№ 3 (27), 2017

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 10, Issue 4 (56), 2020.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

Volgin O.S., Karsanova E.S. Civil Society: to the Question of its Source

Bezrukova E.Yu. The Role of the Protest in the Democratization Thought Charles Tilly View

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Astvatsaturova M.A. The Presidential Message-2020: Authorized Message for Extrapolation of Power Vertical

Artamonova Ya.S., Likhanova I.V. Digitalization of the State and National Security

Durasov A.V. Digitalization of the Russian Political Process

Zolotarev N.A. The Main Political Tools of Russian State Export Support

Trapeznikov V.O. Specifics of Institutionalization of Lobbying in Democratic Regimes (on the Example of Germany and the United States)

Novikova K.A. Social Media as a Tool for Managing Protest Movements: the Case of the Russian Federation and the United States of America

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

Bulakh E.V., Chekulaev S.S., Marchenko T.G. Problems on the Implementation of the TOC Registration Movement as Aentity

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

Nazarov A.D. Information and Propaganda Support of the Space Rivalry Between the USSR and the USA (Based on the Materials of Domestic and Foreign Publications)

Peshсherov G.I. The Evolution of Weapons in Human Society

Penkov V.F., Feras Alfedeilat Problems and Prospects for the Development of the Palestinian Political Regime

Zhambaeva U.B. Tibetan Buddhism in the Political Context of the Tsyn Dynasty

Оmonov B.N. Factors and Geopolitical Properties of the Environmental Crisis in Central Asia

Martynenko S.E., Parkhitko N.P. Sports Diplomacy: Basic Forms and Key Actors

Khanaliyev N.U. Russia, China, Iran: Issues of Compatibility of Interests

Rodionova M.E. Gender Resource of State Policy in Europe and Russia. Political Background: Political Modernization and Increased Political Activity of Women

Gassiev Z.N. Germany's Internal Party Divisions and Their Impact on Business

Liang Jiachu. Space Exploration as a Factor of China's Foreign Policy

Pavlova D.V. The Soft Power of Russia in the Context of Globalization: the Cultural Aspect

Shahmin N.V. Eurasian Integration Through the Prism of Imperial Discourse

Javad O.V. Role of Language Policy in the Field of Cultural Diplomacy

Ernazarov D. Interactions of Uzbekistan with International Non-Governmental Organizations in the Integration of the Global Civil Society

Marabyan K.P. Russia's Factor in Georgia's Foreign Policy

CONFERENCES

Zhigulskaya D.V. An International Scientific and Parctical Conference “The Intellectual Legacy of Babur and Modernity”

Our authors № 4-2020

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.001

O.S. VOLGIN Doctor of Science (Philosophy), Associate Professor at the Department of Public Administration, MGIMO University of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

E.S. KARSANOVA Doctor of Science (Political Science), Docent at the Political Science Department of the Financial University of the Russian Federation; Professor at the Institute of Public Administration and Law, of the State University of Management, Department of Public Administration and Political Technologies, Moscow, Russia

CIVIL SOCIETY: TO THE QUESTION OF ITS SOURCE

There are a huge number of articles and monographs devoted to the civil society. Researches have collected the bulk of empirical data, formulated the main theoretical issues and criterion of its maturity. Nevertheless in the majority of the publications the civil society is depicted as static phenomenon, not as a process, which is “coming-to-being”. This explains the overwhelming approach of descriptive methods in the theory of civil society. But the living essence of this phenomenon that pulsates in the continuing springing up and renewal is out of due regard.

Methodological approach that caused this article consists in division of the whole process of civil society development into two moments: the moment of “Ceasing-to-be” and moment of “Coming-to-be”, the moment of static and the moment of dynamic. Normal science deals with static moment of subject because it can be descripted, quantitatively analyzed, formalized and traced in tendencies. The moment of “Coming-to-be” cannot be expressed by formal methods. Investigator here faces with the living process not static post-festum phenomenon. Using method of analogy authors suggest a hypothesis that contemporary type of civil society represents not a particular substructure of society but peculiar “soil structure” so called “social mycelium” that gives birth to number of social institutions and organizations and fertilizes social system with new opportunities. Such kind of approach allows us to mentally submerge into the depth of social reality, to observe the “underwater currents” that bring about visible, fixed and qualitatively evaluated civil society phenomena.

Authors distinguish three historical types of civil society: 1) ancient type; 2) modern type and 3) contemporary postmodern type. All types are different in terms of their social sources, sets of values and historic consequences and prospects. At the same time they all have one invariant element, so called “DNA of civil society”, which causes the consequences and contradictions that brings about its development.

Key words: civil society, institutionalism, personal public autonomy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.002

Е.Yu. BEZRUKOVA Рost-graduate student at the Chair of political science and political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF THE PROTEST IN THE DEMOCRATIZATION THOUGHT CHARLES TILLY VIEW

The article covers the role of revolusional and protest movements in the process of democratization into the book “Democratia” by Cherles Tilly. Author analyses Tilly`s view on the democracy and underlines the basic concepts. In the article was given historian examples of establishing “radical slogans” as a base of democratical society, for example demands of the eight-hours day. Explained the definition of “trust networks” and their role in democratization.

Key words: democratization, protest movements, development, conflict, revolution.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.003

M.A. ASTVATSATUROVA Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Director of the Scientific and educational center for political and ethno-political studies, Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia

THE PRESIDENTIAL MESSAGE-2020: AUTHORIZED MESSAGE FOR EXTRAPOLATION OF POWER VERTICAL

The article contains a political analysis of the problematic and thematic trends of the modern political process, taking into account risks and challenges of an economic, social, political and managerial nature. Outlines the main crisis aspects of politics and the political in the context of the economic, financial crisis, as well as the coronavirus pandemic. Independent attention is paid to the Russian segment of the global political crisis trend with an emphasis on the factor of power and management in the context of the Message of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly in January 2020. Some political and administrative imperatives of the President of the Russian Federation in their development since 2000 and their modern projections are examined. Such an authoritatively significant message of the highest level as extrapolation of the vertical of power through its personalization in the person of the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin is allocated and nominated. The objective and subjective determinants of such an extrapolation are revealed in relation to the urgent problems of the development of Russian society and the Russian state in connection with amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993. Extrapolation of the power vertical through its personalization in the person of the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin is seen as an objectively determined but intermediate stage of the all-Russian democratic trend, the legitimization of which took place in the 1993 Constitution and the embodiment of which, according to the author, is a strategic course for the development of Russia as a democratic, legal, social state.

Key words: global political crisis trend, “sovereign democracy”, Message-2020, President of the Russian Federation, authoritative message, “politicity” of decisions of the federal government, federal districts, State Council of the Russian Federation, technological policy, extrapolation of the power vertical through its personification, amendments to the Constitution, the conservative nature of political technology, the choice of citizens.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.004

Yа.S. ARTAMONOVA PhD (Political science), assistant professor, The Department of Social Relations, Advertising and Public Relations, Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Moscow, Russia

I.V. LIKHANOVA Candidate of political sciences, The Department of Social Relations, Advertising and Public Relations, Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Moscow, Russia

DIGITALIZATION OF THE STATE AND NATIONAL SECURITY

The article presents the authors' view on such a phenomenon of the modern Russian state as the formation of digitalization of the state and the related issue of ensuring national security of the country. The emergence of new information technologies today provides the government with new opportunities to optimize interaction processes, which include a set of important factors that have a positive impact on Russia's progressive development. The need to digitalize the socio-economic and socio-political spheres of Russian society today is beyond doubt, since this increases the country's global competitiveness on world markets.

At the same time, global digitalization entails the actualization of new challenges and threats to the national security of the state, making national segments of the economy more vulnerable, which may further lead to pressure from foreign actors pursuing their own economic or political interests. Hence the need to develop and implement effective measures to ensure State cybersecurity as soon as possible.

In the analysis of the problems of state digitalization and national security, it is important to explore such categories as: digitalization of the state, national security, financial system, socio-political spheres of the state, threats to the country's security, national projects. It is also important to explore the foundations of the digitalization of the state and national security in the context of the world humanities of the XXI century.

The authors of the article come to the conclusion that the importance for society of solving the problems of state digitalization and national security in political, economic and social aspects is supplemented by the need to include fundamental scientific developments in the practice of life support of the people.

Key words: digitalization of the state, national security, financial system, socio-economic spheres of the state, socio-political spheres of the state, threats to the national security, national projects.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.005

A.V. DURASOV PhD student of the Department of Political Science and Political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

DIGITALIZATION OF THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL PROCESS

The article deals with the use of digital technologies in the Russian & Global political process. Theses about the need for the evolutionary movement of the modern Russian electoral process are presented. The most significant problems of the electoral process in the conditions of global digitalization and its implementation in a variety of human activities are revealed. The features of functioning and practical realization of blockchain technologies are considered. The scheme of implementation of the electoral process through the use of blockchain technology. The chronological stages of blockchain development and its protocols, as well as their theoretical and practical application in Russian political activity, including the electoral process, are briefly described. Practical examples of the use of digital technologies, especially blockchain in the electoral processes of France, Japan, Switzerland, Sierra Leone and others are given. The definition of blockchain in relation to political science and political process is given. Demonstrates the need for proper attention to the development of blockchain-related platforms and digital technology of today.

Key words: e-elections, e-government services, IT, blockchain, digitization, global information space.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.006

N.A. ZOLOTAREV Postgraduate, Department of political science political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE MAIN POLITICAL TOOLS OF RUSSIAN STATE EXPORT SUPPORT

The foreign economic policy of Russia as an instrument of the country's geopolitical participation in the world economy is focused on ensuring the economic feasibility and effectiveness of economic interaction between subjects of foreign economic activity. It is aimed not only at realizing national political and socio-economic interests, but also at ensuring national security. Thereby, the Russian government pays attention to ensure that the implementation of the state export support policy is harmoniously integrated into the national socio-economic policy.

The article analyzes modern tools of state export support, identifies their features and impact on improving the competitiveness of national companies in the world market, and explores new approaches of the state in this area. The article’s author believes that the tools used to support Russian exports are very effective, but the export potential of the chemical industry, agriculture and engineering products should be developed. The increase in the physical volume of deliveries and the strengthening of the ruble appear today, according to the author, as the most important factors in the growth of Russian exports.

Key words: economy, foreign economic policy, Russian export, financial and non-financial support instruments, Russia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.007

V.O. TRAPEZNIKOV Postgraduate student of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

SPECIFICS OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF LOBBYING IN DEMOCRATIC REGIMES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF GERMANY AND THE UNITED STATES)

Оver the past 50 years, lobbying in the United States and Germany has experienced a significant boom, and one might assume that the processes in these States are looking more and more similar. Lobbyists have become highly professional and have mastered many places and levels of political power. Direct representation of companies or other interested parties co-exists with an Association representation in both Washington and Berlin. However, the speed of proposals, the fragmentation of public media, the electoral structure, and the transparency of political negotiations create differences in the US and Germany. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to study the functioning of the Institute of lobbying in Germany and the United States. The methodological basis of the study was a systematic approach using institutional and comparative research methods. The results of the study were an understanding of differences in lobbying styles: the often aggressive propaganda approach in the US and more consensus-oriented information lobbying in Germany.

Key words: politics, political decisions, state, lobbying, institutions, democratic regime, associations, interest groups.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.008

K.A. NOVIKOVA Master of international relations at Saint Petersburg state University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

SOCIAL MEDIA AS A TOOL FOR MANAGING PROTEST MOVEMENTS: THE CASE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Media as an important part of the life of the information society is a very complex and contradictory phenomenon of society and, accordingly, requires an objective study and comprehensive analysis. The paper is devoted to social media and its impact on the organization of protest actions, in particular, in the Russian Federation and the United States, for this purpose, a comparative analysis of Occupy Wall Street in the United States and the Protest campaign in Russia in 2011 is made. The author identifies and systematizes the distinctive features and prospects of protest virtualization. Based on the conducted research, the effectiveness of new management methods, as well as the features of establishing a dialogue with the authorities, becomes visible. Forms of protest are transformed in accordance with the requirements of time and the level of development of society, this can explain the popularity of modern innovative actions, which are chosen as a platform for protest on the Internet.

Key words: social media, political communication, protest movements, Russian Federation, United States of America, sofa wars, activism.

POLITICAL REGIONALISM AND ETHNOPOLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.009

E.V. BULAKH Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of political science of the Eastern Institute of the the FEFU, Vladivostok, Russia

S.S. CHEKULAEV Аssistant of the Department of civil law and procedure of the FEFU, Law school, Vladivostok, Russia

T.G. MARCHENKO Student at the FEFU, Law school, Vladivostok, Russia

PROBLEMS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TOC REGISTRATION MOVEMENT AS AENTITY

The article considers the basics of legal regulation of territorial public self-government (TSG) in the Russian Federation. The significance of TSGfor the state, the system of local self-government and society as a whole is analyzed. The interaction between TSG and local governments is considered. Special attention is paid to the movement of registration of TSG as a legal entity. Based on the analysis of the totality of laws describes the procedure for registration of TSG. The article identifies practical problems faced by citizens, registering TSG as aentity and raises the issue of the need for this registration. The authors have suggested ways to solve the problems associated with a multi-stage registration movement. In conclusion, the conclusion is made about the importance of a more detailed legal regulation of TSG activities.

Key words: territorial public self-government (TSG), registration, local self-government local governments (LG), entity, form of direct participation.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.010

А.D. NAZAROV Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair of advertising and public relations, Institute of foreign languages of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

INFORMATION AND PROPAGANDA SUPPORT OF THE SPACE RIVALRY BETWEEN THE USSR AND THE USA (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PUBLICATIONS)

The article makes an attempt to analyse some features of the information and propaganda support of the rivalry of the two superpowers USSR and USA in the field of space in 1950-1960-ies, marked in history as the period of the escalation of the Cold War, nuclear arms race and international tension that began biased coverage and rewriting of the objectionable facts of the space exploration history, strongly detracting from the role and achievements of the Soviet Union, which is particularly important in the modern situation, in many ways similar to the previous one, when the Russian Federation faces discrediting and sanctioning pressure by Western countries.

