№ 6 (58), 2020

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 11, Issue 11 (75), 2021

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Goncharov P.K. Morden Political Culture: Defining the Notion

Solodova G.S. The Search for Universal Patterns – R. Budon's Critical View on the Theory of Social Change

Beryozkina E.Y. Multiple Options of Populism Interpretation in the Modern Political Studies

POLITICAL HISTORY OF RUSSIA

Hadjiev M.M. Dramatic Evolution of State-Confessional Relations in the Republic of Dagestan in the Post-Soviet Period: from Religious and Political Confrontation to Regional Stabilization

Naledin I.I. Political Parties of the Crimean Peninsula and its Impact on the Electoral System in the Post-Soviet Period

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Abramova M.A. Application of Socio-Cultural and Interactionist Approachesin the Study of Transformations of Socio-Cultural Space

Makarenko K.M., Pankratova L.S., Pankratov S.A. Transformation of Civil Protest in Modern Russia: the Choice of Forms of Online and Offline Activity

Tsuprik M.I. To the Issue of the Study of the Tools for Studying Political Identity

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Volodina N.A., Retinskaya V.N. Features of the Implementation of the Russian State Anti-Corruption Policy in the Conditions of the Information Society and the Electronic State

Andreeva Yu.V., Lipatova A.V. Factors of the Influence of Political Traditions on the Technology of Designing the Media Image of a Regional Leader

Kaliyev I.A., Altybasarova M.A. Information Technology in the Political Process: Political Science Analysis

Pronchev G.B., Mikhailov A.P. Virtual Social Environments of the Internet as a Tool of Political Struggle

Alekseev R.A., Ezhov D.A., Shakurova N.E. The Practice of Organizing Electronic Referendums in Russia: Features of Approbation

Dobrynina M.V., Ogorodov D.A. Formation of the Soviet Policy in the Field of Physical Culture, Sports and Sports Education: Ideological Grounds

Madyukova S.A. National Policy in the Sociocultural Space of the Region (on the Example of the Republic of Altai)

Nikolenko A.A. Legitimization of Power Structures and its Features within the Framework of the Concept of “Russian Local Civilization”

Osipov A.V. Socio-Political Monitoring and Socio-Media Predictive Analytics as Tools and Technologies for Consolidating Political Power

Sabirova N.S. The Influence of Mass Media on the Political Culture of Modern Russia

Lapshina D.M., Popov S.I. Personnel Policy of the State Civil Service of Russia at the Present Stage and Ways to Improve it

Kalinichenko A.O. Russian Federalism at the Crossroad of the Constitutional Reform

Faiziev Z. The Influence of Religious Tolerance on Interethnic Relations

Lebedeva E.A. Reduction of the Entry Barrier and the Presence of the “Against All” Column as Indicators of Democratic Elections in Modern Russia

Malakhov A.A. The Concept of Universal Welfare and their Implementation in the Purposes and Functions of the State

Romanova Y.A. Development of the Scientific and Technical Innovation Infrastructure of the Regions of the Russian Federation Included in the Central Federal District

Salimov D.M. Political Censorship and Online Media in Modern Tajikistan

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRY POLICIES

Zholmanov A.S., Afonin M.V., Krivova A.L. Corruption Risks as a Category of Anti-Corruption Policy

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Аbramov V.L., Prokofiev V.A. Sustainable Competitive Advantages of Countries in the Context of the Evolution of Theoretical Approaches to the Development of World Trade

Yurasov I.A., Volodina N.A. Historical Memory of Russian Youth as the Basis for the Formation of a State-Oriented Personality

Tushkov A.A., Zhivotova D.A. Westernizing Japan as an Improviser Cultural Crossing-Over

Chemschit A.A., Kovalevskiy A.A. Global and European Contradictions in the Modern Geopolitical Discourse in Bulgaria

Voronina N.A. Mechanisms of Transnational Communication in the Field of Migration in the Modern Era

Agonnoude Bidoley Vianney Freddy. South Africa’s Priorities in the G20

Khabarov I.A. Routes of Symbolic Construction of Space: from Mapping to Storming Horizons

Chuchin M.I., Adutov P.P. Decision Support System in the Activities of Various Organizations

Ivanchenko M.A. Development of the Political System of Argentina in the 30-40 Years of the XX Century

Barakat Qais A.M. U.S. Foreign Policy in Relation to the Arab-Israeli Conflict at the Present Stage

Kazaryan S.A., Bozoyan T.R. Corporate Social Activities of the US Transnational Corporations in Southeast Asia

Vlasov A.V. Modern Technologies of Public Diplomacy

Evsuykov A.A. A New Tool of Russia's "Soft Power" to Control the Activities of Global TNCS

Zolotarev N.A. Foreign Experience of Migrant Integration: Practice of Modern Germany

Klyukin N.D. Digital Diplomacy in the Big Data Age

Lebedeva E.I., Prisekin A.A. Modern Political Leadership in Europe in the Context of Religious Renaissance

Petrosyan Ph.A. Political Activity of Supporters and Opponents of NATO Accession in the Swedish Riksdag

Simonova A.I. Analysis of China's State Policy in the Field of Youth Marriage

Fazdalova R. Political Significance of Kazan’ in Developing Russia-China Relations

Duan Zhang. Cooperation of the PRC with the Countries of Central Asia in the Framework of the SCO in the Field of Security

Nina Ramos Rosio Leonor. Foreign Political Vector of Brazil in the Conditions of Formation of a New World Order

Dobromyslov A.S. Political Aspects of Global Ageing

STUDENT SCIENCE

Liu Lu. The USA and Russia are on the Brink of a New Cold War

Our authors № 11-2021

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.001

P.K. GONCHAROV Doctor of sociology, Professor Professor of Law Institute of Russian Transport University (MIIT), Novosibirsk, Russia

MORDEN POLITICAL CULTURE: DEFINING THE NOTION

The notion of political culture is one of the key and comparatively new notions in political science. Although a number of generally accepted definitions of this phenomenon have been worked out some of them can’t be used for adequate research of its essence. The present article is aimed at considering political culture as special part of political heritage, as quality feature of the society political area.

Key words: political culture, political orientation, political valuables, political system, culture.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.002

G.S. SOLODOVA Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Moscow, Russia

THE SEARCH FOR UNIVERSAL PATTERNS – R. BUDON'S CRITICAL VIEW ON THE THEORY OF SOCIAL CHANGE

Attempts to identify absolute, universal, timeless laws of the development of human communities are being renewed with enviable constancy. However, the construction of predictive constructions and models encounters many restrictive conditions, exceptions, references to the locality of their application. The article offers a review of ideas related to social change. The central place was occupied by the work of R. Budon «Theories of Social Change: A Critical Appraisal», unfortunately, has not found sufficient response among domestic researchers.

Key words: theories of social change, parameters of social change, endogeneity and exogeneity, structuralism, materialistic and idealistic concepts.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.003

E.Y. BERYOZKINA PhD student, The Institute of Socio-Political Research under the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR FCTAS RAS), Moscow, Russia

MULTIPLE OPTIONS OF POPULISM INTERPRETATION IN THE MODERN POLITICAL STUDIES

The success of populist parties in the 2019 European Parliament elections cemented the populists' position as a significant new political actor in the European Union. However, there is still no consensus in the academic community about what populism is and what political forces can be characterized as a populist. The article provides an overview of works by foreign and Russian authors on populism, its origins and key characteristics. The author gives the main approaches to the interpretation of the concept of populism and its characteristics. One of the main ideas of the article is that populism is not an ideology or a style of interaction between a politician and voters, but a communication strategy.

Key words: populism, elites, electorate, communication strategy, ideology, elections, European Union.

POLITICAL HISTORY OF RUSSIA

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.004

М.М. HADJIEV Doctor of Sciences (politics), Professor at the Chair of philosophy and socio-political sciences, Dagestan State University, Makhachkala, Russia

DRAMATIC EVOLUTION OF STATE-CONFESSIONAL RELATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF DAGESTAN IN THE POST-SOVIET PERIOD: FROM RELIGIOUS AND POLITICAL CONFRONTATION TO REGIONAL STABILIZATION

The article examines the process of transformation of state-confessional relations in the Republic of Dagestan in the post-Soviet decades. The author departs from the usual ideas about the Republic as a battlefield between radical Islamic groups, on the one hand, and power structures, on the other. The most important characteristic of the evolution of state-confessional relations in Dagestan can be considered a three-stage transformation along the following line: from the religious and political polarization of the 1990s to the practices of “antiterrorism” of the 2000s and further to the modern stabilization of the socio-political situation in the republic. Religious and political consolidation, to which the Republican society has been moving for the last 7 to 8 years, has had the most beneficial effect on the development of all religious communities of the Republic of Dagestan.

Key words: Republic of Dagestan, state-confessional relations, anti-terrorist discourse, consolidation of religious communities.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.005

I.I. NALEDIN PhD student, Department of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL PARTIES OF THE CRIMEAN PENINSULA AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM IN THE POST-SOVIET PERIOD

The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the development of the regional electoral system of the Crimea, as a unique region, which has experience in implementing the Ukrainian and Russian legislation in the field of electoral law. The analysis of the political parties represented in the political field of the region of the Ukrainian (1991-2014) and Russian (2014-present) periods, and also the legal distinctions acting at this time are presented. The article pays attention to the historical events that influenced the mood of the electorate and determined its choice.

Key words: Crimea, electoral system, political parties, elections.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.006

M.A. ABRAMOVA Doctor of Sciences (Education), Leading Researcher, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Leading Researcher, Head of the Department of Social and Legal Research, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

APPLICATION OF SOCIO-CULTURAL AND INTERACTIONIST APPROACHES IN THE STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONS OF SOCIO-CULTURAL SPACE

The analysis of transformations of the socio-cultural space assumes the substantiation of the content of the concept and approaches within which the study will be carried out. The purpose of this article is to determine the starting research positions in relation to the study of coherence (interrelation) of the processes of socio-cultural transformations carried out both in Russian society and beyond. But since the solution of this problem requires many years of not only theoretical but also empirical research, as well as generalization of the research results already accumulated by both us and colleagues in Russia and abroad, we limit ourselves in this article to defining basic concepts and approaches. Thus, within the framework of the tasks set, the genesis of the concept of "socio-cultural space" was analyzed and it was shown that socio-cultural and activity approaches have the heuristic potential for studying the transformation processes of the socio-cultural space, which allow taking into account the specific features and dynamics of the influence of various factors on the subjects of this space. It is noted that the adequacy of the construction of predictive models regarding the potential for the development and preservation of the socio-cultural space will depend both on the detail of the analysis of all components (the internal situation, the content of internal and external transformation processes), as well as on the assessment of the coherence of processes, taking into account their convergence and divergence. It is very important to study and take into account the trends of internal transformations taking place in neighbouring (other) socio-cultural spaces, since they, as a consequence of their internal development, as well as acceptance or rejection of external influence, determine the transformation of their political strategies and, as a consequence, the influence exerted on their neighbours. And not only them, given the virtuality of the modern socio-cultural space.

Key words: sociocultural space, a transformation of society, sociocultural approach, interactionist approach, communication theories, coherence of processes.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.007

K.M. MAKARENKO Senior Lecturer of the Department of Sociology and Political Science, Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russia

L.S. PANKRATOVA Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor of the Department of Sociology of Culture and Communication, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

S.A. PANKRATOV Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Political Science, Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russia

TRANSFORMATION OF CIVIL PROTEST IN MODERN RUSSIA: THE CHOICE OF FORMS OF ONLINE AND OFFLINE ACTIVITY

The article is devoted to the search for prospects of mutual transformation of online and offline forms of civil protest in modern Russia. The study is based on a critical analysis of domestic and foreign literature on the problems of digitalization and virtualization of politics, including protest practices. In addition, the authors used a qualitative content analysis, which made it possible to confirm the thesis of the dominance of “couch activism” as the main form of online activity of participants of the protest community in the network. We also used the case study method, which made it possible to analyze the practices of online rallies in the virtual space and draw a conclusion about an attempt to copy the main elements of “street activism”.

The article demonstrates that the development of the Internet and the crisis of traditional socio-political institutions lead to the emergence of new forms of interaction between the state and civil society on the issues of solving socially significant problems. The coronavirus pandemic has led to a forced acceleration of digitalization processes. However, the increase in activity on social networks and the emergence of specific forms of online activity (online rallies) do not lead to the replacement of offline protest by its online counterpart. Online protests continue to be perceived as less significant by both activists and the state due to fall of virtual forms of participation into the "blind spot".

Protests unnoticed by "casual passers-by" do not have the opportunity for rapid growth, and therefore do not lead to the public outcry required to solve this problem.

Key words: political mobilization, civil protest, social networks, political communication, communicative interaction.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.008

M.I. TSUPRIK Graduate student of the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Mass Communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

TO THE ISSUE OF THE STUDY OF THE TOOLS FOR STUDYING POLITICAL IDENTITY

In this article, the author examines the problem of determining political identity, and the main approaches to it in modern Russian science, conducts an overview analysis of the views available in modern Russian science on the essence and concept of political identity. The author analyzes the main methodological techniques that contribute to the most holistic and accurate study and measurement of various aspects of political identity, both at the theoretical and empirical level.

Key words: political identity, research methodology, theoretical political science, study tools, the concept of identity.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.009

N.A. VOLODINA Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Sociology of the Region, Penza State University, Penza, Russia

V.N. RETINSKAYA Ph.D., Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Sociology of the Region, Penza State University, Penza, Russia

FEATURES OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RUSSIAN STATE ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICY IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY AND THE ELECTRONIC STATE

This article is devoted to the study of corruption as a systemic phenomenon. The article offers the author's vision of the properties of corruption as a modern phenomenon, taking into account the development of information and communication technologies. Special attention is paid to the study of unintentional violations of anti-corruption legislation by state civil servants. The reasons for this phenomenon are explained, they lie both in the imperfection of the current Russian legislation and in the insufficient level of information and financial competence of state civil servants. Based on the analysis of Russian anti-corruption legislation, the authors formulated criteria that made it possible to determine the stages of development of information on income, expenses, property and property obligations of public civil servants as the most important tool of anti-corruption policy. Authors have developed proposals aimed at improving the effectiveness of the fight against unintentional corruption of public civil servants.

Key words: corruption, anti-corruption legislation, state civil servants, unintentional corruption, fight against corruption.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.010

YU.V. ANDREEVA Doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, AR-media Director of Publishing House "Logos", Kazan, Russia

A.V. LIPATOVA Senior Lecturer of Management Department University of Management "TISBI", Kazan, Russia

FACTORS OF THE INFLUENCE OF POLITICAL TRADITIONS ON THE TECHNOLOGY OF DESIGNING THE MEDIA IMAGE OF A REGIONAL LEADER

This article examines the construction of a political image within the framework of interrelated political traditions and models of mass communication. Understanding the effectiveness of political technology is viewed in accordance with the modern socio-philosophical interpretation of media as a "way of giving the world". The authors turn to the Russian context: the effectiveness of the use of political technologies in constructing the media image of a regional leader is investigated within the rigid framework of the authoritarian regime of the Soviet era and at the present stage with the actualization of soft power technologies. Modern strategies involve the use of explicit and covert tactics aimed at establishing control over the "information wave" formed around the media image. As a summary, the authors turn to the trends in the development of institutions of society and mass communications, the questions of the dynamics of the correlation of the media image are raised, taking into account the filling of the ideal model of a political leader and social storytelling.

