political Science, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

MAGADIEV M.F. – Candidate of sociological sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in foreign policy Diplomatic Academy Ministry of Foreign Affairs Russian Federation, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

MOHEBI M.A. – Postgraduate student, political sciences and regional studies, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

MYASNIKOV D.S. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

NAZAROV A.N. – Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science (PhD), Senior Lecturer at Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

NGUYEN T.A. – Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

PAKHMUTOV N.D. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

PERSIDSKAYA O.A. – Junior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

PETROV A.P. – Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Leading Researcher at Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

PRONCHEV G.B. – Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor; Associate Professor of the Department of Modern Sociology at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

RAVOCHKIN N.N. – Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences, Kuzbass State Technical University named after T.F. Gorbachev; Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogical Technologies, Kuzbass State Agricultural Academy, Kemerovo, Russia.

RYZHKIN E.N. – Research assistant at the Centre for Comprehensive European and International Studies of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia.

SALIEVA N.E. – Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science (PhD), First Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs of the Jizzakh University (Sambhram University), Jizzakh, Uzbekistan.

SHANGARAEV R.N. – Ph.D. (Economics), Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SOLODOVA G.S. – Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University, Vladivostok, Russia.

URPER MEHMET – Senior Lecturer at the Department of International Humanitarian Relations of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

USHAKOVA D.O. – Master of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

VARODI A.I. – Student Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

VASETSOVA E.S. – PhD in Political sciences, an assistant professor of IAAS MSU, Moscow, Russia.

XIONG LEPING – Ph.D., Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing, China.

YANCHA TUASA SEGUNDO ELIAS – Post-graduate student of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

ZHANG JUNYI – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

ZHIVOTOVA D.A. – Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University, Vladivostok, Russia.

ZOTKINA A.L. – Master of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

ZUBOVA O.G. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Technologies at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

OUR AUTHORS

ADAMOVA M.A. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department international relations, political science and world economy, Institute of International Relations Pyatigorsky state university, Pyatigorsk, Russia.

AGEEVA E.A. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Administration and Law of the North Caucasus Institute branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Pyatigorsk, Russia.

А GUDAMU – Postgraduate student, Faculty of World Politics, International Security Department Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

ALIMARDONOV A. – Independent applicant, National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

BABCHENKO M.M. – Senior Lecturer at the Department of Political Science and Political Analysis of the Institute of Public Administration, Law and Social and Humanitarian Sciences of the T.G. Shevchenko Pridnestrovian State University, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie, Republic of Moldova.

BRAGIN A.D. – PhD Student, Junior researcher of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

GADZHIEVA L.A. – Graduate student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

GRIGORYAN D.K. – Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Ethnopolitics of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation; Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminalistics and Operational Search Activities of the Institution of the Russian Interior Ministry, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

ILIN P.A. – Master Student in Political Science, State University of Management, Moscow, Russia.

KHRAMOVA M.N. – PhD in Physics, Deputy Director for International and Educational Activities of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

KOZHUKHOVA K.E. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Lecturer of the Department of Political Science, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia.

LEDENEVA V.Y. – Doctor of Sociology, Head of the Department of Ethnodemographic and Integration Processes of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

LEN'KOV D.A. – South-Russia Institute of Management – branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

LIU JINGYUAN – Postgraduate student, Department of Comparative Political Science Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

LU XIAO – Postgraduate student of the Department of International Relations and political science Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Tambov, Russia.

MANKIEVA A.V. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department legal support for the activities of authorities North Caucasian Institute of the branch of the Russian Academy national economy and public service under the President of the Russian Federation, Pyatigorsk, Russia.

MEHMET URPER – Senior Lecturer at the Department of International Humanitarian relations of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

NAZAROV A.D. – Professor, doctor of historical sciences, Deputy Head of the Department of Advertising and Communications with the public on scientific work of the Institute of Foreign Languages Moscow Aviation Institute (National research university) (MAI), Moscow, Russia.

OLENICH Yu.S. – Master of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (MGIMO of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia) in the direction of "Management", Moscow, Russia.

PASHIN M.M. – Postgraduate student at the Department of political science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

POROSHKOV M.M. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Theory and Philosophy of Politics, Faculty of Political Science, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

PRONCHEV K.G. – Postgraduate student, Department of Philosophy of Politics and Law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

RABAT LUJAIN – PhD Student, Junior Researcher at the Institute for Demographic Research FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

RYAZANTSEV S.V. – Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute for Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia.

SAMUSEVA O.A. – Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

SANZHAROV V.A. – Student of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

SELTSER D.G. – Doctor of political sciences, professor, Deputy Rector of the Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Tambov, Russia.

SEMYONOVA O.V. – Senior Lecturer at the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia.

SHOLKOVA M.A. – Post-graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy, Moscow, Russia.

SHULGA E.P. – Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of the SHE, Surgut State Pedagogical University, Surgut, Russia.

SOLODOVA G.S. – Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Leading Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

STALNOY A.L. – Political science graduate, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

SURMA I.V. – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of Public Administration in Foreign Policy of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation; Ph.D. Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences; professor of the Academy of Military Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

SVIRIDOV A.A. – Master's student of the Faculty of Global Processes Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

TIAN ZHUO – Master, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi, China.

TITOV V.V. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Leading Researcher, Financial University under the Government Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

TOKAREVA A.V. – Student of the Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

TROFIMOV P.A. – PhD student of the Department of Philosophy of Politics and Law, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

VAN CZIN'HUJEJ – Candidate of Department of Political Science of the East of the Faculty of Global Studies, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

   
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