Scientific monographs, articles, publications and documents published in recent years in Russia and abroad that offer new ways to look at the stereotypes, the true causes and timeline of the space race, in particular, superiority in flying to the Moon, the amounts of financial and intellectual resources spent on it. The above publications allow us in a constructively critical way examine the role of the press, information and propaganda apparatus of both countries in this regard. This is especially important and symbolic because the recently celebrated 50th anniversary of the flight of American astronauts to the Moon has significantly increased the interest of scientists, specialists, and the general public in this topic, and most recently, the US President D. Trump bypassed international agreements and adopted a very controversial decree on the extraction and use of resources in space.

Key words: the USSR space program, space rivalry between the USSR and USA, the first artificial earth satellite, the lunar race, information and propaganda support of space programs, press coverage of achievements in space activities.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.011

G.I. PESHСHEROV Doctor of military sciences, professor, academician academy of military sciences, Advisor to the Director of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Center for Security Studies, Senior Researcher Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE EVOLUTION OF WEAPONS IN HUMAN SOCIETY

The article is devoted to the study of the evolution of the development of weapons and the increase in the spectrum of their use in the modern world. Studying the problem of expanding the range of weapons used in the modern world, the author comes to understand the philosophical dictum “all means are good in war”, when any object (substance) in the world can become a means of destroying a person. Due to the awareness by mankind of the dangers of certain types of weapons (weapons of mass destruction), in the practice of armed struggle a whole spectrum of non-military weapons of destruction has appeared, including terrorist weapons. However, expanding the spectrum of non-military means of struggle in the modern world and increasing the frequency of their use against civilians is a serious threat to humanity.

Key words: weapons, the evolution of weapons development, gunpowder, firearms, aviation, missile weapons, weapons of mass destruction, information weapons.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.012

V.F. PENKOV Doctor of political science, Professor, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia

FERAS ALFEDEILAT Postgraduate student, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PALESTINIAN POLITICAL REGIME

The article presents an analysis of the current political situation in Palestine, as well as the main problems and prospects for the development of the political regime in this region. The article presents the factors that have a negative impact on the development of the political system of the Palestinian state. In conclusion, the authors of the study formulated possible ways out of the current crisis situation.

Key words: Palestine, Palestinian National Authority, Palestine Liberation Organization, Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Mahmoud Abbas.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.013

U.B. ZHAMBAEVA Сandidate of philosophical Sciences, associate Professor of Management in higher education, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova, Ulaanbaatar branch, Adviser to the President of the Mongolian diplomatic organization for peace and friendship, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE TSYN DYNASTY

The reign of this dynasty was accompanied by numerous cruelties, but the era from 1680 to 1795 was a Golden age, a time of unprecedented prosperity. It was then that the Qing Empire reached its maximum expansion: it included not only China proper, that is, the territory inherited by the Manchus from the previous Chinese Ming dynasty (1368-1644), but also other areas absorbed and conquered by them, such as: Manchuria, East Turkestan, Mongolia and Tibet. Qing China at that time was one of the greatest empires in the world, and the China we know today, in terms of territory, almost directly inherited the Qing oikumen.

Key words: authority, government, teacher, Buddhism, dynasty, politics, the Emperor, the legitimacy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.014

B.N. ОMONOV Karshi State University, Karshi, Republic of Uzbekistan

FACTORS AND GEOPOLITICAL PROPERTIES OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL CRISIS IN CENTRAL ASIA

The article presents objective and subjective reasons for the environmental crisis in Central Asia. According to the author, the aggravation of the environmental situation may have a negative impact on the geopolitical processes in the region.

Key words: environmental relations, environmental situation, environmental activities, environmental political relations, coastal rivers, geopolitical threats, ethnographic situation, global environmental disaster, environmental sustainability.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.015

S.E. MARTYNENKO PhD in History, Associate Professor, Theory and History of International Relations Department, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

N.P. PARKHITKO PhD in History, Associate Professor, Theory and History of Journalism Department, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

SPORTS DIPLOMACY: BASIC FORMS AND KEY ACTORS

The proposed article reveals the essence of the sports diplomacy phenomenon. A brief description of the phenomenon is given, its role in the modern political struggle is analyzed, scientific and theoretical constants verified by researchers of this problem in the XX-XXI centuries are examined. The topic is relevant for research due to such factors as: the growing role of sports diplomacy in international relations and the foreign policy of states; a positive way of sport in the eyes of the world community; the principles of tolerance, mutual respect and non-violence, which are so urgently needed in the modern world, which are the basis of sports diplomacy; the transformation of sports diplomacy has become an integral tool of the diplomatic activity of any state. For example, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs notes that sport and physical education are an important means of strengthening mutual understanding, expressing goodwill and developing contacts between people.

In preparing the study, the authors used the system-analytical method, the analogy method, the content analysis method and the historical-analytical method.

Key words: Sports diplomacy, media, politics, public opinion, cooperation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.016

N.U. KHANALIYEV Сandidate of political sciences, First secretary of the Department for new challenges and threats of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIA, CHINA, IRAN: ISSUES OF COMPATIBILITY OF INTERESTS

The article attempts to identify and analyze the relationships between Russia, China and the states of the Greater Middle East in their confrontation with the powerful extra-regional actor represented by the United States. The main attention is concentrated on relations between Russia and China with Iran, which, being one of the key regional powers, embodies in its foreign policy strategy many trends, features, contradictions, which together determine the geopolitical situation in the entire region. It is shown that for all the problematic knots and contradictions that exist between the three states, their leadership managed to establish mutually beneficial relations that, under certain conditions, can reach a strategic level and in the future, can form a kind of geopolitical triangle Russia-China-Iran.

Key words: Russia, China, Iran, the Middle East, the region, geopolitics, state, foreign policy strategy, investments, hydrocarbon resources, geopolitical triangle.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.017

M.E. RODIONOVA Director Center for European studies, Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF WOMEN'S REPRESENTATION IN POLITICS IN THE EU AND RUSSIA: GENDER ASPECT

The article considers the development of women's political rights as a socio-political phenomenon; issues of history on the legal regulation of the problems of political representation of women in Europe and Russia are touched upon. From the point of view of political and institutional factors of women's participation in the political life of the countries of Europe and Russia, a comparative analysis of the representation of women in politics in Europe and Russia, the impact of political institutions on women's participation in political life (political activity of women in the world and in Russia, representation women in national parliaments, the dynamics of changes in the number of women deputies, strategies for promoting women in power), is it possible to transfer the experience of Western European countries to implement and institutional mechanisms for women's participation in politics.

Key words: political activity of women, representation in parliaments and ministries, gender equality.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.018

Z.N. GASSIEV Postgraduate Student, Diplomatic Academy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

GERMANY'S INTERNAL PARTY DIVISIONS AND THEIR IMPACT ON BUSINESS

In Germany, as in other EU countries, there is an inter-party political struggle and competition and unknown parties enter the political arena. Big parties are gradually losing their popularity and influence, the emergence of new parties is associated with the socio-political transformation of society itself and change of forms and style of political communication.

Key words: Germany, parties, struggle, conquest of power, popularity, political success, life span, crisis of popular parties, electoral activity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.019

LIANG JIACHU Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

SPACE EXPLORATION AS A FACTOR OF CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY

The article presents an analysis of China's development of outer space, the main current trends in political interaction in the field of space cooperation between China and other countries. The subject of the study is the strategy of China in space exploration, this study suggests a significant role of this sector in the foreign context.

Key words: space exploration, political interaction, globalization, conflict, competition, cooperation,"one belt, one road".

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.020

D.V. PAVLOVA Рostgraduate student at the Chair of global social processes and youth work, Faculty of global processes, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE SOFT POWER OF RUSSIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION: THE CULTURAL ASPECT

The article explores the significance of russian culture in the foreign policy. The author consideres the features of using national culture as a forceful resource of russian soft power in the era of globalization. The main idea of this research is to proof that if Russia needs to develop and support modern and traditional culture as the soft power tools, goverment should fix the systematic work on the development of national culture. The features and significance of traditional national culture in the development of international relations are revealed in this text.

Key words: soft power, globalization, culture, influence, foreign policy, political influence.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.021

N.V. SHAHMIN Рostgraduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie

EURASIAN INTEGRATION THROUGH THE PRISM OF IMPERIAL DISCOURSE

This article highlights the Imperial paradigm in the context of analyzing the possibilities of defining the basic conceptual foundations of the Eurasian space. The author attempts to trace significant connections between a nation, Empire, and civilization. Apologizer conservative approach to the essence of Empire, stresses the importance state-forming ethnic group in Imperial issues, raises the problem of the ideological component in the Foundation of a supranational identity in conjunction with the national idea. The author comes to the conclusion that the Imperial approach is closest to the essence of Russia and is able to develop regionalism in a new quality.

Key words: еmpire, nation, civilization, paradigm, national idea.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.022

О.V. JAVAD Рostgraduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia

ROLE OF LANGUAGE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF CULTURAL DIPLOMACY

The article deals with the phenomenon of cultural conflicts and, as a result, cultural wars as the main issues in the sphere of cultural diplomacy. The emphasis is placed on the role of language, historical memory and historical culture as the main components of socio-cultural identity, the study of which is most important for specialists in the field of cultural diplomacy. The article also raises the question of the extent to which an impeccable knowledge of the language and language policy of the host country can help diplomats resolve cultural conflicts during their service.

Key words: language policy, cultural diplomacy, cultural wars, socio-cultural identity, historical identity, ethnocentrism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.023

D. ERNAZAROV Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

INTERACTIONS OF UZBEKISTAN WITH INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE INTEGRATION OF THE GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY

The article analyzes the aspirations and policies of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the integration of a global civil society. To this end, it is studied what problems hinder the achievement of the goal. Therefore, the article sets the task of identifying important points, analyzing and developing specific proposals.

Key words: civil society, global civil society, globalization, global governance, cooperation, international non-governmental organizations, social movements.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.024

K.P. MARABYAN Director-general of “SK Arm-Ka” LLC, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIA'S FACTOR IN GEORGIA'S FOREIGN POLICY

The bilateral relations between Russia and Georgia and also a role of these relations in foreign policy agenda of Georgia are considered in this article. The Caucasian orientation in Russian foreign policy is a great importance of ensuring national security of Russia. The vital questions for the South Caucasian region are the world peas and stability. And Russia plays a key role in these issues.

Georgia, which is guided by Euro-Atlantic structures, already realizes that it won`t be admitted to NATO, so problems of territorial integrity of the country and threat of its safety will force the Georgian leaders to look for new allies. And Russia can become the key ally in this context.

The growing influence of Turkey is also of concern to Georgia. Has come an understanding that to balance the influence of Turkey will be possible only with the support of Russia. It should be noted that understanding the role of Russia and its potential in the region in Georgian politics is difficult, but the fact that the process has moved on says a lot.

Key words: Georgia, Russia, regional security, international security.

CONFERENCES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.56.4.025

D.V. ZHIGULSKAYA Cand. Sc. (History), Deputy Director of the Institute of Asian and African Studies of Moscow State University (IAAS MSU) Senior Researcher, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, conference coordinator, Moscow, Russia

AN INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND PARCTICAL CONFERENCE “THE INTELLECTUAL LEGACY OF BABUR AND MODERNITY”

This paper is a brief review of an International scientific and practical conference “The Intellectual Legacy of Babur and Modernity”, devoted to the prominent statesman, poet of the Medieval Orient and founder of the Baburid Empire, Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur.

The main goal of the conference was to develop interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and describing Babur’s political and intellectual activities in the context of today’s anthropocentric paradigm of humanitarian knowledge.

The conference took place on February 28th, 2020 and was organized by the Institute of Asian and African Studies of Lomonosov State University in cooperation with the State Museum of Oriental Art (Moscow, Russia), Saint Petersburg State University (Saint Petersburg, Russia), the Alisher Navoi Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language and Literature (Tashkent, Uzbekistan), the Samarkand State Institute of Foreign Languages (Samarkand, Uzbekistan). The event was supported by the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Russian Federation.

Key words: international scientific and practical conference, Z.M. Babur, the legacy.

OUR AUTHORS

ARTAMONOVA Ya.S. – PhD (Political science), assistant professor, The Department of Social Relations, Advertising and Public Relations, Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Moscow, Russia.

ASTVATSATUROVA M.A. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, Director of the Scientific and educational center for political and ethno-political studies, Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia.

BEZRUKOVA E.Yu. – Post-graduate student at the Chair of political science and political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

BULAKH E.V. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of political science of the Eastern Institute of the the FEFU, Vladivostok, Russia.

CHEKULAEV S.S. – Аssistant of the Department of civil law and procedure of the FEFU, Law school, Vladivostok, Russia.

DURASOV A.V. – PhD student of the Department of Political Science and Political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

ERNAZAROV D. – Tashkent State University of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

FERAS ALFEDEILAT – Postgraduate student, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia.

GASSIEV Z.N. – Postgraduate Student, Diplomatic Academy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

JAVAD O.V. – Рostgraduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia.

KARSANOVA E.S. – Doctor of Science (Political Science), Docent at the Political Science Department of the Financial University of the Russian Federation; Professor at the Institute of Public Administration and Law, of the State University of Management, Department of Public Administration and Political Technologies, Moscow, Russia.

KHANALIYEV N.U. – Сandidate of political sciences, First secretary of the Department for new challenges and threats of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

LIANG JIACHU – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

LIKHANOVA I.V. – Candidate of political sciences, The Department of Social Relations, Advertising and Public Relations, Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Moscow, Russia.