Key words: media image, political image, political traditions, regional leader, information wave, soft power, social storytelling, Soviet press.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.011

I.A. KALIYEV PhD in Political Sciences, Professor at the Department of Social Sciences, Journalism and Information, Toraighyrov University, Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan

M.A. ALTYBASAROVA PhD in Political Sciences, Professor at the Department of Social Sciences, Journalism and Information, Toraighyrov University, Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS: POLITICAL SCIENCE ANALYSIS

The relevance of the subject matter is currently determined by the fact that the electronic space is, for the most part, a repetition of real politics, which indicates that Internet technologies are deeply rooted in the political life of society. The purpose of this study is to clarify the features of information technologies and their place in the modern political process, as exemplified by Kazakhstan. The Internet has been proven to form a vital part of any society, especially a democratic one, where it serves as social, economic, and political institution. This study provides a rationale for the importance of information technology in the political life of society. Particular attention is paid to increasing the influence of information technology in making important political decisions. This study also provides examples of the use of information technology in modern political processes. A detailed analysis of theoretical concepts, their interpretation in relation to Kazakhstan, a detailed study of media policy models opens up opportunities and prospects for new scientific research on the transformation and modernisation of information technologies in the political process.

Key words: virtual space, Kaznet, electronic government, public opinion, political decision.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.012

G.B. PRONCHEV Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Sociological Research Methodology at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

A.P. MIKHAILOV Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Chief Researcher at Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

VIRTUAL SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTS OF THE INTERNET AS A TOOL OF POLITICAL STRUGGLE

The article is devoted to issues related to political communications in virtual social environments of the Internet. The features of virtual social environments in comparison with traditional mass media are considered. The degree of influence of virtual social environments of the Internet on the level of democratization of the state and electoral processes is analyzed. The Russian legislation regulating remote electronic voting is being discussed. It is noted that the virtual social environments of the Internet are able to have a significant impact on the current political situation, unite and politically influence large social groups of people, provide access to up-to-date information, are promising in terms of the development of electronic services for citizens' appeals and Internet voting.

The article is of interest to specialists dealing with the problems of political communications in virtual social environments, remote electronic voting.

Key words: political Internet communications, political struggle, virtual social environments, election campaigns, elections, electronic voting.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.013

R.A. ALEKSEEV PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Law Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia

D.A. EZHOV PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Mass Communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

N.E. SHAKUROVA PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Law Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia

THE PRACTICE OF ORGANIZING ELECTRONIC REFERENDUMS IN RUSSIA: FEATURES OF APPROBATION

The article gives a detailed description of the practice of using electronic referendums in modern Russia. The purpose of the study is to analyze the experience of conducting electronic referendums in Russia, the dynamics of the development of the model of this institution of direct democracy in our country. In the course of the research, such methods of scientific cognition as comparative studies and structural and functional analysis were used, which allowed not only to characterize the model of electronic referendums used in Russia, but also to compare it with foreign analogues. With the help of electronic referendums at the regional level in Moscow, the Moscow region, Lipetsk and Ulyanovsk, issues of improvement of regions are being resolved, apolitical citizens are being attracted to participate in the management of affairs of general social significance. The authors of the article came to the conclusion that the experience of electronic referendums held at the regional level in Russia indicates the desire of representatives of the public authorities to conduct a constructive dialogue between the population and the authorities, aimed at increasing electoral activity, attracting citizens to participate in the discussion of power-management decisions. The Russian model of electronic referendums, unlike the European one (Spain, Switzerland, France), tends more towards the Asian model (South Korea, India), which operates on the basis of government websites and mobile applications to them. Electronic referendums in Russia are currently tested only at the municipal and regional levels and are aimed at solving problems of communication between regional and municipal authorities with citizens.

Key words: electronic referendum, "Active citizen", "Dobrodel", electronic voting, political and legal support, Internet portals, government websites.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.014

М.V. DOBRYNINA Candidate of Sciences (politics), Associate Professor at the Chair of economics, management and finance, NRU MIET, Moscow, Russia

D.А. OGORODOV Head of the Youth Innovation Center of NRU MIET, Moscow, Russia

FORMATION OF THE SOVIET POLICY IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL CULTURE, SPORTS AND SPORTS EDUCATION: IDEOLOGICAL GROUNDS

It is shown that in state policy, physical culture and sport are closely connected with the production and translation of political values and ideological constructs. In ancient times, sport was a tool for the formation of narrower (associated with the policy) and broader (all-Hellenistic) socio-cultural and political identities. Gymnastic movements in Germany, France, the Czech Republic, Sweden and Russia have become both a means of strengthening national identity and a method of military training. In the Soviet Union, physical education and sports were a tool for training the military and industrial human reserve, and success in the international arena was designed to prove the superiority of the socialist system over the capitalist one.

Key words: sport, physical education, gymnastics, iedeology, national consciousness, the social role of sport, policy in the field of physical culture and sports.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.015

S.A. MADYUKOVA PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

NATIONAL POLICY IN THE SOCIOCULTURAL SPACE OF THE REGION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALTAI)

The article reveals the specific characteristics of the socio-cultural space of the region and the landmarks of the regional national policy, formed taking into account this specificity. On the example of the Republic of Altai, the legal framework of the region in the field of national policy, the structures of the authorities responsible for the implementation of the national policy in the region, the specific vectors of their activity were studied: support of representatives of the indigenous peoples of the North, preservation of the Altai language, activities to harmonize interethnic relations and counter extremism in the republic, patriotic education of youth. It was determined that these vectors were formed in the conditions of the specific socio-cultural space of the region, characterized by its polyethnicity, republican status, the presence of indigenous small peoples in the ethnic structure of the region, internal migration, which confirms the thesis about the need to take into account regional specifics when forming national policy in it.

Key words: national policy, Republic of Altai, indigenous peoples, language policy, region, socio-cultural space.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.016

A.А. NIKOLENKO Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State University of Economics and service, Vladivostok, Russia

LEGITIMIZATION OF POWER STRUCTURES AND ITS FEATURES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CONCEPT OF “RUSSIAN LOCAL CIVILIZATION”

The issues of legitimacy and delegitimization processes become particularly relevant in the period preceding the transit of power. Since the Russian local civilization has distinctive features, including socio-cultural ones, the processes of legitimization bear the imprint of these properties. For example, the terms "autocratic" and "paternalistic" often applied to the Russian government have a somewhat more complex nature from the point of view of socio-cultural and political analysis than is commonly believed. The situation that is unfolding in time now has sources both in the country's immediate past and in modern precedents. At this stage, it is also important to trace the relationship between the development of a particular political practice and the processes of formation of power structures, as well as those mechanisms that allow maintaining the legitimacy of basic management structures.

Key words: «civilization», local civilization, social process, power, features of the political process, Western-oriented approach.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.017

A.V. OSIPOV Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

SOCIO-POLITICAL MONITORING AND SOCIO-MEDIA PREDICTIVE ANALYTICS AS TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONSOLIDATING POLITICAL POWER

Assessing the data obtained by the centers of public opinion poll and SMPA in 2020-2021, the author justifies the conclusion that socio-political monitoring and socio-media predictive analytics (SMPA) are effective popular tools and technologies for consolidating political power, capable of providing the information necessary to ensure state consolidation policy, including current analysis and a forecast scenario for the development of socio-political institutions and processes, including the electoral processes of 2021 in Russia. Moreover, these technologies are necessary tools for political analysis and forecasting the state and development of the main political clusters in conditions of socio-economic crisis, intensive development and use of the electronic media medium.

Key words: political clusters, consolidation of political power, political technologies, socio-political monitoring, socio-media predictive analytics (SMPA), socio-political management, network party brand, political mobilization, cyber parties, electronic media environment.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.018

N.S. SABIROVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Moscow State Regional University, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russia

THE INFLUENCE OF MASS MEDIA ON THE POLITICAL CULTURE OF MODERN RUSSIA

This article examines the functions of the influence of mass media on the political life of the Russian Federation, aspects of which, as the author believes, contribute to the formation of the political culture of modern Russia. He also notes that the media, as well as other spheres of public life, are at the junction of their development and the formation of democratic transparency and independence from government structures. The bottom line is that the construction of the rule of law and the formation of political culture depend both on the authorities and on the society itself, which is influenced by the media, which has as its mission the expansion of political culture and spiritual growth.

Key words: mass media, state, political culture, rule of law, democracy, society, government.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.019

D.M. LAPSHINA Master of the Department of Public and Municipal Administration, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

S.I. POPOV Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

PERSONNEL POLICY OF THE STATE CIVIL SERVICE OF RUSSIA AT THE PRESENT STAGE AND WAYS TO IMPROVE IT

The article examines the key issues of personnel policy in the field of state and municipal service at the present stage, rethinks approaches to personnel selection in connection with the appearance of the concept of "public authority" in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, identifies gaps and shortcomings of the existing system of recruitment of employees of authorities, suggests ways to eliminate them.

Key words: personnel policy, public service, municipal service, public administration, municipal administration, public authority, professionalism, efficiency.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.020

А.О. KALINICHENKO Senior Lecturer at the Chair of humanities, Rostov Branch of the Russian Customs Academy, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

RUSSIAN FEDERALISM AT THE CROSSROAD OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM

Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation initiated in early 2020 by the President of Russia V. V. Putin caused a lively discussion in the scientific literature and journalist publications. In the proposed amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation critics noted the danger of strengthening presidential power to the detriment of other branches of government; redistribution of powers of the subjects of the Russian Federation in favor of the federal center; restriction of autonomy and independence of municipal authorities; restriction of citizens' rights and a number of other points. The article critically analyzes the arguments of supporters and opponents of the 2020 constitutional reform in order to identify the content of the main changes in the system of Russian federalism in the aspect of the implementation in this system of one of the most important principles of modern federal theory – the principle of subsidiarity. As the author of the article shows, the system of unified public authority as one of the main innovations of the constitutional reform can serve as a basis for the implementation of the principle of subsidiarity.

Key words: subsidiarity, separation of powers, federalism, differentiation of subjects of competence and powers, constitutional reform.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.021

Z. FAIZIEV Researcher at the Republican Diagnostic Center, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

THE INFLUENCE OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE ON INTERETHNIC RELATIONS

The article is devoted to the modern problems of the formation of religious tolerance. Some aspects of religious tolerance and interethnic relations in Uzbekistan are analyzed. The author analyzes the mechanisms of religious tolerance formation connected with the entire system of public relations, with the possibility of full realization of constitutional and democratic rights and freedoms, with the level of spiritual culture of the individual and society. The author considers conditions for the development of the Uzbek ethno-confessional environment, identifies vectors of state policy in respect of this phenomenon and determines the importance of tolerance towards the existing confessions for the formation of a constructive dialogue field.

Key words: religious tolerance, globalization, ideology, nationality,national policy,interethnic relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.022

Е.А. LEBEDEVA Postgraduate student at the Chair of comparative political science MGIMO MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia

REDUCTION OF THE ENTRY BARRIER AND THE PRESENCE OF THE “AGAINST ALL” COLUMN AS INDICATORS OF DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS IN MODERN RUSSIA

The article discusses the electoral system which includes the entry barrier and the “against all” column in the ballots for the elections of deputies of the State Duma. The author assesses the influence of such column on the results of the expression of the will of citizens and considers the application of the percentage entry barrier for the election of deputies. The conclusion is made about the need for further improvement of the electoral process in order to ensure the widest representation of political forces.

Key words: electoral rights, entry barrier, electoral system, "against all" column, elections, State Duma, expression of will.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.023

A.A. MALAKHOV Head of the legal department, "Federal Potato Research Center named after A.G. Lorkh", Moscow, Russia

THE CONCEPT OF UNIVERSAL WELFARE AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATION IN THE PURPOSES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE STATE

The political science analysis of the concept of general welfare in connection with the goals and objectives of the state is carried out. The content of welfare and the role of the state in protecting economic and social welfare are revealed. It is emphasized that the right to well-being and a dignified life does not have an unambiguous interpretation, and in different political doctrines this right takes on a different meaning. Examples of ensuring the well-being of people within the framework of the social-democratic, liberal and socially oriented direction of the state's activities are given.

Key words: state, welfare state, democracy, liberalism, welfare, social security, social policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.024

Y.A. ROMANOVA Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INNOVATION INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INCLUDED IN THE CENTRAL FEDERAL DISTRICT

The purpose of this article is to analyze the main objects of innovative scientific and technical infrastructures of regional innovation systems of the Central Federal District. In this research a list of the main scientific and technical regional elements of innovation infrastructure was compiled and regional differences in the differentiation of the main objects of innovation infrastructure in three groups of subjects of the Central Federal District were identified.

Key words: national innovation system, regional innovation system, innovation policy, innovation infrastructure, innovation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.025

D.M. SALIMOV Applicant for the Department of Political Management, Faculty of Political Science Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

POLITICAL CENSORSHIP AND ONLINE MEDIA IN MODERN TAJIKISTAN

The article examines the development of online media and the political censorship and control regime formed in relation to them in modern Tajikistan. The mechanisms of the political regime of censorship and control over the information space are analyzed, the methods of their control over online media are revealed. The study of the situation in the information field of Tajikistan allows the author to conclude that the emergence of online media in the country significantly contributed to the formation of a new model of communication between the government and society, but at the same time, the mechanisms for implementing the political regime of censorship and control over media resources have also changed. The effects of this control are reflected in self-censorship and political correctness among users of both traditional media present on the Internet and media directly coming out in a network environment. By creating a format of media behavior, the political regime of censorship and control acts as a guarantee of information security.

Key words: political journalism, Internet, network media, Tajikistan, censorship, political control.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRY POLICIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.026

A.S. ZHOLMANOV Graduate student of Department political science and political management, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

M.V. AFONIN Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

A.L. KRIVOVA Lecturer, Faculty of Humanities Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

CORRUPTION RISKS AS A CATEGORY OF ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICY

One of the most pressing and socially significant problems today continues to be the fight against corruption. Undoubtedly, the most effective measure of combating corruption offenses is their prevention, which identifies and prevents such violations. At the same time, it is important to note that while carrying out preventive measures it is necessary to consider what circumstances contribute to the emergence and spread of corruption violations, which areas are the most corrupt, not otherwise prone to corruption risks. Anti-corruption policy is not only a mechanism to eliminate the causes of corruption violations, but also to prevent them. And since the onset and spread of corruption offenses is promoted by the risk of corruption, their timely detection is necessary for the formation of an effective anti-corruption policy. In this connection, in this article, the author analyzes the features of the theoretical, methodological, and normative approach to the definition of corruption risks, and considers their place and role in the system of anti-corruption legislation.

Key words: corruption risks, anti-corruption policy, corruption, corruption offenses, anti-corruption.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.027

V.L. АBRAMOV Doctor of Sciences (economics), Professor, Chief Researcher at the Institute for Research of International Economic Relations, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation; expert of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia

V.A. PROKOFIEV Student of the Humanities faculty of the Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain

SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF COUNTRIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EVOLUTION OF THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF WORLD TRADE

The article considers the evolution of theoretical approaches justifying the advantages of countries in relation to the stages of development of world trade. It is shown that the modern dominant concept of sustainable competitive advantages of countries reflects the evolution of theoretical concepts and allows formation of a systematic, holistic rationale for understanding the modern industrial and trade policy of states.

Key words: sustainable competitive advantages, theories of world trade, stages of development of the world economy, evolution.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.028

I.A. YURASOV Dr. Sci. (Soc. Sci.), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department "Management, Informatics and General humanitarian Sciences" of the Penza branch Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Education "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation"; Professor of the Department of public administration and sociology of the region, Director of the analytical center for applied research of the Institute of regional development of the Penza region, Penza, Russia

N.A. VOLODINA Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Sociology of the Region, Penza State University, Penza, Russia

HISTORICAL MEMORY OF RUSSIAN YOUTH AS THE BASIS FOR THE FORMATION OF A STATE-ORIENTED PERSONALITY

The formation of a state-oriented personality is an important task of upbringing and education of the young generation in all societies and at all times. Modern states have no other alternative as the formation of a state-oriented personality, because otherwise it is possible to get a type of opposition personality, which can gradually become radicalized, and in which extremist sentiments will develop. The basis for the formation of a state-oriented personality is the historical memory of society and social groups. Analyzing the historical memory of modern Russian youth, it is possible to identify models that contribute to the formation of a state-oriented personality, and models that impede this process. The language models of the historical memory of young people should be corrected by the state educational policy, creating a positive semantics of the state historical policy, which should be based on objective historical assessments that ensure the historical sovereignty of our country.