MARABYAN K.P. – Director-general of “SK Arm-Ka” LLC, Moscow, Russia.

MARCHENKO T.G. – Student at the FEFU, Law school, Vladivostok, Russia.

MARTYNENKO S.E. – PhD in History, Associate Professor, Theory and History of International Relations Department, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

NAZAROV A.D. – Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair of advertising and public relations, Institute of foreign languages of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia.

NOVIKOVA K.A. – Master of international relations at Saint Petersburg state University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

ОMONOV B.N. – Karshi State University, Karshi, Republic of Uzbekistan.

PARKHITKO N.P. – PhD in History, Associate Professor, Theory and History of Journalism Department, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

PAVLOVA D.V. – Postgraduate student at the Chair of global social processes and youth work, Faculty of global processes, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

PENKOV V.F. – Doctor of political science, Professor, Department of Theory and history of state and law, Tambov state technical University, Tambov, Russia.

PESHСHEROV G.I. – Doctor of military sciences, professor, academician academy of military sciences, Advisor to the Director of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Center for Security Studies, Senior Researcher Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

RODIONOVA M.E. – Director Center for European studies, Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SHAHMIN N.V. – Рostgraduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie.

TRAPEZNIKOV V.O. – Postgraduate student of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

VOLGIN O.S. – Doctor of Science (Philosophy), Associate Professor at the Department of Public Administration, MGIMO University of the RF Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia.

ZHAMBAEVA U.B. – Сandidate of philosophical Sciences, associate Professor of Management in higher education, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova, Ulaanbaatar branch, Adviser to the President of the Mongolian diplomatic organization for peace and friendship, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

ZHIGULSKAYA D.V. – Cand. Sc. (History), Deputy Director of the Institute of Asian and African Studies of Moscow State University (IAAS MSU) Senior Researcher, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ZOLOTAREV N.A. – Postgraduate, Department of political science political management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 10, Issue 3 (55), 2020.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

  • Gadgiev K.S. The Project “One Belt, One Way” in the Geopolitical Dimension
  • Nikolenko A.A., Tushkov A.A. On the Issue of Methodological Bases of Research of Approaches to the Problems of Local Civilizations
  • Agapov P.V. Religion in the Works of Erich Fromm: Socio-Psychological Aspects of the Problem

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Rumyantsev O.G. On Some Political Science Aspects of the 2020 Constitutional Reform in the Russian Federation
  • Pustovoit Yu.A., Аntonov K.A. “A and B Were Sitting on the Tube”: Construction a Protest Identity During “The Tariff War” in Novosibirsk (2016-2017)
  • Artemyev A.A., Pykhtin S.N. New Media as a Tool of Influence Political Processes in Modern Russian Society
  • Baksheeva A.R., Gusarskaya T.A., Belyaeva V.P. Features of Implementation of State Anti-Corruption Policy in Modern Russia: Mechanism of State Control in Contract System of Public Procurement
  • Bulakh E.V., Knyazeva A.R., Tsoy V.G. Tribalism in the Russia's Far East: Residual Manifestations or New Forms of Regional Identity
  • Voronina N.A. Policy of Integration of Migrants and Refugees in the EU Countries
  • Kryukova E.V. The Role of Socio-Political Organizations in the Settlement of Political Conflicts: Opportunities and Prospects
  • Galkina G.V. Education Policy in the Programs of Political Parties (On the Example of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and Fair Russia Party)
  • Voronchikhina D.N. A Role of the Arctic Municipalities Association in the Implementation of State Policy in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Mikhaylenko A.N. How to Discover Russia’s Foreign Policy Potential?
  • Muravykh A.I., Nikitenko E.G. The West is Against Zeroing out Presidential Terms in Russia
  • Sergeyeva S.L., Gaponov P.V. Practice of Implementing Projects Based on Municipal-Private Partnership in the Russian Federation and the European Union: a Comparative Analysis
  • Teteryuk A.S. Analysis of the Regional Distrituion in the Parliament of Finland in the Four Electoral Cycles
  • Khlopov O.A. European Union Energy Security: Between Russia and the USA
  • Kostoev Z.I., Arapkhanova L.Ya. North Caucasus in the Context of International Politics
  • Karatueva E.N. Problems and Prevention of Food Terrorism
  • Zhambaeva U.B. Tibetan Buddhism in the Political Context of the Yuan Dynasty
  • Sultanova A.R. Conceptual Approaches to the Formation of National Model of Civil Society Development in Uzbekistan
  • Afonin A.D. The Baltic Сountries Exit from the BRELL “Energy Ring”: Causes and Effects
  • Petrova K.S. Prevention of Islamic Extremism and Terrorrism in the Republic of Tatarstan
  • Baldanova R.A. Shenzhen MSU-BIT University as a Part of the PRC Migration Policy
  • Adoum Kaguer, Shulenina N.V. China and African Union: Problems and Prospects
  • Javad O.V. Language Aspects of Societal Security in West European Countries
  • Yuldasheva M.K. The Criterion of Information Security in the Processes of Intercultural Integration
  • Usmonov S. Universal Principles and Features of the National Idea (Ideology) in Uzbekistan
  • Eryomina Ya.V. Information Technologies as an Instrument of «Soft Power»
  • Sholkova M.A. Security Ensuring Security in the Different Geopolitical Levels
  • Gao Dai Anti-Corruption Counteraction in China: History and Modernity
  • Chen Hanzhi The Development of the PRC Public Service System as a Mechanism for the Formation of Political Elites
  • Аgоnnude Bidoley Vianney Freddy South Africa and the UN: Aspects of Interaction
  • Oluwakayode Olumide Emmanuel, Mugabi Brian, Dju Orlindo The Plagues of Africa
  • Cheng Guo, Butorov A.S., Yin Qun The Political Analysis of the Sino-U.S. Trade War and Implications
  • Wangraoua Sadia Rita Sonia, Egesi Blessing Chimanpa Relations Between Burkina Faso and Taiwan Between 2000 and 2018
  • Luchenkov I.R. The Processes of Political Integration in the Countries of the Big Middle East within the Framework of the Pan-Arabic Concept of the Period 1945-1990

REFLECTIONS ON READ

Slizovskiy D.E., Medvedev N.P. Afterword to the Article by O.G. Rumyantsev “On Some Political Science Aspects of the 2020 Constitutional Reform in the Russian Federation”

Our authors № 3-2020

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.001

K.S. GADGIEV Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor, Chief Researcher at the National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

THE PROJECT “ONE BELT, ONE WAY” IN THE GEOPOLITICAL DIMENSION

The article attempts to identify and analyze the place and role of the Chinese project “One belt, one path” in those tectonic shifts that occur in the geopolitical realities of the modern world. The main attention is concentrated on substantiating the thesis that its key goal is to bring up the material base on the Eurasian continent under globalization, which covers, first of all, financial, technological, informational, ideological and other spheres. It is shown that, providing for the creation of a kind of Eurasian axis from a number of transport corridors to connect Asia with Europe, the project is designed to oust the United States from the Eurasian continent as a competitor to China and its possible allies. It is concluded that its implementation may become one of the factors for changing the geopolitical image of not only the Eurasian continent, but also the modern world as a whole.

Key words: China, Russia, USA, Asia, Europe, Eurasia, Eurasian space, globalization, geopolitics, project, transport corridor, world order.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.002

A.A. NIKOLENKO Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. TUSHKOV Professor, Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

ON THE ISSUE OF METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF RESEARCH OF APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEMS OF LOCAL CIVILIZATIONS

This article continues the series of articles by authors on a topical topic – the analysis of scientific approaches to the study of civilizations. The task of the authors is to formulate the main differences of concepts, points of common ground, as well as to propose an alternative classification for historical paradigms. The article series proposed earlier by the authors aims to analyse the basic methodological approaches of the study of civilizations. This article explores structurally-developed approaches within the framework of Western-sceptic, cultural, biological or natural, as well as decadent approaches.

Key words: Russian local civilization, Western-skepticapproach, cultural approach, biological or natural approach, decadent approach.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.003

P.V. AGAPOV Сandidate of sociological sciences, associate professor of the Department of History and Theory of Sociology of the Sociology Faculty of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

RELIGION IN THE WORKS OF ERICH FROMM: SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM

The article discusses the theoretical and methodological problems of studying religion in the work of Erich Fromm. It analyzes the socio-psychological aspects of the theme of religion in the works of E. Fromm. The article focuses on the psychoanalytic approach (socio-cultural version of E. Fromm) to religious issues.

Key words: religion, religiosity, methodology, personality, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic approach, narcissism, social situation.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.004

О.G. RUMYANTSEV Candidate of Sciences (law), President of the Constitutional Reform Foundation, People's Deputy of Russia (1990-1993), Executive Secretary of the Constitutional Commission of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

ON SOME POLITICAL SCIENCE ASPECTS OF THE 2020 CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Prior to the 2020 reform, the Constitution, with certain flaws in its content and adoption procedure, was perceived by many as the basis for consensus and further development. The constitutional reform changed a third of the text of the Constitution and has almost completely changed its spirit and public perception of it. It is necessary to analyze the state and prospects of reformatting relations between the state and society, and also the correspondence of the undertaken swing to the growing challenges and clearly increasing public demand for the socio-political development of Russia as a renewed advanced nation. With the adoption of the new version of the Constitution, it is difficult to assume that the reasons for the objective aggravation of contradictions, acute political differentiation of society and subjective difficulties in managing the process of increasing division will disappear. The potential for a mid-decade consensus is coming to an end. We need deep incentives for a new and long-term consolidation of society and the state.

Key words: civil society, constitutional system, constitutional reform, amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, unified system of state and public power, political institutional engineering, Constitutional Commission.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.005

YU.А. PUSTOVOIT Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political science and technology of the Siberian Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

K.A. АNTONOV Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Head of Novosibirsk Branch of Civil Society Development Fundation, Novosibirsk, Russia

“A AND B WERE SITTING ON THE TUBE”: CONSTRUCTION A PROTEST IDENTITY DURING “THE TARIFF WAR” IN NOVOSIBIRSK (2016-2017)

The article considers the history of the protest against tariff increases in Novosibirsk from December 2016 to mid-April 2017. The enhancing tariffs were canceled during the network confrontation and series of rallies. The focus is on the process of designing protest identity during the confrontation between two groups: the urban regime defined in K. Stone's conceptual perspective, and the protest community, blurry at the first stages of the struggle, friable and unstructured association, which eventually became a quite effective collective entity. Gofman's frame theory, transformation, clarification and fusion of frames in Snou's approach, and Goldstone's model of extroordinate events are the theoretical basis of the analysis. Empirical data are derived from observations, media analysis, content analysis of social networks and series of interviews from organizers and participants of the protest campaign. The authors highlight four key stages of the protest campaign, describe the organizational problems of protesters and the ways to solve them, show changes in the main frames: "we – them," benefit – ideals, "friend – enemy." The conclusions summarize the results of the confrontation, consider the erroneous solutions that have become the source of the conflict, postulate the adequacy of the theoretical models used as a language of description and make assumptions about the emergence of a new non-ideological type of protest identity, oriented towards solving local problems and conditions of efficiency of such communities.

Key words: city regime, frame, protest communities, rallies, protest, Siberia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.006

A.A. ARTEMYEV Lecturer at the Department of political science of the Military University of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

S.N. PYKHTIN Adjunct of the Department of political science of the Military University of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

NEW MEDIA AS A TOOL OF INFLUENCE POLITICAL PROCESSES IN MODERN RUSSIAN SOCIETY

An important element of the political process is the information and communication activities of political actors. In modern society, new media are tools for shaping political processes and influencing the political consciousness of society. Political practice shows that new media are becoming important tools of political struggle, and they are actively used by various political forces. The recognition of new media as subjects of political processes in modern Russian society is beyond doubt.

Key words: political process, mass media, new media, social networks, accounts, political information, opposition, rallies, protest actions, bloggers.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.007

A.R. BAKSHEEVA Specialist of the Financial Support Department of ANO «Agency for Human Capital Development in the Far East», Moscow, Russia

T.A. GUSARSKAYA Senior Lecturer, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

V.P. BELYAEVA Deputy director for teaching and educational work, the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School № 97», Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICY IN MODERN RUSSIA: MECHANISM OF STATE CONTROL IN CONTRACT SYSTEM OF PUBLIC PROCUREMENT

The article raises issues of theory and practice of state control over public procurement. Every year, a significant number of amendments are made to the procurement legislation, by-laws are adopted (more than 130), penalties for violations in the sphere of public procurement are increased, control mechanisms are changed, the powers of control bodies are expanded, the legislation seeks to regulate all parties to procurement processes within the framework of the Law on the Contract System. At the same time, the expert and analytical activities and published results of monitoring and reports of various authorities show low indicators of competitiveness and efficiency of public procurement. In this context, the question arises as to the effectiveness of the operations, both of the procurement itself and of the system for monitoring them. In this regard, the author's special attention is paid to the functioning of the system of State control over procurement at present and, on the basis of the analysis carried out, the relevant problem points have been identified. It is obvious that there are peculiarities of state control, which do not yet allow to ensure proper reduction of indicators of corruption in public procurement, which are considered in this article. Meanwhile, the public procurement system accumulates significant economic resources and has the potential to have a significant impact on the development of the State and society as a whole. Issues of improving the efficiency of its functioning are the primary task of the targeted policy of the State in the system of contract relations as a guarantee of the development of the economy of the country and the implementation of national programs.

Key words: anti-corruption policy, state power, state control, public procurement, public control.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.008

E.V. BULAKH Сandidate of political sciences, associate professor, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute ‒ School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia

A.R. KNYAZEVA Student, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia

V.G. TSOY Student, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia

TRIBALISM IN THE RUSSIA'S FAR EAST: RESIDUAL MANIFESTATIONS OR NEW FORMS OF REGIONAL IDENTITY

The article examines the phenomena whose content or participants' quality allows us to classify them as tribalism. Based on responses regional and national media, this study attempts to state the existence of the formation process of local closed groups that affect state and regional policy of the Russian Federation: business clans, ethnic groups of labor migrants, settlers. This study analyzes the most active regional media that have responded to this topic over the past five years. Based on the data obtained, the authors constructed diagrams that substantiate relevance of this phenomena in the Russia's Far East.

Key words: tribalism, state policy, kind, community, business clans, labor migrants, settlers, old believers, region, local closed groups, Far East, media.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.009

N.A. VORONINA Candidate of Sciences (law), Senior researcher at the Sector of Human Rights, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

POLICY OF INTEGRATION OF MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES IN THE EU COUNTRIES

The article is devoted to the analysis of modern legal and other means of resolving of integration problems of third country nationals in the EU states and in a number of developed countries of the West. European migration crisis of 2014-2015 and a threat of its recurrence today interfere with efficient functioning of the system of regulation of migration flows, created in the EU. The institutional EU structures as well as European countries face the issue of finding new models and approaches to the solution of problems of forced migrants.

Key words: migration crisis, refugees, European Union, adaptation, policy of integration, ethnic diversity, models of integration, multiculturalism, assimilation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.010

E.V. KRYUKOVA Candidate of political science, associate Professor, State University of management, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF SOCIO-POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE SETTLEMENT OF POLITICAL CONFLICTS: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROSPECTS

In this work, a theoretical analysis and assessment of the role of socio-political organizations in the current conditions of the current system of international relations is made. The definition and functional content of socio-political organizations are disclosed, their international legal status in modern conditions is determined. The history of the appearance and development of organizations is statistically described, the advantages and disadvantages of their activities are identified, and development prospects are outlined.

Key words: socio-political organization, conflict, conflict resolution, international relations, functions of socio-political organization, international legal status.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.011

G.V. GALKINA Graduate student of Department National and Federal Relations, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

EDUCATION POLICY IN THE PROGRAMS OF POLITICAL PARTIES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND FAIR RUSSIA PARTY)

The article looks at the education policy of modern Russia in the context of public management and influence of certain left-wing political parties. In this regard, the key elements of administrative and legal regulation of the sphere are presented, including in the framework of the realization of the profile national project “Education”. The author focuses on the political program of left-wing parties having their representation in the Russian Parliament by analyzing the issues of education policy in the programs of political parties. This choice based on traditional importance of the problem of maintaining the level of social benefits for the left, including publicly available education for the widest range of people. At the same time, the author notes such a feature of the Russian party system as the dominant political party, which actively interacts with the Executive authorities and acts as important actor in political processes in the field of forming state education policy.

Key words: education policy, education, political parties, party system, public management, national project.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.012

D.N. VORONCHIKHINA Aspirant, Department of Russian Politics, Political Science Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

A ROLE OF THE ARCTIC MUNICIPALITIES ASSOCIATION IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE POLICY IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Introduction: The article examines the interaction between public authorities, the authorities of the subjects of Federation and the municipalities through a study of the role of the Association «Arctic municipalities» in the implementation of policy in the Arctic

Aims: To analyze the effectiveness of the work and to evaluate the role of the Association «Arctic Municipalities» in the implementation of the public policy in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation.

The tasks are: To analyze the degree of participation of the Association in the implementation of the public policy in the Arctic zone of Russia and to propose specific measures to improve the activities of the Association of Arctic Municipalities.

The following methods were used: the systems and the historical approaches, the comparative analysis.

Results: The purpose, objectives and the subject of the Association of Arctic Municipalities are discovered.

Conclusions: The Association doesn’t resolve the issues of the ensuring of the environmental safety of the Arctic. The problem is the lack of official reports on the work done in the public domain. The author considers that it necessary to transfer the range of issues on the environmental safety to the competence of local authorities in the person of the Association, as well as to involve the indigenous peoples of the North in the decision-making process at the local level through their representation in the Association.

Key words: the Arctic, municipalities, the public policy, the inter-municipal cooperation, the Association of Arctic Municipalities, the Arctic development, the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.013

A.N. MIKHAYLENKO Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

HOW TO DISCOVER RUSSIA’S FOREIGN POLICY POTENTIAL?

Foreign political potential can be understood as the ability and willingness of a country to use the reserve opportunities and open up new opportunities in the world for the realization of its national interests. The concept of economic potential is most developed in science. Labor, export, defense, personnel, institutional and other types of potential are also distinguished. Realization of the foreign policy potential concerns both the use of reserves known but not previously used for various reasons, and the discovery of new opportunities connected with domestic and foreign policy changes. The countries of the world are actively realizing their foreign policy potential, finding new meanings in world politics, introducing new institutional forms of international interaction, using forecasting and other modern methods more widely. Russia should strive for a leadership position in realizing its foreign policy potential.

Key words: breakthrough, potential, economic potential, export potential, integration potential, opportunity, ability, readiness, initiative.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.014

A.I. MURAVYKH D.Sc. (economics), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

E.G. NIKITENKO Major General, Cand. Sc. (History), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

THE WEST IS AGAINST ZEROING OUT PRESIDENTIAL TERMS IN RUSSIA

The article deals with various aspects of the policy of containment of Russia, conducted by the collective West led by the United States. The article analyzes the use of "information coronavirus" and "oil weapons" in order to weaken the presidential vertical of power in Russia. Attention is focused on the special significance of holding a national vote on the constitutional amendments of 22.04.2020 in the face of strong opposition from external and internal opponents.

Key words: containment policy, power, President, Constitution, voting, oil, virus.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.015

S.L. SERGEYEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, associate professor of political science and political management of School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

P.V. GAPONOV Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

PRACTICE OF IMPLEMENTING PROJECTS BASED ON MUNICIPAL-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE EUROPEAN UNION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Process of development of the municipal-private partnerhip experienced its “rebirth” after 2015, when significant changes were made to the relevant Russian federal legislation. The article analyzes the key problems in the implementation of municipal-private partnership projects, which arose after the above changes. Legislative changes give the possibility to start a new level, in the relationship of municipal authorities and local governments with private business. However, it is necessary to recognize that the pace of development this kind of process in Russia, remains fairly modest, given the huge and constantly growing debt burden on municipalities. Taking into account the fact that the current international political situation does not allow Russian economy to hope for any substantial amount of foreign investment in the regional Russian economy, it is necessary to further improve the partnership mechanisms between state authorities and the private sector. Proceeding from this, it seems important to analyze the experience of the development of the PPP mechanisms in the format of the European Union, which has more historical development experience in this field. This article analyzes the key mechanisms that EU countries use for more effective interaction and the development of joint infrastructure and other socially significant projects, as well as the management principles on which such projects are organized. It seems that some of these tools, especially the co-financing methodology, the principle of “funding gap”, that is, accounting and financing “cash gaps” as well as the introduction of independent arbitration in the implementation of joint projects, are extremely relevant for should be carefully analyzed for the purpose of subsequent adaptation and introduction into Russian economic, legal and political practice.

Key words: municipal-private partnership, MPP, public-private partnership, PPP, local government, European Charter of Local Self-Government, Cohesion Program Regulation, public-private partnership, PPP, funding gap.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.016

A.S. TETERYUK Lecturer at Political Science Department, Researcher at Center for Spatial Analysis in International Relations, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry, of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia

ANALYSIS OF THE REGIONAL DISTRITUION IN THE PARLIAMENT OF FINLAND IN THE FOUR ELECTORAL CYCLES

Nowadays, studies on elections in different states and analysis of their spatial distribution, which can reflect socio-political processes, taking into account the territorial factor, are gaining popularity. This allows to build certain forecasts about the political course of a given country towards other states, including neighboring states, which is particularly relevant for the Russian Federation. The article reviews the system of elections to the Parliament of Finland and analyses the results of the last four elections cycles to determine the results of the distribution of votes depending on the electoral district. The article reviews the particularities of the electoral system of the Parliament of Finland. The main parties participating in the parliamentary elections over the last 4 years are considered. At the end of the article the results of regional distribution of results of elections to the Parliament of Finland during electoral cycles in 2007, 2011, 2015 and 2019. Based on the results, one may conclude that Finland is characterized by moderate regionalization of the party system with little deviation, which allows to rather precisely consider the preferences of the electorate, considering the territorial factor.

Key words: Finland, Parliament, elections, spatial analysis, electoral cycle, regional distribution.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.017

O.A. KHLOPOV PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of American Studies, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH), Moscow, Russia

EUROPEAN UNION ENERGY SECURITY: BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE USA

The article analyses the problems of the energy policy of the European Union in the context of enhancing energy dialogue with the United States and conflicting relations with Russia. Despite disagreements, the EU and the US have strong incentives to work together to expand energy cooperation in implementing renewable energy programs. Diversification of supplies, export of liquefied gas to Europe, energy efficiency have become the main components of US foreign policy and EU energy security. The implementation of these projects leads to a clash of interests of Russia on the European markets, which in the near future will have strong competition from US export gas and an increase in the volume from renewable energy sources in the EU countries.

Key words: energy security, gas, oil, renewable energy, energy policy of the EU, USA, Russia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.018

Z.I. KOSTOEV Researcher, Department of Social and Political Research of the Ch. Akhriev Ingush Scientific Research Institute, Magas, Republic of Ingushetia, Russia

L.Ya. ARAPKHANOVA Ph.D. (Political Science), Associate Professor of the Ingush State University, Head of the Department of Social and Political Research of the Ch. Akhriev Ingush Scientific Research Institute, Magas, Republic of Ingushetia, Russia

NORTH CAUCASUS IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

The article examines the role and importance of the North Caucasus in the context of global international politics of such leading warring players as Russia, Iran, Turkey, the USA and Great Britain. The authors note the main factors that attracted attention to the region both in the past and in the present. The role of the geographical and economic aspects in this policy is emphasized. The article shows how the nature of relations between these states changed and what consequences they had for Russia and the North Caucasus, in particular.

Key words: Russia, North Caucasus, Iran, Turkey, USA, Great Britain, conflict, geopolitics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.019

E.N. KARATUEVA Сandidate of political science, associate Professor of the Department of management of socio-political processes and history of the Saint Petersburg state agrarian University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

PROBLEMS AND PREVENTION OF FOOD TERRORISM

Humanity faces large-scale food-borne diseases every year. But their causes often remain uncertain. In most cases, the question of whether they are accidental or intentional has not been fully clarified. Thus, the specificity of food terrorism lies in the complexity of its identification. And it is only possible to counter the growing threats of terrorists by ensuring food security at a high level, which is currently part of the national security strategy of many countries around the world.

The article is devoted to the analysis of the essence of food terrorism, the features of the methods used by terrorists, possible ways of countering, including along with methods of countering food terrorists, providing a favorable environment for food consumption and minimizing food-borne diseases.

Key words: food terrorism, food security, food defense, biological terrorism, chemical terrorism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.020

U.B. ZHAMBAEVA Сandidate of philosophical Sciences, associate Professor of Management in higher education, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova Ulaanbaatar branch, Adviser to the President of the Mongolian diplomatic organization for peace and friendship, Ulan-Bator, Mongolia

TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE YUAN DYNASTY

In 1267-1279, Khubilai fights for the real conquest of all of China. To begin with, Khubilai found himself the Commander-in-Chief Chinese Shetankze, then he decided to transfer the capital of his kingdom from Karakoram to China, namely to the place of the old capital Dasin, hereinafter referred to as Beijing. A new city is being built in the suburb of Dashin, which is called the great capital or Khanbalyk, in Chinese Dadu. Khubilai lacked religious fanaticism, but there was ethnic fanaticism. In this sense, it is much more interesting to identify the common stereotypical foundations of behavior associated with Khubilai’s psychology, and more so with the nature of the unconscious, which allow us to build a different order of ethnic structure, the basis of which can serve as an immanent sense of unity.

Key words: state, mentor, Buddhism, dynasty, politics, religion, legitimacy, emperor.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.021

A.R. SULTANOVA Senior lecturer of the department of Social sciences of the Tashkent Financial Institute, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO THE FORMATION OF NATIONAL MODEL OF CIVIL SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT IN UZBEKISTAN

This article discusses conceptual approaches to the formation of a national model for the development of civil society in Uzbekistan, analyzes international experience in supporting civil society institutions, assesses the applicability for the conditions of Uzbekistan, the Concept of inextricable unity of state and civil society. And also, for the program and target orientation of the national model of development of civil society marked by the need for the development of performance measurement indicators of civil society, allow at any given point in time to objectively assess the current level of and trends in development of civil society and, in accordance with that assessment, make adjustments to the strategic directions of development of civil society in the near and medium term. The article emphasizes that the relationship and interaction of civil society institutions with representatives of the second sector is the most effective mechanism for solving socio-economic problems.

Key words: civil society, civil society institution, concept, national model, public control, social partnership, non-governmental non-profit organizations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.022

А.D. AFONIN Рost-graduate student at the Chair of political science and political philosophy, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia

THE BALTIC СOUNTRIES EXIT FROM THE BRELL “ENERGY RING”: CAUSES AND EFFECTS

The article discusses the main reasons for the Baltic countries (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia) to leave the “energy ring” BRELL. Among the basic reasons: political ones (the need to ensure regional energy security of the EU) and technical ones are determined, due to the specifics of the European energy networks. The main consequences are the technical work on the transformation of energy networks and the ongoing dialogue between the EU and Russia.