Key words: historical memory, historical politics, historical sovereignty, models of historical memory, political evil, political good, state-oriented personality, radicalization opposition.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.029

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

D.A. ZHIVOTOVA Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

WESTERNIZING JAPAN AS AN IMPROVISER CULTURAL CROSSING-OVER

The relevance of this topic is determined by the tendency to popularize Japanese culture not only among specialist scientists, but also among the general public. Interest in the East, in particular in Japan, is due not only to the fact that the countries of the Asia-Pacific region play an increasingly important role in the economic, political and cultural life of mankind, but also to the fact that the traditions of the East are increasingly important in the way of life of other countries. The culture of this country is carried away, in one way or another, practically all over the world. The influence of the West on the development of Japan is manifested in the modernization of the endogenous-exogenous type, As a result of globalization, the process of integration of cultures is manifested in full. Therefore, it is quite interesting to study these processes in a cross-temporal plan. The purpose of this article is to study the impact of Westernization on the cultural identity of Japan. The authors believe that this process, in the end, from a cultural point of view, is not an aggressive introduction of Western ideas, but a smooth fusion of traditions and customs of the European and Asian components. Westernization is more of a process of so-called cultural crossing- the exchange of cultural traditions characteristic of many countries.

Key words: Japan, modernization, westernization, impruver, cultural crossingover.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.030

A.A. CHEMSCHIT D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

А.A. KOVALEVSKIY Postgraduate student the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

GLOBAL AND EUROPEAN CONTRADICTIONS IN THE MODERN GEOPOLITICAL DISCOURSE IN BULGARIA

The article focuses on Bulgaria, the oldest state in Europe, which emerged in its current borders already in the 700s, long before the majority of other countries, now composing the European Union. This topic is caused by the dynamically developing complex conflict processes in the Balkans, in which Bulgaria, as the "axial" state of the region, occupies a not insignificant place. The article aims to comprehend the formation of the Bulgarian vision of its place and role in the world and the region, its national interests, cultural, historical, mental and cognitive preconditions and foundations of Bulgaria's modern foreign policy, the main differences appearing in the modern national geopolitical discourse, the trends of changes in the Bulgarian public opinion on geopolitical pressures and the search for opportunities associated with this comprehension of the possibilities of strengthening the Russian geopolitical position in this country, the Balkans and the Black Sea region.

Key words: geopolitics, globalism, geopolitical consciousness, the West, Russia, Turkey.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.031

N.A. VORONINA Candidate of Sciences Law, Senior researcher at the Sector of Human Rights, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

MECHANISMS OF TRANSNATIONAL COMMUNICATION IN THE FIELD OF MIGRATION IN THE MODERN ERA

The article explores the problems of interaction and cooperation of states in migration and other spheres at the present stage and provides a scientific analysis of the development of integration processes in the post-Soviet territory within the Council of Independent States (CIS), the Union State Russia – Belarus and the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Programmes of collaboration between the European Union (EU) and the Central Asian republics are also analysed. A conclusion is made about the need to rethink the mechanisms of interstate communication and cooperation within international unions. The question is raised on the ratio between the international law and the actively developing integration law (interstate law). Recommendations for Russian diplomacy towards the collective West are formulated.

Key words: transnational communication, migration processes, integration, integration unions, international law, international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.032

AGONNOUDE BIDOLEY VIANNEY FREDDY Ph.D. in Political science, Assistant at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Cotonou, Benin Republic

SOUTH AFRICA’S PRIORITIES IN THE G20

The article analyzes the priorities of South Africa in the G20. Since South Africa is the only African state-participant of the G20, it is interesting to study the main directions of its activities in this club. The author identified the key pillars of the South African government's interaction with the G20 and analyzed the contribution of South Africa to the multilateral processes within the G20.

Key words: South Africa, G20, BRICS, multilateral processes, Africa, developing countries.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.033

I.А. KHABAROV Candidate of Political Science, head of "Office of the Public Chamber of the Tambov region", Tambov, Russia

ROUTES OF SYMBOLIC CONSTRUCTION OF SPACE: FROM MAPPING TO STORMING HORIZONS

The relevance of the study of the mechanisms of the organization of legitimate space, as well as the self-organization of communities, is dictated by modern processes that contribute to the overlap of political spaces of various levels, the combination of flows (interests) of various scales, intensity and orientation. The purpose of the article is to consider the symbolic practices of interested actors of the community on the construction of space, their origins and prospects (horizons). The achievement of the goal will be facilitated by the solution of research tasks on the evaluation of symbolic techniques of schematization and systematization of space, mapping and iconography, applied management. It is useful to evaluate the implementation of these practices and techniques both in relation to the public sphere and the non-public sphere of politics. When writing the article, scientific methods of analogy, analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction were used. Based on the results of the study, conclusions are made regarding the effectiveness of the practices considered for the formation of an organized space with prospects for expansion.

Key words: mapping, space design, spatial engineering, self-organization, resource development, symbolic power.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.034

M.I. CHUCHIN Candidate of Sciences (technical sciences), Lecturer at the Chair of management of daily activities of troops, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Р.Р. ADUTOV Cadet at the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM IN THE ACTIVITIES OF VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONS

The article considers a variant of the decision support system for employees and managers of various organizations. The purpose, necessity and intended effect of the software modules of the system are revealed.

Key words: decision support system, software module, organization, counter-propaganda, disinformation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.035

M.A. IVANCHENKO Lecturer, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia

DEVELOPMENT OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ARGENTINA IN THE 30-40 YEARS OF THE XX CENTURY

It is known that the political system of society, which today undergoes considerable changes and is located at the modernization stage of its development. This, one way or another, highlights it in the ranks of one of the most interesting objects for research on the part of political scientists, sociologists and historians. The task of determining the sources and factors of all global changes in political systems, as well as the possible definition of the effects of such changes, especially acutely stood at the beginning of the last century, when a number of Latin America countries, including Argentina, began gradual care from authoritarian rule to democracy. It is a particular interest to the experience of a very difficult development of the political system of Argentina in the 30-40 years of the twentieth century. The main objective of this work is theoretical analysis of the peculiarities of the development of the political system of Argentina in the 30-40 years of the twentieth century. Based on this purpose, such tasks are followed as: study of key stages of development of the political system of Argentina; analysis of factors affecting the state policy at a specified period of time; Summing up and conclusions. The main methods of research are: analysis; synthesis; Comparative historical method; problem-chronological method; etc. The key conclusion about the work done is that the political system of Argentina in 30-40 years of last century had enough simple and politically inefficient authoritarian regimes when coercion and violence were used to manage the country, the opposition was not recognized, legislative bodies and parties were prohibited. The result of the ineffectiveness of such a political system was the gradual transition to the democratic style of government management.

Key words: Argentina, political system, military coup, corruption, opposition, regimes, H.D. Peron.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.036

A.M. BARAKAT QAIS Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IN RELATION TO THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT AT THE PRESENT STAGE

U.S. policy in the Middle East has had a serious impact on the political and economic state of the region for decades. The Middle East, in turn, has been and remains an important area for every American administration. The actions of the last US presidents have radically changed the traditional American approach to politics in the Middle East and, in particular, to the Palestinian-Israeli issue. Moreover, these actions have become an impetus for the beginning of revolutionary changes in the complex mosaic of Middle Eastern contradictions. The situation in the Middle East is changing, this is reflected in the normalization of relations between Israel and such Arab countries as the UAE, Bahrain and Sudan. The purpose of the study is to examine the process of formation of the US Middle East policy and approaches to the Middle East policy of various American leaders in order to determine the "classical" American approach. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks: to consider the history of American-Israeli cooperation and US policy in the region to determine the "traditional" features of the American Middle East approach and the approach to solving the Palestinian problem; to study some of the results of the policy of American presidents in the Middle East and determine how it fits into the "classic" American policy. In the course of the research, the historical method and the method of comparative analysis were used. The changes that have taken place in the Middle East over the past 4 years are revolutionary. The transfer of the American embassy to Jerusalem, America's recognition of the Dutch Heights as part of Israel, the conclusion of peace agreements between Israel and some Arab countries against the background of record-breaking Israeli construction on occupied Palestinian lands – yesterday all this seemed impossible, and today it is an integral part of reality in the Middle East. The most important trend remains the process of normalization of relations between Israel and Arab countries.

Key words: USA, Israel, Syria, Middle East, Iran, Palestine, Middle East conflict, Middle East region.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.037

S.A. KAZARYAN PhD Student of the Department of International Relations and Integration Processes, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

T.R. BOZOYAN PhD Student of the Department of International Relations and Integration Processes, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CORPORATE SOCIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE US TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

The article examines the features of the implementation of corporate social activities of American transnational business in the developing of Southeast Asia countries. The study analyzes the concepts of government regulation and corporate conscience in relation to transnational corporations. The article’s authors substantiates the thesis that American TNCs are the most influential in the world, but their corporate social activities in Southeast Asia need to be more efficient.

Key words: US transnational corporations, corporate social activities, countries of Southeast Asia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.038

А.V. VLASOV Postgraduate student of the Institute of Law and National Security Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Public diplomacy is extremely important for the successful conduct of both domestic and foreign policy. Using this technology, both civil society and the authorities are able to influence each other not only in their own country, but also in others.

Public diplomacy in foreign policy should be open, clear and extremely understandable for the public. With its help, a better understanding of the values of the nation and the state as a whole is achieved, as well as stereotypes and other social attitudes that help form a positive opinion of the state.

Key words: public diplomacy, state, public, communications, international relations, Covid-19, pandemic.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.039

A.A. EVSUYKOV Postgraduate of RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

A NEW TOOL OF RUSSIA'S "SOFT POWER" TO CONTROL THE ACTIVITIES OF GLOBAL TNCS

The article discusses the unmanned navigation system (BPS), which is being created as a fundamentally new innovative project that allows to reduce the cost of transporting goods by sea, in connection with which TNK will have a new way of delivering various goods, which triggers the transition to completely unmanned navigation, which will entail radical will change the industry of maritime transportation of goods, in fact, completely moving to its maximum digitalization and will significantly reduce the number of employees, the role of state authorities of the Russian Federation in the process of creating the system and the emergence of another instrument of political "soft power" in the arsenal of the from the aspects of TNK activities.

Key words: transnational corporations, non-state actors, unmanned ships, BES, IANS, IMO, nation-states, world politics, world economy, government regulation, artificial intelligence, TNCs, transnational corridors, logistics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.040

N.A. ZOLOTAREV Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Science and Political Management Institute of Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF MIGRANT INTEGRATION: PRACTICE OF MODERN GERMANY

The article examines the prerequisites for the formation of popular migration to Germany, as well as the transformation of migration flows from external labor migration to refugee migration. The attraction of external migrants contributed to the economic growth of Germany but exposed the problem of interaction between Muslim migrants and the local society. Despite the official position of the political leadership of Germany based on the positions of multiculturalism, the programs implemented in this regard, both at the federal and regional levels, do not always achieve the set goals of integrating migrants into German society. This fact determines the growth of critical perception of migrants in modern Germany, which indicates the need to develop new, more effective approaches to the implementation of integration policy models.

Key words: migration policy, migration processes, adaptation of migrants, integration of migrants, external migration, repatriation, Germany.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.041

N.D. KLYUKIN Postgraduate student at the Chair of political science and political philosophy of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

DIGITAL DIPLOMACY IN THE BIG DATA AGE

In the article, the author analyzes the development of digital diplomacy and data diplomacy at the present stage. A distinctive feature is that the author has made a comparison of several countries in this area, emphasizing both the advantages and possible disadvantages. The examples given and the forecasts made by the author provide an opportunity to look at the issue of the development of digital diplomacy from a different angle. The author expresses the opinion that digital diplomacy is a very powerful tool through which the concept of "soft power" will be expanded later.

Key words: big data, soft power, digital diplomacy, social media, developed countries, US administration, Obama, digitalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.042

E.I. LEBEDEVA Postgraduate student of the Department of Sociology and Psychology of Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

A.A. PRISEKIN Master student of the Department of Comparative Political Science, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

MODERN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN EUROPE IN THE CONTEXT OF RELIGIOUS RENAISSANCE

Modern politics in Europe is carried out in the context of modern secular-dogmatic practice. Religious intentions are becoming more and more popular in the European political space. The religious renaissance covers various aspects of social life. The religious revival is due to political leaders in general and heads of State in particular, who are returning to the traditional religions of their communities. Within the framework of political science and related disciplines, there are approaches that explain the causes and essence of the modern phenomenon of political leadership. Political leaders influence the development of the country. Thus, Europe is becoming the scientific and religious center of the world precisely thanks to the activities of politicians. In the study of the personality of a leader in political psychology, two areas of research have historically developed: an ideographic and a nomothetic approach, based on which methodologies for analyzing the activities of politicians and their personal qualities have been formed. The relevance of the research lies in the fact that the authors ' study of the European path of development and the personalities of political figures, thanks to which it was formed as the center of world politics, is the key to studying the features of modern European political leadership. In this study, the authors used methodological tools that integrate the research capabilities of the methods of political science, psychology, sociology, conflictology and several other sciences, united by the principles of interdisciplinary, comparative historical study of the research problem itself.

Key words: political leadership, religious renaissance, Europe, EU, political psychology.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.043

PH.А. PETROSYAN Postgraduate student of the Department of International Security and Foreign Policy of Russia, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF SUPPORTERS AND OPPONENTS OF NATO ACCESSION IN THE SWEDISH RIKSDAG

The article examines the alignment of forces in the Swedish Riksdag on the Kingdom's entry into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), identifies the most active group of the parliamentary corps – NATO supporters or opponents. This issue is highly relevant for the Russian foreign policy course and Russian national interests. To obtain a more accurate answer to it, the work uses a mixed methodology, using qualitative and quantitative methods in the analysis of the media activity of political parties represented in the Riksdag of Sweden, as well as the change in electoral preferences in 2015-2020. A higher activity of the parliamentary parties expressing the readiness of the country's accession to NATO was revealed in comparison with the parties opposing Sweden's membership in the alliance, which testifies in favor of greater media opportunities for the supporters of Sweden's accession to NATO to change the existing status of the state.

Key words: Northern Europe, Sweden, Riksdag, NATO, neutrality, political parties, activity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.044

A.I. SIMONOVA Postgraduate, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

ANALYSIS OF CHINA'S STATE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF YOUTH MARRIAGE

This article is devoted to the scientific examination and analysis of the current situation related to youth marriage in China. The article also examines in detail, taking into account national realities, the attitude of young people to marriage and the measures taken by the authorities of the country in question to correct the current political situation in the field of youth marriage. The author's analysis of the effectiveness of the political actions taken is given.

The purpose of this article is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of China's state youth policy in the field of marriage.

Objectives of the article: analysis of the measures implemented by the Chinese leadership to increase the number of officially registered youth marriages; analysis of the effectiveness of measures taken by the Chinese leadership to increase youth marriage.

The hypothesis put forward is that the marriage rate in China is currently declining.

The conceptual and methodological base of the research consists of the descriptive statistics method, the sociocultural method, the civilizational method, the value method, and the comparative method.

The result of the study is a comprehensive understanding of the realities of the issue under consideration.

The findings allow to speak of a gradual progress in the effectiveness of existing measures in the PRC on this issue.

Key words: China, youth, youth policy, marriage, nuptiality.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.045

R. FAZDALOVA PhD student, Beijing foreign studies university, China

POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF KAZAN’ IN DEVELOPING RUSSIA-CHINA RELATIONS

The growing importance of the subnational level of international relations is recognized in modern political science. However, the role of this level in the relations of countries with strong state control remains unclear. The purpose of this article is to analyze the possibilities of subnational diplomacy in the development of relations between Russia and the PRC. On the example of the Republic of Tatarstan, the main directions of regional cooperation and the role of regional authorities in them are analyzed. The results of the analysis showed a significant expansion of cooperation between the Republic of Tatarstan and the PRC in the fields of foreign trade, investment, diplomatic and humanitarian spheres. It is shown that the republican authorities play an active and independent role in building relationships with Chinese companies and regions. Based on the results of the analysis, it was concluded that the Republic of Tatarstan is playing a growing political role in strengthening Russian-Chinese relations.