Key words: BRELL “energy ring”, EU energy system, Baltic countries.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.023

K.S. PETROVA Post-graduate Student, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

PREVENTION OF ISLAMIC EXTREMISM AND TERRORRISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

The article gives a brief description of the Muslim community of the Republic of Tatarstan, identifies the reasons for the radicalization of the followers of Islam in the region. The article describes a set of measures implemented by the authorities of the Republic, workers of culture and education, in accordance with the Republican Target Program for the Prevention of Terrorism and Extremism for 2009-2011, received continuation in the form of the program “Prevention of Terrorism and Extremism in the Republic of Tatarstan for 2014-2022” or Subprogram-3 in 2012-2014. This Subprogram provides a set of measures aimed at preventing inter-confessional and interethnic conflicts in the Republic. The article also analyzes the results achieved during the implementation of the Program.

Key words: Republic of Tatarstan, regional policy, Islamic radicalism and extremism, Islamic radicalism prevention.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.024

R.A. BALDANOVA Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

SHENZHEN MSU-BIT UNIVERSITY AS A PART OF THE PRC MIGRATION POLICY

In this article, the author considers how the example of a humanitarian project – Shenzhen MSU-BIT University implements one of the main objectives of the migration policy – attracting highly qualified specialists, the exchange of educational technologies in order to prepare highly qualified specialists in China.

Key words: Shenzhen MSU-BIT University, migration policy of the PRC, highly qualified specialists, the educational process.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.025

ADOUM KAGUER Рost-graduate student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, N'Djamena, Republic of Chad

N.V. SHULENINA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

CHINA AND AFRICAN UNION: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

The article discusses problems and prospects of the cooperation between China and the African Union. The authors argue that with Sino-African South-South cooperation is developing especially actively. A crucial role in this regard is played by the China-Africa Cooperation Forum. The authors also consider the main problems and new prospects for further cooperation between all parties.

Key words: China, African Union, Problems and prospects, international relations, global economy, cooperation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.026

О.V. JAVAD Рostgraduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia

LANGUAGE ASPECTS OF SOCIETAL SECURITY IN WEST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

The article raises the question of how and to what extent the language policy of the European Union is currently able to protect the national languages of the EU member States. The article also considers the concept of societal security and one of its main aspects – ensuring the protection of cultural and linguistic diversity of different communities.

Key words: European Union, language policy, national language, cultural diversity, societal security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.027

M.K. YULDASHEVA Doctoral student, University of world languages, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

THE CRITERION OF INFORMATION SECURITY IN THE PROCESSES OF INTERCULTURAL INTEGRATION

This article examines questions about the criteria of information security in the processes of intercultural integration, trends in public information structure, integration of globalization with the international community, interpenetration of cultures in the modern information space, of a number of difficulties in internal and external exchange of information, problems of protection of national interests in information space, as well as the formation of reforms in the field of information technology as a result of interaction of national cultures.

Key words: trend, technology, information, integration, Cybernetics, services, nano-technologies, disinformation, fake information, media structure, mass media, communication.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.028

S. USMONOV researcher of the Tashkent state pedagogical University named after Nizami, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES AND FEATURES OF THE NATIONAL IDEA (IDEOLOGY) IN UZBEKISTAN

This article discusses the essence of the National Idea (ideology) of Uzbekistan, the principles of the national idea. It also determines the correlation of national and universal foundations of the national ideology, highlights the socio-philosophical aspect of the national idea.

Key words: national idea, universal principles, national identity, spiritual values, national and cultural heritage, interethnic harmony, independence, cooperation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.029

YA.V. ERYOMINA PhD student, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF «SOFT POWER»

In the modern world, the principles of the influence of states on each other are changing; instruments of “soft power”, acting by creating an attractive image of a country and its policy, are coming to the fore. Media and social networks are some of the main tools of “soft power”. The article discusses these tools and how they are used as mechanisms of influence.

Key words: «soft power», information technology, media, social networks.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.030

M.A. SHOLKOVA Рost-graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy, third secretary of the Third department of CIS countries MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia

SECURITY ENSURING SECURITY IN THE DIFFERENT GEOPOLITICAL LEVELS

The scope of the present article is to examine the concept of “security” in its different declination in the geopolitical arena. Using an historical approach, the author analyzes how the very meaning of “security” has changed through the years in order to achieve a more comprehensive definition of security. The article identifies 4 different levels of security, which are described and compared to each other based on differences in scope, key features and the instruments used to implement them.

Key words: ensuring security, security of state, national security, regional security, international security, global security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.031

GAO DAI Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

ANTI-CORRUPTION COUNTERACTION IN CHINA: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Corruption is a global problem of modernity that exists to varying degrees in all countries of the world and is of great research interest as an object. This negative phenomenon affects all spheres of society's life. The subject of our research is anti-corruption policy in China. The set of anti-corruption measures is considered in various historical periods of China's development, which allows us to determine the main principles of the fight and specific organizational and preventive measures and mechanisms for countering the phenomenon of corruption.

Key words: corruption, anti-corruption policy, counteraction, political process, anti-corruption measures, political task.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.032

CHEN HANZHI Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRC PUBLIC SERVICE SYSTEM AS A MECHANISM FOR THE FORMATION OF POLITICAL ELITES

This article discusses the main directions of public service reform in the People's Republic of China. The civil service recruitment system is the most important channel in the training of Chinese political elites. Studying the development process of the civil servants system is of great importance for understanding the transformation of Chinese political elites. The political analysis method allows the author to study in detail the legal framework for the development of the PRC public service system, highlighting the main directions of its reform.

Key words: China, civil service system, law, political elite, exam, functioning, reform.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.033

АGОNNUDE BIDOLEY VIANNEY FREDDY Рostgraduate student at the Chair of political analysis and management Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Cotonou, Republic of Benin

SOUTH AFRICA AND THE UN: ASPECTS OF INTERACTION

The article examines the main directions of South Africa's interaction with the United Nations. The author analyzes the international peacekeeping activities of South Africa since 1998, that is, since the approval by the Cabinet of Ministers of the “White paper on South Africa's participation in international peacekeeping missions.” Special attention is paid to South African work in the framework of the country's non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council.

Key words: South Africa, UN, peacekeeping missions, UN Security Council, BRICS.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.034

OLUWAKAYODE OLUMIDE EMMANUEL Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Abuja, Nigeria

MUGABI BRIAN Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Kampala, Uganda

DJU ORLINDO Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Safim, Guinea-Bissau

THE PLAGUES OF AFRICA

Global manufacturers will not be stopped by ethical considerations regarding the supply of weapons to a conflict engulfed or humanitarian crisis region. Africa has become the subject of fierce competition of global weapons/defense industrial companies. Drawing on the theoretical framework of structural differentiation of states and the international system, this article ascertains the African Union's strategic plans to build a peaceful and prosperous Africa with an inclusive society aimed at disarmament and arms control for development. However, the illicit flow of arms fuel conflict especially in the African context. This essay in a broad framework will contribute to development studies and the role of international organizations in strategic planning and communication for development. It concludes on emphasizing the continuous efforts to ensure that the effective and transparent implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty in regards to Africa.

Key words: Africa, African Union (AU), Small arms and light weapons (SALW), Security, Conflict, Organized crime, Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.035

CHENG GUO Ph.D. Student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Nanjing, China

A.S. BUTOROV Ph.D. Assistant, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

YIN QUN Ph.D. Student, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) Jinan, China

THE POLITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SINO-U.S. TRADE WAR AND IMPLICATIONS

This article highlights its focus on the current trade war between China and the United States, the two economic giants in the modern world, its impact and implications for China’s policy-making, from the political perspective. The Sino-U.S. bilateral relations, which lasted for 4 decades, are now facing a major challenge under President D. Trump era. The research methodology is based on a complex combination of scientific methods, mainly analytical, systematic and comparative. The scientific novelty of this article is to provide the general survey of the current Sino-U.S. relations status under Trump administration and the trade war factor, indicating some fresh implications from China’s point of view. The obtained conclusions can be applied in managing more stable and positive bilateral relations in complexity of modern international relations and comtemporary global politics amid President Trump’s unpredictable personal character and governing style.

Key words: China, Containment, New Cold War, Sino-U.S. relations, The Trump administration, Trade War.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.036

WANGRAOUA SADIA RITA SONIA Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Burkina-Faso

EGESI BLESSING CHIMANPA Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science People’s Friendship University, Nigeria

RELATIONS BETWEEN BURKINA FASO AND TAIWAN BETWEEN 2000 AND 2018

This article focuses on the relationship between Burkina Faso and Taiwan between 2000 and 2018. The article considers the development of international relations between the African country of Burkina Faso and the so-called Republic of China (Taiwan). The author reveals their specifics, Taiwan's assistance in the form of economic, military cooperation, as well as in cooperation in the field of health. The author analyzes the reasons why the Republic of Burkina Faso, which has long been one of Taiwan's few allies, established diplomatic contacts with the PRC and broke off with Taiwan. This was perceived very painfully in Taiwan, as the number of countries that recognize Taiwan as the only Republic of China is decreasing. Special attention is paid to the impact of Chinese economic expansion in Africa on the breakdown of relations between Burkina Faso and Taiwan. At the end of the article, the author answers the question whether it is possible that Burkina Faso will restore diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

Key words: Taiwan, Burkina Faso, China, international relations, bilateral cooperation, diplomatic relations, economic cooperation, investment.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.037

I.R. LUCHENKOV Student at the Oriental Studies Department, Department of Oriental and African Studies, St. Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Oriental Studies HSE (S.-Pb.), St. Petersburg, Russia

THE PROCESSES OF POLITICAL INTEGRATION IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE BIG MIDDLE EAST WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE PAN-ARABIC CONCEPT OF THE PERIOD 1945-1990

The article discusses the need for economic, political integration processes in the Arab countries of the Greater Middle East, as well as the reasons for their failure in this region in the second half of the twentieth century.

Key words: integration, Islamism, consolidation, the Arab League, pan-Arabism, Arab nationalism, Arab socialism, Arab cooperation.

REFLECTIONS ON READ

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.55.3.038

D.Е. SLIZOVSKIY Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, participant of the 1990-1993 constitutional process, Moscow, Russia

AFTERWORD TO THE ARTICLE BY O.G. RUMYANTSEV “ON SOME POLITICAL SCIENCE ASPECTS OF THE 2020 CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION”

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 10, Issue 2 (54), 2020.

CONTENTS

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

  • Nikolenko A.A., Tushkov A.A. Methodological Base for the Research of Approaches to the Problems of Local Civilizations
  • Kononov L.A., Chebotarev A.V. The Development of Theoretical Propositions on Trending State Policy of the Russian Federation on Countering Migration Extremism
  • Nikushkin A.B. Concepts of E-Democracy in Modern Studies
  • Yang Chunlei The Influence of Confucianism on the Political and Cultural Elite of Russian Society

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Nazarov A.D. Role of Exhibition Activities in the Development of Aviation and Cosmonautics in Modern Russia
  • Karatueva E.N. Environmental Security: Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Uncertainties
  • Dobrynina M.V. Engineering Education as a Tool of the New Industrial Policy of Russia: Reforming the System of Budget Financing
  • Rodionova M.E. Features of Foreign and Russian Experience in Financing Political Parties
  • Pokhozhaev V.I. Some Priorities of Modern State National Policy of the Russian Federation
  • Eryomina Ya.V. Transition to a Post-Industrial Society and its Influence on Modern Education
  • Archakova N.O. Housing Policy of a Large City
  • Mikhailova E.A. The Role of the Media in Public Decision-Making in the Postmodern Era

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

  • Dolbunov N.N., Pyzh V.V. The State Legal Policy in the Service of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War
  • Podshibyakina T.A. Ideological Attitudes in Youth Consciousness: А Narrative Analysis of Cognitive Concepts
  • Okun M.V. Ideology and Values in the Public Governance of Modern Russia. Part II

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

  • Makhmadov A.N., Kurbonova Z.M. Scenarios for the Development of Political Conflicts and Ways to Prevent Them. Part II
  • Pliev S.M. The Role of Information Warfare on the Example of the 2008 Armed Conflict in South Ossetia
  • Wenzel S.V. Features of Religious Extremism in the Post-Soviet Countries
  • Malyushin M.A. Ethno-political Conflicts in Russia as Prerequisites for National Self-determination on the Example of the Chechen Republic and Rossel’s Ideas

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Kuleshova N.S., Hazeli Reza Intercountry Labor Movements in Modern Political Conditions
  • Sergeyeva S.L., Rozhkov I.A. US Elimination of Iranian General Kasema Suleymani as an Act of State International Terrorism
  • Zalysin I.Yu. Features Of Modern Terrorism
  • Stremovskaya A.L. Activities of ASEAN: Achievements and Challenges
  • Kudashova N.N. The Influence of German Media on the Modern Global Processes
  • Nazarov V.P. Comparative Analysis of the National Security Strategy of Russia and the USA
  • Musaev М.Т. To the Question of the Activities of Missionary Organizations under the Conditions of Globalization
  • Makarov A.V. Features of the Process of Forming the Educational Space of European Countries (On the Example of Finland and the Netherlands)
  • Toria J.N. The Problem of National Self-Preservation of French Identity
  • Wang Yang Higher Education in China in Modernization
  • Mohammed Iwaina Some Features of the State Institutionalization of the Palestinian National Autonomous Territories
  • Talybova L.A. Features of Trade and Economic Development of Azerbaijan after the Collapse of the USSR
  • Shahmin N.V. Trends in Rerturbations of the Global World Order: Russia's Eurasian Perspective
  • Shevchenko E.S., Vrachev V.A., Grishin V.O. Political Subjectivity as an Orientation of D. Trump’s Positioning: Problems and Conditions of Achieving Balance
  • Khakhanayev U.S.-E. Sanctions Policy

STUDENT SCIENCE

  • Bogdanova E.A. Environmental Activism in Latin America on the Example of the Yasuni National Park
  • Wangraoua Sadia Rita Sonia Restoration of Cooperation Between Russia and Burkina Faso
  • Oumar Sidibe African Continental Free Trade Area (AFCFTA): Socio-economic and Political Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and its Prospects

REVIEWS

Slizovskiy D.E., Medvedev N.P. Review of Е.А. Bogdanova’s Article Environmental Activism in Latin America as Exemplified by the Yasuni National Park

Our authors № 2-2020

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.001

A.A. NIKOLENKO Candidate of Political Sciences, Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

METHODOLOGICAL BASE FOR THE RESEARCH OF APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEMS OF LOCAL CIVILIZATIONS

The problem of researching the clash of civilizations in political science is becoming more and more urgent in connection with the current environment, in which the study of differences between societies is most acute and can lead to an understanding of how they function society and how to resolve the accumulated contradictions. The authors' proposed series of articles aims to analyse such methodological approaches as the study of civilizations as Western-oriented, Western-skeptic, cultural, biological or natural approach, as well as decadent. This article explores a basic structurally-designed approach as a Western-oriented.

Key words: «civilization», local civilization, social process, power, features of the political process, Western-oriented approach.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.002

L.A. KONONOV Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

A.V. CHEBOTAREV Adjunct, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL PROPOSITIONS ON TRENDING STATE POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON COUNTERING MIGRATION EXTREMISM

The article is devoted to the elimination of “white spots” in theoretical ideas on extremism caused by population migration, which in recent years is increasingly manifested in migration relations, as well as “white spots” in theoretical ideas about government policy to counter this socially dangerous phenomenon. It justifies the need to introduce the concept of “migration extremism” into political vocabulary and a number of concepts closely related to it, which are defined by the authors. The author’s methodological approach to the formation of a trending policy of the Russian Federation on countering migration extremism is presented.

Key words: extremism, radicalism, the migration process, migration extremism, extremist activity, the national security of the Russian Federation, threats to national security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.003

A.B. NIKUSHKIN graduate student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CONCEPTS OF E-DEMOCRACY IN MODERN STUDIES

The aim of the paper is to establish a conceptual relationship between the models of democracy according to J. Habermas and the concepts of E-democracy. This involves their review and identification of advantages and disadvantages, as well as an evaluation of the prospects for implementation.

The research methods are based on the analysis of scientific literature using the formal-logical method and SWOT analysis.

The paper concludes that the difference in approaches to the use of digital tools in the political process is due to reliance on the basic values of liberal, deliberative and participatory democracy. The opportunities and threats of the implementation the E-democracy theories are also formulated.

The inconsistency of approaches to the evaluation of E-democracy theories was explained. This allows a better review of both the research literature and the practice of implementation digital tools in the political process.

Key words: participation, E-democracy, direct democracy, E-participation, liquid-democracy, adhocracy, wiki-democracy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.004

YANG CHUNLEI Associate Professor at Zhejiang Yuexiu University of foreign languages, Guangzhou, China

THE INFLUENCE OF CONFUCIANISM ON THE POLITICAL AND CULTURAL ELITE OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY

The article is devoted to the study of the influence of Confucianism in Russia. The author pays special attention to the influence of Confucianism on the political and cultural elite of Russian society.

Key words: Russia, China, Confucius, Confucianism, story, modernity, influence, political and cultural elite.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.005

А.D. NAZAROV Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair for scientific work at the Chair of advertising and public relations, Institute of foreign languages of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia

ROLE OF EXHIBITION ACTIVITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AVIATION AND COSMONAUTICS IN MODERN RUSSIA

The article considers the current level of development of exhibition communication management in relation to the sphere of Russian aviation and cosmonautics. The practice of holding and experience accumulated during the implementation of such high-brand domestic world-class exhibitions as The military-technical forum "Army-2019", held for the fourteenth time, the aerospace salon "MAKS-2019", the international helicopter industry exhibition HeliRussia 2019 and some others, including similar events in China, the United Arab Emirates, and Australia, are discussed in detail.

It is noted that holding prestigious aerospace exhibitions, forums and salons promotes cooperation and healthy competition of ideas, thoughts and projects in aviation industry for both military and peaceful purposes, the creation and application of new materials and technologies, and raises aviation and cosmonautics to the new heights.

Key words: aerospace industry, diversification of the military-industrial complex, exhibition communication management, aerospace salon, exhibition grounds, Roscosmos Corporation, arms exports, aviation equipment, civil aviation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.006

E.N. KARATUEVA Сandidate of political science, associate Professor of the Department of management of socio-political processes and history of the Saint Petersburg state agrarian University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY: THREATS, VULNERABILITIES, AND UNCERTAINTIES

The development of scientific and technological progress creates new threats and contributes to the uncertainty of the impact of human activities on the environment. The article emphasizes the need for broader public management of future uncertainty within the framework of ensuring environmental safety. It is only by taking into account all potential threats that it becomes possible to consider sources of uncertainty and adjust the appropriate state response measures. Special attention in ensuring environmental safety is given to the concept of environmental vulnerability, which in many ways shapes public attitudes to the importance of environmental problems in different historical periods. Investigating uncertainties, identifying vulnerabilities, and developing adequate responses will significantly improve environmental security.

Key words: environmental security, environmental terrorism, threats, uncertainties, vulnerabilities, risks.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.007

М.V. DOBRYNINA Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of economics, management and finance, Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russia

ENGINEERING EDUCATION AS A TOOL OF THE NEW INDUSTRIAL POLICY OF RUSSIA: REFORMING THE SYSTEM OF BUDGET FINANCING

In this article the author analyzes the state policy in relation to engineering education in the field of budget financing after 2014. The peculiarity of this period is a new goal-setting in relation to the previous period. Engineering education is considered by the state as a strategically significant tool for achieving the goals of the new industrial policy and import substitution by changing the financing system for engineering education and increasing the financial custody of the state; changes in the policy of admission to universities of the Russian Federation; changes in the content of education. The author analyzes the main trends in the financing of higher engineering education. He traces the changes in the indicators of financing, on the basis of this analysis, estimates the new – per capita – mechanism of financing education as low-effective. From the point of view of financing, the Russian education system continues to be the object of administrative centralization and unification of management, which leads to its bureaucratization and redundancy of legal regulation. Statistics indicate an increase in prices for paid educational services provided by the state to the population, even during the years of economic crises, when real incomes of the population decreased, state budget revenues also decreased, while public spending on education froze or fell, and education prices for the population continued to rise.

Key words: new industrialization, import substitution, engineering education, upgrade, educational policy, per capita financing.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.008

M.E. RODIONOVA Candidate of Science in Sociology, Ph.D., Director Center for European Studies, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences & Mass Communications Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN EXPERIENCE IN FINANCING POLITICAL PARTIES

The purpose of this article is to consider the features of financing election campaigns in Europe and Russia. The legal basis of financing in Russian legislation is considered, the analysis of financing in a number of foreign countries is carried out.

Key words: electoral process, party financing, election process financing, Europe, EU.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.009

V.I. POKHOZHAEV Adjunct, Military University of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

SOME PRIORITIES OF MODERN STATE NATIONAL POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The article considers the priorities of the state national policy at the present stage and the problems arising in their implementation. Proposals for improving the state national policy are formulated.

Key words: National policy, interethnic relations, the Russian nation, General civil identity, ethno-cultural development.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.010

Ya.V. ERYOMINA PhD student, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia

TRANSITION TO A POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY AND ITS INFLUENCE ON MODERN EDUCATION

The article considers the influence of the fundamental transformations of society that took place in the second half of the 20th century on the sphere of education. The article examines how the transition from industrial to post-industrial society has changed the nature of knowledge and its role in society.

Key words: education, post-industrial society, technology, information society, public policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.011

N.O. ARCHAKOVA graduate student, The Russian Presidential academy of national economy and public administration, North-west institute of management, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

HOUSING POLICY OF A LARGE CITY

The high social importance of housing policy is related with the fact that housing conditions create the basis for the development of the individual person and the whole family. Analysis of security statistics in the housing sector has shown that the housing problem is not being effectively addressed in large cities. It is proved that a comprehensive program of housing policy is necessary and, above all, an awareness of the importance of housing in the social and economic life of the country. The article is devoted to the issues of interaction between civil society institutions and public authorities in the implementation of housing policy in a large city.

Key words: region, housing, resettlement, communal apartments, social programs, emergency fund, housing problem, civil society, metropolis, housing policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.012

E.A. MIKHAILOVA Applicant, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING IN THE POSTMODERN ERA

The article analyzes the influence of postmodernism philosophy on the role of the media in state decision-making. The relevance of this topic is due to the fact that as a result of the adaptation of the modern system of public administration to the realities of the postmodern era, the place and role of the media in the process of making state decisions and implementing state policy have significantly changed. The article uses methods of historical and logical analysis and synthesis to consider the prerequisites for the formation of postmodern ideas; using the hypothetical-deductive method, the main challenges and limitations of the new paradigm in relation to the sphere of political communications are identified: deconstruction of such metanarratives as ideology, political continuity, and the linearity of socio-political evolution, which necessitates a more thorough and regular description of the current agenda and the balance of forces in the political arena; change of key approaches to positioning political actors; and acceleration of information exchange; high competition for the attention of the target audience in the conditions of constant expansion of the amount of available information. The need to respond to these challenges leads to an increasing role of the media and information support in general in the effective and efficient implementation of public policy. The paper concludes that the new place of the media in the political arena causes an increase in the responsibility of the media to the audience and the state.

Key words: political communications, postmodernism philosophy, metanarrative, information support, political actor, ideology, mass media, state decision-making.

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.013

N.N. DOLBUNOV Сandidat of philosophy, Associate Professor, «State University of Maritive and river fleet» admiral S.O. Makarov, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

V.V. PYZH Doctor of political science, head Department of social and humanitarian disciplines national state University physical culture, sports and health named after P.F. Lesgaft, expert of the Commission on defense and security Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the CIS member States, Saint Petersburg, Russia

THE STATE LEGAL POLICY IN THE SERVICE OF THE VICTORY IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

The article analyzes the issues of the state legal policy in our country during the Great Patriotic War, which ensured the victory of the Soviet people in the fight against the most formidable opponent in the history of humankind.

Key words: state legal policy, World War II, the Great Patriotic War, Soviet people, victory, domestic policy, foreign policy, state, law.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.014

T.A. PODSHIBYAKINA candidate of Political Sciences, associate professor of Department of Theoretical and Applied Political Science at the Institute of Philosophy and Social & Political Sciences, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

IDEOLOGICAL ATTITUDES IN YOUTH CONSCIOUSNESS: А NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF COGNITIVE CONCEPTS

At present, society is concerned about manifestations of extremist and right-wing radical moods among young people, which may adversely affect the stability of the political system. The influence of ideologies on youth consciousness in rapidly changing social, economic and political processes requires constant monitoring and evaluation. There is also the problem of the complex relationship of fragmented social consciousness and ideological systems, requiring scientific analysis and reflection.

The aim of this work is to analyze the transformation of ideologies, that is, “proto-ideological” concepts, expressed in linguistic and symbolic forms, into relatively stable conceptual narratives and ideological attitudes in youth consciousness and their typology. The theoretical and methodological base of the research was made by the work of M. Frieden and who proposed a morphological approach to ideologies in which the units of study are concepts. Cognitive understanding of ideology includes not only the morphology of ideologies, but also a subconscious level, with its spontaneous in siderations are born narratives so on SIC research method was chosen narrative analysis. Empirical material was collected by the use of this qualitative method in combination with the quantitative method of interviewing students from the south of Russia.

An analysis of ideologues made it possible to identify relatively stable cognitive ideological concepts: truth, justice, openness, imagination/representation of the surrounding world. It has been established that the most common ideological attitudes (attitudes) in terms of the topics raised in the study should include the expectation of change, the willingness to act within the law in achieving their goals, the attitude towards collective actions (prevailing), the attitude towards individual actions, the anti-war attitude, faith in oneself.

In general, despite the situational ideological indifference to the great ideological their narratives in the minds of students of the South of Russia is obvious predominance of n Signs of left-liberal ideology.

Key words: ideology, attitude, concept, narrative, youth consciousness.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.015

M.V. OKUN Post-graduate of the Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

IDEOLOGY AND VALUES IN THE PUBLIC GOVERNANCE OF MODERN RUSSIA PART II

In this article, we aim to understand what role ideological concepts presented in the modern Russian public space play directly in public administration (in determining the development guidelines of the state and its policy directions), as well as in the public segment of public administration (in consolidating the values and efforts of society for the implementation of the intended policy). To this end, we conduct the analysis of conformity of the officially declared Russian state policy, and then of its actually implemented state policy, to the ideological guidelines that are publicly presented. Then – the analysis of the compliance of these guidelines with the values that really exist in the public consciousness. And, finally, the analysis of the conformity of the values cultivated by the ideological forms implanted by the state with the objectively priority task of our country, its innovative development, in accordance with world challenges. Based on the conducted analysis, it turns out that only the conservative ideology, mainly in the form of “special way” concepts, realizes itself successfully in the practice of public administration. The priority of the policy she sets is largely the reason for the fact that other important declared ideological foundations of Russian public administration are not being realized in practice. For this reason, modern Russian ideological concepts of conservative nature presented in public policy are not so much an interpretation of state policy guidelines for citizens, as manipulation of the mass consciousness in the face of acute and chronic dissatisfaction with the basic needs of society, caused by the nature of public administration. Wherein, they are unable to ensure sustainable consolidation of society, because of being inconsistent with its current values. In addition, appealing only to the traditionalist components of public consciousness, such ideologies cannot provide a value base for the innovative development of Russia. Thus, the ideological concepts presented in the public space of modern Russia are neither in fact the tools for creating a strong foundation for state policy, nor for consolidating society for realization of the policy.