Key words: Russia, China, Tatarstan, paradiplomacy, subnational diplomacy, international relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.046

DUAN ZHANG Postgraduate student of the Institute of Asian and African Countries, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

COOPERATION OF THE PRC WITH THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL ASIA IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE SCO IN THE FIELD OF SECURITY

Thanks to the mutual trust of the SCO member states, it has achieved significant success in cooperation in the field of security, conceptual innovations, and the expansion of international cooperation. The article examines the achievements of cooperation in the field of security between China and the Central Asian states within the SCO, as well as analyzes the reasons for these achievements. On the basis of the analysis, the main problems and prospects for the further development of the SCO have been identified.

Key words: cooperation in the field of security, international organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.047

NINA RAMOS ROSIO LEONOR Postgraduate student, Department of International Security and Foreign Policy of Russia, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia

FOREIGN POLITICAL VECTOR OF BRAZIL IN THE CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF A NEW WORLD ORDER

In modern conditions, the processe of transformation of the world order are taking place. In these conditions, there is a tendency to form a new center of power in Latin America. The largest country in the region is Brazil, which has the greatest potential to form a regional center. Regardless of which government comes to power in the country, Brazil's aspiration to act as a Latin American center of power will remain unchanged. However, there are a number of problems along the way. Brazil's emergence as a regional Latin American center depends on its ability to address these challenges.

Key words: center of power, Workers' Party, foreign policy vector, transformation, world order.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.048

A.S. DOBROMYSLOV PhD student оf the Faculty of political sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL ASPECTS OF GLOBAL AGEING

The article is devoted to the analysis of the relationship between population aging and political change. Ageing is viewed as a global phenomenon that is common for both developed and developing countries. The example of Germany shows the relationship between aging and migration policy and possible internal political changes. The examples of China and the United States show the impact of ageing on the balance of power in the struggle for world leadership.

Key words: demography, ageing, multiculturalism, globalisation.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.75.11.049

LIU LU Graduate student Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus

THE USA AND RUSSIA ARE ON THE BRINK OF A NEW COLD WAR

No matter how many times it has been said that relations between Russia and Western countries can no longer deteriorate, the news agenda proves us otherwise. For example, the German defence minister threatened Russia with the use of nuclear weapons if it does not comply with NATO directives. Although Germany itself does not possess nuclear weapons, it was implied that an attack could be launched by an American arsenal from European territory. And such rhetoric is becoming more and more frequent. The topic of the Cold War between Russia and the United States as the two major powers is discussed in various countries with an enviable frequency. US President Joe Biden has stated that he is not seeking a new Cold War. However, most Europeans believe it is already underway between the US and its main rivals, China and Russia. Some Europeans also see their country as a direct participant in the conflict. In this article we will analyse the various viewpoints on this issue. We will also draw some conclusions.

Key words: Russia, US, Cold War, contradictions, confrontation.

OUR AUTHORS

АBRAMOV V.L. – Doctor of Sciences (economics), Professor, Chief Researcher at the Institute for Research of International Economic Relations, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation; expert of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ABRAMOVA M.A. – Doctor of Sciences (Education), Leading Researcher, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Leading Researcher, Head of the Department of Social and Legal Research, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Russian Federation, Novosibirsk.

ADUTOV P.P. – Cadet at the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

AFONIN M.V. – Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.

AGONNOUDE BIDOLEY VIANNEY FREDDY – Ph.D. in Political science, Assistant at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Cotonou, Benin Republic.

ALEKSEEV R.A. – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Law Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia.

ALTYBASAROVA M.A. – PhD in Political Sciences, Professor at the Department of Social Sciences, Journalism and Information, Toraighyrov University, Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan.

ANDREEVA YU.V. – Doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, AR-media Director of Publishing House "Logos", Kazan, Russia.

BARAKAT QAIS A.M. – Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

BERYOZKINA E.Y. – PhD student, The Institute of Socio-Political Research under the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR FCTAS RAS), Moscow, Russia.

BOZOYAN T.R. – PhD Student of the Department of International Relations and Integration Processes, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

CHEMSCHIT A.A. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

CHUCHIN M.I. – Candidate of Sciences (technical sciences), Lecturer at the Chair of management of daily activities of troops, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

DOBROMYSLOV A.S. – PhD student оf the Faculty of political sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

DOBRYNINA M.V. – Candidate of Sciences (politics), Associate Professor at the Chair of economics, management and finance, NRU MIET, Moscow, Russia.

DUAN ZHANG – Postgraduate student of the Institute of Asian and African Countries, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

EVSUYKOV A.A. – Postgraduate of RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

EZHOV D.A. – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Mass Communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

FAIZIEV Z. – Researcher at the Republican Diagnostic Center, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

FAZDALOVA R. – PhD student, Beijing foreign studies university, China.

GONCHAROV P.K. – Doctor of sociology, Professor, Professor of Law Institute of Russian Transport University (MIIT), Moscow, Russia.

HADJIEV M.M. – Doctor of Sciences (politics), Professor at the Chair of philosophy and socio-political sciences, Dagestan State University, Makhachkala, Russia.

IVANCHENKO M.A. – Lecturer, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia.

KALINICHENKO A.O. – Senior Lecturer at the Chair of humanities, Rostov Branch of the Russian Customs Academy, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

KALIYEV I.A. – PhD in Political Sciences, Professor at the Department of Social Sciences, Journalism and Information, Toraighyrov University, Pavlodar, Republic of Kazakhstan.

KHABAROV I.A. – Candidate of Political Science, head of "Office of the Public Chamber of the Tambov region", Tambov, Russia.

KOVALEVSKIY A.A. – Postgraduate student the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

KRIVOVA A.L. – Lecturer, Faculty of Humanities Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.

LAPSHINA D.M. – Master of the Department of Public and Municipal Administration, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

KAZARYAN S.A. – PhD Student of the Department of International Relations and Integration Processes, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

KLYUKIN N.D. – Postgraduate student at the Chair of political science and political philosophy of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

LEBEDEVA E.A. – Postgraduate student at the Chair of comparative political science MGIMO MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

LEBEDEVA E.I. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Sociology and Psychology of Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

LIPATOVA A.V. – Senior Lecturer of Management Department University of Management "TISBI", Kazan, Russia.

LIU LU – Graduate student, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus.

MADYUKOVA S.A. – PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia.

MAKARENKO K.M. – Senior Lecturer of the Department of Sociology and Political Science, Volgograd State University, Russia, Volgograd.

MALAKHOV A.A. – Head of the legal department, "Federal Potato Research Center named after A.G. Lorkh", Moscow, Russia.

MIKHAILOV A.P. – Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Chief Researcher at Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

NALEDIN I.I. – PhD student, Department of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

NIKOLENKO A.A. – Graduate Institute of law and administration of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and service Vladivostok State University of Economics and service, Vladivostok, Russia.

NINA RAMOS ROSIO LEONOR – Postgraduate student, Department of International Security and Foreign Policy of Russia, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia.

OGORODOV D.A. – Head of the Youth Innovation Center of NRU MIET, Moscow, Russia.

OSIPOV A.V. – Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

PANKRATOVA L.S. – Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor of the Department of Sociology of Culture and Communication, St. Petersburg State University, Russia, St. Petersburg.

PANKRATOV S.A. – Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of Sociology and Political Science, Volgograd State University, Russia, Volgograd.

PETROSYAN PH.A. – Postgraduate student of the Department of International Security and Foreign Policy of Russia, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia.

POPOV S.I. – Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

PRISEKIN A.A. – Master student of the Department of Comparative Political Science, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

PROKOFIEV V.A. – Student of the Humanities faculty of the Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain.

PRONCHEV G.B. – Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Sociological Research Methodology at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

RETINSKAYA V.N. – Ph.D., Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Sociology of the Region, Penza State University, Penza, Russia.

ROMANOVA Y.A. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

SABIROVA N.S. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Moscow State Regional University, Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russia.

SALIMOV D.M. – Applicant for the Department of Political Management, Faculty of Political Science Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

SHAKUROVA N.E. – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Law Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia.

SIMONOVA A.I. – Postgraduate, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

SOLODOVA G.S. – Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Information Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

TSUPRIK M.I. – Graduate student of the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Mass Communications, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

VLASOV A.V. – Postgraduate student of the Institute of Law and National Security Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

VOLODINA N.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Sociology of the Region, Penza State University, Penza, Russia.

VORONINA N.A. – Candidate of Sciences Law, Senior researcher at the Sector of Human Rights, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

YURASOV I.A. – Dr. Sci. (Soc. Sci.), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department "Management, Informatics and General humanitarian Sciences" of the Penza branch Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Education "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation"; Professor of the Department of public administration and sociology of the region, Director of the analytical center for applied research of the Institute of regional development of the Penza region, Penza, Russia.

ZHIVOTOVA D.A. – Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

ZHOLMANOV A.S. – Graduate student of Department political science and political management, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

ZOLOTAREV N.A. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Science and Political Management Institute of Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 11, Issue 10 (74), 2021.

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Osipov A.V. Theoretical and Methodological Potential of Application of Active-Network Theory for Analysis of Modern Political Institutions, Processes and Technologies

Persidskaya O.A. Politicized Ethnicity: A Theoretical Declaration in the Conceptual Treatment of the Phenomenon

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Tushkov A.A., Voron-Kovalskaya A.O. Problems of Fractal Modeling of Civil Education in China (to the Question about the Educational System in Hong Kong and Main China)

Zubova O.G., Filipova A.G. TikTok: New Opportunities for Communication and Self-Presentation of Modern Teenagers

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Gerasimova I.V., Nesterchuk O.A., Grishin V.O. The Impact of Migration Processes on the Demographic Development of the Russian Federation

Brodskaia N.P. Artificial Intelligence: Social Risks and Challenges

Belov S.I. Prospects for the Use of Video Games and the Industry of their Production as an Instrument of Memory Policy from the Point of View of Specialized Government Bodies and NGOS

Grishin O.E., Belov M.V., Gabdullin K.A. Transformation of Russian Political Campaigns in the Context of Political Stability: Efficiency of Internet Technologies

Kozlov S.E. Internet Memes as a Representation of Political Participation in the Context of the Development of Social Network Communications

Assi Abed El Rahim. Features of the Psychological Image of Donald Trump in the American Media

Belousov G.F. Using the "Incident Management" System in the Electoral Process (On the Example of the Election Campaign of Alexander Beglov)

Laredj Ilyas. Influence of Institutional Factors on the Classification of Regional Conflicts

Loboiko D.A. The Russian Regional Political Elite and its Potential for Self-Renewal

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Vankovska B. Can Solidarity Globalize? Utopia is Possible

Krupianko M.I., Areshidze L.G. Japan Fighting with Pandemic “COVID-19”: One Step Forward and two Steps Backward

Koibaev B.G., Nadzharyan A.B. Influence of the Third Sector on the Process of Development and Implementation of State Policy in the Republic of Armenia

Tushkov A.A., Zhivotova D.A. Erotic Graphics of Abuna-E and Shunga of the Edo Era as a Source of Formation of Japan’s Mass Culture

Kuzyakin A.G., Pogodin S.N. Who's Role in Countering the COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic

Chemschit A.A., Kovalevskiy A.A. Global and European Contradictions in the Modern Geopolitical Discourse in Bulgaria

Musina R.I. Origins and Features of Nationalism in Modern Hungary

Аniskevich N.S. Priorities of Chile's Foreign Policy During the Pandemic

Badaeva A.S. Marine Le Pen and Her Glass Ceiling

Filippenko A.A. Changes in Race and Ethnicity as Concepts in the U.S. Census

Danilova E.V., Danilov V.V. Legal Basis of Italian Migration Policy

Ionova A.N., Popov S.I. System for Separate Collection and Processing of Municipal Solid Waste in Germany

Zhanyshbek uulu Azamat. Development of Civil Society in the Kyrgyz Republic

Pliev S.M., Kulumbegova L.T., Sanakoev I.B., Butorov A.S. Implementation of Georgia's Soft Power Mechanisms in Relation to South Ossetia

Ivanova I.I., Vasileva E.A. Turkey and Egypt: Problems of Relations and the Beginning of "Reset" (2002-2021)

Kolykhalov M.I. Approaches of Russia and Switzerland to the Use of Soft Power, Participation of Subnational Regions in the Implementation of this Concept

Huseynova S.E. Azerbaijan on the Way to the World Trade Organization: Expected Perspectives

To‘Raqulov Zohid. Accelerating Digital Promotion: An Analytical Point of View

Urokov B.A. Uzbekistan's Experience in Ensuring Religious Tolerance and Interfaith Cooperation

Zyuzina A.A. Viribus Unitis: Agreement to Prevent Unregulated High Seas Fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean Enters Into Force

Mafuang Supatat. Factors of ASEAN and EU Institutional Failure: A Comparative Analysis of Mechanisms in the COVID-19 Responses

Our authors № 10-2021

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.001

A.V. OSIPOV Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF APPLICATION OF ACTIVE-NETWORK THEORY FOR ANALYSIS OF MODERN POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

The article problematizes the main provisions and concepts of active network theory in connection with the relevance of their application to the analysis of modern political institutions, processes and technologies. The author reveals the specifics of modern phenomena of political power, the elite, civil society, political parties in the context of the network nature of modern political reality and substantiates the theoretical and methodological potential of interpreting them in terms of the theory of network society (M. Castels), actor-network theory (B. Latour, M. Kallon, J. Law). At the same time, the article presents criticism of these concepts, justifies the need to search for the complementarity of absolutist and relational socio-political ontologies, structural-functional and active-network theoretical and methodological approaches in political science.

Key words: political power, political elite, political actor, actor-network theory, network society, relational political ontology, hierarchy and polyarchy of power.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.002

O.A. PERSIDSKAYA Junior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

POLITICIZED ETHNICITY: A THEORETICAL DECLARATION IN THE CONCEPTUAL TREATMENT OF THE PHENOMENON

It is shown that the modern politicized social climate makes us talk about the penetration of political discourse into the issues of personal self-identification, which is of critical importance for the study of problems related to ethnicity. An actual turn in the study of the politicization of ethnicity associated with this trend has been fixed, when the emphasis shifts from considering institutional processes in systemic politics to identifying mechanisms that trigger activity in non-systemic politics through the prism of the consciousness of individual people. The foundations of the theory of critical consciousness, developed on the basis of P. Freire's concept of conscientization, which is applied to the study of the politicization of ethnicity within the framework of the new research optics, are described. Three stages in the formation of critical consciousness are considered: critical reflection, critical action and assessment of political effectiveness. The directions of research are given that could be relevant both for the development of the topic of politicization of ethnicity and for solving problems associated with the need to preserve conflict-free interethnic relations and solidarity between representatives of different ethnic groups in the socio-cultural space of the country.

Key words: politicization of ethnicity, theoretical and methodological foundations of social research, theory of critical consciousness, the concept of conscientization, P. Freire.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.003

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

A.O. VORON-KOVALSKAYA Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

PROBLEMS OF FRACTAL MODELING OF CIVIL EDUCATION IN CHINA (TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN HONG KONG AND MAIN CHINA)

In this article, the authors addressed a current issue – the organization of the civil educational system in China. The authors conducted a comparative analysis of these systems in Hong Kong and Mainland China. The starting point in the study was the conflict between the political systems of the PRC and Hong Kong, the latter of which adopted the values of the democratic West and integrated them into its political, social and cultural spheres during the British colonial rule. At the heart of the conflict are the attempts of the Chinese government to "suppress" the freedom of "Chinese Europeans". The differences in political structures, worldviews, cultures and customs are only consequences, behind which lies the real reason for the contradictions. In this article, the authors consider the impact of the political and social differences in the educational systems of Hong Kong and Mainland China.

Key words: PRC, Hong Kong, fractal modeling of education, Umbrella Revolution, Tiananmen Square, national education.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.004

O.G. ZUBOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Technologies at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

A.G. FILIPOVA Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Complex Research of Childhood, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia; Senior Researcher Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

TIKTOK: NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR COMMUNICATION AND SELF-PRESENTATION OF MODERN TEENAGERS

In this article, the authors address the problem of using the TikTok app by modern teenagers. The ambiguity of the perception of this application by both adults and adolescents themselves makes the issue of its impact on young people controversial. The purpose of the article was to analyze the influence of TikTok and TikTokers on the communication and self-presentation of modern teenagers. Methods for collecting empirical data are semi-structured interviews with adolescents and expert interviews. In total, 23 adolescents aged 13-17 took part in the survey, as well as five experts – specialists in the media industry and education. We also studied the materials of the discussion "What is TikTok and what is it eaten with?" and A. Turlakov's research “Everything will be TikTok”. The analysis of the collected data was carried out in the context of communication practices and self-presentation of adult tiktokers and teenage tiktokers, as well as adolescent consumers of this content.

For teenagers – authors and users – TikTok provides an opportunity to express themselves, develop communication skills, and relax and have fun. The app attracts teenagers with the format of short videos, feed of recommendations, simplicity of shooting. Self-presentations of popular TikTokers are distinguished by their sincerity and naturalness, emotionality and a sense of humor. Self-presentations of teenage Tiktokers reproduce the self-presentations of adult bloggers. The communication practices of TikTokers and users can be viewed as a model of parasocial relations.

Key words: TikTok, teens, tiktokers, self-presentation, communication, parasocial relationship model.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.005

I.V. GERASIMOVA Candidate of Sciences (economics), Senior Researcher at the Institute of Socio-Economic Problems of Population of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

О.А. NESTERCHUK Doctor of Sciences (political science), Professor at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University); Professor of Political Science and Political Management at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

V.О. GRISHIN Student of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law of Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia

THE IMPACT OF MIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

The study analyzes the relationship between the influence of migration processes characteristic of modern Russia and the existing demographic challenges. The authors emphasize that the growing economic and production needs of modern developed countries cannot be realized at the expense of the national labor market and require the involvement of external resources from demographically active countries. However, the mass attraction of foreign cultural migrants actualizes not only the problems of their adaptation and integration into the host society, but also has an impact on various aspects of national security and domestic political stability. The development of mechanisms for more effective adaptation and integration of external migrants, the allocation of these migration processes in a separate direction of the state migration policy will contribute to the solution of certain demographic problems facing modern Russia.

Key words: migration, demography, migration policy, labor market, human capital, adaptation and integration of migrants.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.006

N.P. BRODSKAIA Cand. of Science (Politics), Senior Researcher, Institute of World Economy and International Relations Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: SOCIAL RISKS AND CHALLENGES

The research is devoted to a fundamentally new phenomenon of the modern world – artificial intelligence. The article discusses the current problems of the use of AI technologies in the modern social space and the possible risks of its adaptation to the realities of the modern world. Particular attention is paid to the impact of technology on the modern labor market and the inevitable deepening of inequality in society, the advantage of AI superpowers in the perspective of global socio-economic development. The main aspects of the concept of universal basic income and the prospects for its implementation against the background of the introduction of AI technologies are analyzed. The topical issue of the correct use of a large array of personal data in the context of the application of modern AI practices is touched upon.

Key words: artificial intelligence, AI technologies, digital dictatorship, personal data, universal basic income, UBI.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.007

S.I. BELOV Ph.D. in Historical Science, Associate Professor of Russian Politics Program Political Science Department Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF VIDEO GAMES AND THE INDUSTRY OF THEIR PRODUCTION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF MEMORY POLICY FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF SPECIALIZED GOVERNMENT BODIES AND NGOS

This study is devoted to the issue of the prospects for the use of video games and the industry of their production as an instrument of memory politics from the point of view of specialized government bodies and NGOs. The aim of the work is to develop an algorithm for the implementation by the state and related actors of memorial policy through video games. The author comes to the conclusion that the state should now focus on solving the problems of updating the creation of video games with a historical plot for commercial structures and developing mechanisms for correcting the choice of the developers of memorial regimes. This implies the need to promote the formation of the institution of memorial examination of video games. The latter should be carried out on a voluntary basis even before the start of the active phase of game development. Its successful completion must be made a condition of access to the system of benefits on the part of the state and NGOs. Adherence to the original design strategy of the developers who have received peer review should be strictly regulated and monitored on a regular basis.

Key words: video games, computer games, memory policy, memorial policy, expertise, state, non-profit organization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.008

O.E. GRISHIN Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University); Associate Professor of the Faculty of Humanities, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia

M.V. BELOV Student of the master’s degree at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

K.A. GABDULLIN Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

TRANSFORMATION OF RUSSIAN POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS IN THE CONTEXT OF POLITICAL STABILITY: EFFICIENCY OF INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES

The article is devoted to the study of modern types of Internet technologies in political campaigns, used as methods of influencing the electoral consciousness in the context of ensuring political stability. The research emphasis is focused on provocative algorithmic methods and methods of political struggle, such as political flash mob and political Internet trolling. These Internet technologies have become the latest trend in the modern socio-political life of the country, requiring detailed study. The authors complement the existing approaches to the problem under study.

Key words: political campaign, political stability, political participation, Internet technologies, virtualization of politics, provocative methods, electoral consciousness, Internet trolling, political flash mob.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.009

S.E. KOZLOV PhD student at the Faculty of Political Science Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

INTERNET MEMES AS A REPRESENTATION OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL NETWORK COMMUNICATIONS

This article is a study of the role of Internet memes in political communication on the Internet. The aim is to identify the influence of Internet memes as network phenomena on political participation. For this purpose, on the basis of theoretical analysis, the key functions of the Internet meme are identified, which allow it to play a role in political communications; analyzes the main functions of Internet memes in modern politics; practical examples are used to identify techniques and contexts of using Internet memes in political communication. The creator creates an effort about the high potential of Internet memes, which, on the one hand, act as a new tool for carrying out a spontaneous and self-organized political struggle, and on the other, as a tool that allows political elites to strengthen their competitors and consolidate their own electorate.

Key words: Internet memes, social networking, political participation, participatory democracy, political communication, digital technologies, social networks, new media.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.010

ASSI ABED EL RAHIM Graduate student, Political sciences and regional studies, Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Russia

FEATURES OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL IMAGE OF DONALD TRUMP IN THE AMERICAN MEDIA

Political science and analysis of the image of a political leader provides ample opportunities for the study of personality and political statesman programs. Donald Trump is charismatic and flamboyant politician, whose personality attracts attention of professional scientists and the public. In this article we will focus on studying the features of the psychological image of Donald Trump in the American media.

Donald Trump uses Twitter extensively as a tool of political struggle. Victory in 2016 and increased attention to its publications on this social network allow us to say that Donald Trump uses Twitter effectively and efficiently. Donald Trump has created a fundamentally new political image that distinguishes him from competitors and predecessors.

Key words: Donald Trump, image, media, politics, information, social networks, internet.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.011

G.F. BELOUSOV Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

USING THE "INCIDENT MANAGEMENT" SYSTEM IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN OF ALEXANDER BEGLOV)

The article examines the practice of using the "Incident Management" system in the election campaign of Alexander Beglov in 2019. The empirical base of the study is 392 publications in city media and comments on Alexander Beglov's official page on VKontakte. The analysis shows that in modern Russia the work of a candidate with feedback from users in social networks can have a noticeable electoral effect.

Key words: information technology, electoral process, political technologies, social media, content analysis, incident management.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.012

LAREDJ ILYAS Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Science Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia

INFLUENCE OF INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS ON THE CLASSIFICATION OF REGIONAL CONFLICTS

This article analyzes the methodological foundations of the typologization of regional conflicts. The author singled out the main criteria for identifying the features of ethno political conflicts. The purpose of the study is to establish key classifications that affect the scientific assessment of contemporary regional conflicts. For this, the author used the historical method (the development of regional conflicts), the institutional approach (identifying trends inherent in various conflicts) and the comparative method (comparing regional conflicts in different parts of the world). The author came to the conclusion that the classification of regional conflicts is based on the allocation of certain factors that contribute to their development in a particular case. The influence of institutional and non-institutional factors on the development of conflicts shows a tendency when frequently changing rules for their resolution are adjusted to specific interests.

Key words: regional conflict, ethnic conflict, ethno political conflict, political conflict, conflict ology, political conflict ology, civil conflict, conflict resolution.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.013

D.A. LOBOIKO Center “Regional research”, director, Samara, Russia

THE RUSSIAN REGIONAL POLITICAL ELITE AND ITS POTENTIAL FOR SELF-RENEWAL

Russia is facing a difficult situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a tendency to increase the centralization of power and reduce the sovereignty of regional entities. The federal center's lobbying of its candidates for posts in state bodies of regional power blocks the self-renewal of political elites, turning the federation into an autocracy. There is a projection of the Soviet nomenclature on the political framework of Russia's domestic policy. According to the author, this causes an increase in protest activity and the need of the population of the regions of Russia to increase sovereignty. The article pays special attention to the information policy and the inadmissibility of the use of so-called “enforced patriotism.” Modern Russian society has outlived Soviet values and requires other approaches to the formation of a unified interregional Russian passionarity. Despite this, the author believes that the course of the incumbent president of Russia will democratize the current domestic policy of the country and mobilize regional society to self-determination of the political situation.

Key words: political elite, regional policy, federal center, centralization of power, governors.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.014

B. VANKOVSKA Professor of political science and international relations, Faculty of Philosophy, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia

CAN SOLIDARITY GLOBALIZE? UTOPIA IS POSSIBLE

The article deals with a question of critical consequence for the human survival spelled out as: can solidarity globalize? Between the two poles of optimists and pessimists, there is one that deserves a particular attention: the case for possible-ism. In the view of this standpoint, which has been inspired by the work of Richard Falk [4], there is a possibility to globalize human solidarity, which does not necessarily imply probability it would happen. The author discusses (im)possibility of realization of the global solidarity idea, which has been particularly stressed in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, etc. The main argument is that the current state of affairs, which looks rather gloomy in terms of harmonious and cooperative international system, is not predetermined. It is a construct rather than a result of any ‘natural law’. Furthermore, the history offers episodes that prove that human solidarity is not only possible, but also workable option for a societal, regional and international realm. The unyielding scepticism does not arise from any critical acumen. Contemporary expressions of human particularism have been cherished intentionally, in order to preserve the status quo where there is socialism for the rich and capitalism for the poor.

Key words: global solidarity, international order, utopia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.015

M.I. KRUPIANKO Doctor of Political Science, Professor, leading specialists of the Institute of Oriental studies of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

L.G. ARESHIDZE Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of Asian and African countries of Moscow Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia

JAPAN FIGHTING WITH PANDEMIC “COVID-19”: ONE STEP FORWARD AND TWO STEPS BACKWARD

Article is analyzing the methods of moderating of Japanese government the pandemic process of «COVID-19» during 2020-2021. The authors emphasize that there were two main period in the pandemic process in Japan. The first was beginning from 2019 and continued till the opening of Tokyo Olympic in 2021. This period was defined by the minimum of lethal cases that seemed very strange for many countries of the world. And the second period that continued from the end of Tokyo Olympic in 2021 and after when the pandemic process boosted rapidly and reached 20 000 of infected persons per day according to the state statistic Data.

The positive results in containment of pandemic process during the first period were conditioned by the accidental cases as well as objective causes. The last causes were depicted by the individual peculates of the Japanese nation, its national traditions, genetic immunology towards the virus of “COVID-19”. Japanese authorities that time refused follow the recommendations of World Health Organization and Japan did not made the tests of urban population – at the end of 2020 only 0,27% of all the population have made the tests of PCR.

In spite of achievements of the Japanese Government in the fighting with coronavirus during the first period begging with September of 2021 there was the burst of infected persons in the mid of August 2021 when during one day were registered more then 20 000 patients.

Though there were problems in the fighting with coronavirus in Japan in the last half of 2021 nobody would deny that the measures to contain the epidemic in Japan were much more effective than in many other countries of the world.

Key words: pandemic «COVID-19», PCR tests, emergency situation, Japanese model of fighting against «COVID-19», face masks.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.016

B.G. KOIBAEV Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia

A.B. NADZHARYAN Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia

INFLUENCE OF THE THIRD SECTOR ON THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE POLICY IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

The authors of the article summarize the results of the study one by one of the most discussed and topical issues that periodically appear on the agenda of Armenian parliamentarians and scientists, and most importantly, the interest in which is shown by a large number the socially active population of the post-Soviet space, after the political events in the Republic of Armenia.

Key words: third sector, non-governmental organizations, civil society, democracy, Republic of Armenia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.017

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

D.A. ZHIVOTOVA Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

EROTIC GRAPHICS OF ABUNA-E AND SHUNGA OF THE EDO ERA AS A SOURCE OF FORMATION OF JAPAN’S MASS CULTURE

In this article the authors paid their attention to the topic, which is one of the actual problems in case of the research of Japanese cultural identity – the influence of abuna-e and shunga engraving on common Japanese culture. Ignorance can simplify our view of world cultural heritage. During the centuries political culture of Japan for the European scientists was a closed system. When the borders of great eastern countries – Japan, China and Korea were opened, the European residents were amazed by the variety and wealth of their culture. Firstly, it was the intimate part of the Japanese culture. The brightest examples were abuna-e and shunga engraving. For the Europeans it was incomprehensible perception of sex, mostly coming from Shintoism, which does not bear sexual prohibitions. Moreover, sex was considered as something normal. During the research of the problem the authors try to answer the question about the origins of influence on the common Japanese culture of this genre of graphic art of the Edo Era like abuna-e and shunga engraving.

Key words: Japan, the Edo Era, the genre of the erotic art abuna-e and shunga, cultural identity of Japan, «spring pictures».

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.018

A.G. KUZYAKIN Ph.D. candidate, Humanities Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

S.N. POGODIN Doctor of Historical Science professor, Humanities Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

WHO'S ROLE IN COUNTERING THE COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC

The impact of coronavirus infection on the life of the world community, on health systems from the standpoint of WHO support is considered. The characterization of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic as a global global problem is given, which requires a solution at the international level and, in particular, coordination by WHO. Attention is paid to a new term introduced by WHO in connection with the coronavirus pandemic – infodemic. The activities of WHO and experts on its assignment regarding the threats of COVID-19 for the world community, its consequences and directions for overcoming are characterized. The criticism of WHO's activities and its effectiveness in overcoming the pandemic from governments and experts is analyzed. The main measures and necessary changes in the activities of WHO have been identified to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic and prepare for possible future pandemics.

Key words: WHO, COVID-19, coronavirus pandemic, coordinating role, epidemiological crisis.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.019

A.A. CHEMSCHIT D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

А.A. KOVALEVSKIY Postgraduate student the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

GLOBAL AND EUROPEAN CONTRADICTIONS IN THE MODERN GEOPOLITICAL DISCOURSE IN BULGARIA Part I

The article focuses on Bulgaria, the oldest state in Europe, which emerged in its current borders already in the 700s, long before the majority of other countries, now composing the European Union. This topic is caused by the dynamically developing complex conflict processes in the Balkans, in which Bulgaria, as the "axial" state of the region, occupies a not insignificant place. The article aims to comprehend the formation of the Bulgarian vision of its place and role in the world and the region, its national interests, cultural, historical, mental and cognitive preconditions and foundations of Bulgaria's modern foreign policy, the main differences appearing in the modern national geopolitical discourse, the trends of changes in the Bulgarian public opinion on geopolitical pressures and the search for opportunities associated with this comprehension of the possibilities of strengthening the Russian geopolitical position in this country, the Balkans and the Black Sea region.