Key words: ideology, values, public policy and governance in modern Russia, society values, conservative ideology, ideologies of the “special way”, manipulative ideologies, society values, mass consciousness, consolidation of society, modernization.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.016

A.N. MAKHMADOV Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the Academy sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

Z.M. KURBONOVA candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Philosophy, Political Science and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, AS RT, Associated Professor of the TSUC, World Economy & IR Department, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan

SCENARIOS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL CONFLICTS AND WAYS TO PREVENT THEM PART II

The article is devoted to the issue of conflicts and conflict situations in modern conditions. It is important that at present, in order to achieve peace and harmony, it is necessary to be able to act in conflict situations. For many centuries, humanity has struggled with the problem of conflict and tolerance. Every time it made a choice between war and peace and harmony, in the next round of development it returned to the same choice again.

Key words: conflict, conflict situations, political conflicts and their sources, sources and forms, scenarios for resolving and preventing such conflicts.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.017

S.M. PLIEV Сandidate of political sciences, associate professor of the department of political science and sociology, South Ossetian State University named after A.A. Tibilov, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia

THE ROLE OF INFORMATION WARFARE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE 2008 ARMED CONFLICT IN SOUTH OSSETIA

The main direction of the war is the impact on the socio-political structure of society. This can lead to devastating consequences for the country and its allies. Information wars can lead to political changes. Promote the emergence of new strategic alliances. The relevance of the article is due to the importance of information wars as the main component of ethno-political conflicts in the modern world, as well as the most important tool of political coercion. Information wars are one of the most important aspects of modern society due to the development of information and communication technologies. The object of this study is information warfare in ethno-political conflicts. The subject of the Republic of South Ossetia. The theoretical aspects of the phenomenon of “information war” are analyzed, which is of great applied importance, since the study of this phenomenon contributes to the development of strategies in matters of national security, and also reduces the degree of information and psychological influence. The degree of influence of the information component during the information war in the formation of world public opinion is revealed. The study analyzes the importance of information war using the example of the Republic of South Ossetia. The phenomenon of "information war" relatively recently appeared in scientific terminology. Therefore, this aspect is not well understood, which requires further in-depth comprehensive research.

Key words: Information war, armed conflict, international community, public opinion, Yugoslavia, Republic of South Ossetia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.018

S.V. WENZEL Post-graduate student of the Department of theoretical and applied political science of the Institute of philosophy and socio-political sciences of the Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

FEATURES OF RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN THE POST-SOVIET COUNTRIES

This article analyzes the phenomenon of religious extremism, reveals its essence and features of manifestation in the post-Soviet States. Religious extremism includes several components: from extreme radicalism to violent practices. The reasons and factors for the spread of religious extremism are, among other things, systemic errors of state and official structures in the formation of educational policy. The neophyte syndrome is discussed separately in the context of religious extremism.

Key words: extremism, radicalization, religious extremism, the syndrome of the neophyte, Muftiyat, Jamaat Tabligh.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.019

M.A. MALYUSHIN Post-graduate student, Voronezh Institute of Economics and Social Management, Voronezh, Russia

ETHNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS IN RUSSIA AS PREREQUISITES FOR NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC AND ROSSEL’S IDEAS

Like any multinational state, the Russian Federation is subject to the action of centrifugal currents emerging from ethno-political conflicts. In this article, using concrete examples of attempts to create the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the Ural Republic, two ways of solving such situations and their logical conclusion are considered. Analyzing the opinions of participants in those events and events taking place in our modern state, the author makes an attempt to assess and prospects for the development of this situation and its impact on the territorial integrity of the country.

Key words: power, state, Kadyrov, international recognition, unrecognized states, political system, Rossel, social states, sovereignty, territorial integrity, Ural Republic, Chechen Republic, ethno-political conflicts.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.020

N.S. KULESHOVA Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor of the Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

HAZELI REZA Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

INTERCOUNTRY LABOR MOVEMENTS IN MODERN POLITICAL CONDITIONS

This article analyzes modern cross-country movements of labor resources. The dynamically increasing level of migration testifies to the intensified social, economic, political and demographic ties between countries, which actualizes the stated theme. The significance of the problem under consideration is complemented by the presence of internal conflicts and the complexity of the ongoing political processes, their impact on international relations. The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of modern cross-country movements of labor resources. The methods of political science used allow us to consider this problem as a factor of political influence and conclude that modern movements of labor resources represent a complex multi-level problem, the solution of which determines the political stability and national security of states.

Key words: globalization, international relations, cross-country movements, national security, labor, political stability.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.021

S.L. SERGEYEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate professor of political science and political management of School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

I.A. ROZHKOV Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

US ELIMINATION OF IRANIAN GENERAL KASEMA SULEYMANI AS AN ACT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

The article reveals the specifics of the assassination of General Kassem Suleimani, head of the Quds special forces unit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) with a missile salvo from American drones by order of U.S. President Donald Trump, without the consent of the U.S. Congress. The US Armed Forces acted as the subject of liquidation. At the same time, during the liquidation of the Iranian general, a serious violation by the President of the United States of international and American law was revealed. The tremendous merit of General Kassem Su-leimani as responsible for Iran’s policies in Iraq, Syria, Libya, Lebanon, Gaza and Afghanistan is presented. At the same time, his main role was shown after he carried out a special operation to rescue the Russian aerospace forces officer, pilot-bomber SU-24 K. Murakhtin, shot down by a Turkish missile in November 2015. The role of the USA as an aggressor state is revealed, which wages several hybrid and real wars at the same time. Hybrid wars, when the aggressor state conducts various diplomatic, political, informational, terrorist and other actions on the territory and against the target states.

Key words: liquidation of General Kassem Suleymani – head of the Quds special forces Corps of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, U.S. President Donald Trump's unlawful order to liquidate the general, US hybrid and real wars; US President's violation of international and American law.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.022

I.Yu. ZALYSIN Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Russian State Agrarian University-МTAA, Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF MODERN TERRORISM

The article is devoted to the analysis of the specifics of modern terrorism. The main features of terrorism of the 21st century are revealed: religious extremist orientation, transnational nature, the network structure of terrorist organizations, a wide arsenal of terrorist means, high intensity, the growth of the political potential of terrorism. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the role of modern information technologies in the activities of terrorists.

Key words: terrorism, the specifics of modern terrorism, the terrorist activities of Islamic extremists, information terrorism, the organizational foundations of terrorism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.023

A.L. STREMOVSKAYA PhD, Associate Professor Institute of Asian and African Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

ACTIVITIES OF ASEAN: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES

The paper provides an analysis of the ASEAN evolution, progress in economics, politics and security as well as social and cultural spheres. Some problems which require further actions are also identified. They include the necessity to improve the ASEAN Charter, terrorism, human trafficking, smuggling and illicit drug trafficking, violation of the rights of labour migrants, significant gap in economic indicators between CLMV countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam) and the rest of ASEAN, and a problem of poverty. Participation of ASEAN in the larger formats (ASEAN+1, ASEAN+3, ASEAN+6, ASEAN Regional Forum, East Asia Summit and ADMM-Plus) is also reviewed. Specific attention is given to the partnership of ASEAN with Russia and the European Union as well as ASEAN cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Key words: ASEAN, ASEAN Community, Southeast Asia, ASEAN+1, ASEAN+3, ASEAN+6, ASEAN Regional Forum, East Asia Summit, ADMM-Plus.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.024

N.N. KUDASHOVA PhD, philology, candidate of Science, philology, Associate professor, faculty of global studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE INFLUENCE OF GERMAN MEDIA ON THE MODERN GLOBAL PROCESSES

The article discusses the possibilities and ways of influencing the German media on the global processes of the modern world. The ability of German media to influence the global agenda is determined by determining their size and focus on the foreign market. Among the basic global processes, five basic ones stand out, such as “westernization”, “unification”, “glocalization”, multiculturalism and “cosmopolitanism”. The role of the German media in them is considered based on the content of their informational messages.

Key words: media, global processes, Germany, information agenda.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.025

V.P. NAZAROV Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for the doctoral degree at the Chair of political theory, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF RUSSIA AND THE USA

The article gives a comparative analysis of some, in the opinion of the author, key components of the national security strategy of the Russian Federation and the United States. Showing the similarity of a number of their provisions and attitudes, the main focus is on substantiating the thesis of radical differences in their content, goals, purpose, orientation. If the national security strategy of the Russian Federation in the very complex, rapidly changing geopolitical realities of the modern world is predominantly defensive in nature, its American counterpart is aimed at an offensive, interventionist orientation. In this context, it is shown that Washington, whose strategy is dominated by the desire to maintain a unipolar world order as a condition for guaranteeing its hegemony in the world, prefers force means and methods for solving world problems, while Moscow puts the diplomatic, negotiated way of solving them based on international law at the forefront.

Key words: Russian Federation, USA, strategy, national security, theory of international relations, politics, foreign policy, geopolitics, state, power.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.026

M.T. MUSAEV Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), PhD (political sciences), top executive of the Republican center for spirituality and education, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

TO THE QUESTION OF THE ACTIVITIES OF MISSIONARY ORGANIZATIONS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF GLOBALIZATION

This article analyzes the activities of missionary organizations in modern conditions of globalization. The article also discusses the mechanisms of the activities of missionary organizations in various fields of life.

Key words: globalization, spirituality, idea, ideology, missionary work, security, stability.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.027

A.V. MAKAROV Post-graduate student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF THE PROCESS OF FORMING THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF FINLAND AND THE NETHERLANDS)

The article discusses the features of the formation of the educational space of Finland and the Netherlands. Special attention is paid to the stages of development of the educational system of the two countries. An analysis of the formation of education in the context of all levels (basic, secondary, higher) is also carried out. Highlighted modern trends in the integration of educational space in the international dimension.

Key words: educational space, Finland, Netherlands, education system, geopolitics, integration, globalization, intellectual capital, informatization, educational paradigm.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.028

J.N. TORIA Post-graduate student of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

THE PROBLEM OF NATIONAL SELF-PRESERVATION OF FRENCH IDENTITY

According to the expert’s view, there is a need to rethink the concepts of "civilization", "national identity", "self-identification", etc. The author of the article notes that the European system of values and way of life were perceived as perfect and deserving of assimilation, imitation and adaptation, which is not true of the countries of modern Western Europe. The migration flow increase is also contributed to the "erosion of European culture". The author briefly describes the model of assimilation of sociologists of the Chicago school ("melting pot"), which assumes that immigrants would abandon traditional ties, habitual way of life and accept the "American". The article also considers the policy of multiculturalism aimed at preserving cultural diversity without requiring cultural minorities to assimilate with the main culture. The main problems of national self-preservation and civil identity in France have included not just an increase in the number of refugees and economic migrants from the Middle East and Africa, but the ideology of Islamism that they bring. The author draws attention to the changes in the ethnodemographic sphere of France due to the high birth rate of Muslims and the catastrophic drop in the birth rate of the indigenous European population. We can note the crisis of the family as a social institution, as well as the spread of same-sex marriage. Some experts also suggest creating an alternative to Islamism in the form of so-called "Euroislam", which represents a combination of Muslim values with elements of Western culture.

Key words: identity, migrants, religion, assimilation police, multiculturalism, "Euroislam".

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.029

WANG YANG graduate student, Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

HIGHER EDUCATION IN CHINA IN MODERNIZATION

This article discusses the socio-political role of higher education in China, which, according to the author, presents a multi-level problem. The subject of the study is the system of higher education in modernization. The purpose of the study is to determine the vectors of the main development of the higher education system in the new socio-economic conditions, for which the regulatory framework is analyzed. The political analysis carried out allows us to determine conceptual attitudes and identify current trends in the educational sphere of modern China.

Actualizes this problem the fact that higher education is an essential factor in laying the foundation for sustainable development and competitiveness of the country in the world market.

Key words: higher education, modernization, university, policy of reforms and openness, globalization, political role, educational policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.030

MOHAMMED IWAINA PhD student at the Department of political analysis and management of Peoples ' friendship University of Russia, Palestine

SOME FEATURES OF THE STATE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE PALESTINIAN NATIONAL AUTONOMOUS TERRITORIES

The article is devoted to the features of the state institutionalization of the Palestinian national authority, starting from the late 1980s to the present. The author identifies four stages in the development of state institutions of the “State of Palestine", identifies a number of achievements and identifies the causes of failures, as well as identifies ways to overcome the crisis situation in which the authority of the autonomy is currently located.

Key words: Palestinian national autonomy, Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Arab-Israeli conflict, Middle East, Israel, Palestine.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.031

L.A. TALYBOVA Post-graduate student Of the Academy of Public Administration, Baku, Azerbaijan

FEATURES OF TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AZERBAIJAN AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR

The author mentions that the transition to a market-based, competitive economy played a crucial role in Azerbaijan’s foreign policy since 1991. Azerbaijan is also the most important and most advantageous land transport and trade corridor that connects China and India with Europe and Central Asia. The author reveals the importance of the construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway as an historical project of strategic importance which will increase and diversify further trade and will serve to define the Caucasus as a transit land bridge between Europe and Asia.

The strategically advantageous and geographically important position of Azerbaijan, as well as the policy by the government, creates a favorable climate for foreign capital and trading partners. An analysis of the current trade and economic situation in the country shows that a strong economic potential created by successful comprehensive reforms increased the stability of the economy and maintained macroeconomic stability in the country.