Key words: geopolitics, globalism, geopolitical consciousness, the West, Russia, Turkey.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.020

R.I. MUSINA PhD in Political Sciences, Docent, Department of History and Politics Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

ORIGINS AND FEATURES OF NATIONALISM IN MODERN HUNGARY

The article analyzes the historical premises for the formation of the state idea of modern Hungary, the influence of the process of the Hungarian national formation on the content and features of the manifestation of nationalism, its contradictory nature.

Purpose of the work: to reveal the influence of the historical factor on the change in the content and the formation of the characteristics of modern Hungarian nationalism.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, at the state level, it manifests itself as aggressive nationalism, revanchist, anti-Slavic and anti-Romanian.

Over the past decades, Hungarian nationalism has changed and lost its traditional character. An analysis of modern party programs and speeches by statesmen and party leaders allows us to state the disappearance of traditional Slavophobia and anti-Germanism.

Hungarian nationalists are rated not only as Eurosceptics, antiglobalists, ultra-conservatives, anti-Semites and gypsies, which has become customary, but also as a particular danger, from the point of view of European liberals, in the growing pan-Turkist and Turanist sentiments, which are manifested not only in the ideology of the far-right «Jobbik» party, but in the ruling «FIDESZ» as well.

Тhe implementation of nationalism at the level of state policy of the right-wingers, who have been in power since 2010, is regarded as a fundamental feature of modern Hungarian nationalism. Today Hungarian nationalism is non-ethnic and patriotic. Interesting prospects for studying the transformation of the content of nationalism in Hungary are provided in connection with the development of the new Hungarian ideology «Hungarism», which claims to be a state one, designed to support claims to leadership in a new geopolitical Eurasian project.

Key words: nationalism in Hungary, slavophobia, Turanism, Hungarianism, Gypsy phobia, ethnic divisive nationalism, sovereign-state nationalism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.021

N.S. АNISKEVICH Candidate of Sciences (political science), Lecturer at the Faculty of Technological Management and Innovation of ITMO University, Moscow, Russia

PRIORITIES OF CHILE'S FOREIGN POLICY DURING THE PANDEMIC

The pandemic has hit the Chilean economy from several sides, the stagnation of economic growth as a result of falling private investment, restrictions on consumption and production, and the effects of unemployment further weaken the supply and demand situation. The Chilean economy has also been hit hard by the international context, especially due to the fall in copper prices and the appreciation of the dollar and euro. However, the key objective of the work is to analyze the priorities of Chile's foreign policy during the pandemic.

Key words: foreign policy, pandemic, personal hygiene products, Sino-American trade war, rotational quarantine.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.022

A.S. BADAEVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Researcher of the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relation RAS, Moscow, Russia

MARINE LE PEN AND HER GLASS CEILING

Marine Le Pen is President of the National Rally. It’s the third time when she’s announcing her candidacy for the President of the French Republic. Each time her chances of winning increase and the work of her party image normalization does not stop. A year before the 2022 French presidential election, Marin Le Pen’s approval rating was identical to the rating of current President Emmanuel Macron. The Ipsos poll put Le Pen at 44 percent against 56 percent for Macron in the second round, compared with 34 to 66 in 2017. Meanwhile, Macron and Le Pen fail to make ground in 2021 French regional elections. Record low turnout of their voters showed electoral fatigue from this couple inevitably competing in the final part of the French presidential election. As usual, Le Pen faced her traditional obstacle: elite solidarity didn’t permit her far-right party to entrench in any French region. In addition, Le Pen goes too much into expanding of the second round electoral base, which can cause the loss of National Rally’s key voters, the increasing of inner-party disagreement and even the defeat in the first round of the 2022 French presidential election.

Key words: National Rally, National Front, Marine Le Pen, Nationalism, Populism, far-right politics, 2022 French presidential election.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.023

A.A. FILIPPENKO Candidate of historical Sciences, Senior researcher, Institute of the United States of America and Canada studies, Moscow, Russia

CHANGES IN RACE AND ETHNICITY AS CONCEPTS IN THE U.S. CENSUS

For centuries the United States has been conducting censuses, but never in history have so many Americans (13 million people, 4% of the country's population) identified themselves with two or more racial and ethnic categories as in 2020 census. The increase in multiculturalism and the mixing of races has forced the federal government to seek new approaches to the national question. This article examines how the representation of black Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans has changed in the U.S. Census, which most clearly reflects the government's approach to a complex issue.

Key words: race, census, U.S. population, Hispanic, Latino, Black, African-American, U.S. demographics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.024

E.V. DANILOVA PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

V.V. DANILOV PhD, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

LEGAL BASIS OF ITALIAN MIGRATION POLICY

The migration problem in Italy is not a new phenomenon for Italian foreign and domestic politics. The Apennine peninsula has always been a place of intercultural communication, starting with the formation of Rome as an important geopolitical actor in antiquity. However, returning to modernity, it is the events of the last seven years, beginning in 2014, that have caused not just an aggravation of the migration issue for Italy, but a severe crisis with consequences that have already changed the model of Italian society.

The phenomenon of migration in Italy has become structural and long-term, requiring the shared responsibility not only of all EU member states, but also of the source countries of the migration flows. The solution to this problem lies only in the legal plane, since it is the observance of norms and laws that can prevent the escalation of conflict, reduce the degree of tension among society and between countries, and develop an algorithm of action aimed at minimizing the damage caused by migration and, if possible, preventive measures to stabilize the socio-economic and political situation in the source countries of migration.

Key words: Italy, migration crisis, UN, international organizations, EU, bilateral cooperation.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.025

А.N. IONOVA Master Department of State and Municipal Administration, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

S.I. POPOV Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

SYSTEM FOR SEPARATE COLLECTION AND PROCESSING OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN GERMANY

The article presents the author's observations and reflections on the experience of handling solid municipal waste (municipal waste) in the Federal Republic of Germany. The existing normative legal base regulating the issues of the investigated sphere in the country is highlighted, the Dual system of collection, sorting and disposal of waste introduced in 1990 is analyzed.

Key words: waste, municipal solid waste, municipal waste, dual system, European legislation, German federal legislation, economic stability, political stability.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.026

ZHANYSHBEK UULU AZAMAT Researcher at the Department of Expertise of Socio-Political Research and Problems of Public Administration, National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

The newly independent states faced the need to develop their own conceptual foundations for building a civil society that adequately meets the needs of their development in the changed conditions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of the composition and the diversity of the political and socio-economic aspirations of the new states, the nature and dynamics of the processes of building civil society developed in them in different ways. In a number of countries, the events in the post-Soviet period were characterized by acute drama, up to the outbreaks of the so-called color revolutions, which radically changed the political structure of society and the guidelines of socio-economic development in them.

The article analyzes the development of civil society in the Kyrgyz Republic. Due to the fact that civil society in Kyrgyzstan is considered the most developed of all the states located in Central Asia, the study of this topic arouses a wide interest on the part of learned public figures. In our work we tried to reveal the role of civil society in the political processes taking place in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Key words: civil society, modernization, political process, dialogue, politics, state authorities, public unrest, democracy freedom.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.027

S.M. PLIEV Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia

L.T. KULUMBEGOVA Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia

I.B. SANAKOEV Ph.D., Professor of the Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia

A.S. BUTOROV Candidate of Historical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

IMPLEMENTATION OF GEORGIA'S SOFT POWER MECHANISMS IN RELATION TO SOUTH OSSETIA

The study examines the main approaches of Georgia to the implementation of the concept of soft power in relation to South Ossetia. The paper analyzes the main strategies and programs of Georgia's soft power and traces the dynamics of the transformation of approaches, starting from 2008 to the present day. The analysis showed that at the present stage, these programs cannot fully work in the Republic of South Ossetia due to the lack of conditions identified during the study. This work showed that despite the transition from methods and instruments of hard power to methods and mechanisms of soft power, Georgia's goals in relation to the Republic of South Ossetia remain unchanged.

Key words: soft power, South Ossetia, Georgia, manipulations, methods of influence.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.028

I.I. IVANOVA Dh.D. (History), associate Professor of Middle East Languages Department of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russia

E.A. VASILEVA Lecturer of Department of Middle East Languages of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russia

TURKEY AND EGYPT: PROBLEMS OF RELATIONS AND THE BEGINNING OF "RESET" (2002-2021)

Relations between Turkey and Egypt have gone through a number of stages since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in Turkey. With the removal of M. Morsi from power in Egypt, the AKP lost an important partner and ally in the Middle East, which led to an aggravation of relations between Turkey and Egypt. A new round of deterioration in relations is observed due to the contradictions between the two countries on solving problems in the Eastern Mediterranean and Libya. At the same time, in recent years, despite the deepening crisis in relations between the two countries, there has been an intensification of trade and economic cooperation. Since 2021, Turkey has been striving to renew ties with Egypt, and the first steps have already been taken.

Key words: Turkey, Egypt, Turkish-Egyptian relations, Eastern Mediterranean, Middle East.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.029

M.I. KOLYKHALOV Candidate of political sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of World Economy and tourism SGUPS, Novosibirsk, Russia

APPROACHES OF RUSSIA AND SWITZERLAND TO THE USE OF SOFT POWER, PARTICIPATION OF SUBNATIONAL REGIONS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS CONCEPT

In the modern world, in the context of increasing confrontation between leading powers, the development of globalization processes based on information and communication technologies, the use of “soft power” approaches based on public diplomacy tools is acquiring new importance and relevance. Subnational regions are significant participants in the implementation of this concept. The purpose of the article is to study the basic principles and forms of the implementation of the concept of "soft power" in modern conditions based on illustrative cases – Russia and Switzerland, as well as to analyze the participation of subnational regions in these processes.

Key words: subnational region, soft power, public diplomacy, constituent entity of the Russian Federation, canton of Switzerland.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.030

S.E. HUSEYNOVA Postgraduate student working for the Doctoral Degree at the Academy of Management under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan

AZERBAİJAN ON THE WAY TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: EXPECTED PERSPECTIVES

Membership to the 65-member World Trade Organization WTO is on the agenda and of importance for the Republic of Azerbaijan attaches great importance. The country's application for WTO membership was submitted to the WTO Secretariat on 23 June 1997. Azerbaijan also has close ties with the European Union. As it is known, in 2004 Azerbaijan was included in the European Neighborhood Policy, and in 2009 in its Eastern Partnership program, which is a format of multilateral cooperation. Today, globalization is an irresistible "compulsory" process, and Azerbaijan can not stay away from this proccess. In addition to the political and economic benefits that WTO membership can bring to the country, this article discusses the current prospects and key points for the country to achieve from this membership, as well as the need to accelerate the WTO membership process in the current context.

Key words: World Trade Organization, membership perspectives for Azerbaijan, European Union, status of the developing country.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.031

TO‘RAQULOV ZOHID Deputy Director of the Republican Center for Spirituality and Enlightenment of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

ACCELERATING DIGITAL PROMOTION: AN ANALYTICAL POINT OF VIEW

This article analyzes the current issues of digitalization and its specifics in all spheres of public life around the world, as well as the practice of spiritual and educational work and the widespread introduction of the method of "digital propaganda" in activities related to propaganda.

Key words: information technology, digitalization of society, propaganda, national economy, strategy of action.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.032

B.А. UROKOV Head of the Department at the Republican Center of Spirituality and Enlightenment, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

UZBEKISTAN'S EXPERIENCE IN ENSURING RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE AND INTERFAITH COOPERATION

The article is devoted to the role of religion in the conditions of globalization, religious tolerance and interfaith harmony as the main factors in ensuring the stability of the country.

Key words: religion, tolerance, stability, denomination, tolerance.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.033

A.A. ZYUZINA Postgraduate of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies and Foreign Policy of the Russian State University for the Humanities, member of the National Union of Political Scientists, Moscow, Russia

VIRIBUS UNITIS: AGREEMENT TO PREVENT UNREGULATED HIGH SEAS FISHERIES IN THE CENTRAL ARCTIC OCEAN ENTERS INTO FORCE

The article presents an analysis of the "Agreement on the Prevention of Unregulated Fishing on the High Seas in the Central Arctic Ocean". The study identifies the critical points of the Agreement, its importance and relevance for the Arctic zone and countries that have access to the Arctic Ocean basin. In this paper the author highlights the main goals, objectives, prerequisites, and conditions of the Agreement. In conclusion, the value for the global politics of the document under consideration is emphasized and the arguments why this Agreement can be considered historical are presented.

Key words: unregulated fishing, Arctic zone, international agreements, Arctic marine resources.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.74.10.034

MAFUANG SUPATAT  Master Ρeoples’ Friendship University οf Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

FACTORS OF ASEAN AND EU INSTITUTIONAL FAILURE: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MECHANISMS IN THE COVID-19 RESPONSES

This article addresses the issue of mechanisms in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the European Union (EU). The purpose of this article is to explore efficiency of the mechanisms used in depth and to conduct a comparative analysis of the mechanisms used in the COVID-19 response within the ASEAN and EU. Analysis of similarities and differences based on the effectiveness of mechanisms, significant resources, determination of the region's political elites and expectations of member countries, duration on depth of integration of their anti-crisis mechanisms allow us to determine their factors of institutional failure. The article shows that their mechanisms in responding to COVID-19 proved to be ineffective in the beginning, as expected in the region. However, with the success of European institutional integration, as a result, the EU was able to use its more horizontal mechanisms based on solidarity to combat the pandemic better than ASEAN.

Key words: COVID-19, ASEAN, EU, Regional Mechanisms.

Academic journal “Political Science Issues”. Volume 11, Issue 9 (73), 2021

CONTENTS

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

Dubrovina O.V., Dubrovina O.Yu., Plotnikov V.S. Glocalization of Modern International Relations: Characteristics and Features

Belov S.I. Methodology of Studying Video Games as a Tool of Symbolic Policy

RUSSIAN HISTORY

Chemshit A.А., Statsenko O.S., Chemshit D.А. "Brezhnev's Stagnation" as a Suppose for the Crisis of Soviet Statehood

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Zorin V.Yu., Astvatsaturova M.A. Big Elections – 2021 as a Context for Strengthening Civil Unity and Ethno-Cultural Diversity of Russian Society

Konko S.G., Slavin B.S. Specifities of the Russian Model of Group Interests Representation

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Tsvetkova O.V. Evolution of Russia's Subnational Political Institutions

Osipov A.V. The Problem of Modernization and Development of the Elite Cluster in Order to Ensure the Consolidation Policy of Modern Russia

Suslonov P.E., Tretyakov A.V. Methodology and Practice of Forming a Regional Socio-Cultural Environment that Prevents the Spread of the Ideology of Terrorism (On the Example of the Sverdlovsk Region)

Pavshukovа A.Yu. Laundering Of Criminal Profits and Financing of Terrorism: the Main Areas of Activities of Criminal Organizations

Shevelyova Yu.R. Communication Regime as a Factor of Reproduction of Political Power

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRY POLICIES

Mamatкobilov T., Normuratova M.K. Strategic Importance of the Social Policy of the State

Egemberdyev A.К. A State Information Policy in Migration as a Part of Governance of Society’s Development

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

Mikhaylenko A.N., Rovchak P.U. Relations of Russia with the Countries of African Continent

Zalysin I.Yu. Transformation of the UN Antiterrorist Bodies in the 2000s

Tushkov A.A., Alekhina A.P. Scenarios for the Development of the U.S. Strategic Course in the Political Process of the Indo-Pacific Region

Mehmet Emin Ikbal Durre. Iraqi Kurdistan’s Economic Policy Before and after the 2017 Referendum

Amiantova I.S., Bakaryukhina A.V. The Correlation of Regional and National Identities in Germany

Kudashev R.Sh. The European Union: A Supranational or Intergovernmental Integration Community?

Merkulov A.L. Foreign Policy of the FRG in the Present Stage

Makarov A.V. Geopolitical Model of the Educational Space of the Nation State

Shen Shan. Rossotrudnichestvo Soft Power Tool in Ukraine

Naryshkin A.A. The Main Approaches to the Tasks of Economic Diplomacy in the Domestic Scientific Literature

STUDENT SCIENCE

Go Syunhao. Crowdfunding Technologies in China's Sustainable Regional Development

REVIEWS

Slizovskiy D.Y. Perestroika in the USSR in Historiography: Current Preferences

Our authors № 9-2021

HISTORY AND THEORY OF POLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.001

O.V. DUBROVINA Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of Political Science and Political Management, RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

O.YU. DUBROVINA PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Coordinator, National Union of Political Scientists of Russia, Moscow, Russia

V.S. PLOTNIKOV PhD in Social Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Customs Siberian State Transport University, Novosibirsk, Russia

GLOCALIZATION OF MODERN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: CHARACTERISTICS AND FEATURES

The article is devoted to the current problems of glocalization of modern international relations. The study of the global, regional, and local levels of world processes allows us to comprehend the development of international interaction. The purpose of the article is to show that international relations are based on a triad, at the top of which is globalization, at the base – regionalization and localization, and the relations themselves can be represented as a four-level system, which includes supranational, interstate, subnational (regional) and local levels. All participants in this multifaceted and multi-level process are endowed with certain competencies and powers in the international field, and this fact makes it possible for this international orchestra to sound.

Key words: international relations, international links, international cooperation, globalization, regionalization, localization, glocalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.002

S.I. BELOV PhD, senior researcher, Philosophy Department, State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

METHODOLOGY OF STUDYING VIDEO GAMES AS A TOOL OF SYMBOLIC POLICY

Within the framework of the presented study, a universal methodology was developed for assessing the effectiveness of a video game as a symbolic policy tool based on a system of quantitative criteria. The integral indicator of the game's effectiveness is formed by summing four indicators – the quality of the key elements of the game's narrative, its availability, the economic efficiency of the product from the developer's point of view, and its popularity among the user community. Each of the selected indicators is measured using a variety of quantitative criteria. In an optional order, when interpreting the results of the assessment of the game, factors such as design, the presence of a consultant, the content of images that are not included in the main part of the game, but demonstrate the original intention of the developers, the views, views of the game writer, participation in the development of the game by representatives of official authorities and related the state of business structures and public organizations, the presence of ideologically tinged "achievements" for the performance of special actions of a symbolic nature, the interpretation of the meanings of the game by the developers or authors of the original source of the plot. The prospects for the development of the methodology are primarily associated with the development of a classification system for video games based on a quantitative indicator of efficiency as a symbolic policy tool.

Key words: video games, computer games, assessment methodology, efficiency, symbolic politics.

RUSSIAN HISTORY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.003

A.А. CHEMSHIT Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of «Political Science and International Relations», Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

O.S. STATSENKO Candidate of Political Sciences, Docent, Sevastopol State University, Law institute, Head of Faculty "Theory and History of State and Law", Sevastopol, Russia

D.А.CHEMSHIT Candidate of Political Sciences, Docent of Faculty "Theory and History of State and Law", Law institute, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia

"BREZHNEV'S STAGNATION" AS A SUPPOSE FOR THE CRISIS OF SOVIET STATEHOOD

The article analyzes the "Brezhnev" period in Soviet history, called "stagnation", in order to trace the political processes, the most important political and legal decisions of the leadership and the personal responsibility of the country's leader in the context of the growing crisis of Soviet statehood. The idea is developing that the first impetus for the collapse of the USSR was the "Khrushchev thaw" (primary de-Stalinization) initiated by N.S. Khrushchev.

It is noted that in the Brezhnev period, divided by its significance into early and late, none of the tasks dictated by time was fully solved. In the first decade, some positive trends were revealed that slowed down the crisis of statehood, but in the late period of the government's detachment from solving urgent problems, a serious state crisis increased. It is emphasized that the lost time ("stagnation") also became a prerequisite for the collapse of the USSR.

Key words: Brezhnev, "stagnation", "crisis of statehood", the USSR, social conservatism, Stalinism.

POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.004

V.Y. ZORIN Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; member of the Presidium of the Council of the President of the Russian Federation for InterethnicRelations; Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

M.A. ASTVATSATUROVA Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Director of the Scientific and Educational Center for Political and Ethnopolitical Studies of Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia; Professor of the Heilongjiang Institute foreign languages, Harbin, China

BIG ELECTIONS – 2021 AS A CONTEXT FOR STRENGTHENING CIVIL UNITY AND ETHNO-CULTURAL DIVERSITY OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY

The article is devoted to the problem of ethnization of partogenesis and party functioning in theoretical and practical terms in the context of the 2021 elections in Russia. Risks of the possible formation of political parties based on ethnicity are identified, as well as trends in the inclusion of ethnopolitical segments in the programs of modern Russian political parties. Ethnopolitical segments of political programs – the main competitors in the 2021 elections – are compared. The broad context of the electoral campaign is considered from the point of view of its resources for strengthening the civil unity of Russian society and at the same time for meeting the ethnocultural interests of the citizens of the Russian Federation. Ethnopolitical segmentation is emphasized in certain regions of the Russian Federation, in particular, in the subjects of the North Caucasian Federal District.

Key words: elections, civil unity, state national policy, risks of ethnization of partogenesis, ethnopolitical segment of the party program, ethnic positioning in politics.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.005

S.G. KONKO Postgraduate Student of Political Science and Regional Studies at the Siberian Institute of Management-Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

B.S. SLAVIN Student of the International Relations course of the Siberian Institute of Management of the branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia

SPECIFITIES OF THE RUSSIAN MODEL OF GROUP INTERESTS REPRESENTATION

In modern Russia there are a lot of interest groups varying in their composition, interests, structure, financial and political possibilities. The study of these groups, using existing classifications in political theory, makes it possible to define their role and place in the social-political processes taking place in the country more precisely as well as to develop the guidelines for the improvement of legislation in this area. However, the application of existing classifications of interest groups does not always allow to fully evaluate them therefore requiring the introduction of additional criteria.

The study aims to analyse the unique features of the Russian model for the representation of group interests. For this purpose, examining groups of interests represented in the public and political space of modern Russia according to the classifications recognized by the political science, and installing an extra classification by the level of the object of lobbying.

The analysis of Russian interest groups and the regularity of participation at the global and regional levels of interest groups of associative and institutional types, which correspond to the corporate model of representation of group interests, have been carried out with the help of the systematic approach. In the meantime, associative and disorganized groups mostly articulate their interests at the local and regional levels and mostly correspond to the features of a pluralistic model.

To change this situation, the article suggests to improve the mechanisms for articulating group interests through systems of functional and electoral representation.

Key words: lobbyism, pressure groups, interest groups, corporatism, pluralism.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.006

O.V. TSVETKOVA Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia

EVOLUTION OF RUSSIA'S SUBNATIONAL POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS

The modern system of subnational government institutions has existed for more than two decades and is constantly developing. The regional political system is evolving and these processes are associated with structural differences in the subjects of the Russian Federation: republics, regions, territories, autonomous districts and an autonomous region. Basically, the asymmetry is associated with the peculiarities of the socio-economic situation of the subjects of the Russian Federation and the constitutional and legal status of each subject of the Russian Federation, enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

Key words: subjects of the federation, subnational political institutions, vertical of power, asymmetry, contractual practice, separation of powers, centralization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.007

A.V. OSIPOV Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

THE PROBLEM OF MODERNIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ELITE CLUSTER IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE CONSOLIDATION POLICY OF MODERN RUSSIA

The article proposes solutions to the problem of modernization and development of the elite cluster in order to ensure the effectiveness of the consolidation identification policy of modern Russia. Based on current social monitoring data, the author concludes that in modern Russia, the current consolidation of the elite within the elite cluster, as well as between the elite cluster and the civil society cluster, is still carried out mainly "from above" according to a unifying authoritarian scenario, and not a pluralistic democratic one. This is fraught with an increasing tendency to alienate the elite from civil society, intra-elite conflicts (not only through the federal center – regional elites, but also through the administrative-political elite, based on the information resources of traditional media – the new elite of social media electronic spaces), the stagnation of democratic processes in Russia, as well as the crisis of legitimizing the power of the political and administrative elite. The solution lies in the integration of the main political clusters and their internal content based on strategic values: public good, national security, social protection of the population, through democratization of opportunities and technologies for incorporating citizens into power, intensification of a culture of political participation throughout the social field, democratic development of educational institutions, culture, leadership institutions, independent expert opinion, interactive platforms for effective partnership communication of major political actors.

Key words: political power, political elite, civil society, political clusters, consolidation of political power, socio-political monitoring, political technologies, socio-political management, socio-political trends and contradictions.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.008

P.E. SUSLONOV Consultant of the Department of Ethno-confessional Relations and organization of work on the prevention of extremism Department of Internal Policy of the Sverdlovsk Region, Associate Professor of the Department of Organization of Work with Youth of the Ural Federal University, Associate Professor of the Department of Theology Ural State Mining University, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Yekaterinburg, Russia

A.V. TRETYAKOV Director of the Department of Internal Policy Sverdlovsk Region, Deputy Chairman of the Interdepartmental Commission on the prevention of extremism in the Sverdlovsk region, Yekaterinburg, Russia

METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE OF FORMING A REGIONAL SOCIO-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT THAT PREVENTS THE SPREAD OF THE IDEOLOGY OF TERRORISM (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE SVERDLOVSK REGION)

The article examines the methodological foundations and practical aspects of the formation of a socio-cultural environment in the region that prevents the spread of the ideology of terrorism. The mechanism of interaction of regional subjects of prevention of extremism and terrorism is revealed. Pedagogical approaches to the formation of anti-extremist and anti-terrorist consciousness are formulated. The conclusion is made about the priority in countering the ideology of terrorism, cultural, educational and pedagogical measures are implemented through interaction with regional civil society institutions.

Key words: regional socio-cultural environment, ideology of extremism and terrorism, extremist attitudes, extremist manifestations, anti-extremist and anti-terrorist consciousness, subjects of prevention.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.009

A.YU. PAVSHUKOVА PhD student at the Faculty of International relations and world politics St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

LAUNDERING OF CRIMINAL PROFITS AND FINANCING OF TERRORISM: THE MAIN AREAS OF ACTIVITIES OF CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS

The spread of the terrorist threat around the world directly depends on the level of its financial and material and technical base. Money laundering and the financing of terrorism are often seen as separate activities. The study of specific forms of manifestation and cases of modern terrorism, as well as the counteraction of this phenomenon by all institutions of the world community is impossible without understanding the mechanism of money laundering.

Key words: money laundering and terrorist financing, a source of terrorist financing, countering the financing of terrorism, money laundering mechanisms, terrorist economy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.010

YU.R. SHEVELYOVA Trainee of National Research Institute for Communication Development, Moscow, Russia

COMMUNICATION REGIME AS A FACTOR OF REPRODUCTION OF POLITICAL POWER

The article examines the objective necessity of institutionalized and structured communication management in the course of exercising power in a complex adaptive social system. The author describes the mechanism of the influence of the system center on social dynamics in order to maintain its stability through the creation of a communication regime. In addition, the author tries to consider the political system as a generator of such a regime due to the basis it has for this and the need to preserve its influence, describes the functional features of the communication regime at the "entrance", "exit", within the political system and in the societal system of interactions. The author assigns a special place to the regulation and control of the "entrance" and "exit" operation during the formation of the communication regime, because the interactions made on them allow the political system to preserve itself and reproduce political power. The practical significance of the article in modern geopolitical conditions is revealed in the need to use the communication regime to preserve state sovereignty.

Key words: communication regime, political power, political regime, political communication, communication system.

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRY POLICIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.011

T. MAMATКOBILOV Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor,Academy of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

M.K. NORMURATOVA PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor Department of Humanities of the Academy Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF THE SOCIAL POLICY OF THE STATE

This article is devoted to the social policy of the state as a tool for implementing the strategy of socio-economic development. The effectiveness of the activities of public authorities depends on the achievement of strategic goals and objectives, the implementation of development priorities and the solution of social and economic problems in the country. The ongoing reforms in the new socio-economic policy of Uzbekistan are considered as one of the most important and key aspects of deepening market reform and socio-economic development of the country.

Key words: “New Uzbekistan”, social policy, strategy, authorities, state policy, economic factors.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.012

A.K. EGEMBERDYEV Postgraduate student of the Russian Academy national economy and public service under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

A STATE INFORMATION POLICY IN MIGRATION AS A PART OF GOVERNANCE OF SOCIETY’S DEVELOPMENT

This article is devoted to a question of definition of term “state information policy”, and a role and significance of the state information policy as a part of governance of society’s development, an information source, a mean of regulation of communication and information exchange. An importance of dual communication with use of state information policy is in the center point of view.

Key words: communication, information, state, migration.

THEORY AND HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.013

A.N. MIKHAYLENKO Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, chairman, International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

P.U. ROVCHAK Postgraduate student, International security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

RELATIONS OF RUSSIA WITH THE COUNTRIES OF AFRICAN CONTINENT

In the context of emerging new world order, Russia needs an intensive development of relations with African countries. Its theoretical basis can be a theoretical system consisting of colonial theories, theories of modernization, pan-Africanism and world order. Conceptually, the concept of sustainable development appears to be the most consistent with Russia's interests in Africa. Based on these theories and concepts, large international organizations and leading countries of the world are pursuing active policies towards Africa with their strengths and weaknesses. Russia has achieved certain successes in relations with African countries. At the same time, there are some problems in this domain. The prospects for the development of Russian-African relations depend on the effectiveness of their cooperation in accordance with the goals of sustainable development. Russia should develop cooperation in line with all seventeen SDGs, with particular emphasis on Sustainable Development Goal No. 16, Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. The most important areas of Russian-African cooperation for this purpose may be peacekeeping, military-technical cooperation and the use of Russian private security companies in ensuring the security of African countries.

Key words: decolonization, postcoloniality, neocoloniality, modernization, pan-Africanism, the new world order, the concept of sustainable development, peacekeeping, military-technical cooperation, private security companies.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.014

I.Yu. ZALYSIN Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of Russian State Agrarian University-МTAA, Moscow, Russia

TRANSFORMATION OF THE UN ANTITERRORIST BODIES IN THE 2000s

The article is devoted to the analysis of the process of changing the organizational foundations of the UN activities aimed at the prevention and suppression of international terrorism. The main directions of the reform of the UN antiterrorist bodies in the 2000s have been identified. The role and importance of the Counter-Terrorism Committee, the Counter-Terrorism Center, the UN Counter-Terrorism Office in the implementation of the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy adopted by the General Assembly in 2006 are disclosed. Difficulties and problems that negatively affect the effectiveness of the UN fight against terrorism are considered.

Key words: terrorism, countering terrorism, UN, Security Council, UN Institutional Reform, Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, UN Global Compact for the Coordination of Counter-Terrorism Activities, Counter-Terrorism Committee, Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate, UN Counter-Terrorism Office.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.015

A.A. TUSHKOV Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

A.P. ALEKHINA Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia

SCENARIOS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U.S. STRATEGIC COURSE IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS OF THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION

The article deals with an urgent topic – the building of the US foreign policy course in the Indo-Pacific region aimed at comprehensive global domination. Such course is based on the increasing geopolitical presence of the United States in the region, including the military-political component. At the same time, the region-forming factor plays the key role in the formation of a new regional security architecture. The Pentagon's interest in the Indo-Pacific region is obvious. It is this region that is of paramount importance for the strategic plans of the military department. Due to the inextricable historical, cultural, and trade ties with the countries of the Indo-Pacific region, the United States declared itself a “Pacific nation,” giving it the determination and the right to build a new configuration of international relations.