Key words: Azerbaijan, oil, transport, interests, priorities, trade.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.032

УДК 327«20» (470)

N.V. SHAHMIN Post-graduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie

TRENDS IN RERTURBATIONS OF THE GLOBAL WORLD ORDER: RUSSIA'S EURASIAN PERSPECTIVE

This article analyzes trends in changing the global world order and new opportunities for Eurasian integration, as well as Russia's role in integration processes. The author considers the quasi-concept «New Yalta» as a variant of a new redistribution of the world with the leadership of Russia–China–the United States. As a consequence of the redistribution of the world, changes in the balance of forces on the world stage, qualitatively new opportunities for integration of the post-Soviet space and interaction within the framework of the Great Eurasian partnership with key actors of Eurasia are analyzed. Considerable emphasis is placed on the forecast of the collapse of the liberal world order as the most characteristic expression of Pax America and the consequences of changing the configuration of forces in world politics in the form of a gradual departure of segments of elites in many countries from the liberal-globalist course. The author comes to the conclusion that the post-Soviet space, the Great Eurasian partnership as a format of interaction between countries in Eurasia, expects a qualitatively new stage of integration and predicts a possible change in the composition of integration actors.

Key words: global world order, Pax Americana, «New Yalta», Eurasian integration, Great Eurasian partnership.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.033

E.S. SHEVCHENKO graduate student of Department political science and political management, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

V.A. VRACHEV student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

V.O. GRISHIN Student of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law, Moscow region state university, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL SUBJECTIVITY AS AN ORIENTATION OF D. TRUMP’S POSITIONING: PROBLEMS AND CONDITIONS OF ACHIEVING BALANCE

Processes taking place in the global political dimension determine the choice of strategies and schemes for ensuring the stability of dispositions in the framework of foreign relations with the right of regulation and correction by political leadership of most modern states. The article reveals features of political subjectivity proclaimed by D. Trump, considers the main directions of the American President's activity in perspective of the US foreign policy reorientation, formulates some problems of realization of American political initiatives, determines the central conditions for the harmonization of foreign relations in the context of D. Trump's political role.

Key words: global political process, foreign relations, global governance, political subjectivity, the USA, D. Trump.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.034

U.S.-E. KHAKHANAYEV Post-graduate Student, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

SANCTIONS POLICY

This article defines sanctions and identifies the types and negative consequences of Western sanctions for Russia's development. The article describes main priority ways of countering challenges and dangers posed by sanctions for Russia in modern conditions. The article contains description of international sanctions and of their application within the framework of the system of collective security of the states. Sanctions, which are an integral part of the provisions of the United Nations Charter on collective security, serve as an important tool for the Security Council to implement its decisions.

Key words: sanctions, economic development, counteraction policy, cooperation.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.035

E.A. BOGDANOVA bachelor of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM IN LATIN AMERICA ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE YASUNI NATIONAL PARK

In the present article the author pretends to demonstrate an overview of the current situation in Ecuador around the Yasuni National Park, both in terms of the specifics of the implementation of the “Buen Vivir” principles enshrined in the main law of the country, and taking into account the analysis of forms of environmental activism, in particular activities of non-governmental organization "Yasunidos".

Key words: Ecuador, Yasuni National Park, indigenous issues, oil production, Yasunidos, environmental activism, rights of nature.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.036

WANGRAOUA SADIA RITA SONIA Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

RESTORATION OF COOPERATION BETWEEN RUSSIA AND BURKINA FASO

The article discusses the processes for restoring relations between the Russian Federation and Burkina Faso. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the associated difficulties in the economic and political space led to the fact that the Russian Federation did not devote much time to its former partners on the African continent. One such country is Burkina Faso. Recently, we have been able to observe an intensification of relations in all areas: political, economic and military cooperation.

Key words: diplomatic relations, cooperation between Burkina Faso and the Russian Federation, investments.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.037

OUMAR SIDIBE Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’s Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Bamako, Mali

AFRICAN CONTINENTAL FREE TRADE AREA (AFCFTA): SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACT ON SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA AND ITS PROSPECTS

The article discusses the socio-economic, political impacts and future prospects of the African continental free trade zone. In the context of the global economic crisis, (AfCFTA) is one of the most significant projects within the framework of the African Agenda 2063 of the African Union (AU). This project was approved by the African Union Summit in 2018 and is considered an urgent initiative; its immediate implementation will lead to quick results, affect the socio-economic development of African countries in general and especially for sub-Saharan Africa, provide more confidence to Africans and strengthen their commitment to achievements of the goal of Agenda 2063.

Key words: African continental free trade zone (AfCFTA), socio-economic and political impacts, prospects, African Union (UA), Agenda 2063(UA), development, population, resources.

REVIEWS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.54.2.038

Reviews:

D.Е. SLIZOVSKIY Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

REVIEW OF Е.А. BOGDANOVA’S ARTICLE ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM IN LATIN AMERICA AS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE YASUNI NATIONAL PARK

OUR AUTHORS

ADOUM KAGUER – Рost-graduate student, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, N'Djamena, Republic of Chad.

AFONIN A.D. – Рost-graduate student at the Chair of political science and political philosophy, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia.

AGAPOV P.V. – Сandidate of sociological sciences, associate professor of the Department of History and Theory of Sociology of the Sociology Faculty of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

АGОNNUDE BIDOLEY VIANNEY FREDDY – Рostgraduate student at the Chair of political analysis and management Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Cotonou, Republic of Benin.

АNTONOV K.A. – Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Head of Novosibirsk Branch of Civil Society Development Fundation, Novosibirsk, Russia.

ARAPKHANOVA L.Ya. – Ph.D. (Political Science), Associate Professor of the Ingush State University, Head of the Department of Social and Political Research of the Ch. Akhriev Ingush Scientific Research Institute, Magas, Republic of Ingushetia, Russia.

ARTEMYEV A.A. – Lecturer at the Department of political science of the Military University of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

BAKSHEEVA A.R. – Specialist of the Financial Support Department of ANO «Agency for Human Capital Development in the Far East», Moscow, Russia.

BALDANOVA R.A. – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

BELYAEVA V.P. – Deputy director for teaching and educational work, the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Moscow «School № 97», Moscow, Russia.

BULAKH E.V. – Сandidate of political sciences, associate professor, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute ‒ School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia.

BUTOROV A.S. – Ph.D. Assistant, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

CHEN HANZHI – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

CHENG GUO – Ph.D. Student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Nanjing, China.

DJU ORLINDO – Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Safim, Guinea-Bissau.

EGESI BLESSING CHIMANPA – Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science People’s Friendship University, Nigeria.

ERYOMINA Ya.V. – PhD student, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia.

GADGIEV K.S. – Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor, Chief Researcher at the National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

GALKINA G.V. – Graduate student of Department National and Federal Relations, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

GAO DAI – Graduate student of Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

GAPONOV P.V. – Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

GUSARSKAYA T.A. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

JAVAD O.V. – Рostgraduate student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RF, Moscow, Russia.

KARATUEVA E.N. – Сandidate of political science, associate Professor of the Department of management of socio-political processes and history of the Saint Petersburg state agrarian University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

KHLOPOV O.A. – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of American Studies, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH), Moscow, Russia.

KNYAZEVA A.R. – Student, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia.

KOSTOEV Z.I. – Researcher, Department of Social and Political Research of the Ch. Akhriev Ingush Scientific Research Institute, Magas, Republic of Ingushetia, Russia.

KRYUKOVA E.V. – Candidate of political science, associate Professor, State University of management, Moscow, Russia.

LUCHENKOV I.R. – Student at the Oriental Studies Department, Department of Oriental and African Studies, St. Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Oriental Studies HSE (S.-Pb.), St. Petersburg, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of Sciences (political sciences), Professor, participant of the 1990-1993 constitutional process, Moscow, Russia.

MIKHAYLENKO A.N. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, professor of International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

MUGABI BRIAN – Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Kampala, Uganda.

MURAVYKH A.I. – D.Sc. (economics), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

NIKITENKO E.G. – Major General, Cand. Sc. (History), professor, Department of Public administration and National safety of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

NIKOLENKO A.A. – Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State, Vladivostok, Russia.

OLUWAKAYODE OLUMIDE EMMANUEL – Рost-graduate student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Abuja, Nigeria.

PETROVA K.S. – Post-graduate Student, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

PUSTOVOIT Yu.A. – Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political science and technology of the Siberian Institute of Management, branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia.

PYKHTIN S.N. – Adjunct of the Department of political science of the Military University of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

RUMYANTSEV O.G. – Candidate of Sciences (law), President of the Constitutional Reform Foundation, People's Deputy of Russia (1990-1993), Executive Secretary of the Constitutional Commission of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SERGEYEVA S.L. – Candidate of Political Sciences, associate professor of political science and political management of School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SHOLKOVA M.A. – Рost-graduate student of the Diplomatic Academy, third secretary of the Third department of CIS countries MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

SHULENINA N.V. – Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Doctor of Sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

SULTANOVA A.R. – Senior lecturer of the department of Social sciences of the Tashkent Financial Institute, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

TETERYUK A.S. – Lecturer at Political Science Department, Researcher at Center for Spatial Analysis in International Relations, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry, of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Russia.

TSOY V.G. – Student, Far Eastern Federal University, Eastern Institute School of Regional and International Studies, Vladivostok, Russia.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Professor, Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

USMONOV S. – Researcher of the Tashkent state pedagogical University named after Nizami, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

VORONCHIKHINA D.N. – Aspirant, Department of Russian Politics, Political Science Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

VORONINA N.A. – Candidate of Sciences (law), Senior researcher at the Sector of Human Rights, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

WANGRAOUA SADIA RITA SONIA – Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia, Burkina-Faso.

YIN QUN – Ph.D. Student, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Jinan, China.

YULDASHEVA M.K. – Doctoral student, University of world languages, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

ZHAMBAEVA U.B. – Сandidate of philosophical Sciences, associate Professor of Management in higher education, REU im. G.V. Plekhanova Ulaanbaatar branch, Adviser to the President of the Mongolian diplomatic organization for peace and friendship, Ulan-Bator, Mongolia.

OUR AUTHORS

ARCHAKOVA N.O. – Graduate student, The Russian Presidential academy of national economy and public administration, North-west institute of management, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

BOGDANOVA E.A. – Bachelor of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

CHEBOTAREV A.V. – Adjunct, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

DOBRYNINA M.V. – Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Associate Professor at the Chair of economics, management and finance, Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russia.

DOLBUNOV N.N. – Сandidat of philosophy, Associate Professor, «State University of Maritive and river fleet» admiral S.O. Makarov, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

ERYOMINA Ya.V. – PhD student, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow, Russia.

GRISHIN V.O. – Student of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law, Moscow region state university, Moscow, Russia.

HAZELI REZA – Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

KARATUEVA E.N. – Сandidate of political science, associate Professor of the Department of management of socio-political processes and history of the Saint Petersburg state agrarian University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

KHAKHANAYEV U.S.-E. – Post-graduate Student, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

KONONOV L.A. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

KUDASHOVA N.N. – PhD, philology, candidate of Science, philology, Associate professor, faculty of global studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

KULESHOVA N.S. – Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor of the Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

KURBONOVA Z.M. – Candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Philosophy, Political Science and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, AS RT, Associated Professor of the TSUC, World Economy & IR Department, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan.

MAKAROV A.V. – Post-graduate student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia.

MAKHMADOV A.N. – Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the Academy sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan.

MALYUSHIN M.A. – Post-graduate student, Voronezh Institute of Economics and Social Management, Voronezh, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

MIKHAILOVA E.A. – Applicant, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

MOHAMMED IWAINA – PhD student at the Department of political analysis and management of Peoples ' friendship University of Russia, Palestine.

MUSAEV М.Т. – Doctor of Sciences (philosophy), PhD (political sciences), top executive of the Republican center for spirituality and education, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

NAZAROV A.D. – Professor, Doctor of Sciences (history), Deputy Head of the Chair for scientific work at the Chair of advertising and public relations, Institute of foreign languages of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russia.

NAZAROV V.P. – Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), working for the doctoral degree at the Chair of political theory, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia.

NIKOLENKO A.A. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State, Vladivostok, Russia.

NIKUSHKIN A.B. – Graduate student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

OKUN M.V. – Post-graduate of the Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

OUMAR SIDIBE – Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’s Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Bamako, Mali.

PLIEV S.M. – Сandidate of political sciences, associate professor of the department of political science and sociology, South Ossetian State University named after A.A. Tibilov, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

PODSHIBYAKINA T.A. – Candidate of Political Sciences, associate professor of Department of Theoretical and Applied Political Science at the Institute of Philosophy and Social & Political Sciences, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

POKHOZHAEV V.I. – Adjunct, Military University of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

PYZH V.V. – Doctor of political science, head Department of social and humanitarian disciplines national state University physical culture, sports and health named after P.F. Lesgaft, expert of the Commission on defense and security Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the CIS member States, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

RODIONOVA M.E. – Candidate of Science in Sociology, Ph.D., Director Center for European Studies, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences & Mass Communications Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

ROZHKOV I.A. – Post-graduate student of political science and political management department, School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SERGEYEVA S.L. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate professor of political science and political management of School of political researches of Institute of social sciences of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SHAHMIN N.V. – Post-graduate student of the Pridnestrovian State University T.G. Shevchenko, Tiraspol, Pridnestrovie.

SHEVCHENKO E.S. – Graduate student of Department political science and political management, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

STREMOVSKAYA A.L. – PhD, Associate Professor Institute of Asian and African Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

TALYBOVA L.A. – Post-graduate student Of the Academy of Public Administration, Baku, Azerbaijan.

TORIA J.N. – Post-graduate student of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

VRACHEV V.A. – Student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

WANGRAOUA SADIA RITA SONIA – Master student, Department of theory and history of internationals relations People’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

WANG YANG – Graduate student, Department of Political Science of the East of the Institute of Asia and Africa, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

WENZEL S.V. – Post-graduate student of the Department of theoretical and applied political science of the Institute of philosophy and socio-political sciences of the Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

YANG CHUNLEI – Associate Professor at Zhejiang Yuexiu University of foreign languages, Guangzhou, China.

ZALYSIN I.Yu. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Russian State Agrarian University-МTAA, Moscow, Russia.

   
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