Key words: USA, Indo-Pacific Region, National Defense Strategy, China, Russia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.016

MEHMET EMIN IKBAL DURRE Associate Professor in the Department of Regional Science of Moscow State Linguistic University (MSLU), Moscow, Russia

IRAQI KURDISTAN’S ECONOMIC POLICY BEFORE AND AFTER THE 2017 REFERENDUM

As expected, the referendum in northern Iraq on September 25, 2017 confirmed that the vast majority of residents of Iraqi Kurdistan and its surrounding territories (over 90 percent of those who took part in the referendum with a rather high voter turnout) are in favor of the independence of the Kurdish region. Moreover, not only Kurds voted, but also representatives of other ethnic groups from among the local population (Arabs, Turcomans, Armenians, Assyrians, etc.). The referendum led to a deepening economic crisis in autonomy: after the complete cessation of salary payments to employees of the Baghdad region, having conducted a military operation, Erbil deprived the oil fields in the province of Kirkuk, which brought him half the income from all exports of "black gold". More than a hundred thousand refugees who fled their homes located in the disputed territories after the arrival of Iraqi military and Shiite militias from al-Hashd al-Shaabi added problems to the Kurdish authorities. Despite all that, there are considerable prospects for the economic revival of the region, which, of course, will take a long time and will depend on the position of the authorities and representatives of all nations of its population.

Key words: Iraqi Kurdistan, Kirkuk, referendum, constitution, parties, economy, budget, potential, oil, gas.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.017

I.S. AMIANTOVA PhD in Political Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

A.V. BAKARYUKHINA Student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

THE CORRELATION OF REGIONAL AND NATIONAL IDENTITIES IN GERMANY

The German identity today represents an ambivalent complex phenomenon, which appears on both a regional and national level. This complexity is conditioned by the historical development of the state, which for a long time had no cultural, linguistic and dimensional integrity und whose nature is formed for centuries under the influence of independent stem duchies. The processes of sociopolitical and cultural integration of the territories led to the formation of a national identity of the Germans. And this raises the question of the relationship between the two sources of self-identification.

This article examines such categories as regional and national identities, the historical conditionality of their formation, the ways of their manifestation at the present time, and concludes about the ratio of 2 identities.

Key words: regional identity, national identity, Germany, stem duchies, German language, German dialects, German mentality, regional stereotypes in Germany, Martin Luther, "cultural nation", national state.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.018

R.Sh. KUDASHEV Post-graduate student of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

THE EUROPEAN UNION: A SUPRANATIONAL OR INTERGOVERNMENTAL INTEGRATION COMMUNITY?

The definition of the European Union (EU) is difficult, since it cannot be attributed to federations, like the United States of America, or to classical international organizations, like the WTO or the UN. This raises the question of how the EU can be defined – as an institution standing above all European countries (supranational) or as an association for cooperation between EU states (intergovernmental).

The purpose of this article is to answer the question of what kind of integration community the EU is today. In order to classify the EU, it is necessary to define the concepts of «supranational» and «intergovernmental». Then, some of the main European institutions will be considered in terms of their composition and competence in relation to the EU states.

Key words: European Union, European integration, European Commission, Council of Ministers, Court of Justice of the European Union.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.019

A.L. MERKULOV PHD of International Relations, Nord-West Institute of Management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

FOREIGN POLICY OF THE FRG IN THE PRESENT STAGE

The foreign policy course of Germany at the present stage is determined by a number of factors connected with global changes that occurred in the mid-1980s and early 1990s. both on the world stage and in Germany itself. The most important of these, as we know, include the end of the cold war, the disintegration of the socialist camp and the Soviet Union, the unification of western and eastern Germany into a single state. The FRG, as well as other European countries, faced the tasks of overcoming the consequences of the split caused by the long-standing conflict between East and West, as well as finding a solid place in the context of globalization in order to successfully resist growing competition in the field of economy and foreign policy.

Thus, this article will consider the modern foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Key words: republic, foreign policy, economy, priorities, policy of peace.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.020

A.V. MAKAROV Postgraduate student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

GEOPOLITICAL MODEL OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE NATION STATE

The article examines the features and prospects of geopolitical modeling in different planes of public relations and areas of international interaction. Special emphasis is placed on geopolitical modeling in the educational sphere, which is an effective tool for implementing the “soft power” strategy. Based on the example of Russia, a geopolitical model of the educational space of the nation state has been developed, the basis of which is a multipolar approach, inextricably linked with the production of diversity, within which it becomes possible to implement the controlled and observed homeostat proposed by V.B. Titov.

Key words: educational space, state, geopolitical model, controlled homeostat, multipolar approach, institutional mechanism.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.021

SHEN SHAN Ph.D. student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, School of world politics, Moscow, Russia

ROSSOTRUDNICHESTVO SOFT POWER TOOL IN UKRAINE

After the Ukrainian crisis, the distance between Russia and Ukraine has increased. This article is devoted to one of the aspects of interaction between Russia and Ukraine in the humanitarian sphere, the understanding of "soft power" in Russia is investigated not only on the basis of the work of Russian and foreign scientists, but also on the basis of Russian official public documents and speeches of government leaders, the main directions of activities and goals are analyzed. representative offices of Rossotrudnichestvo in Ukraine and prospects for the development of future relations between Russia and Ukraine. Ultimately, the author concludes that humanitarian ties between Russia and Ukraine are the most direct manifestation of current Russian-Ukrainian relations. Nevertheless, even in the context of tense relations between Russia and Ukraine, the Rossotrudnichestvo office in Ukraine remains an effective tool and platform for the implementation of Russian foreign policy and the use of soft power, and still has a positive potential for improving relations between Russia and Ukraine.

Key words: Russia, Ukraine, «soft power», Rossotrudnichestvo, public diplomacy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.022

A.A.NARYSHKIN Ph.D. Politics, Moscow, Russia

THE MAIN APPROACHES TO THE TASKS OF ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY IN THE DOMESTIC SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE

What is more important the state's focus on economic projects or domestic company’s profits growth or probably achievement of long-term political goals? This issue has been considered by many prominent Russian and foreign scholars. Historically international economic relations rise the importance of this issue. It rises even more sharply in the context of the global crisis caused by the coincidence of two global trends at once: the oil prices fall and the global COVID-19 pandemic.

This article reviews the relationship between domestic economic diplomacy and foreign policy in the Soviet period and over the past decades. This approach allows to understand better the experience of Russian economic diplomacy, to define it in the past and present, to develop and determine practical points for improving efficiency of its measures aimed at interaction between the state and business in order to achieve better results in foreign economic activity.

Key words: foreign policy, economic diplomacy, economic development, practical experience.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.023

GO SYUNHAO Master's Student of the Northwestern Institute of Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg, Russia

CROWDFUNDING TECHNOLOGIES IN CHINA'S SUSTAINABLE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

This article considers crowdfunding as an innovative mechanism for attracting extra-budgetary funds for the development of the regional economy in China. The aim is to identify the position of crowdfunding technologies in China and their role and potential opportunities in the development of regions. We consider both the strengths and challenges that this mechanism faces in China, its Chinese specifics and prospects. Although the development of crowdfunding technologies in China has slowed down somewhat now, they have good potential, but for this it is necessary to clearly identify the most favorable areas of financing.

Key words: investment, regional development, China, crowdfunding, legal regulation, innovation, small business.

REVIEWS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2021.73.9.024

D.Y. SLIZOVSKIY PhD in History and Politics, Professor at the Peoples'Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), Moscow, Russia

PERESTROIKA IN THE USSR IN HISTORIOGRAPHY: CURRENT PREFERENCES

The concept of "perestroika", which entered the scientific lexicon and reflects the events in the USSR from 1985 to 1991, after more than thirty years, still not only arouses scientific interest. But science (historical, political science, and others), its representatives have not yet formed about the restructuring of the system of knowledge and ideas. There is also no theory that would formalize at least the basic scientific parameters of perestroika. This one, apparently, will be issued later. But perestroika gave scientists a fantastic feeling, some-gratitude, others-indignation. In connection with the possible publication by the publishing house "Science Today" of the article by Smirnova Yu.V. "Modern historiography of perestroika", there is an opportunity not only to comment on the advantages and disadvantages of this article, but also to offer in this context the author's version of the interpretation of the main and secondary problems covered in the historiography of the topic by Russian and foreign researchers. As a result of our reasoning and our analysis of the available material, we come to a simple conclusion: in modern Russia, in its cities and villages, there are still millions of those for whom perestroika is still the most important and real story, and its interpretation is an essential task of their daily life and the near future.

Key words: perestroika in the USSR, historiography of perestroika.

OUR AUTHORS

АNISKEVICH N.S. – Candidate of Sciences (political science), Lecturer at the Faculty of Technological Management and Innovation of ITMO University, Moscow, Russia.

ARESHIDZE L.G. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of Asian and African countries of Moscow Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia.

ASSI ABED EL RAHIM – Graduate student, Political sciences and regional studies, Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Russia.

BADAEVA A.S. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Researcher of the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relation RAS, Moscow, Russia.

BELOUSOV G.F. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

BELOV S.I. – Ph.D. in Historical Science, Associate Professor of Russian Politics Program Political Science Department Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

BELOV M.V. – Student of the master’s degree at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

BRODSKAIA N.P. – Cand. of Science (Politics), Senior Researcher, Institute of World Economy and International Relations Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

BUTOROV A.S. – Candidate of Historical Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

CHEMSCHIT A.A. – D.Sc. (political science), Professor, Professor at the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

DANILOVA E.V. – PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

DANILOV V.V. – PhD, Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

FILIPOVA A.G. – Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Complex Research of Childhood, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia; Senior Researcher Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

FILIPPENKO A.A. – Candidate of historical Sciences, Senior researcher, Institute of the United States of America and Canada studies, Moscow, Russia.

GABDULLIN K.A. – Post-graduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

GERASIMOVA I.V. – Candidate of Sciences (economics), Senior Researcher at the Institute of Socio-Economic Problems of Population of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

GRISHIN O.E. – Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University); Associate Professor of the Faculty of Humanities, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.

GRISHIN V.O. – Student of the Faculty of History, Political Science and Law of Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia.

HUSEYNOVA S.E. – Postgraduate student working for the Doctoral Degree at the Academy of Management under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan.

IONOVA A.N. – Master Department of State and Municipal Administration, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

IVANOVA I.I. – Ph.D. (History), associate Professor of Middle East Languages Department of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russia.

KOIBAEV B.G. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia.

KOLYKHALOV M.I. – Candidate of political sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of World Economy and tourism SGUPS, Novosibirsk, Russia.

KOVALEVSKIY A.A. – Postgraduate student the Department of Political Science and Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

KOZLOV S.E. – PhD student at the Faculty of Political Science Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

KRUPIANKO M.I. – Doctor of Political Science, Professor, leading specialists of the Institute of Oriental studies of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

KULUMBEGOVA L.T. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

KUZYAKIN A.G. – Ph.D. candidate, Humanities Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

LAREDJ ILYAS – Postgraduate student of the Department of Political Science Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

LOBOIKO D.A. – Center “Regional research”, director, Samara, Russia.

MAFUANG SUPATAT –  Master Ρeoples’ Friendship University οf Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

MUSINA R.I. – PhD in Political Sciences, Docent, Department of History and Politics Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia.

NADZHARYAN A.B. – Post-graduate student, North Ossetian State University K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Republic North Ossetia Alania, Russia.

NESTERCHUK O.A. – Doctor of Sciences (political science), Professor at the Chair of political analysis and management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University); Professor of Political Science and Political Management at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

OSIPOV A.V. – Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

PERSIDSKAYA O.A. – Junior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

PLIEV S.M. – Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

POGODIN S.N. – Doctor of Historical Science professor, Humanities Institute, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

POPOV S.I. – Ph.D. in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

SANAKOEV I.B. – Ph.D., Professor of the Department of Political Science and Sociology, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

TO‘RAQULOV ZOHID – Deputy Director of the Republican Center for Spirituality and Enlightenment of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

UROKOV B.A. – Head of the Department at the Republican Center of Spirituality and Enlightenment, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

VANKOVSKA B. – Professor of political science and international relations, Faculty of Philosophy, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.

VASILEVA E.A. – Lecturer of Department of Middle East Languages of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russia.

VORON-KOVALSKAYA A.O. – Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

ZHANYSHBEK UULU AZAMAT – Researcher at the Department of Expertise of Socio-Political Research and Problems of Public Administration, National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.

ZHIVOTOVA D.A. – Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

ZUBOVA O.G. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Technologies at the Faculty of Sociology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

ZYUZINA A.A. – Postgraduate of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies and Foreign Policy of the Russian State University for the Humanities, member of the National Union of Political Scientists, Moscow, Russia.

OUR AUTHORS

ALEKHINA A.P. – Bachelor of the Department of International Relations and Law, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

AMIANTOVA I.S. – PhD in Political Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

ASTVATSATUROVA M.A. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Heilongjiang Institute of Foreign Languages, China, Harbin; Director of the Scientific and Educational Center for Political and Ethnopolitical Studies of Pyatigorsk State University, Russia, Pyatigorsk.

BAKARYUKHINA A.V. – Student, Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia.

BELOV S.I. – PhD, senior researcher, Philosophy Department, State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia.

CHEMSHIT A.А. – Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of «Political Science and International Relations», Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

CHEMSHIT D.А. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Docent of Faculty "Theory and History of State and Law", Law institute, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia.

DUBROVINA O.V. – Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Professor of the Department of Political Science and Political Management, RANEPA under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

DUBROVINA O.YU. – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Coordinator, National Union of Political Scientists of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

EGEMBERDIEV A.K. – Postgraduate student of the Russian Academy national economy and public service under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

GO SYUNHAO – Master's Student of the Northwestern Institute of Management of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

KONKO S.G. – Postgraduate Student of Political Science and Regional Studies at the Siberian Institute of Management-Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia.

KUDASHEV R.Sh. – Post-graduate student of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

MAKAROV A.V. – Postgraduate student of the Department of Public Administration and National Security, Faculty of National Security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia.

MAMATКOBILOV T. – Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Academy of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

MEHMET EMIN IKBAL DURRE – Associate Professor in the Department of Regional Science of Moscow State Linguistic University (MSLU), Moscow, Russia.

MERKULOV A.L. – PhD of International Relations, Nord-West Institute of Management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

MIKHAYLENKO A.N. – Doctor of Political Sciences, professor, chairman, international security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

NARYSHKIN A.A. – Ph.D. Politics, Moscow, Russia.

NORMURATOVA M.K. – PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor Department of Humanities of the Academy Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

OSIPOV A.V. – Candidate of Political Science, Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Rostov-on-Don, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

PAVSHUKOVА A.YU. – PhD student at the Faculty of International relations and world politics St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

PLOTNIKOV V.S. – PhD in Social Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Customs Siberian State Transport University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

ROVCHAK P.U. – Postgraduate student, international security and Russian foreign policy chair at the Department of national security, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

SHEN SHAN – Ph.D. student, Lomonosov Moscow State University School of world politics, Moscow, Russia.

SHEVELYOVA YU.R. – Trainee of National Research Institute for Communications Development, Moscow, Russia.

SLAVIN B.S. – Student of the International Relations course of the Siberian Institute of Management of the branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.Y. – PhD in History and Politics, Professor at the Peoples'Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), Moscow, Russia.

STATSENKO O.S. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Docent, Sevastopol State University, Law institute, Head of Faculty, "Theory and History of State and Law", Sevastopol, Russia.

SUSLONOV P.E. – Consultant of the Department of Ethno-confessional Relations and organization of work on the prevention of extremism Department of Internal Policy of the Sverdlovsk Region, Associate Professor of the Department of Organization of Work with Youth of the Ural Federal University, Associate Professor of the Department of Theology Ural State Mining University, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Yekaterinburg, Russia.

TRETYAKOV A.V. – Director of the Department of Internal Policy Sverdlovsk Region, Deputy Chairman of the Interdepartmental Commission on the prevention of extremism in the Sverdlovsk region, Yekaterinburg, Russia.

TSVETKOVA O.V. – Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Russian Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia.

TUSHKOV A.A. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Law of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russia.

ZALYSIN I.Yu. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Russian State Agrarian University – K.A. Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia.

ZORIN V.Yu. – Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Presidium of the Presidential Council on Interethnic Relations, member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

   
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